analysis of different currents their effects on organic solar cells



Frederik Krebs C. Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells Frederik Krebs C. Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells Новинка

Frederik Krebs C. Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells

13739.43 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Organic photovoltaics (OPV) are a new generation of solar cells with the potential to offer very short energy pay back times, mechanical flexibility and significantly lower production costs compared to traditional crystalline photovoltaic systems. A weakness of OPV is their comparative instability during operation and this is a critical area of research towards the successful development and commercialization of these 3rd generation solar cells. Covering both small molecule and polymer solar cells, Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells summarizes the state of the art understanding of stability and provides a detailed analysis of the mechanisms by which degradation occurs. Following an introductory chapter which compares different photovoltaic technologies, the book focuses on OPV degradation, discussing the origin and characterization of the instability and describing measures for extending the duration of operation. Topics covered include: Chemical and physical probes for studying degradation Imaging techniques Photochemical stability of OPV materials Degradation mechanisms Testing methods Barrier technology and applications Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells is an essential reference source for researchers in academia and industry, engineers and manufacturers working on OPV design, development and implementation.
Santosh Kurinec K. Emerging Photovoltaic Materials. Silicon & Beyond Santosh Kurinec K. Emerging Photovoltaic Materials. Silicon & Beyond Новинка

Santosh Kurinec K. Emerging Photovoltaic Materials. Silicon & Beyond

27086.31 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This book covers the recent advances in photovoltaics materials and their innovative applications. Many materials science problems are encountered in understanding existing solar cells and the development of more efficient, less costly, and more stable cells. This important and timely book provides a historical overview, but concentrates primarily on the exciting developments in the last decade. It includes organic and perovskite solar cells, photovoltaics in ferroelectric materials, organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite, materials with improved photovoltaic efficiencies as well as the full range of semiconductor materials for solar-to-electricity conversion, from crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon to cadmium telluride, copper indium gallium sulfide selenides, dye sensitized solar cells, organic solar cells, and environmentally-friendly copper zinc tin sulfide selenides.
Wenping Hu Organic Optoelectronics Wenping Hu Organic Optoelectronics Новинка

Wenping Hu Organic Optoelectronics

14866.46 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Written by internationally recognized experts in the field with academic as well as industrial experience, this book concisely yet systematically covers all aspects of the topic. The monograph focuses on the optoelectronic behavior of organic solids and their application in new optoelectronic devices. It covers organic field-effect and organic electroluminescent materials and devices, organic photonics, materials and devices, as well as organic solids in photo absorption and energy conversion. Much emphasis is laid on the preparation of functional materials and the fabrication of devices, from materials synthesis and purification, to physicochemical properties and the basic processes and working principles of the devices. The only book to cover fundamentals, applications, and the latest research results, this is a handy reference for both researchers and those new to the field. From the contents: * Electronic process in organic solids * Organic/polymeric semiconductors for field-effect transistors * Organic/polymeric field-effect transistors * Organic circuits and organic single molecular transistors * Polymer light-emitting Diodes (PLEDs): devices and materials * Organic solids for photonics * Organic photonic devices * Organic solar cells based on small molecules * Polymer solar cells * Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) * Organic thermoelectric power devices
Alagarsamy Pandikumar Rational Design of Solar Cells for Efficient Solar Energy Conversion Alagarsamy Pandikumar Rational Design of Solar Cells for Efficient Solar Energy Conversion Новинка

Alagarsamy Pandikumar Rational Design of Solar Cells for Efficient Solar Energy Conversion

12267.35 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
An interdisciplinary guide to the newest solar cell technology for efficient renewable energy Rational Design of Solar Cells for Efficient Solar Energy Conversion explores the development of the most recent solar technology and materials used to manufacture solar cells in order to achieve higher solar energy conversion efficiency. The text offers an interdisciplinary approach and combines information on dye-sensitized solar cells, organic solar cells, polymer solar cells, perovskite solar cells, and quantum dot solar cells. The text contains contributions from noted experts in the fields of chemistry, physics, materials science, and engineering. The authors review the development of components such as photoanodes, sensitizers, electrolytes, and photocathodes for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells. In addition, the text puts the focus on the design of material assemblies to achieve higher solar energy conversion. This important resource: Offers a comprehensive review of recent developments in solar cell technology Includes information on a variety of solar cell materials and devices, focusing on dye-sensitized solar cells Contains a thorough approach beginning with the fundamental material characterization and concluding with real-world device application. Presents content from researchers in multiple fields of study such as physicists, engineers, and material scientists Written for researchers, scientists, and engineers in university and industry laboratories, Rational Design of Solar Cells for Efficient Solar Energy Conversion offers a comprehensive review of the newest developments and applications of solar cells with contributions from a range of experts in various disciplines.
David Carpenter O. Effects of Persistent and Bioactive Organic Pollutants on Human Health David Carpenter O. Effects of Persistent and Bioactive Organic Pollutants on Human Health Новинка

David Carpenter O. Effects of Persistent and Bioactive Organic Pollutants on Human Health

10040.36 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Examines what we know about the relationship between organic chemicals and human disease Organic chemicals are everywhere: in the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the food we eat. They are also found in a myriad of common household and personal care products. Unfortunately, exposure to some organic chemicals can result in adverse health effects, from growth and developmental disorders to cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. This book examines how organic chemicals affect human health. It looks at the different diseases as well as how individual organ systems are affected by organic chemicals. Effects of Persistent and Bioactive Organic Pollutants on Human Health begins with an introductory chapter explaining why we should care about organic chemicals and their effect on human health. Next, the authors address such important topics as: Burden of cancer from organic chemicals Organic chemicals and obesity Effects of organic chemicals on the male reproductive system Organic chemicals and the immune system Intellectual developmental disability syndromes and organic chemicals Mental illness and exposure to organic chemicals The book ends with an assessment of how much human disease is caused by organic chemicals. Chapters have been contributed by leading international experts in public and environmental health and are based on the latest research findings. Readers will find that all of the contributions are clear and easy to comprehend, with extensive references for further investigation of individual topics. Effects of Persistent and Bioactive Organic Pollutants on Human Health is recommended for students and professionals in medicine as well as public and environmental health, bringing them fully up to date with what we know about the relationship between organic chemicals and human health.
Björn Möller Analysis of Q-Cells as part of the solar industry Björn Möller Analysis of Q-Cells as part of the solar industry Новинка

Björn Möller Analysis of Q-Cells as part of the solar industry

Project Report from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Industrial Management, grade: 1,0, Anglia Ruskin University, language: English, abstract: This report presents the findings of an independent business analysis project study of Q-Cells as part of the solar industry. The purpose of this assessment was to evaluate the company's current situation, as well as to maintain the economic and strategicsustainability of Q-Cells, one of the world's largest solar cell manufacturers. Furthermore, the report deals with a strategic issue, namely, globalisation and its influence on the company and on Q-Cells' two main competitors. This report summarizes theresults of a business analysis project based on information collected during the field work. In detail, this report addresses the following issues:• Situational audit: What is the company's current situation? What are its resources and capabilities? What are its core competences?• Globalisation: What criteria define globalisation? What impact does globalisation have on Q-Cells? And how about on the company's two competitors, Solonand Conergy?• Interpretation: What are the strategic options for a sustainable strategy? What actions need to be taken in order to maintain a sustainable position? What effect will a possible strategic alignment have on the company and its numbers?Several approaches are applied within the analytical framework. The recommended measures will be critically appraised based on a l...
Johannes Fink Karl Fuel Cells, Solar Panels, and Storage Devices. Materials and Methods Johannes Fink Karl Fuel Cells, Solar Panels, and Storage Devices. Materials and Methods Новинка

Johannes Fink Karl Fuel Cells, Solar Panels, and Storage Devices. Materials and Methods

