characterization of single photon avalanche diode in cmos technology



Yevgeny Khasin Characterization of Single Photon Avalanche Diode in CMOS Technology Yevgeny Khasin Characterization of Single Photon Avalanche Diode in CMOS Technology Новинка

Yevgeny Khasin Characterization of Single Photon Avalanche Diode in CMOS Technology

4914 руб.
This research focuses on the design and characterization of a high performance single element of SPAD in state of the art standard deep sub-micrometer CMOS technology. This standard CMOS technology is the key factor of lowering the cost of the CMOS SPAD Imagers. Special effort was put on achieving the correct design for minimizing the detector’s noise, which in SPADs termed as the Dark Count Rate (DCR), and maximizing its quantum efficiency, termed Photon detection efficiency (PDE). The tested designs were fabricated in standard 180nm CMOS technology. The electro-optical measurements and characterizations were accompanied with appropriate simulations that were made with computer software, as well as with theoretical analysis. In most cases, the simulations on the designs were made prior the fabrication, allowing focusing on designs of interest, which proved to achieve the best results, and further understanding of SPADs operation.
Enrique Saldivar-Guerra Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing Enrique Saldivar-Guerra Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing Новинка

Enrique Saldivar-Guerra Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing

16440.68 руб.
Covering a broad range of polymer science topics, Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing provides polymer industry professionals and researchers in polymer science and technology with a single, comprehensive handbook summarizing all aspects involved in the polymer production chain. The handbook focuses on industrially important polymers, analytical techniques, and formulation methods, with chapters covering step-growth, radical, and co-polymerization, crosslinking and grafting, reaction engineering, advanced technology applications, including conjugated, dendritic, and nanomaterial polymers and emulsions, and characterization methods, including spectroscopy, light scattering, and microscopy.
Abdullah Tashtoush, Dr Abdullah Tashtoush CMOS Technology for IC Biosensor and Applications. Multi-Labs-On-Single-Chip (Mloc) Abdullah Tashtoush, Dr Abdullah Tashtoush CMOS Technology for IC Biosensor and Applications. Multi-Labs-On-Single-Chip (Mloc) Новинка

Abdullah Tashtoush, Dr Abdullah Tashtoush CMOS Technology for IC Biosensor and Applications. Multi-Labs-On-Single-Chip (Mloc)

1539 руб.
Книга "CMOS Technology for IC Biosensor and Applications. Multi-Labs-On-Single-Chip (Mloc)".
Sharda Shitole The Growth and Characterization of Iodate Crystals Sharda Shitole The Growth and Characterization of Iodate Crystals Новинка

Sharda Shitole The Growth and Characterization of Iodate Crystals

8327 руб.
The study of growth and characterization of single crystals is receiving increasing attention due to their various applications in solid state technology and laser technology. Single crystals are the fundamental building blocks for modern technology. Growth of crystals by gel method is a promising technique for growing single crystals. In recent years, iodates of alkali, transition, and alkaline earth metals have received great interest for investigations of their crystallographic, optical, and magnetic properties. Studies on growth and characterization of undoped and doped calcium iodate, barium iodate, and cadmium iodate by gel method and lithium iodate by solution method have been described in this book. These crystals are characterized by EDAX, XRD, FTIR, TGA, DTA, and DSC techniques.These techniques are described here in detail. Structural, thermal, magnetic, electrical, microtopographical and nonlinear optical properties are studied and described. Comparative study of all four types of crystals is also carried out.
Florian Rudolf-Miklau The Technical Avalanche Protection Handbook Florian Rudolf-Miklau The Technical Avalanche Protection Handbook Новинка

Florian Rudolf-Miklau The Technical Avalanche Protection Handbook

10372.01 руб.
Snow avalanches can have highly destructive consequences in developed areas. Each year, avalanche catastrophes occur in mountain regions around the globe and cause unnecessary fatalities and severe damage to buildings and infrastructure. In some mountainous regions, especially in the European Alps, technical avalanche defence structures are built to increase the level of safety for inhabited areas; however, new infrastructure such as roads, railway lines and tourist facilities cause new risk potential in hazardous areas. As a result, the demand is increasing for technical avalanche protection solutions. Avalanche defence structures and protection systems are used in most inhabited mountain regions worldwide. During the last decades, technical avalanche protection has evolved from a specialist field to an independent engineering branch that has gained importance in alpine countries such as Austria, Italy, France and Switzerland, as well as in other countries such as Canada, Iceland, Norway and USA. This work is the first comprehensive, English-language overview of technical avalanche protection and establishes state-of-the-art best practices in the field. It covers the fundamentals of avalanche protection technology and includes plans, dimensions, construction and maintenance of defence structures. The editors have collaborated with an international team of experts from Austria, Canada, France, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Norway, Switzerland and USA to produce this landmark handbook.
Milan Mashanovitch L. Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits Milan Mashanovitch L. Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits Новинка

Milan Mashanovitch L. Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits

11984.29 руб.
Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits, Second Edition provides a comprehensive treatment of optical communication technology, its principles and theory, treating students as well as experienced engineers to an in-depth exploration of this field. Diode lasers are still of significant importance in the areas of optical communication, storage, and sensing. Using the the same well received theoretical foundations of the first edition, the Second Edition now introduces timely updates in the technology and in focus of the book. After 15 years of development in the field, this book will offer brand new and updated material on GaN-based and quantum-dot lasers, photonic IC technology, detectors, modulators and SOAs, DVDs and storage, eye diagrams and BER concepts, and DFB lasers. Appendices will also be expanded to include quantum-dot issues and more on the relation between spontaneous emission and gain.
Francis Balestra Nanoscale CMOS. Innovative Materials, Modeling and Characterization Francis Balestra Nanoscale CMOS. Innovative Materials, Modeling and Characterization Новинка

Francis Balestra Nanoscale CMOS. Innovative Materials, Modeling and Characterization

21462.58 руб.
This book provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art in the development of new and innovative materials, and of advanced modeling and characterization methods for nanoscale CMOS devices. Leading global industry bodies including the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) have created a forecast of performance improvements that will be delivered in the foreseeable future – in the form of a roadmap that will lead to a substantial enlargement in the number of materials, technologies and device architectures used in CMOS devices. This book addresses the field of materials development, which has been the subject of a major research drive aimed at finding new ways to enhance the performance of semiconductor technologies. It covers three areas that will each have a dramatic impact on the development of future CMOS devices: global and local strained and alternative materials for high speed channels on bulk substrate and insulator; very low access resistance; and various high dielectric constant gate stacks for power scaling. The book also provides information on the most appropriate modeling and simulation methods for electrical properties of advanced MOSFETs, including ballistic transport, gate leakage, atomistic simulation, and compact models for single and multi-gate devices, nanowire and carbon-based FETs. Finally, the book presents an in-depth investigation of the main nanocharacterization techniques that can be used for an accurate determination of transport parameters, interface defects, channel strain as well as RF properties, including capacitance-conductance, improved split C-V, magnetoresistance, charge pumping, low frequency noise, and Raman spectroscopy.
Wendy Sandoval Analytical Characterization of Biotherapeutics Wendy Sandoval Analytical Characterization of Biotherapeutics Новинка