17664.99 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This book focuses on the materials used for fuel cells, solar panels, and storage devices, such as rechargeable batteries. Fuel cell devices, such as direct methanol fuel cells, direct ethanol fuel cells, direct urea fuel cells, as well as biological fuel cells and the electrolytes, membranes, and catalysts used there are detailed. Separate chapters are devoted to polymer electrode materials and membranes. With regard to solar cells, the types of solar cells are detailed, such as inorganic-organic hybrid solar cells, solar powered biological fuel cells, heterojunction cells, multi-junction cells, and others. Also, the fabrication methods are described. Further, the electrolytes, membranes, and catalysts used there are detailed. The section that is dealing with rechargeable batteries explains the types of rechargeable devices, such as aluminum-based batteries, zinc batteries, magnesium batteries, and lithium batteries. Materials that are used for cathodes, anodes and electrolytes are detailed. The text focuses on the basic issues and also the literature of the past decade. Beyond education, this book may serve the needs of polymer specialists as well as other specialists, e.g., materials scientists, electrochemical engineers, etc., who have only a passing knowledge of these issues, but need to know more.
Mehmet Sankir Printable Solar Cells Mehmet Sankir Printable Solar Cells Новинка

Mehmet Sankir Printable Solar Cells

18489.29 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This book provides an overall view of the new and highly promising materials and thin film deposition techniques for printable solar cell applications. The book is organized in four parts. Organic and inorganic hybrid materials and solar cell manufacturing techniques are covered in Part I. Part II is devoted to organic materials and processing technologies like spray coating. This part also demonstrates the key features of the interface engineering for the printable organic solar cells. The main focus of the Part III is the perovskite solar cells, which is a new and promising family of the photovoltaic applications. Finally, inorganic materials and solution based thin film formation methods using these materials for printable solar cell application is discussed in Part IV.
Toshio Fuchigami Fundamentals and Applications of Organic Electrochemistry. Synthesis, Materials, Devices Toshio Fuchigami Fundamentals and Applications of Organic Electrochemistry. Synthesis, Materials, Devices Новинка

Toshio Fuchigami Fundamentals and Applications of Organic Electrochemistry. Synthesis, Materials, Devices

This textbook is an accessible overview of the broad field of organic electrochemistry, covering the fundamentals and applications of contemporary organic electrochemistry. The book begins with an introduction to the fundamental aspects of electrode electron transfer and methods for the electrochemical measurement of organic molecules. It then goes on to discuss organic electrosynthesis of molecules and macromolecules, including detailed experimental information for the electrochemical synthesis of organic compounds and conducting polymers. Later chapters highlight new methodology for organic electrochemical synthesis, for example electrolysis in ionic liquids, the application to organic electronic devices such as solar cells and LEDs, and examples of commercialized organic electrode processes. Appendices present useful supplementary information including experimental examples of organic electrosynthesis, and tables of physical data (redox potentials of various organic solvents and organic compounds and physical properties of various organic solvents).
Allen John R. Basin Analysis. Principles and Applications Allen John R. Basin Analysis. Principles and Applications Новинка

Allen John R. Basin Analysis. Principles and Applications

9055.19 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Basin Analysis is an up-to-date overview of the essential processes of the formation and evolution of sedimentary basins, and their implications for the development of hydrocarbon resources. The new edition features: A consideration of the fundamental physical state of the lithosphere. A discussion on the major types of lithospheric deformation relevant to basin development – stretching and flexure. A new chapter on the effects of mantle dynamics. Radically revised chapters on the basin-fill. A new chapter on the erosional engine for sediment delivery to basins, reflecting the massive and exciting advances in this area in the last decade. Expansion of the techniques used in approaching problems in basin analysis. Updated chapters on subsidence analysis and measurements of thermal maturity of organic and non-organic components of the basin-fill. New material on thermochronological and exposure dating tools. Inclusion of the important petroleum system concept in the updated section on the application to the petroleum play. Visit: www.blackwellpublishing.com/allen for practical exercises related to problems in Basin Analysis 2e. To run the programs you will need a copy of Matlab 6 or 7. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at [email protected] for more information.
Cacialli Franco Functional Supramolecular Architectures. For Organic Electronics and Nanotechnology, 2 Volume Set Cacialli Franco Functional Supramolecular Architectures. For Organic Electronics and Nanotechnology, 2 Volume Set Новинка

Cacialli Franco Functional Supramolecular Architectures. For Organic Electronics and Nanotechnology, 2 Volume Set

31555.41 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
A comprehensive overview of functional nanosystems based on organic and polymeric materials and their impact on current and future research and technology in the highly interdisciplinary field of materials science. As such, this handbook covers synthesis and fabrication methods, as well as properties and characterization of supramolecular architectures. Much of the contents are devoted to existing and emerging applications, such as organic solar cells, transistors, diodes, nanowires and molecular switches. The result is an indispensable resource for materials scientists, organic chemists, molecular physicists and electrochemists looking for a reliable reference on this hot topic.
Uli Würfel Physics of Solar Cells. From Basic Principles to Advanced Concepts Uli Würfel Physics of Solar Cells. From Basic Principles to Advanced Concepts Новинка

Uli Würfel Physics of Solar Cells. From Basic Principles to Advanced Concepts

The new edition of this highly regarded textbook provides a detailed overview of the most important characterization techniques for solar cells and a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages. It describes in detail all aspects of solar cell function, the physics behind every single step, as well as all the issues to be considered when improving solar cells and their efficiency. The text is now complete with examples of how the appropriate characterization techniques enable the distinction between several potential limitation factors, describing how quantities that have been introduced theoretically in earlier chapters become experimentally accessible. With exercises after each chapter to reinforce the newly acquired knowledge and requiring no more than standard physics knowledge, this book enables students and professionals to understand the factors driving conversion efficiency and to apply this to their own solar cell development.
Welton Thomas Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry Welton Thomas Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry Новинка

Welton Thomas Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry

18495.39 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Now in its 4th edition, this book remains the ultimate reference for all questions regarding solvents and solvent effects in organic chemistry. Retaining its proven concept, there is no other book which covers the subject in so much depth, the handbook is completely updated and contains 15% more content, including new chapters on «Solvents and Green chemistry», «Classification of Solvents by their Environmental Impact», and «Ionic Liquids». An essential part of every organic chemist's library.
Robert Blair Organic Production and Food Quality. A Down to Earth Analysis Robert Blair Organic Production and Food Quality. A Down to Earth Analysis Новинка

Robert Blair Organic Production and Food Quality. A Down to Earth Analysis

17434.74 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The internet is rife with biased and unsubstantiated claims from the organic industry, and the treatment of issues such as food safety and quality by the media («if it bleeds, it leads») tends to have a negative impact on consumer perceptions about conventional food. Until recently, more and more consumers in many countries were opting to buy organic food over conventional food, resulting in a radical shift in food retailing. This was due to concerns over chemical residues, food poisoning resulting in recalls, food scares such as «mad-cow» disease, issues like gene-modified (GM foods), antibiotics, hormones, cloning and concerns over the way plants and animals are being grown commercially as food sources. As a result there has been an expansion of the organic industry and the supply of organic foods at farmers' markets, supermarkets and specialty stores. Organic Production and Food Quality: A Down to Earth Analysis is the first comprehensive book on how organic production methods influence the safety and quality of foods, based on an unbiased assessment of the latest scientific findings. The title is a 'must-have' for everyone working within the food industry. Comprehensive explanation of organic production methods and effects on the safety and quality of foods Authoritative, unbiased and up-to-date examination of relevant global scientific research Answers the questions of whether organic food is more nutritious and/or more healthy
Felix Carroll A. Perspectives on Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry Felix Carroll A. Perspectives on Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry Новинка

Felix Carroll A. Perspectives on Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry

10946.25 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Helps to develop new perspectives and a deeper understanding of organic chemistry Instructors and students alike have praised Perspectives on Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry because it motivates readers to think about organic chemistry in new and exciting ways. Based on the author's first hand classroom experience, the text uses complementary conceptual models to give new perspectives on the structures and reactions of organic compounds. The first five chapters of the text discuss the structure and bonding of stable molecules and reactive intermediates. These are followed by a chapter exploring the methods that organic chemists use to study reaction mechanisms. The remaining chapters examine different types of acid-base, substitution, addition, elimination, pericyclic, and photochemical reactions. This Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the latest findings in physical organic chemistry. Moreover, this edition features: New references to the latest primary and review literature More study questions to help readers better understand and apply new concepts in organic chemistry Coverage of new topics, including density functional theory, quantum theory of atoms in molecules, Marcus theory, molecular simulations, effect of solvent on organic reactions, asymmetric induction in nucleophilic additions to carbonyl compounds, and dynamic effects on reaction pathways The nearly 400 problems in the text do more than allow students to test their understanding of the concepts presented in each chapter. They also encourage readers to actively review and evaluate the chemical literature and to develop and defend their own ideas. With its emphasis on complementary models and independent problem-solving, this text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in organic chemistry.
Vikas Mittal Polymers for Energy Storage and Conversion Vikas Mittal Polymers for Energy Storage and Conversion Новинка