Wendy Sandoval Analytical Characterization of Biotherapeutics

14981.46 руб.
The definitive guide to the myriad analytical techniques available to scientists involved in biotherapeutics research Analytical Characterization of Biotherapeutics covers all current and emerging analytical tools and techniques used for the characterization of therapeutic proteins and antigen reagents. From basic recombinant antigen and antibody characterization, to complex analyses for increasingly complex molecular designs, the book explores the history of the analysis techniques and offers valuable insights into the most important emerging analytical solutions. In addition, it frames critical questions warranting attention in the design and delivery of a therapeutic protein, exposes analytical challenges that may occur when characterizing these molecules, and presents a number of tested solutions. The first single-volume guide of its kind, Analytical Characterization of Biotherapeutics brings together contributions from scientists at the leading edge of biotherapeutics research and manufacturing. Key topics covered in-depth include the structural characterization of recombinant proteins and antibodies, antibody de novo sequencing, characterization of antibody drug conjugates, characterization of bi-specific or other hybrid molecules, characterization of manufacturing host-cell contaminant proteins, analytical tools for biologics molecular assessment, and more. Each chapter is written by a recognized expert or experts in their field who discuss current and cutting edge approaches to fully characterizing biotherapeutic proteins and antigen reagents Covers the full range of characterization strategies for large molecule based therapeutics Provides an up-to-date account of the latest approaches used for large molecule characterization Chapters cover the background needed to understand the challenges at hand, solutions to characterize these large molecules, and a summary of emerging options for analytical characterization Analytical Characterization of Biotherapeutics is an up-to-date resource for analytical scientists, biologists, and mass spectrometrists involved in the analysis of biomolecules, as well as scientists employed in the pharmaceuticals and biotechnology industries. Graduate students in biology and analytical science, and their instructors will find it to be fascinating and instructive supplementary reading.
Helmut J. Wieler Single-Photon-Emissions-Computertomographie (SPECT) des Herzens Helmut J. Wieler Single-Photon-Emissions-Computertomographie (SPECT) des Herzens Новинка

Helmut J. Wieler Single-Photon-Emissions-Computertomographie (SPECT) des Herzens

9102 руб.
Книга "Single-Photon-Emissions-Computertomographie (SPECT) des Herzens".
Helmut J. Wieler Single-Photon-Emissions-Computertomographie (SPECT) des Gehirns Helmut J. Wieler Single-Photon-Emissions-Computertomographie (SPECT) des Gehirns Новинка

Helmut J. Wieler Single-Photon-Emissions-Computertomographie (SPECT) des Gehirns

9189 руб.
Книга "Single-Photon-Emissions-Computertomographie (SPECT) des Gehirns".
Jiann-Yang Hwang Characterization of Minerals, Metals and Materials Jiann-Yang Hwang Characterization of Minerals, Metals and Materials Новинка

Jiann-Yang Hwang Characterization of Minerals, Metals and Materials

12288.24 руб.
This state-of-the-art reference contains chapters on all aspects of the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials. The title presents papers from one of the largest yearly gatherings of materials scientists in the world and thoroughly discusses the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials The scope includes current industrial applications and research and developments in the following areas: • Characterization of Ferrous Metals • Characterization of Non-Ferrous Materials • Characterization of Minerals and Ceramics • Characterization Technologies • Characterization of Environmental and Construction Materials • Characterization of Energy, Electronic and Optical Materials • Characterization of Carbon and Soft Materials • Characterization of Light Metals An excellent reference for global extractive and process metallurgy industries, materials scientists and engineers, metallurgists, and mechanical engineers.
Muhammad Hussain Mustafa Advanced Nanoelectronics. Post-Silicon Materials and Devices Muhammad Hussain Mustafa Advanced Nanoelectronics. Post-Silicon Materials and Devices Новинка

Muhammad Hussain Mustafa Advanced Nanoelectronics. Post-Silicon Materials and Devices

15205.96 руб.
Brings novel insights to a vibrant research area with high application potential?covering materials, physics, architecture, and integration aspects of future generation CMOS electronics technology Over the last four decades we have seen tremendous growth in semiconductor electronics. This growth has been fueled by the matured complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology. This comprehensive book captures the novel device options in CMOS technology that can be realized using non-silicon semiconductors. It discusses germanium, III-V materials, carbon nanotubes and graphene as semiconducting materials for three-dimensional field-effect transistors. It also covers non-conventional materials such as nanowires and nanotubes. Additionally, nanoelectromechanical switches-based mechanical relays and wide bandgap semiconductor-based terahertz electronics are reviewed as essential add-on electronics for enhanced communication and computational capabilities. Advanced Nanoelectronics: Post-Silicon Materials and Devices begins with a discussion of the future of CMOS. It continues with comprehensive chapter coverage of: nanowire field effect transistors; two-dimensional materials for electronic applications; the challenges and breakthroughs of the integration of germanium into modern CMOS; carbon nanotube logic technology; tunnel field effect transistors; energy efficient computing with negative capacitance; spin-based devices for logic, memory and non-Boolean architectures; and terahertz properties and applications of GaN. -Puts forward novel approaches for future, state-of-the-art, nanoelectronic devices -Discusses emerging materials and architectures such as alternate channel material like germanium, gallium nitride, 1D nanowires/tubes, 2D graphene, and other dichalcogenide materials and ferroelectrics -Examines new physics such as spintronics, negative capacitance, quantum computing, and 3D-IC technology -Brings together the latest developments in the field for easy reference -Enables academic and R&D researchers in semiconductors to «think outside the box» and explore beyond silica An important resource for future generation CMOS electronics technology, Advanced Nanoelectronics: Post-Silicon Materials and Devices will appeal to materials scientists, semiconductor physicists, semiconductor industry, and electrical engineers.
Eugen Engelmann Dark Count Rate of Silicon Photomultipliers Eugen Engelmann Dark Count Rate of Silicon Photomultipliers Новинка

Eugen Engelmann Dark Count Rate of Silicon Photomultipliers

6339 руб.
In recent years, Silicon Photomultipliers (SiPMs) developed into mature photon detectors which are chosen in a wide field of applications. However, the dark count rate (DCR) of SiPMs sets strong limitations to such detector systems. This quantity describes the rate at which pulses are generated in the absence of light (dark pulses) and deteriorate the photon counting performance of SiPMs.In the course of the presented research, two innovative characterization methods were developed for the identification and evaluation of the physical effects which underlie the generation of dark pulses in SiPMs.The first method is based on the temperature dependence of the DCR. It allows for the extraction of different contributions to the dark count rate, which (a) depend on the applied voltage, (b) depend on the applied overvoltage and are quasi-independent of the electric field. The second method is based on the detection and mapping of the light intensity which is emitted by the effect of hot carrier luminescence during the avalanche breakdowns of SiPM micro-cells. This method enables a sub-micro-cell, 2D spatially resolved measurement of the dark count rate within the plane of the active area. In particular, the individual contributions of implantation and radiation induced defects to the DCR were evaluated via this method.The acquired knowledge was used to successfully suppress the dark count rate of KETEK SiPMs down to a level of 40 kHz/mm².
Lluis Torner Twisted Photons. Applications of Light with Orbital Angular Momentum Lluis Torner Twisted Photons. Applications of Light with Orbital Angular Momentum Новинка

Lluis Torner Twisted Photons. Applications of Light with Orbital Angular Momentum

15898.4 руб.
This book deals with applications in several areas of science and technology that make use of light which carries orbital angular momentum. In most practical scenarios, the angular momentum can be decomposed into two independent contributions: the spin angular momentum and the orbital angular momentum. The orbital contribution affords a fundamentally new degree of freedom, with fascinating and wide-spread applications. Unlike spin angular momentum, which is associated with the polarization of light, the orbital angular momentum arises as a consequence of the spatial distribution of the intensity and phase of an optical field, even down to the single photon limit. Researchers have begun to appreciate its implications for our understanding of the ways in which light and matter can interact, and its practical potential in different areas of science and technology.
Kathy Lu Nanoparticulate Materials. Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing Kathy Lu Nanoparticulate Materials. Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing Новинка

Kathy Lu Nanoparticulate Materials. Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing

12676.73 руб.
Serving as the only systematic and comprehensive treatment on the topic of nanoparticle-based materials, this book covers synthesis, characterization, assembly, shaping and sintering of all types of nanoparticles including metals, ceramics, and semiconductors. A single-authored work, it is suitable as a graduate-level text in nanomaterials courses.
David Andrews L. Photonics, Volume 4. Biomedical Photonics, Spectroscopy, and Microscopy David Andrews L. Photonics, Volume 4. Biomedical Photonics, Spectroscopy, and Microscopy Новинка

David Andrews L. Photonics, Volume 4. Biomedical Photonics, Spectroscopy, and Microscopy

11139.52 руб.
Discusses the basic physical principles underlying Biomedical Photonics, spectroscopy and microscopy This volume discusses biomedical photonics, spectroscopy and microscopy, the basic physical principles underlying the technology and its applications. The topics discussed in this volume are: Biophotonics; Fluorescence and Phosphorescence; Medical Photonics; Microscopy; Nonlinear Optics; Ophthalmic Technology; Optical Tomography; Optofluidics; Photodynamic Therapy; Image Processing; Imaging Systems; Sensors; Single Molecule Detection; Futurology in Photonics. Comprehensive and accessible coverage of the whole of modern photonics Emphasizes processes and applications that specifically exploit photon attributes of light Deals with the rapidly advancing area of modern optics Chapters are written by top scientists in their field Written for the graduate level student in physical sciences; Industrial and academic researchers in photonics, graduate students in the area; College lecturers, educators, policymakers, consultants, Scientific and technical libraries, government laboratories, NIH.
Arren Bennet Lawrence Comparative Characterization in the Sermon on the Mount Arren Bennet Lawrence Comparative Characterization in the Sermon on the Mount Новинка

Arren Bennet Lawrence Comparative Characterization in the Sermon on the Mount

2852 руб.
The Sermon on the Mount contains many comparisons. In this book, the functions of these comparisons are studied by the methodology called comparative characterization. Characterization is the way a character is characterized in a narrative. Comparative characterization is the characterization of a character using comparisons. In comparative characterization, another character is used as a foil to bring out a characteristic trait of a concerned character. Jesus characterized the ideal disciple in the Sermon on the Mount with many descriptions and imperatives. To characterize the ideal disciple Jesus used many comparisons and highlighted the characteristic features that embody the ideal disciple.The many comparisons used in the Sermon on the Mount are identified in this study through comparative characterization. In addition, the teleological purpose of the comparisons, which is to play as foil to the characterization of the ideal disciple, is identified and highlighted. Thus, this study identifies Jesus' characterization of the ideal disciple and his complex portrayal of the ideal disciple with the many uses of comparisons in the descriptions and imperatives of Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount.""Bennet Arren Lawrence uses literary, narrative, and comparative characterization methods at their best in his analysis of the Sermon on the Mount. After establishing a deeper knowledge about the teaching of Jesus, he endeavors to foreground the ideal disciple embedded withi...
Hassan Mostafa,Mohab Anis and Mohamed Elmasry Design for Yield and Reliability for Nanometer CMOS Digital Circuits Hassan Mostafa,Mohab Anis and Mohamed Elmasry Design for Yield and Reliability for Nanometer CMOS Digital Circuits Новинка

Hassan Mostafa,Mohab Anis and Mohamed Elmasry Design for Yield and Reliability for Nanometer CMOS Digital Circuits

4755 руб.
The nano-age has already begun, where typical feature dimensions are smaller than 100nm. The operating frequency is expected to increase up to 12 GHz, and a single chip will contain over 40 billion transistors in 2020, as given by the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) initiative. ITRS also predicts that the scaling of CMOS devices and process technology, as it is known today, will become much more difficult as the industry advances towards the 16nm technology node and further. This aggressive scaling of CMOS technology has pushed the devices to their physical limits. Design goals are governed by several factors other than power, performance and area such as process variations, radiation induced soft errors, and aging degradation mechanisms. These new design challenges have a strong impact on the parametric yield and reliability of nanometer digital circuits and also result in functional yield losses in variation-sensitive digital circuits such as Static Random Access Memory (SRAM) and flip-flops.
José Pomposo A. Single-Chain Polymer Nanoparticles. Synthesis, Characterization, Simulations, and Applications José Pomposo A. Single-Chain Polymer Nanoparticles. Synthesis, Characterization, Simulations, and Applications Новинка

José Pomposo A. Single-Chain Polymer Nanoparticles. Synthesis, Characterization, Simulations, and Applications

14212.49 руб.
This first book on this important and emerging topic presents an overview of the very latest results obtained in single-chain polymer nanoparticles obtained by folding synthetic single polymer chains, painting a complete picture from synthesis via characterization to everyday applications. The initial chapters describe the synthetics methods as well as the molecular simulation of these nanoparticles, while subsequent chapters discuss the analytical techniques that are applied to characterize them, including size and structural characterization as well as scattering techniques. The final chapters are then devoted to the practical applications in nanomedicine, sensing, catalysis and several other uses, concluding with a look at the future for such nanoparticles. Essential reading for polymer and materials scientists, materials engineers, biochemists as well as environmental chemists.
Oliver Brand CMOS - MEMS Oliver Brand CMOS - MEMS Новинка

Oliver Brand CMOS - MEMS

7524.99 руб.
This edition of 'CMOS-MEMS' was originally published in the successful series 'Advanced Micro & Nanosystems'. Here, the combination of the globally established, billion dollar chip mass fabrication technology CMOS with the fascinating and commercially promising new world of MEMS is covered from all angles. The book introduces readers to this fi eld and takes them from fabrication technologies and material charaterization aspects to the actual applications of CMOS-MEMS – a wide range of miniaturized physical, chemical and biological sensors and RF systems. Vital knowledge on circuit and system integration issues concludes this in-depth treatise, illustrating the advantages of combining CMOS and MEMS in the first place, rather than having a hybrid solution.
Performance Characterization and Benchmarking. Traditional to Big Data. 6th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2014, Hangzhou, China, September 1--5, 2014. Revised Selected Papers Performance Characterization and Benchmarking. Traditional to Big Data. 6th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2014, Hangzhou, China, September 1--5, 2014. Revised Selected Papers Новинка

Performance Characterization and Benchmarking. Traditional to Big Data. 6th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2014, Hangzhou, China, September 1--5, 2014. Revised Selected Papers

6527 руб.
Книга "Performance Characterization and Benchmarking. Traditional to Big Data. 6th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2014, Hangzhou, China, September 1--5, 2014. Revised Selected Papers".
Rajendrasinh Jadeja and Komal Vyas Crystal structures of 4-acyl pyrazolone based metal complexes Rajendrasinh Jadeja and Komal Vyas Crystal structures of 4-acyl pyrazolone based metal complexes Новинка

Rajendrasinh Jadeja and Komal Vyas Crystal structures of 4-acyl pyrazolone based metal complexes

4755 руб.
This book is all about the metal complexes of acyl pyrazolones. It covers the literature survey and introduction about the research in this field followed by the synthetic procedure, spectroscopic characterization using various spectroscopic and analytical techniques and x-ray single crystal characterization of the synthesized metal complexes of acyl pyrazolone ligands synthesized by us. As the acyl pyrazolone is very important class of heterocyclic compounds having applications in diverse filed, this book will be helpful to researchers working in this area.
Benaicha Mouhcine Rheological and mechanical characterization of concrete: new approach Benaicha Mouhcine Rheological and mechanical characterization of concrete: new approach Новинка

Benaicha Mouhcine Rheological and mechanical characterization of concrete: new approach

2890 руб.
The appearance of new concretes increases the need to reliably characterize the behavior of concrete when flowing. The importance of the rheology and its measurement can be certified by the existing literature on the characterization of fresh concrete. In addition to traditional experimental methods such as the V-funnel, slump flow, sieve stability test and the L-box, a new Rheological characterization test has been used: it is the flow of concrete first in a V-Funnel and then in a horizontal plexiglas channel. The main objective of this test is to determine both the flow time in the V-Funnel (indicator of the viscosity of mixture) and the threshold shear of concrete by means of a single rheological test.
Riaz Muhammad Laser Induced Multi-photon Excitations in Thallium Riaz Muhammad Laser Induced Multi-photon Excitations in Thallium Новинка

Riaz Muhammad Laser Induced Multi-photon Excitations in Thallium

9339 руб.
In the present work, we present extensive new data on thallium employing multi-photon and multi-step excitation techniques in conjunction with a thermionic diode ion detector. A number of different excitation paths have been used. The first experiment addresses the observation of odd- parity levels np 2P1/2,3/2 and np 2F5/2 using two- photon excitation from the ground state. In the second set of experiments we employed a two-step excitation scheme using 6s2 7s 2S1/2 intermediate level and observed the np 2P1/2,3/2 levels upto n = 56. The even-parity levels have also been excited using three-photon excitation from the ground state revealing ns 2S1/2 and np 2P3/2,5/2 levels. In the subsequent experiments, we used a two-color three- photon excitation technique to approach the ns 2S1/2 and nd 2D3/2 levels using 7p 2P1/2 as an intermediate level. The nd series have been extended upto n = 65 and it is noticed that the intensity of the high Rydberg series scales as 1/n2.8. However, the np 2P1/2,3/2 series, which have been observed upto n = 56 scale as 1/n2.3 in contrast to the scaling law of 1/n3 for an unperturbed Rydberg series.
Jiann-Yang Hwang Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2014 Jiann-Yang Hwang Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2014 Новинка