Vikas Mittal Polymers for Energy Storage and Conversion

14116.89 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
One of the first comprehensive books to focus on the role of polymers in the burgeoning energy materials market Polymers are increasingly finding applications in the areas of energy storage and conversion. A number of recent advances in the control of the polymer molecular structure which allows the polymer properties to be more finely tuned have led to these advances and new applications. Polymers for Energy Storage and Conversion assimilates these advances in the form of a comprehensive text that includes the synthesis and properties of a large number of polymer systems for applications in areas such as lithium batteries, photovoltaics, and solar cells. Polymers for Energy Storage and Conversion: Introduces the structure and properties of polymer hydrogel with respect to its applications for low to intermediate temperature polymer electrolyte-based fuel cells Describes PVAc-based polymer blend electrolytes for lithium batteries Reviews lithium polymer batteries based on ionic liquids Proposes the concept of the solar cell with organic multiple quantum dots (MQDs) Discusses solvent effects in polymer-based organic photovoltaic devices Provides an overview of the properties of the polymers that factor into their use for solar power, whether for niche applications or for large-scale harvesting Reviews the use of macroporous organic polymers as promising materials for energy gas storage Readership Materials scientists working with energy materials, polymer engineers, chemists, and other scientists and engineers working with photovoltaics and batteries as well as in the solar and renewable energy sectors.
Mark Vitha F. Circulating Tumor Cells. Isolation and Analysis Mark Vitha F. Circulating Tumor Cells. Isolation and Analysis Новинка

Mark Vitha F. Circulating Tumor Cells. Isolation and Analysis

11315.95 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Introduces the reader to Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs), their isolation method and analysis, and commercially available platforms Presents the historical perspective and the overview of the field of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) Discusses the state-of-art methods for CTC isolation, ranging from the macro- to micro-scale, from positive concentration to negative depletion, and from biological-property-enabled to physical-property-based approaches Details commercially available CTC platforms Describes post-isolation analysis and clinical translation Provides a glossary of scientific terms related to CTCs
Felix Carroll A. Solutions Manual for Perspectives on Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry Felix Carroll A. Solutions Manual for Perspectives on Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry Новинка

Felix Carroll A. Solutions Manual for Perspectives on Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry

3619.81 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Helps to develop new perspectives and a deeper understanding of organic chemistry Instructors and students alike have praised Perspectives on Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry because it motivates readers to think about organic chemistry in new and exciting ways. Based on the author's first hand classroom experience, the text uses complementary conceptual models to give new perspectives on the structures and reactions of organic compounds. The first five chapters of the text discuss the structure and bonding of stable molecules and reactive intermediates. These are followed by a chapter exploring the methods that organic chemists use to study reaction mechanisms. The remaining chapters examine different types of acid-base, substitution, addition, elimination, pericyclic, and photochemical reactions. This Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the latest findings in physical organic chemistry. Moreover, this edition features: New references to the latest primary and review literature More study questions to help readers better understand and apply new concepts in organic chemistry Coverage of new topics, including density functional theory, quantum theory of atoms in molecules, Marcus theory, molecular simulations, effect of solvent on organic reactions, asymmetric induction in nucleophilic additions to carbonyl compounds, and dynamic effects on reaction pathways The nearly 400 problems in the text do more than allow students to test their understanding of the concepts presented in each chapter. They also encourage readers to actively review and evaluate the chemical literature and to develop and defend their own ideas. With its emphasis on complementary models and independent problem-solving, this text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in organic chemistry.
Satish Totey Applications of Flow Cytometry in Stem Cell Research and Tissue Regeneration Satish Totey Applications of Flow Cytometry in Stem Cell Research and Tissue Regeneration Новинка

Satish Totey Applications of Flow Cytometry in Stem Cell Research and Tissue Regeneration

12447.91 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
A much-needed primer on the use of laser flow cytometry for stem cell analysis Laser flow cytometry is a powerful tool for rapid analysis of cells for marker expression, cell cycle position, proliferation, and apoptosis. However, no resources specifically address the use of this methodology for the study of stem cells; this is especially important as stem cell analysis involves specialized methods and staining procedures based on specific characteristics such as marker expression, cell size, drug transport, and efflux of the stem cells. Now, this book reviews these procedures, discusses the science behind them, and provides real-world examples to illustrate the usefulness of the methods. It brings together world-class experts in pathology, biophysics, immunology, and stem cell research, who draw upon their extensive experience with the methods and show examples of good data to help guide researchers in the right direction. Chapter coverage includes: Stem cell analysis and sorting using side population Flow cytometry in the study of proliferation and apoptosis Stem cell biology and application Identification and isolation of very small embryonic-like stem cells from murine and human specimens Hematopoietic stem cells—issues in enumeration Human embryonic stem cells: long-term culture and cardiovascular differentiation Limbal stem cells and corneal regeneration Flow cytometric sorting of spermatogonial stem cells Breast cancer stem cells Stem cell marker expression in cells from body cavity fluids This book is an essential resource for all graduate students, practitioners in developing countries, libraries and book repositories of universities and research institutions, and individual researchers. It is also of interest to laboratories engaged in stem cell research and use of stem cells for tissue regeneration, and to any organization dealing in stem cell and tissue regeneration research.
Adrian Kitai Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Diodes. The role of the PN junction Adrian Kitai Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Diodes. The role of the PN junction Новинка

Adrian Kitai Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Diodes. The role of the PN junction

2109.98 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This textbook introduces the physical concepts required for a comprehensive understanding of p-n junction devices, light emitting diodes and solar cells. Semiconductor devices have made a major impact on the way we work and live. Today semiconductor p-n junction diode devices are experiencing substantial growth: solar cells are used on an unprecedented scale in the renewable energy industry; and light emitting diodes (LEDs) are revolutionizing energy efficient lighting. These two emerging industries based on p-n junctions make a significant contribution to the reduction in fossil fuel consumption. This book covers the two most important applications of semiconductor diodes – solar cells and LEDs – together with quantitative coverage of the physics of the p-n junction. The reader will gain a thorough understanding of p-n junctions as the text begins with semiconductor and junction device fundamentals and extends to the practical implementation of semiconductors in both photovoltaic and LED devices. Treatment of a range of important semiconductor materials and device structures is also presented in a readable manner. Topics are divided into the following six chapters: • Semiconductor Physics • The PN Junction Diode • Photon Emission and Absorption • The Solar Cell • Light Emitting Diodes • Organic Semiconductors, OLEDs and Solar Cells Containing student problems at the end of each chapter and worked example problems throughout, this textbook is intended for senior level undergraduate students doing courses in electrical engineering, physics and materials science. Researchers working on solar cells and LED devices, and those in the electronics industry would also benefit from the background information the book provides.
John Dean R. Environmental Trace Analysis. Techniques and Applications John Dean R. Environmental Trace Analysis. Techniques and Applications Новинка

John Dean R. Environmental Trace Analysis. Techniques and Applications

14871.81 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This book covers all aspects of environmental trace analysis from sampling through to preparation of the sample to the analytical techniques used to quantify the level of trace metals or organic compounds. The book is divided into two areas: sample preparation for inorganic analysis and sample preparation for organic analysis. This allows the reader to focus on key aspects related to the preparation of samples for their subsequent analysis. Selected case studies provide the reader with the opportunity to consider how the sample preparation approach can be optimized for their own area of expertise.
Winford Rothrock Nuclear Spacecraft Propulsion Winford Rothrock Nuclear Spacecraft Propulsion Новинка

Winford Rothrock Nuclear Spacecraft Propulsion

While solar power is much more commonly used, nuclear power offers great advantages in many areas. Solar cells, although efficient, can only supply energy to spacecraft in orbits where the solar flux is sufficiently high, such as low Earth orbit and interplanetary destinations close enough to the Sun. Unlike solar cells, nuclear power systems function independently of sunlight, which is necessary for deep space exploration. Nuclear reactors are especially beneficial in space because of their lower weight-to-capacity ratio than solar cells. Therefore, nuclear power systems take up much less space than solar power systems.
Alexei Verkhratsky Glial Physiology and Pathophysiology Alexei Verkhratsky Glial Physiology and Pathophysiology Новинка