Jiann-Yang Hwang Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2014

12288.24 руб.
This collection focuses on the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials as well as the application of characterization results on the processing of these materials. Focused sessions within the symposia include those centered on ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, soft materials, ceramics, clays, composites, and minerals. In addition, sessions will focus exclusively on characterization concerns in the extraction, processing, and environmental application of materials. Finally, method development in characterization will be explored.
Qiang Li Space Electronic Reconnaissance. Localization Theories and Methods Qiang Li Space Electronic Reconnaissance. Localization Theories and Methods Новинка

Qiang Li Space Electronic Reconnaissance. Localization Theories and Methods

11904.12 руб.
Presents the theories and applications of determining the position of an object in space through the use of satellites As the importance of space reconnaissance technology intensifies, more and more countries are investing money in building their own space reconnaissance satellites. Due to the secrecy and sensitivity of the operations, it is hard to find published papers and journals on the topic outside of military and governmental agencies. This book aims to fill the gap by presenting the various applications and basic principles of a very modern technology. The space electronic reconnaissance system in mono/multi-satellite platforms is a critical feature which can be used for detection, localization, tracking or identification of the various kinds of signal sources from radar, communication or navigation systems. Localization technology in space electronic reconnaissance uses single or multiple satellite receivers which receive signals from radar, communication and navigation emitters in the ground, ocean and space to specify the location of emitter. The methods, principles and technologies of different space electronic reconnaissance localization systems are introduced in this book, as are their performances, and the various methods are explained and analysed. Digital simulations illustrate the results. Presents the theories and applications of determining the position of an object in space through the use of satellites Introduces methods, principles and technologies of localization and tracking in the space electronic reconnaissance system, the localization algorithm and error in satellite system and near space platform system, and the tracking algorithm and error in single satellite-to-satellite tracking system Provides the fundamentals, the mathematics, the limitations, the measurements, and systems, of localization with emphasis on defence industry applications Highly relevant for Engineers working in avionics, radar, communication, navigation and electronic warfare. Chapters include:– the introduction of space electronic reconnaissance localization technology, knowledge about the satellite orbit and basic terminology of passive localization, single satellite geolocation technology based on direction finding, three-satellite geolocation technology based on time difference of arrival (TDOA), two-satellite geolocation technology based on TDOA and frequency difference of arrival (FDOA), the single satellite localization technology based on kinematics theory, localization principles of near-space platform electronic reconnaissance systems, the orbit determination of single satellite-to-satellite tracking using bearings only(BO) information, the orbit determination of single satellite-to-satellite tracking using bearings and frequency information, the orbit determination of single satellite-to-satellite tracking using frequency only(FO) information. Each chapter ends with a problem and solution section, some using Matlab code.
Jyoti Prasad Banerjee and Tapas Kumar Pal Millimeter Wave Avalanche Transit Time Devices and Oscillators Jyoti Prasad Banerjee and Tapas Kumar Pal Millimeter Wave Avalanche Transit Time Devices and Oscillators Новинка

Jyoti Prasad Banerjee and Tapas Kumar Pal Millimeter Wave Avalanche Transit Time Devices and Oscillators

4983 руб.
This book is written for the Undergraduate, Postgraduate and Doctoral students specializing in Microwave and Millimeter wave Avalanche Transit Time Devices and Oscillators. This book provides a clear insight of the device Physics and its application in Oscillator circuits. The main features of this book are Modelling and simulation of IMPATT Devices, their fabrication and characterization and high frequency limitation. A separate chapter is devoted on IMPATT Oscillator and amplifier. Finally the emerging application of the device as a potential Terahertz source is included to generate interest to the researchers working in this field.
Olimpia Budriga Laser assisted K-shell Compton effect Olimpia Budriga Laser assisted K-shell Compton effect Новинка

Olimpia Budriga Laser assisted K-shell Compton effect

4755 руб.
In the history of quantum theory the Compton effect has played an important role providing one of the direct proofs of the corpuscular nature of the electromagnetic radiation. The book is devoted to a theoretical study of laser assisted Compton scattering on the ground state of a hydrogenlike atom. Based on analytic formula, valid for any fixed polarization of the laser, and derived by the author using the nonrelativistic Coulomb-Volkov function for the final electron, one presents as graphs the results of numerical calculations for the electron energy spectrum at a variety of fixed photon-electron configurations and for the distribution of electrons in the case in which the scattered photon is not detected. Useful appendices accompany the main text. Results could be useful in the context in which the Compton effect is the basic process used in designing sources of intense high frequency electromagnetic radiation, dedicated to many applications in science, technology and medicine. The fascinating progress in laser and electron detection technology will continue to stimulate detailed theoretical studies of photon-bound electron interaction.
Hervé Fanet Medical Imaging Based on Magnetic Fields and Ultrasounds Hervé Fanet Medical Imaging Based on Magnetic Fields and Ultrasounds Новинка

Hervé Fanet Medical Imaging Based on Magnetic Fields and Ultrasounds

12275.65 руб.
This book describes the different principles and equipment used in medical imaging. The importance of medical imaging for diagnostics is rapidly increasing. A good working knowledge of all the different possible physical principles involved in medical imaging is now imperative. This book covers many of these principles including matter photon interactions, the principles of detectors, detectors and information processing for radiology, X-ray tomography, positron tomography, single photon tomography and optical tomography.
Peter Epperlein W. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices Peter Epperlein W. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices Новинка

Peter Epperlein W. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices

10678.86 руб.
This reference book provides a fully integrated novel approach to the development of high-power, single-transverse mode, edge-emitting diode lasers by addressing the complementary topics of device engineering, reliability engineering and device diagnostics in the same book, and thus closes the gap in the current book literature. Diode laser fundamentals are discussed, followed by an elaborate discussion of problem-oriented design guidelines and techniques, and by a systematic treatment of the origins of laser degradation and a thorough exploration of the engineering means to enhance the optical strength of the laser. Stability criteria of critical laser characteristics and key laser robustness factors are discussed along with clear design considerations in the context of reliability engineering approaches and models, and typical programs for reliability tests and laser product qualifications. Novel, advanced diagnostic methods are reviewed to discuss, for the first time in detail in book literature, performance- and reliability-impacting factors such as temperature, stress and material instabilities. Further key features include: practical design guidelines that consider also reliability related effects, key laser robustness factors, basic laser fabrication and packaging issues; detailed discussion of diagnostic investigations of diode lasers, the fundamentals of the applied approaches and techniques, many of them pioneered by the author to be fit-for-purpose and novel in the application; systematic insight into laser degradation modes such as catastrophic optical damage, and a wide range of technologies to increase the optical strength of diode lasers; coverage of basic concepts and techniques of laser reliability engineering with details on a standard commercial high power laser reliability test program. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics reflects the extensive expertise of the author in the diode laser field both as a top scientific researcher as well as a key developer of high-power highly reliable devices. With invaluable practical advice, this new reference book is suited to practising researchers in diode laser technologies, and to postgraduate engineering students. Dr. Peter W. Epperlein is Technology Consultant with his own semiconductor technology consulting business Pwe-PhotonicsElectronics-IssueResolution in the UK. He looks back at a thirty years career in cutting edge photonics and electronics industries with focus on emerging technologies, both in global and start-up companies, including IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Agilent Technologies, Philips/NXP, Essient Photonics and IBM/JDSU Laser Enterprise. He holds Pre-Dipl. (B.Sc.), Dipl. Phys. (M.Sc.) and Dr. rer. nat. (Ph.D.) degrees in physics, magna cum laude, from the University of Stuttgart, Germany. Dr. Epperlein is an internationally recognized expert in compound semiconductor and diode laser technologies. He has accomplished R&D in many device areas such as semiconductor lasers, LEDs, optical modulators, quantum well devices, resonant tunneling devices, FETs, and superconducting tunnel junctions and integrated circuits. His pioneering work on sophisticated diagnostic research has led to many world’s first reports and has been adopted by other researchers in academia and industry. He authored more than seventy peer-reviewed journal papers, published more than ten invention disclosures in the IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, has served as reviewer of numerous proposals for publication in technical journals, and has won five IBM Research Division Awards. His key achievements include the design and fabrication of high-power, highly reliable, single mode diode lasers. Book Reviews “Semiconductor L
Peter Epperlein W. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices Peter Epperlein W. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices Новинка

Peter Epperlein W. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices

11008.48 руб.
This reference book provides a fully integrated novel approach to the development of high-power, single-transverse mode, edge-emitting diode lasers by addressing the complementary topics of device engineering, reliability engineering and device diagnostics in the same book, and thus closes the gap in the current book literature. Diode laser fundamentals are discussed, followed by an elaborate discussion of problem-oriented design guidelines and techniques, and by a systematic treatment of the origins of laser degradation and a thorough exploration of the engineering means to enhance the optical strength of the laser. Stability criteria of critical laser characteristics and key laser robustness factors are discussed along with clear design considerations in the context of reliability engineering approaches and models, and typical programs for reliability tests and laser product qualifications. Novel, advanced diagnostic methods are reviewed to discuss, for the first time in detail in book literature, performance- and reliability-impacting factors such as temperature, stress and material instabilities. Further key features include: practical design guidelines that consider also reliability related effects, key laser robustness factors, basic laser fabrication and packaging issues; detailed discussion of diagnostic investigations of diode lasers, the fundamentals of the applied approaches and techniques, many of them pioneered by the author to be fit-for-purpose and novel in the application; systematic insight into laser degradation modes such as catastrophic optical damage, and a wide range of technologies to increase the optical strength of diode lasers; coverage of basic concepts and techniques of laser reliability engineering with details on a standard commercial high power laser reliability test program. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics reflects the extensive expertise of the author in the diode laser field both as a top scientific researcher as well as a key developer of high-power highly reliable devices. With invaluable practical advice, this new reference book is suited to practising researchers in diode laser technologies, and to postgraduate engineering students. Dr. Peter W. Epperlein is Technology Consultant with his own semiconductor technology consulting business Pwe-PhotonicsElectronics-IssueResolution in the UK. He looks back at a thirty years career in cutting edge photonics and electronics industries with focus on emerging technologies, both in global and start-up companies, including IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Agilent Technologies, Philips/NXP, Essient Photonics and IBM/JDSU Laser Enterprise. He holds Pre-Dipl. (B.Sc.), Dipl. Phys. (M.Sc.) and Dr. rer. nat. (Ph.D.) degrees in physics, magna cum laude, from the University of Stuttgart, Germany. Dr. Epperlein is an internationally recognized expert in compound semiconductor and diode laser technologies. He has accomplished R&D in many device areas such as semiconductor lasers, LEDs, optical modulators, quantum well devices, resonant tunneling devices, FETs, and superconducting tunnel junctions and integrated circuits. His pioneering work on sophisticated diagnostic research has led to many world’s first reports and has been adopted by other researchers in academia and industry. He authored more than seventy peer-reviewed journal papers, published more than ten invention disclosures in the IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, has served as reviewer of numerous proposals for publication in technical journals, and has won five IBM Research Division Awards. His key achievements include the design and fabrication of high-power, highly reliable, single mode diode lasers. Book Reviews “Semiconductor L
Shashikant Sharma,Manisha Pattanaik and Balwinder Raj Leakage Current and Ground Bounce Noise Aware MTCMOS Techniques Shashikant Sharma,Manisha Pattanaik and Balwinder Raj Leakage Current and Ground Bounce Noise Aware MTCMOS Techniques Новинка

Shashikant Sharma,Manisha Pattanaik and Balwinder Raj Leakage Current and Ground Bounce Noise Aware MTCMOS Techniques

3167 руб.
As technology is continuously scaling down leakage current is increasing exponentially. Contribution of leakage current is around 50% to the total operational power of digital circuits. With increasing demand of portable battery operated devices like cell phones, pagers and laptops, low power design has become important design style for future battery powered devices. This exponential increase in leakage power has made Multi-Threshold CMOS (MTCMOS) technique an attractive design choice for low power application. Conventional MTCMOS techniques for minimizing leakage current gives rise to ground bounce noise during mode transition which is also an important challenge and reduces the reliability of the circuit. In this work different multi-threshold CMOS techniques have been presented and compared which uses the concept of forward body biasing, diode connected MOS, ultra low power diode and signal stepping.Proposed designs has shown significant improvement in ground bounce noise and standby leakage current as compared to designs proposed in past.
Tadashi Uragami Science and Technology of Separation Membranes, 2 Volume Set Tadashi Uragami Science and Technology of Separation Membranes, 2 Volume Set Новинка

Tadashi Uragami Science and Technology of Separation Membranes, 2 Volume Set

25736.86 руб.
Offers a comprehensive overview of membrane science and technology from a single source Written by a renowned author with more than 40 years’ experience in membrane science and technology, and polymer science Covers all major current applications of membrane technology in two definitive volumes Includes academic analyses, applications and practical problems for each existing membrane technology Includes novel applications such as membrane reactors, hybrid systems and optical resolution as well as membrane fuel cells
Margaret Hyland Light Metals 2015 Margaret Hyland Light Metals 2015 Новинка

Margaret Hyland Light Metals 2015

22663.16 руб.
The 2015 collection will include papers from the following symposia: Alumina and Bauxite Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications Aluminum Processing Aluminum Reduction Technology Cast Shop for Aluminum Production Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production Strip Casting of Light Metals
Miguel Alguero Nanoscale Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics. Key Processing and Characterization Issues, and Nanoscale Effects, 2 Volumes Miguel Alguero Nanoscale Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics. Key Processing and Characterization Issues, and Nanoscale Effects, 2 Volumes Новинка

Miguel Alguero Nanoscale Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics. Key Processing and Characterization Issues, and Nanoscale Effects, 2 Volumes

30438.15 руб.
This two volume set reviews the key issues in processing and characterization of nanoscale ferroelectrics and multiferroics, and provides a comprehensive description of their properties, with an emphasis in differentiating size effects of extrinsic ones like boundary or interface effects. Recently described nanoscale novel phenomena are also addressed. Organized into three parts it addresses key issues in processing (nanostructuring), characterization (of the nanostructured materials) and nanoscale effects. Taking full advantage of the synergies between nanoscale ferroelectrics and multiferroics, the text covers materials nanostructured at all levels, from ceramic technologies like ferroelectric nanopowders, bulk nanostructured ceramics and thick films, and magnetoelectric nanocomposites, to thin films, either polycrystalline layer heterostructures or epitaxial systems, and to nanoscale free standing objects with specific geometries, such as nanowires and tubes at different levels of development. This set is developed from the high level European scientific knowledge platform built within the COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action on Single and multiphase ferroics and multiferroics with restricted geometries (SIMUFER, ref. MP0904). Chapter contributors have been carefully selected, and have all made major contributions to knowledge of the respective topics, and overall, they are among most respected scientists in the field.
Yasser Abdalla High Speed MUX/DMUX Using All-Time-On CMOS Logic Yasser Abdalla High Speed MUX/DMUX Using All-Time-On CMOS Logic Новинка

Yasser Abdalla High Speed MUX/DMUX Using All-Time-On CMOS Logic

4749 руб.
This book introduces a new design technique that is called All-Time-On CMOS logic. This design technique is suitable for designing high speed digital circuits. This new design technique is applied in the disegn of a MUX and a DMUX. Both the MUX and the DMUX are designed to operate at 15 Gb/s and fabricated on 0.18 um CMOS technology. The new design technique proves its ability to achieve more speed in digital circuits compared to conventional desgin techniques.
David Andrews L. Photonics, Photonics Technology and Instrumentation David Andrews L. Photonics, Photonics Technology and Instrumentation Новинка