Alexei Verkhratsky Glial Physiology and Pathophysiology

12447.91 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Glial Physiology and Pathophysiology provides a comprehensive, advanced text on the biology and pathology of glial cells. Coverae includes: the morphology and interrelationships between glial cells and neurones in different parts of the nervous systems the cellular physiology of the different kinds of glial cells the mechanisms of intra- and inter-cellular signalling in glial networks the mechanisms of glial-neuronal communications the role of glial cells in synaptic plasticity, neuronal survival and development of nervous system the cellular and molecular mechanisms of metabolic neuronal-glial interactions the role of glia in nervous system pathology, including pathology of glial cells and associated diseases – for example, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's, Alexander disease and Parkinson's Neuroglia oversee the birth and development of neurones, the establishment of interneuronal connections (the 'connectome'), the maintenance and removal of these inter-neuronal connections, writing of the nervous system components, adult neurogenesis, the energetics of nervous tissue, metabolism of neurotransmitters, regulation of ion composition of the interstitial space and many, many more homeostatic functions. This book primes the reader towards the notion that nervous tissue is not divided into more important and less important cells. The nervous tissue functions because of the coherent and concerted action of many different cell types, each contributing to an ultimate output. This reaches its zenith in humans, with the creation of thoughts, underlying acquisition of knowledge, its analysis and synthesis, and contemplating the Universe and our place in it. An up-to-date and fully referenced text on the most numerous cells in the human brain Detailed coverage of the morphology and interrelationships between glial cells and neurones in different parts of the nervous system Describes the role og glial cells in neuropathology Focus boxes highlight key points and summarise important facts Companion website with downloadable figures and slides
Alex Bergen Rating Change Probabilities. An Empirical Analysis of Sovereign Ratings Alex Bergen Rating Change Probabilities. An Empirical Analysis of Sovereign Ratings Новинка

Alex Bergen Rating Change Probabilities. An Empirical Analysis of Sovereign Ratings

This study analyzes the determinants of rating changes and the variables' marginal effects on rating change probabilities. Based on the results, it presents transition matrices by computing transition probabilities. Furthermore, this study analyzes subsamples of the data set, conditional on the business cycle and the economic strength of a country, by using interaction effects. The Author of this study thereby verifies whether or how the transition matrices change by including interaction effects. He applies a latent variable approach, using an ordered probit model, to calculate the effects of different variables on the probabilities of rating changes.
Luque Antonio Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Luque Antonio Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Новинка

Luque Antonio Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering

26120.02 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The most comprehensive, authoritative and widely cited reference on photovoltaic solar energy Fully revised and updated, the Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, Second Edition incorporates the substantial technological advances and research developments in photovoltaics since its previous release. All topics relating to the photovoltaic (PV) industry are discussed with contributions by distinguished international experts in the field. Significant new coverage includes: three completely new chapters and six chapters with new authors device structures, processing, and manufacturing options for the three major thin film PV technologies high performance approaches for multijunction, concentrator, and space applications new types of organic polymer and dye-sensitized solar cells economic analysis of various policy options to stimulate PV growth including effect of public and private investment Detailed treatment covers: scientific basis of the photovoltaic effect and solar cell operation the production of solar silicon and of silicon-based solar cells and modules how choice of semiconductor materials and their production influence costs and performance making measurements on solar cells and modules and how to relate results under standardised test conditions to real outdoor performance photovoltaic system installation and operation of components such as inverters and batteries. architectural applications of building-integrated PV Each chapter is structured to be partially accessible to beginners while providing detailed information of the physics and technology for experts. Encompassing a review of past work and the fundamentals in solar electric science, this is a leading reference and invaluable resource for all practitioners, consultants, researchers and students in the PV industry.
Atul Tiwari Solar Cell Nanotechnology Atul Tiwari Solar Cell Nanotechnology Новинка

Atul Tiwari Solar Cell Nanotechnology

18036.79 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Focusing on the cutting-edge technologies available in the field of photovoltaics, Solar Cell Nanotechnology explores the latest research and development activities related to organic, inorganic, and hybrid materials being used in solar cell manufacturing. Several chapters are dedicated to explaining the fundamentals of photovoltaics and nanomaterials utilized in the manufacturing of solar cells. Other essential subjects, such as microcontact printing, plasmonic light trapping, outdoor and indoor efficiency, luminescent solar concentrators, and photon management in photovoltaics, are comprehensively reviewed. Written for a broad audience, this is an essential book for engineers, nanotechnologists, and materials scientists.
Uwe Rau Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Uwe Rau Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Новинка

Uwe Rau Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells

15470.03 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The book focuses on advanced characterization methods for thin-film solar cells that have proven their relevance both for academic and corporate photovoltaic research and development. After an introduction to thin-film photovoltaics, highly experienced experts report on device and materials characterization methods such as electroluminescence analysis, capacitance spectroscopy, and various microscopy methods. In the final part of the book simulation techniques are presented which are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D, 2D and 3D. Building on a proven concept, this new edition also covers thermography, transient optoelectronic methods, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.
A. Knipe C. Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2010. An annual survey covering the literature dated January to December 2010 A. Knipe C. Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2010. An annual survey covering the literature dated January to December 2010 Новинка

A. Knipe C. Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2010. An annual survey covering the literature dated January to December 2010

2109.98 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2010, the 46th annual volume in this highly successful and unique series, surveys research on organic reaction mechanisms described in the available literature dated 2010. It details the latest progress in a wide range of classes of organic reaction mechanisms, including reactions of different compounds and acids and their derivatives, oxidation and reduction, aliphatic substitutions, elimination reactions, and molecular rearrangements, to name a few. An experienced team of authors compiled these reviews, ensuring the quality of selection and presentation.
Howard Luke R. Analysis of Antioxidant-Rich Phytochemicals Howard Luke R. Analysis of Antioxidant-Rich Phytochemicals Новинка

Howard Luke R. Analysis of Antioxidant-Rich Phytochemicals

17434.74 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
To quantify antioxidants in natural sources, the application of chromatography techniques with different detectors followed by skillful sample preparation is necessary. Analysis of Antioxidant-Rich Phytochemicals is the first book that specifically covers and summarizes the details of sample preparation procedures and methods developed to identify and quantify various types of natural antioxidants in foods. Focusing on the principle of quantification methods for natural antioxidants, the book reviews and summarizes current methods used in the determination of antioxidant-rich phytochemicals in different sources. Chapter by chapter, the distinguished team of authors describes the various methods used for analysis of the different antioxidant-rich phytochemicals – phenolic acids; carotenoids; anthocyanins; ellagitannins, flavonols and flavones; catechins and procyanidins; flavanones; stilbenes; phytosterols; and tocopherols and tocotrienols. Going beyond extensive reviews of the scientific literature, the expert contributors call on their accumulated experience in sample extraction and analysis to outline procedures, identify potential problems in dealing with different samples, and offer trouble-shooting tips for the analysis. Analysis of Antioxidant-Rich Phytochemicals covers the important food applications and health-promoting functions of the major antioxidant phytochemicals, presents general analysis principles and procedures, and systematically reviews and summarizes the various analytical methods necessary for each type of natural antioxidant in different food sources.
SAPANA GUPTA Practice Problems of Organic Photochemistry SAPANA GUPTA Practice Problems of Organic Photochemistry Новинка

SAPANA GUPTA Practice Problems of Organic Photochemistry

This book is especially written for the aspirants of CSIR-UGC NET, SET & SLET Examination. This books consists different problems and their solution of organic photo-chemistry. This is written in conceptual manner with suitable collections of examples from various references.
Gertz Likhtenshtein I. Solar Energy Conversion. Chemical Aspects Gertz Likhtenshtein I. Solar Energy Conversion. Chemical Aspects Новинка

Gertz Likhtenshtein I. Solar Energy Conversion. Chemical Aspects

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Finally filling a gap in the literature for a text that also adopts the chemist's view of this hot topic, Professor Likhtenshtein, an experienced author and internationally renowned scientist, considers different physical and engineering aspects in solar energy conversion. From theory to real-life systems, he shows exactly which chemical reactions take place when converting light energy, providing an overview of the chemical perspective from fundamentals to molecular harvesting systems and solar cells. This essential guide will thus help researchers in academia and industry better understand solar energy conversion, and so ultimately help this promising, multibillion dollar fi eld to expand. From the contents: * Electron Transfer Theories * Principle Stages of Photosynthetic Light Energy Conversion * Photochemical Systems of Light Energy Conversion * Redox Processes on Surface of Semiconductors and Metals * Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells * Photocatalytic Reduction and Oxidation of Water
Alex Bergen Rating change probabilities. An empirical analysis of sovereign ratings Alex Bergen Rating change probabilities. An empirical analysis of sovereign ratings Новинка

Alex Bergen Rating change probabilities. An empirical analysis of sovereign ratings

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Banking, Stock Exchanges, Insurance, Accounting, grade: 1,0, University of Mannheim, language: English, abstract: In my Bachelor thesis I analyze the determinants of rating changes and the variables'marginal effects on rating change probabilities. Based on my results, I present transition matrices by computing transition probabilities. Furthermore, I analyze subsamples of my data set, conditional on the business cycle and the economic strength of a country, by using interaction effects. I thereby verify whether or how the transition matrices change by including interaction effects.I apply a latent variable approach, using an ordered probit model, to calculate the effects of different variables on the probabilities of rating changes.
Rogers Donald W. Molecular Structure. Understanding Steric and Electronic Effects from Molecular Mechanics Rogers Donald W. Molecular Structure. Understanding Steric and Electronic Effects from Molecular Mechanics Новинка

Rogers Donald W. Molecular Structure. Understanding Steric and Electronic Effects from Molecular Mechanics

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A guide to analyzing the structures and properties of organic molecules Until recently, the study of organic molecules has traveled down two disparate intellectual paths—the experimental, or physical, method and the computational, or theoretical, method. Working somewhat independently of each other, these disciplines have guided research for decades, but they are now being combined efficiently into one unified strategy. Molecular Structure delivers the essential fundamentals on both the experimental and computational methods, then goes further to show how these approaches can join forces to produce more effective analysis of the structure and properties of organic compounds by: Looking at experimental structures: electron, neutron, X-ray diffraction, and microwave spectroscopy as well as computational structures: ab initio, semi-empirical molecular orbital, and molecular mechanics calculations Discussing various electronic effects, particularly stereoelectronic effects, including hyperconjugation, negative hyperconjugation, the Bohlmann and anomeric effects, and how and why these cause changes in structures and properties of molecules Illustrating complex carbohydrate effects such as the gauche effect, the delta-two effect, and the external anomeric torsional effect Covering hydrogen bonding, the CH bond, and how energies, especially heats of formation, can be affected Using molecular mechanics to tie all of these things together in the familiar language of the organic chemist, valence bond pictures Authored by a founding father of computational chemistry, Molecular Structure broadens the scope of the subject by serving as a pioneering guide for workers in the fields of organic, biological, and computational chemistry, as they explore new possibilities to advance their discoveries. This work will also be of interest to many of those in tangential or dependent fields, including medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry and pharmacology.
Anwar Elsharkawy Critical Discourse Analysis and Discourse of Power Anwar Elsharkawy Critical Discourse Analysis and Discourse of Power Новинка

Anwar Elsharkawy Critical Discourse Analysis and Discourse of Power

Scientific Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Speech Science / Linguistics, grade: Excellent with honor, , course: Critical Discourse Analysis, language: English, abstract: The present paper has shown the practical part of CDA according to three scholars, namely they are Norman Fairclough, Ruth Wodak, and Teun van Dijk. Their approaches are somehow different in method and way of interpretation. While Fairclough is brought up on the systemic-functional model of theory and thus often concentrates on rather limited amounts of research material, Wodak turns to sociolinguistics and ethnography with an emphasis on corpus-based research and on work with different approaches with a variety of empirical data as well as background information. However, the notion that language is inherently social remains a key assumption in both approaches. On the other hand, similarly to Fairclough, van Dijk acknowledges three different perspectives; text, discourse practice and sociocultural practice, and emphasizes on the link between textual analysis and sociocultural analysis. However, van Dijk differentiates himself from both Fairclough and Wodak in his understanding of social events or of social institutions and power relations. To van Dijk, social cognitions mediate between micro- and macro-levels of society, between discourse and action, between the individual and the group. Therefore, the focus on social cognition governs the process of analysis.
Arthur Willoughby Solar Cell Materials. Developing Technologies Arthur Willoughby Solar Cell Materials. Developing Technologies Новинка

Arthur Willoughby Solar Cell Materials. Developing Technologies

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This book presents a comparison of solar cell materials, including both new materials based on organics, nanostructures and novel inorganics and developments in more traditional photovoltaic materials. It surveys the materials and materials trends in the field including third generation solar cells (multiple energy level cells, thermal approaches and the modification of the solar spectrum) with an eye firmly on low costs, energy efficiency and the use of abundant non-toxic materials.
Martín Nazario Supramolecular Chemistry of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes Martín Nazario Supramolecular Chemistry of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes Новинка

Martín Nazario Supramolecular Chemistry of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes

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Collating our current knowledge and the latest developments for enabling breakthrough discoveries, this book focuses on the synthesis and applications of materials that are based on supramolecular assemblies of carbon nanostructures, with an emphasis on fullerenes and nanotubes. In so doing, it provides readers with an overview of the different types of supramolecular architectures, accentuating the outstanding geometrical, electronic and photophysical properties of the building blocks and the resulting structures. It makes use of basic concepts and real-life applications – from simple syntheses to complex architectures, from instructive examples to working experimental procedures, and from photophysics to solar cells. A large part of each chapter is devoted to the methods and possibilities of controlling and tuning these molecular assemblies in order to obtain working devices. Fascinating reading for materials scientists, organic chemists, molecular physicists, and those in the semiconductor industry.
Beckman William A. Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes Beckman William A. Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes Новинка

Beckman William A. Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes

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The updated fourth edition of the «bible» of solar energy theory and applications Over several editions, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes has become a classic solar engineering text and reference. This revised Fourth Edition offers current coverage of solar energy theory, systems design, and applications in different market sectors along with an emphasis on solar system design and analysis using simulations to help readers translate theory into practice. An important resource for students of solar engineering, solar energy, and alternative energy as well as professionals working in the power and energy industry or related fields, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, Fourth Edition features: Increased coverage of leading-edge topics such as photovoltaics and the design of solar cells and heaters A brand-new chapter on applying CombiSys (a readymade TRNSYS simulation program available for free download) to simulate a solar heated house with solar- heated domestic hot water Additional simulation problems available through a companion website An extensive array of homework problems and exercises
Vincent Consonni Wide Band Gap Semiconductor Nanowires 2. Heterostructures and Optoelectronic Devices Vincent Consonni Wide Band Gap Semiconductor Nanowires 2. Heterostructures and Optoelectronic Devices Новинка

Vincent Consonni Wide Band Gap Semiconductor Nanowires 2. Heterostructures and Optoelectronic Devices

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This book, the second of two volumes, describes heterostructures and optoelectronic devices made from GaN and ZnO nanowires. Over the last decade, the number of publications on GaN and ZnO nanowires has grown exponentially, in particular for their potential optical applications in LEDs, lasers, UV detectors or solar cells. So far, such applications are still in their infancy, which we analyze as being mostly due to a lack of understanding and control of the growth of nanowires and related heterostructures. Furthermore, dealing with two different but related semiconductors such as ZnO and GaN, but also with different chemical and physical synthesis methods, will bring valuable comparisons in order to gain a general approach for the growth of wide band gap nanowires applied to optical devices
Brillas Enric Synthetic Diamond Films. Preparation, Electrochemistry, Characterization and Applications Brillas Enric Synthetic Diamond Films. Preparation, Electrochemistry, Characterization and Applications Новинка

Brillas Enric Synthetic Diamond Films. Preparation, Electrochemistry, Characterization and Applications