David Andrews L. Photonics, Photonics Technology and Instrumentation

11139.52 руб.
Discusses the basic physical principles underlying the technology instrumentation of photonics This volume discusses photonics technology and instrumentation. The topics discussed in this volume are: Communication Networks; Data Buffers; Defense and Security Applications; Detectors; Fiber Optics and Amplifiers; Green Photonics; Instrumentation and Metrology; Interferometers; Light-Harvesting Materials; Logic Devices; Optical Communications; Remote Sensing; Solar Energy; Solid-State Lighting; Wavelength Conversion Comprehensive and accessible coverage of the whole of modern photonics Emphasizes processes and applications that specifically exploit photon attributes of light Deals with the rapidly advancing area of modern optics Chapters are written by top scientists in their field Written for the graduate level student in physical sciences; Industrial and academic researchers in photonics, graduate students in the area; College lecturers, educators, policymakers, consultants, Scientific and technical libraries, government laboratories, NIH.
Jatav Hamendra Singh, Srivastava Pankaj, Raj Balwinder Single Electron Devices and Circuits Design Jatav Hamendra Singh, Srivastava Pankaj, Raj Balwinder Single Electron Devices and Circuits Design Новинка

Jatav Hamendra Singh, Srivastava Pankaj, Raj Balwinder Single Electron Devices and Circuits Design

8502 руб.
This comprehensive contains text covering basics of Single Electron Transistor. It provides analysis of Single Electron Transistor (SET) and SET based logic design. The text dealt in this book develops some important techniques of full adder design with SET as a basic building block instead of CMOS or other logic. The techniques discussed proves better results in terms of voltage gain and other parameters.
Uwe Rau Photon Management in Solar Cells Uwe Rau Photon Management in Solar Cells Новинка

Uwe Rau Photon Management in Solar Cells

14597.34 руб.
Written by renowned experts in the field of photon management in solar cells, this one-stop reference gives an introduction to the physics of light management in solar cells, and discusses the different concepts and methods of applying photon management. The authors cover the physics, principles, concepts, technologies, and methods used, explaining how to increase the efficiency of solar cells by splitting or modifying the solar spectrum before they absorb the sunlight. In so doing, they present novel concepts and materials allowing for the cheaper, more flexible manufacture of solar cells and systems. For educational purposes, the authors have split the reasons for photon management into spatial and spectral light management. Bridging the gap between the photonics and the photovoltaics communities, this is an invaluable reference for materials scientists, physicists in industry, experimental physicists, lecturers in physics, Ph.D. students in physics and material sciences, engineers in power technology, applied and surface physicists.
Neha Sharan and Ashwani K. Rana Analysis of Strained Silicon MOSFETs Neha Sharan and Ashwani K. Rana Analysis of Strained Silicon MOSFETs Новинка

Neha Sharan and Ashwani K. Rana Analysis of Strained Silicon MOSFETs

3944 руб.
With limitations on the scaling of technology to improve performance, there is a need for new and different devices in VLSI and IC industry. Strained silicon MOSFET serves as a good replacement for bulk MOSFET due to its increased carrier mobility and easy process integration with present CMOS technology. In this work, different methodology to induce strain in the channel is presented and the performance of strained silicon MOSFET with various modifications to device structure like channel length, strain variation and gate material has been investigated by TCAD approach.
Emmanuel Defaÿ Ferroelectric Dielectrics Integrated on Silicon Emmanuel Defaÿ Ferroelectric Dielectrics Integrated on Silicon Новинка

Emmanuel Defaÿ Ferroelectric Dielectrics Integrated on Silicon

16824.81 руб.
This book describes up-to-date technology applied to high-K materials for More Than Moore applications, i.e. microsystems applied to microelectronics core technologies. After detailing the basic thermodynamic theory applied to high-K dielectrics thin films including extrinsic effects, this book emphasizes the specificity of thin films. Deposition and patterning technologies are then presented. A whole chapter is dedicated to the major role played in the field by X-Ray Diffraction characterization, and other characterization techniques are also described such as Radio frequency characterization. An in-depth study of the influence of leakage currents is performed together with reliability discussion. Three applicative chapters cover integrated capacitors, variables capacitors and ferroelectric memories. The final chapter deals with a reasonably new research field, multiferroic thin films.
Birendra Pramanik Characterization of Impurities and Degradants Using Mass Spectrometry Birendra Pramanik Characterization of Impurities and Degradants Using Mass Spectrometry Новинка

Birendra Pramanik Characterization of Impurities and Degradants Using Mass Spectrometry

9756.83 руб.
The book highlights the current practices and future trends in structural characterization of impurities and degradants. It begins with an overview of mass spectrometry techniques as related to the analysis of impurities and degradants, followed by studies involving characterization of process related impurities (including potential genotoxic impurities), and excipient related impurities in formulated products. Both general practitioners in pharmaceutical research and specialists in analytical chemistry field will benefit from this book that will detail step-by-step approaches and new strategies to solve challenging problems related to pharmaceutical research.
Erick Sanchez Flores SPATIAL AND STATISTICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF FOREST FUELS DISTRIBUTION Erick Sanchez Flores SPATIAL AND STATISTICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF FOREST FUELS DISTRIBUTION Новинка

Erick Sanchez Flores SPATIAL AND STATISTICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF FOREST FUELS DISTRIBUTION

9739 руб.
Characterization of forest fuels is a key component of the successful implementation of any fire management system. Great advances have been made in the characterization of forest cover by the use of remote sensing technology. Characterization of understory fuels, however, has been limited always by the difficulty of current remote sensing products to observe through the canopy. This limitation underscores the importance of exploring approaches related to site environment characteristics that can influence the production and accumulation of understory fuels. This work explores the relationships between topography, fire history, vegetation type and downed woody fuel loadings in the forested area of the Rincon Mountains in southern Arizona. The Classification and Regression Trees method is used to predict fuel loads through the influence of predictor variables. Results show that fine woody fuel loads tend to be explained by vegetation type and slope, while coarse woody fuels are predicted best by differences in elevation.
Makio Naito Characterization and Control of Interfaces for High Quality Advanced Materials III Makio Naito Characterization and Control of Interfaces for High Quality Advanced Materials III Новинка

Makio Naito Characterization and Control of Interfaces for High Quality Advanced Materials III

11754.7 руб.
This proceedings volume features 59 peer-reviewed papers from ICCCI2009 on interface characterization and control technology, powder and composite processing, joining, the control of airborne particulates, new metallic glasses, and interface phenomena at high temperature. ICCCI2009 was supported by the Global COE Program “Center of Excellence for Advanced Structural and Functional Materials Design” lead by Professor Tomoyuki Kakeshita at Osaka University, the Project on Joining Technology for New Metallic Glasses and Inorganic Materials, the Institute of Materials Research (IMR) of Tohoku University, the Materials and Structures Laboratory (MSL) of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Kobe Gakuin University, Hosokawa Powder Technology Foundation, the Japan JSPS 124th Committee, and the Joining and Welding Research Institute (JWRI) of Osaka University. Over 160 scientists and engineers from academia and industry from 18 different countries attended ICCCI2009 to see and discuss 140 invited and contributed presentations and posters on the state-of-the-art of interface characterization and control for particulate materials, joining, and nanotechnology.
Ashutosh Shukla K. Analytical Characterization Methods for Crude Oil and Related Products Ashutosh Shukla K. Analytical Characterization Methods for Crude Oil and Related Products Новинка

Ashutosh Shukla K. Analytical Characterization Methods for Crude Oil and Related Products

11907.76 руб.
Basic theory, applications, and recent trends in analytical techniques used in crude oil and related products analysis This book covers the application of different spectroscopic methods to characterize crude oil and related products. Its topics are presented in a pedagogical manner so that those new to the subject can better understand the content. The book begins by familiarizing the reader with the rheological characterization of crude oil and related products. Subsequent chapters are directed towards the current trends of different spectroscopic methods for the characterization of crude oil. Analytical Characterization Methods for Crude Oil and Related Products features chapters on: optical interrogation of petroleum asphaltenes (myths and reality); ESR characterization of organic free radicals in petroleum products; high-field, pulsed, and double resonance studies of crude oils and their derivatives; NMR spectroscopy in bitumen characterization; applications of Raman spectroscopy in crude oil and bitumen characterization; and more. Uses a bottom-up approach—starting from the basic theory of the technique followed by its applications and recent trends in crude oil analysis Includes informative content so as to take a technician to the level of using a particular analytical method Covers relevany information so as to enable a manager in the industry to make purchasing decisions Analytical Characterization Methods for Crude Oil and Related Products is aimed at researchers in academia as well as technicians and developers of new analytical methods in the oil industry and related areas. It will also be of interest to professionals, scientists, and graduate students in analytical sciences dealing with oil and environmental analysis.
Emma Howley Snow Avalanche Prediction in Grasdalen, Norway Emma Howley Snow Avalanche Prediction in Grasdalen, Norway Новинка

Emma Howley Snow Avalanche Prediction in Grasdalen, Norway

9652 руб.
Snow avalanches are a common hazard in many mountainous environ­ments. As such, it is often necessary to be able to predict these events.In this study detailed analysis of weather parameters in western Norway has established common triggering factors for avalanches in Grasdalen. Two large sets of weather data have been used. A number of wind drift factors have been derived, as several authors consider these to be important. Statistical procedures were applied, including cumulative probability plots and classification trees. The latter highlighted the most important weather parameters used to classify data in terms of dry avalanche days or non avalanche days. Results of these indicate important splitting factors to be various sums of precipitation and the maximum temperature. The combined wind drift factors were con­sidered less important.These results are not in total agreement with previous authors, however, this study serves as a critical appraisal of current statistical methods of avalanche prediction and would be useful for avalanche forecasters and researchers.
Jian Li Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2015 Jian Li Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2015 Новинка

Jian Li Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2015

13905.63 руб.
This collection of proceedings focuses on the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials as well as the application of characterization results on the processing of these materials. Papers cover topics such as clays, ceramics, composites, ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, minerals, electronic materials, magnetic materials, environmental materials, advanced materials, and soft materials. In addition, papers covering materials extraction, materials processing, corrosion, welding, solidification, and method development are included. This book provides a current snapshot of characterization in materials science and its role in validating, informing, and driving current theories in the field of materials science. This proceedings volume will serve the dual purpose of furnishing a broad introduction of the field to novices while simultaneously serving to keep subject matter experts up-to-date.
Jian Li Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2016 Jian Li Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2016 Новинка

Jian Li Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2016

19202.42 руб.
Characterization is an important and fundamental step in material research before and after processing. This bookfocuses on the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials as well as the application of characterization results on the processing of these materials. It is a highly authoritative collection of articles written by experts from around the world. The articles center on materials characterization, extraction, processing, corrosion, welding, solidification, and method development. In addition, articles focus on clays, ceramics, composites, ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, minerals, electronic, magnetic, environmental, advanced and soft materials. This book will serve the dual purpose of furnishing a broad introduction of the field to novices while simultaneously serving to keep subject matter experts up-to-date.
Mayrhofer Patrick Photophysical Properties of Rubicene Mayrhofer Patrick Photophysical Properties of Rubicene Новинка

Mayrhofer Patrick Photophysical Properties of Rubicene

4927 руб.
Organic semiconductors offer promising properties for opto-electronic applications, that are already commercially used for instance,in organic light emitting diodes (OLED) for small scale displays. Yet, an even more challenging task remains - the realization of the organic laser diode. This work focuses on investigations of photophysical properties of the organic semiconductor Rubicene with the prospect of application as the optical active medium in an organic semiconductor laser. Properties of the photoluminescence emission of Rubicene in solution, thin film and as single crystals are studied. These include the luminescence quantum yield and the luminescence lifetime. Emission and absorbance spectra of Rubicene crystals under high pressure conditions are recorded in a diamond anvil cell. The work includes an attempt to build an optically pumped organic laser that employs a novel method to transfer dielectric mirrors onto Rubicene single crystals in order to build single crystal resonators. A discussion of the fundamentals of organic laser technology and the description of the original measurement setups of the present study are featured in this book.
Sabu Thomas Advanced Materials for Electromagnetic Shielding. Fundamentals, Properties, and Applications Sabu Thomas Advanced Materials for Electromagnetic Shielding. Fundamentals, Properties, and Applications Новинка

Sabu Thomas Advanced Materials for Electromagnetic Shielding. Fundamentals, Properties, and Applications

21383.38 руб.
A comprehensive review of the field of materials that shield people and sensitive electronic devices from electromagnetic fields Advanced Materials for Electromagnetic Shielding offers a thorough review of the most recent advances in the processing and characterization of the electromagnetic shielding materials. In this groundbreaking book, the authors—noted experts in the field—discuss the fundamentals of shielding theory as well as the practice of electromagnetic field measuring techniques and systems. They also explore applications of shielding materials used as absorbers of electromagnetic radiation, or as magnetic shields and explore coverage of new advanced materials for EMI shielding in aerospace applications. In addition, the text contains methods of preparation and applicability of metal foams. This comprehensive text examines the influence of technology on the micro-and macrostructure of polymers enabling their use in screening technology, technologies of shielding materials based on textiles, and analyses of its effectiveness in screening. The book also details the method of producing nanowires and their applications in EM shielding. This important resource: Explores the burgeoning market of electromagnetic shielding materials as we create, depend upon, and are exposed to more electronic devices than ever Addresses the most comprehensive issues relating to electromagnetic fields Contains information on the manufacturing, characterization methods, and properties of materials used to protect against them Discusses the important characterization techniques compared with one another, thus allowing scientists to select the best approach to a problem Written for materials scientists, electrical and electronics engineers, physicists, and industrial researchers, Advanced Materials for Electromagnetic Shielding explores all aspects in the area of electromagnetic shielding materials and examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in this rapidly growing area.
Helmut Clemens Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science. From Fundamentals to Applications Helmut Clemens Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science. From Fundamentals to Applications Новинка

Helmut Clemens Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science. From Fundamentals to Applications

13828.37 руб.
Retaining its proven concept, the second edition of this ready reference specifically addresses the need of materials engineers for reliable, detailed information on modern material characterization methods. As such, it provides a systematic overview of the increasingly important field of characterization of engineering materials with the help of neutrons and synchrotron radiation. The first part introduces readers to the fundamentals of structure-property relationships in materials and the radiation sources suitable for materials characterization. The second part then focuses on such characterization techniques as diffraction and scattering methods, as well as direct imaging and tomography. The third part presents new and emerging methods of materials characterization in the field of 3D characterization techniques like three-dimensional X-ray diffraction microscopy. The fourth and final part is a collection of examples that demonstrate the application of the methods introduced in the first parts to problems in materials science. With thoroughly revised and updated chapters and now containing about 20% new material, this is the must-have, in-depth resource on this highly relevant topic.
Philosophy and Technology. Readings in the Philosophical Problems of Technology Philosophy and Technology. Readings in the Philosophical Problems of Technology Новинка

Philosophy and Technology. Readings in the Philosophical Problems of Technology

2452 руб.
Книга "Philosophy and Technology. Readings in the Philosophical Problems of Technology".
Visakh M. P. Polyethylene-Based Blends, Composites and Nanocomposities Visakh M. P. Polyethylene-Based Blends, Composites and Nanocomposities Новинка

Visakh M. P. Polyethylene-Based Blends, Composites and Nanocomposities

14981.46 руб.
The book focusses on the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of polyethylene-based blends, composites and nanocomposites by looking at the various aspects of processing, morphology, properties and applications. In particular, the book details the important developments in areas such as the structure-properties relationship of polyethylene; modification of polyethylene with radiation and ion implantation processes; stabilization of irradiated polyethylene by the introduction of antioxidants; reinforcement of polyethylene through carbon-based materials as additives; characterization of carbon-based polyethylenes composites, polyethylene-based blends with thermoplastic and thermoset; characterization of polyethylene-based thermoplastic and thermoset blends; polyethylene-based blends with natural rubber and synthetic rubber; characterization of polyethylene-based natural rubber and synthetic rubber blends; characterization of polyethylene-based composites.
Mittal K. L. Adhesion in Microelectronics Mittal K. L. Adhesion in Microelectronics Новинка