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The book gives an overview on the current development status of synthetic diamond films and their applications. Its initial part is devoted to discuss the different types of conductive diamond electrodes that have been synthesized, their preparation methods, and their chemical properties and characterization. The electrochemical properties of diamond films in different scientific areas, with special attention in electroanalysis, are further described. Different strategies to modify these electrodes are also discussed as important technologies with ability to change their electrochemical characteristics for a more specific electroanalytical use. The second part of the book deals with practical applications of diamond electrodes to the industry, organic electrosynthesis, electrochemical energy technology, and biotechnology. Special emphasis is made on the properties of these materials for the production of strong oxidizing species allowing the fast mineralization of organics and their use for water disinfection and decontamination. Recent biotechnological development on biosensors, microelectrodes, and nanostructured electrodes, as well as on neurochemistry, is also presented. The book will be written by a large number of internationally recognized experts and comprises 24 chapters describing the characteristics and theoretical fundaments of the different electrochemical uses and applications of synthetic diamond films.
Joaquin Isac-Garcia Emerging Pollutants. Origin, Structure, and Properties Joaquin Isac-Garcia Emerging Pollutants. Origin, Structure, and Properties Новинка

Joaquin Isac-Garcia Emerging Pollutants. Origin, Structure, and Properties

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An excellent, concise, and interdisciplinary overview of different classes of emerging pollutants arising, for example, from pharmaceuticals, pesticides, personal care products, and industrial chemicals and their impact on water, soil, and air. Following an introduction to chemical pollutants, with special attention focused on organic compounds and their properties, the book goes on to describe major emerging pollutants grouped according to their applications in different sectors of industrial or economic activity. For each type of compound, the chemical structure, main properties, and source are presented, along with their fate in the environment as pollutants, the latest analytical methods for detection, possible health or ecology consequences, as well as current regulatory laws. New developments, such as nanotechnology as a pollution source, are also included. The book closes with a chapter devoted to conclusions and future perspectives.
Michele Muccini Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. Towards the Next Generation Display Technology Michele Muccini Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. Towards the Next Generation Display Technology Новинка

Michele Muccini Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. Towards the Next Generation Display Technology

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Provides an overview of the developments and applications of Organic Light Emitting Transistors (OLETs) science and technology This book discusses the scientific fundamentals and key technological features of Organic Light Emitting Transistors (OLETs) by putting them in the context of organic electronics and photonics. The characteristics of OLETs are benchmarked to those of OLEDs for applications in Flat Panel Displays and sensing technology. The authors provide a comparative analysis between OLED and OLET devices in order to highlight the fundamental differences in terms of device architecture and working principles, and to point out the enabling nature of OLETs for truly flexible displays. The book then explores the principles of OLET devices, their basic optoelectronic characteristics, the properties of currently available materials, processing and fabrication techniques, and the different approaches adopted to structure the active channel and to control organic and hybrid interfaces. Examines the photonic properties of OLETs, focusing on the external quantum efficiency, the brightness, the light outcoupling, and emission directionality Analyzes the charge transport and photophysical properties of OLET, emphasizing the excitonic properties and spatial emitting characteristics Reviews the key building blocks of the OLET devices and their role in determining the device’s performance Discusses the challenges in OLET design, namely color gamut, power efficiency, and reliability Presents key applications of OLET devices and their potential impact on display technology and sensing Organic Light-Emitting Transistors: Towards the Next Generation Display Technology serves as a reference for researchers, technology developers and end-users to have a broad view of the distinguishing features of the OLET technology and to profile the impact on the display and sensing markets.
Kentaro Ito Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells Kentaro Ito Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells Новинка

Kentaro Ito Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells

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Beginning with an overview and historical background of Copper Zinc Tin Sulphide (CZTS) technology, subsequent chapters cover properties of CZTS thin films, different preparation methods of CZTS thin films, a comparative study of CZTS and CIGS solar cell, computational approach, and future applications of CZTS thin film solar modules to both ground-mount and rooftop installation. The semiconducting compound (CZTS) is made up earth-abundant, low-cost and non-toxic elements, which make it an ideal candidate to replace Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) and CdTe solar cells which face material scarcity and toxicity issues. The device performance of CZTS-based thin film solar cells has been steadily improving over the past 20 years, and they have now reached near commercial efficiency levels (10%). These achievements prove that CZTS-based solar cells have the potential to be used for large-scale deployment of photovoltaics. With contributions from leading researchers from academia and industry, many of these authors have contributed to the improvement of its efficiency, and have rich experience in preparing a variety of semiconducting thin films for solar cells.
U.S. Department of Agriculture Guide for Organic Processors U.S. Department of Agriculture Guide for Organic Processors Новинка

U.S. Department of Agriculture Guide for Organic Processors

Organic processing requires knowledge of the Federal, State, and local regulations thatapply to processing and labeling foods. The specifics of food-processing regulations willnot be cov ered here because the regulations can vary depending on the State and countyjurisdictions. This guide will explain the regulations that are relevant to farmers who wishto process their organic crops and label or sell the product as organic. It will answer manyquestions relevant to all processors and handlers of organic commodities:• What are the benefits of organic processing?• How do I get certified as an organic processor?• What ingredients are allowed in organic foods?• How do I prepare for my organic inspection?• Where can I find more information?Due to their complexity, the specific regulations for the sale of organic dairy productsand the slaughter and sale of organic meat are not covered in this publication.
Giri Krishna Voices of Torture Survivors in Nepal Giri Krishna Voices of Torture Survivors in Nepal Новинка

Giri Krishna Voices of Torture Survivors in Nepal

This Book is about torture survivors and their stories of different dimentions of torture surviving in Nepal. It especially highlights types of torture practices in Nepal during the decade long civil war from 1996 to 2006. It also highlights causes and effects of torture; and documents their coping strategies. It also sheds light on importance of torture survivors in peace process and their expectations in transitional justice.
Ernest Cyril de Run Targeted Advertising Unintended Effects Ernest Cyril de Run Targeted Advertising Unintended Effects Новинка

Ernest Cyril de Run Targeted Advertising Unintended Effects

Although advertising has been a major area of study in marketing, li­mited research investigating the unintended effects of targeted adver­tising beyond social and moral issues has been conducted. This research contributes to the current body of knowledge by examining the unintended effects of ethnically targeted advertising on ethnic groups that are not targeted, but who are still likely to see the advertising. The research also develops a holistic model for measuring the effects of targeted advertising using four variables; emotions, attitude to the advertisement, attitude to the company and behavioral intentions. The conceptual basis of the model is accommodation theory, which allows for different levels of targeting based on the language mix used in advertisements. The model was tested on three different ethnic groups in Malaysia, namely the Malays, Chinese, and Iban.
Uwe Rau Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Uwe Rau Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Новинка

Uwe Rau Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells

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Written by scientists from leading institutes in Germany, USA and Spain who use these techniques as the core of their scientific work and who have a precise idea of what is relevant for photovoltaic devices, this text contains concise and comprehensive lecture-like chapters on specific research methods. They focus on emerging, specialized techniques that are new to the field of photovoltaics yet have a proven relevance. However, since new methods need to be judged according to their implications for photovoltaic devices, a clear introductory chapter describes the basic physics of thin-film solar cells and modules, providing a guide to the specific advantages that are offered by each individual method. The choice of subjects is a representative cross-section of those methods enjoying a high degree of visibility in recent scientific literature. Furthermore, they deal with specific device-related topics and include a selection of material and surface/interface analysis methods that have recently proven their relevance. Finally, simulation techniques are presented that are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D and 2D. For students in physics, solid state physicists, materials scientists, PhD students in material sciences, materials institutes, semiconductor physicists, and those working in the semiconductor industry, as well as being suitable as supplementary reading in related courses.
Vona Maria LuisaDi Solid State Proton Conductors. Properties and Applications in Fuel Cells Vona Maria LuisaDi Solid State Proton Conductors. Properties and Applications in Fuel Cells Новинка

Vona Maria LuisaDi Solid State Proton Conductors. Properties and Applications in Fuel Cells

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Proton conduction can be found in many different solid materials, from organic polymers at room temperature to inorganic oxides at high temperature. Solid state proton conductors are of central interest for many technological innovations, including hydrogen and humidity sensors, membranes for water electrolyzers and, most importantly, for high-efficiency electrochemical energy conversion in fuel cells. Focusing on fundamentals and physico-chemical properties of solid state proton conductors, topics covered include: Morphology and Structure of Solid Acids Diffusion in Solid Proton Conductors by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Structure and Diffusivity by Quasielastic Neutron Scattering Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy Mechanical and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of Proton-Conducting Polymers Ab initio Modeling of Transport and Structure Perfluorinated Sulfonic Acids Proton-Conducting Aromatic Polymers Inorganic Solid Proton Conductors Uniquely combining both organic (polymeric) and inorganic proton conductors, Solid State Proton Conductors: Properties and Applications in Fuel Cells provides a complete treatment of research on proton-conducting materials.
Vasilios Georgakilas Functionalization of Graphene Vasilios Georgakilas Functionalization of Graphene Новинка

Vasilios Georgakilas Functionalization of Graphene

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All set to become the standard reference on the topic, this book covers the most important procedures for chemical functionalization, making it an indispensable resource for all chemists, physicists, materials scientists and engineers entering or already working in the field. Expert authors share their knowledge on a wide range of different functional groups, including organic functional groups, hydrogen, halogen, nanoparticles and polymers.
René Peters Cooperative Catalysis. Designing Efficient Catalysts for Synthesis René Peters Cooperative Catalysis. Designing Efficient Catalysts for Synthesis Новинка

René Peters Cooperative Catalysis. Designing Efficient Catalysts for Synthesis

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Written by experts in the field, this is a much-needed overview of the rapidly emerging field of cooperative catalysis. The authors focus on the design and development of novel high-performance catalysts for applications in organic synthesis (particularly asymmetric synthesis), covering a broad range of topics, from the latest progress in Lewis acid / Br?nsted base catalysis to e.g. metal-assisted organo catalysis, cooperative metal/enzyme catalysis, and cooperative catalysis in polymerization reactions and on solid surfaces. The chapters are classified according to the type of cooperating activating groups, and describe in detail the different strategies of cooperative activation, highlighting their respective advantages and pitfalls. As a result, readers will learn about the different concepts of cooperative catalysis, their corresponding modes of operation and their applications, thus helping to find a solution to a specific synthetic catalysis problem.
Reyländer Sabine Scientific databases for gait analyses Reyländer Sabine Scientific databases for gait analyses Новинка

Reyländer Sabine Scientific databases for gait analyses

The use of database for different kind of data is nowadays common. Especially in sectors, which work with a huge amount of data, databases are used. Such an example is a gait analysis laboratory. During one year a huge amount of data will be collected. Based on the amount and high quality of the data, they suits perfectly for a meaningful study. To enable such a scientific analysis, based on different scientific issues, the information has to be brought together and stored at one single place. This central storage of the data makes scientific studies time-saving and costs-saving. Based on the during this thesis developed concept of a scientific database and WIDAGA it is possible to draw samples from gait analysis data for different scientific analysis easily. The amount of data for scientific use can be extended easily be cooperation of different gait analysis laboratories. But in this case the data protection act has to be minded. Especially the rules for data sharing and data exchange have to be noted. Based on functionality of WIDAGA the economic efficiency of scientific studies in the gait analysis sector can be increased.
Andrea Roth Families Living in Two or More Languages and Cultures Andrea Roth Families Living in Two or More Languages and Cultures Новинка

Andrea Roth Families Living in Two or More Languages and Cultures

Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Communications - Intercultural Communication, grade: 1,3, University of Würzburg, language: English, abstract: The purpose of this term paper is to analyse the challenges and opportunities of bi-/multilingual families. Couples with two different nationalities and some, who have the same origin but immigrated into another country on the one hand, and children who have parents of different origins and therefore raised bi- or multilingual on the other, are to be analysed with regard to their mother tongue, language choice within and outside the family as well as their identity. Moreover, the phenomenon of code switching and its reasons as well as the use of language among siblings and between parents and their children will be examined. The last point of analysis shows the advantages and disadvantages of bi-/multilingualism outside the family.
Igor Alabugin V. Stereoelectronic Effects. A Bridge Between Structure and Reactivity Igor Alabugin V. Stereoelectronic Effects. A Bridge Between Structure and Reactivity Новинка

Igor Alabugin V. Stereoelectronic Effects. A Bridge Between Structure and Reactivity

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Stereoelectronic Effects illustrates the utility of stereoelectronic concepts using structure and reactivity of organic molecules An advanced textbook that provides an up-to-date overview of the field, starting from the fundamental principles Presents a large selection of modern examples of stereoelectronic effects in organic reactivity Shows practical applications of stereoelectronic effects in asymmetric catalysis, photochemical processes, bioorganic chemistry and biochemistry, inorganic and organometallic reactivity, supramolecular chemistry and materials science
Dana Schüler Macroeconomic and Microeconomic Effects of Migration Dana Schüler Macroeconomic and Microeconomic Effects of Migration Новинка

Dana Schüler Macroeconomic and Microeconomic Effects of Migration

This book consists of three major studies, which are connected through the topic of migration. The first chapter gives a general overview of results. The second chapter shows that the model specifications, which connect high ethnic fractionalisation to lower growth, cannot fully explain the negative ethnic fractionalisation effect of the 1990s and Sub-Saharan African growth experience. Furthermore, an empirical investigation provides evidence that ethnic fractionalisation has a positive effect in a nation which is ethnically diverse due to immigration. The third chapter sheds light on the behavioural effects of inter-family transfers, which is still rare. Incentive effects of inter-family transfers in Indonesia are analysed with improved econometric techniques. Moreover, different sectors of employment are distinguished in the analysis. The empirical analysis indicates that transfers seem to have an adverse influence on work effort in the informal sector of the economy. The fourth chapter analyses changes in income portfolios of rural households and its determinants for the case of Ghana in the 1990s. Contrary to common beliefs, rural Ghana has seen major economic transformation, as households increasingly diversify their livelihoods by both increased migration and more local non-farm employment. These diversification decisions seem to be driven to a large extent by desperation rather than new opportunities, in particular with regard to migration.
Неустановленный автор Effects of New Business Models on Organizations in the Field of Student Tutoring Неустановленный автор Effects of New Business Models on Organizations in the Field of Student Tutoring Новинка

Неустановленный автор Effects of New Business Models on Organizations in the Field of Student Tutoring

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: Good, University of Hertfordshire (Cologne Business School), 22 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The title of the bachelor's thesis is 'Effects of New Business Models on Organizations in the Field of Student Tutoring'. The research question is the following one: 'In how far do New Business Models have an effect on organizations in the field of student tutoring?' The final result and the answer to the research question is that New Business Models have several effects on all organizations in this field. These effects, however, cannot be generalized as they are depending on many different factors.
Kerry Atkinson The Biology and Therapeutic Application of Mesenchymal Cells - Set Kerry Atkinson The Biology and Therapeutic Application of Mesenchymal Cells - Set Новинка

Kerry Atkinson The Biology and Therapeutic Application of Mesenchymal Cells - Set

37728.91 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The Biology and Therapeutic Application of Mesenchymal Cells comprehensively describes the cellular and molecular biology of mesenchymal stem cells and mesenchymal stromal cells, describing their therapeutic potential in a wide variety of preclinical models of human diseases and their mechanism of action in these preclinical models. Chapters also discuss the current status of the use of mesenchymal stem and stromal cells in clinical trials in a wide range of human diseases and disorders, for many of which there are limited, or no other, therapeutic avenues. • Provides coverage on both the biology of mesenchymal stem cells and stromal cells, and their therapeutic applications • Describes the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem and stromal cells in a wide variety of preclinical models of human diseases and their mechanism of action in these preclinical models • Discusses the current status of mesenchymal stem and stromal cells in clinical trials in a wide range of human diseases and disorders, for many of which there are limited, or no other, therapeutic avenues • Written and edited by leaders in the field The Biology and Therapeutic Application of Mesenchymal Cells is an invaluable resource for those studying stem cells, cell biology, genetics, gene or cell therapy, or regenerative medicine. About the Author Kerry Atkinson, MBBS MD DTM&H FRCP FRACP, is an Adjunct Professor at the University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research in Brisbane, Australia, an Adjunct Professor in the Stem Cell Laboratories, Queensland University of Technology at the Translational Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia and a Specialist in Internal Medicine at the Salisbury Medical Centre, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Jennifer Stearns Microbiology For Dummies Jennifer Stearns Microbiology For Dummies Новинка

Jennifer Stearns Microbiology For Dummies

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Microbiology is the study of life itself, down to the smallest particle Microbiology is a fascinating field that explores life down to the tiniest level. Did you know that your body contains more bacteria cells than human cells? It's true. Microbes are essential to our everyday lives, from the food we eat to the very internal systems that keep us alive. These microbes include bacteria, algae, fungi, viruses, and nematodes. Without microbes, life on Earth would not survive. It's amazing to think that all life is so dependent on these microscopic creatures, but their impact on our future is even more astonishing. Microbes are the tools that allow us to engineer hardier crops, create better medicines, and fuel our technology in sustainable ways. Microbes may just help us save the world. Microbiology For Dummies is your guide to understanding the fundamentals of this enormously-encompassing field. Whether your career plans include microbiology or another science or health specialty, you need to understand life at the cellular level before you can understand anything on the macro scale. Explore the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Understand the basics of cell function and metabolism Discover the differences between pathogenic and symbiotic relationships Study the mechanisms that keep different organisms active and alive You need to know how cells work, how they get nutrients, and how they die. You need to know the effects different microbes have on different systems, and how certain microbes are integral to ecosystem health. Microbes are literally the foundation of all life, and they are everywhere. Microbiology For Dummies will help you understand them, appreciate them, and use them.
Jasmina Hasanhodzic The Heretics of Finance. Conversations with Leading Practitioners of Technical Analysis Jasmina Hasanhodzic The Heretics of Finance. Conversations with Leading Practitioners of Technical Analysis Новинка

Jasmina Hasanhodzic The Heretics of Finance. Conversations with Leading Practitioners of Technical Analysis

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The Heretics of Finance provides extraordinary insight into both the art of technical analysis and the character of the successful trader. Distinguished MIT professor Andrew W. Lo and researcher Jasmina Hasahodzic interviewed thirteen highly successful, award-winning market professionals who credit their substantial achievements to technical analysis. The result is the story of technical analysis in the words of the people who know it best; the lively and candid interviews with these gurus of technical analysis. The first half of the book focuses on the technicians' careers: How and why they learned technical analysis What market conditions increase their chances of making mistakes What their average workday is like To what extent trading controls their lives Whether they work on their own or with a team How their style of technical analysis is unique The second half concentrates on technical analysis and addresses questions such as these: Did the lack of validation by academics ever cause you to doubt technical analysis? Can technical analysis be applied to other disciplines? How do you prove the validity of the method? How has computer software influenced the craft? What is the role of luck in technical analysis? Are there laws that underlie market action? What traits characterize a highly successful trader? How do you test patterns before you start using them with real money? Interviewees include: Ralph J. Acampora, Laszlo Birinyi, Walter Deemer, Paul Desmond, Gail Dudack, Robert J. Farrell, Ian McAvity, John Murphy, Robert Prechter, Linda Raschke, Alan R. Shaw, Anthony Tabell, Stan Weinstein.
Vladimir Bagotsky S. Fuel Cells. Problems and Solutions Vladimir Bagotsky S. Fuel Cells. Problems and Solutions Новинка

Vladimir Bagotsky S. Fuel Cells. Problems and Solutions

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The comprehensive, accessible introduction to fuel cells, their applications, and the challenges they pose Fuel cells—electrochemical energy devices that produce electricity and heat—present a significant opportunity for cleaner, easier, and more practical energy. However, the excitement over fuel cells within the research community has led to such rapid innovation and development that it can be difficult for those not intimately familiar with the science involved to figure out exactly how this new technology can be used. Fuel Cells: Problems and Solutions, Second Edition addresses this issue head on, presenting the most important information about these remarkable power sources in an easy-to-understand way. Comprising four important sections, the book explores: The fundamentals of fuel cells, how they work, their history, and much more The major types of fuel cells, including proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC), direct liquid fuel cells (DLFC), and many others The scientific and engineering problems related to fuel cell technology The commercialization of fuel cells, including a look at their uses around the world Now in its second edition, this book features fully revised coverage of the modeling of fuel cells and small fuel cells for portable devices, and all-new chapters on the structural and wetting properties of fuel cell components, experimental methods for fuel cell stacks, and nonconventional design principles for fuel cells, bringing the content fully up to date. Designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in engineering and chemistry programs, as well as professionals working in related fields, Fuel Cells is a compact and accessible introduction to the exciting world of fuel cells and why they matter.
Veronika Stefanie Rettenmeier Stakeholder Support in Family Businesses Veronika Stefanie Rettenmeier Stakeholder Support in Family Businesses Новинка

Veronika Stefanie Rettenmeier Stakeholder Support in Family Businesses

Many family businesses fail during succession and sometimes they do because the successor is not granted the legitimacy by primary stakeholders of the company. But what does it take to be a legitimate successor in the eyes of these audiences? Are there different dimensions of legitimacy? And if so, do different stakeholder groups value the different dimensions of legitimacy differently?This book expands our knowledge of the origin and impact of a successor's legitimacy in family owned businesses after succession. By analyzing a successor's legitimacy on five dimensions, this work detects whether primary stakeholder groups' decisions, to continuously provide their resources to family businesses after succession, depend on their perceived legitimacy of the successor and differ depending on the group the stakeholder belongs to. This book helps to understand why some successors are more successful than others in reassuring important resources to the company. Moreover, it helps successor candidates to identify which information they should signal toward a particular stakeholder group and how much weight should be attached to different claims and expectations.The findings of this book are based on an innovative paper-based policy-capturing analysis with family members, employees of family businesses and bankers. The participants of the experiment assessed more than 3,400 decisions to allocate further resources to the family business after succession depending on their l...
Stolten Detlef Fuel Cell Science and Engineering. Materials, Processes, Systems and Technology Stolten Detlef Fuel Cell Science and Engineering. Materials, Processes, Systems and Technology Новинка

Stolten Detlef Fuel Cell Science and Engineering. Materials, Processes, Systems and Technology

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Fuel cells are expected to play a major role in the future power supply that will transform to renewable, decentralized and fluctuating primary energies. At the same time the share of electric power will continually increase at the expense of thermal and mechanical energy not just in transportation, but also in households. Hydrogen as a perfect fuel for fuel cells and an outstanding and efficient means of bulk storage for renewable energy will spearhead this development together with fuel cells. Moreover, small fuel cells hold great potential for portable devices such as gadgets and medical applications such as pacemakers. This handbook will explore specific fuel cells within and beyond the mainstream development and focuses on materials and production processes for both SOFC and lowtemperature fuel cells, analytics and diagnostics for fuel cells, modeling and simulation as well as balance of plant design and components. As fuel cells are getting increasingly sophisticated and industrially developed the issues of quality assurance and methodology of development are included in this handbook. The contributions to this book come from an international panel of experts from academia, industry, institutions and government. This handbook is oriented toward people looking for detailed information on specific fuel cell types, their materials, production processes, modeling and analytics. Overview information on the contrary on mainstream fuel cells and applications are provided in the book 'Hydrogen and Fuel Cells', published in 2010.

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Glial Physiology and Pathophysiology provides a comprehensive, advanced text on the biology and pathology of glial cells. Coverae includes: the morphology and interrelationships between glial cells and neurones in different parts of the nervous systems the cellular physiology of the different kinds of glial cells the mechanisms of intra- and inter-cellular signalling in glial networks the mechanisms of glial-neuronal communications the role of glial cells in synaptic plasticity, neuronal survival and development of nervous system the cellular and molecular mechanisms of metabolic neuronal-glial interactions the role of glia in nervous system pathology, including pathology of glial cells and associated diseases – for example, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's, Alexander disease and Parkinson's Neuroglia oversee the birth and development of neurones, the establishment of interneuronal connections (the 'connectome'), the maintenance and removal of these inter-neuronal connections, writing of the nervous system components, adult neurogenesis, the energetics of nervous tissue, metabolism of neurotransmitters, regulation of ion composition of the interstitial space and many, many more homeostatic functions. This book primes the reader towards the notion that nervous tissue is not divided into more important and less important cells. The nervous tissue functions because of the coherent and concerted action of many different cell types, each contributing to an ultimate output. This reaches its zenith in humans, with the creation of thoughts, underlying acquisition of knowledge, its analysis and synthesis, and contemplating the Universe and our place in it. An up-to-date and fully referenced text on the most numerous cells in the human brain Detailed coverage of the morphology and interrelationships between glial cells and neurones in different parts of the nervous system Describes the role og glial cells in neuropathology Focus boxes highlight key points and summarise important facts Companion website with downloadable figures and slides
Продажа analysis of different currents their effects on organic solar cells лучших цены всего мира
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