Mittal K. L. Adhesion in Microelectronics

15914.78 руб.
This comprehensive book will provide both fundamental and applied aspects of adhesion pertaining to microelectronics in a single and easily accessible source. Among the topics to be covered include; Various theories or mechanisms of adhesion Surface (physical or chemical) characterization of materials as it pertains to adhesion Surface cleaning as it pertains to adhesion Ways to improve adhesion Unraveling of interfacial interactions using an array of pertinent techniques Characterization of interfaces / interphases Polymer-polymer adhesion Metal-polymer adhesion (metallized polymers) Polymer adhesion to various substrates Adhesion of thin films Adhesion of underfills Adhesion of molding compounds Adhesion of different dielectric materials Delamination and reliability issues in packaged devices Interface mechanics and crack propagation Adhesion measurement of thin films and coatings
Jacques Lamon Processing and Properties of Advanced Ceramics and Composites III Jacques Lamon Processing and Properties of Advanced Ceramics and Composites III Новинка

Jacques Lamon Processing and Properties of Advanced Ceramics and Composites III

10755.4 руб.
This book contains 17 papers from the Innovative Processing and Synthesis of Ceramics, Glasses and Composites and Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites symposia held during the 2010 Materials Science and Technology (MS&T'10) meeting, October 17-21, 2010, Houston, Texas. Topics include: Fiber Composites; Modeling and Characterization; Nanomaterials; Testing; Microstructure-Property Relationships; Advanced Coatings; and Processing Methods.
Suk-Won Hwang and John A. Rogers Materials and Integration Approaches for Transient Electronic Systems Suk-Won Hwang and John A. Rogers Materials and Integration Approaches for Transient Electronic Systems Новинка

Suk-Won Hwang and John A. Rogers Materials and Integration Approaches for Transient Electronic Systems

5390 руб.
This book introduces a class of high performance silicon electronics that is capable of dissolving, in a controlled fashion, at prescribed times and with programmed rates, in the water or bio-fluids. This type of technology, referred to in a broader sense as ‘transient electronics’, opens up completely new application opportunities for semiconductor devices in areas, such as resorbable biomedical devices, eco-friendly electronics, environmental sensors, secure hardware systems. For example, functionally active implants exist for medically useful timeframes, but then dissolve and disappear completely by resorption into the body. Demonstration of this type of physically transient technology includes complimentary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology, sensors for strain and temperature, solar cells, digital imaging arrays, wireless power harvesting circuits. It also includes systematic studies of transient behaviors of single crystalline silicon nanomembranes in various solutions at different pH values and temperatures, and in vivo evalutions of biocompatibility and resorption.
Ratna Tantra Nanomaterial Characterization. An Introduction Ratna Tantra Nanomaterial Characterization. An Introduction Новинка

Ratna Tantra Nanomaterial Characterization. An Introduction

9603.03 руб.
Introduces basic knowledge for nanomaterial characterization focusing on key properties and the different analytical techniques available Provides a quick reference to different analytical methods for a given property highlighting their pros and cons Presents numerous case studies, ranging from characterizing nanomaterials in coffee creamer suspension to measurement of airborne dust exposure levels Provides an introduction to other topics that are strongly related to nanomaterial characterization e.g. synthesis, reference material and metrology Includes state of the art techniques: scanning tunneling microscopy under extreme conditions, novel strategy for biological characterization and methods to visualize multidimensional characterization data
Tsunenobu Kimoto Fundamentals of Silicon Carbide Technology. Growth, Characterization, Devices and Applications Tsunenobu Kimoto Fundamentals of Silicon Carbide Technology. Growth, Characterization, Devices and Applications Новинка

Tsunenobu Kimoto Fundamentals of Silicon Carbide Technology. Growth, Characterization, Devices and Applications

12676.73 руб.
A comprehensive introduction and up-to-date reference to SiC power semiconductor devices covering topics from material properties to applications Based on a number of breakthroughs in SiC material science and fabrication technology in the 1980s and 1990s, the first SiC Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs) were released as commercial products in 2001. The SiC SBD market has grown significantly since that time, and SBDs are now used in a variety of power systems, particularly switch-mode power supplies and motor controls. SiC power MOSFETs entered commercial production in 2011, providing rugged, high-efficiency switches for high-frequency power systems. In this wide-ranging book, the authors draw on their considerable experience to present both an introduction to SiC materials, devices, and applications and an in-depth reference for scientists and engineers working in this fast-moving field. Fundamentals of Silicon Carbide Technology covers basic properties of SiC materials, processing technology, theory and analysis of practical devices, and an overview of the most important systems applications. Specifically included are: A complete discussion of SiC material properties, bulk crystal growth, epitaxial growth, device fabrication technology, and characterization techniques. Device physics and operating equations for Schottky diodes, pin diodes, JBS/MPS diodes, JFETs, MOSFETs, BJTs, IGBTs, and thyristors. A survey of power electronics applications, including switch-mode power supplies, motor drives, power converters for electric vehicles, and converters for renewable energy sources. Coverage of special applications, including microwave devices, high-temperature electronics, and rugged sensors. Fully illustrated throughout, the text is written by recognized experts with over 45 years of combined experience in SiC research and development. This book is intended for graduate students and researchers in crystal growth, material science, and semiconductor device technology. The book is also useful for design engineers, application engineers, and product managers in areas such as power supplies, converter and inverter design, electric vehicle technology, high-temperature electronics, sensors, and smart grid technology.
Adalbert Von Rubinowicz Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces Adalbert Von Rubinowicz Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces Новинка

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Книга "Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces".
Wolfgang Neumann Introduction to Crystal Growth and Characterization Wolfgang Neumann Introduction to Crystal Growth and Characterization Новинка

Wolfgang Neumann Introduction to Crystal Growth and Characterization

9526.5 руб.
This new textbook provides for the first time a comprehensive treatment of the basics of contemporary crystallography and crystal growth in a single volume. The reader will be familiarized with the concepts for the description of morphological and structural symmetry of crystals. The architecture of crystal structures of selected inorganic and molecular crystals is illustrated. The main crystallographic databases as data sources of crystal structures are described. Nucleation processes, their kinetics and main growth mechanism will be introduced in fundamentals of crystal growth. Some phase diagrams in the solid and liquid phases in correlation with the segregation of dopants are treated on a macro- and microscale. Fluid dynamic aspects with different types of convection in melts and solutions are discussed. Various growth techniques for semiconducting materials in connection with the use of external field (magnetic fields and microgravity) are described. Crystal characterization as the overall assessment of the grown crystal is treated in detail with respect to – crystal defects – crystal quality – field of application Introduction to Crystal Growth and Characterization is an ideal textbook written in a form readily accessible to undergraduate and graduate students of crystallography, physics, chemistry, materials science and engineering. It is also a valuable resource for all scientists concerned with crystal growth and materials engineering.

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This reference book provides a fully integrated novel approach to the development of high-power, single-transverse mode, edge-emitting diode lasers by addressing the complementary topics of device engineering, reliability engineering and device diagnostics in the same book, and thus closes the gap in the current book literature. Diode laser fundamentals are discussed, followed by an elaborate discussion of problem-oriented design guidelines and techniques, and by a systematic treatment of the origins of laser degradation and a thorough exploration of the engineering means to enhance the optical strength of the laser. Stability criteria of critical laser characteristics and key laser robustness factors are discussed along with clear design considerations in the context of reliability engineering approaches and models, and typical programs for reliability tests and laser product qualifications. Novel, advanced diagnostic methods are reviewed to discuss, for the first time in detail in book literature, performance- and reliability-impacting factors such as temperature, stress and material instabilities. Further key features include: practical design guidelines that consider also reliability related effects, key laser robustness factors, basic laser fabrication and packaging issues; detailed discussion of diagnostic investigations of diode lasers, the fundamentals of the applied approaches and techniques, many of them pioneered by the author to be fit-for-purpose and novel in the application; systematic insight into laser degradation modes such as catastrophic optical damage, and a wide range of technologies to increase the optical strength of diode lasers; coverage of basic concepts and techniques of laser reliability engineering with details on a standard commercial high power laser reliability test program. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics reflects the extensive expertise of the author in the diode laser field both as a top scientific researcher as well as a key developer of high-power highly reliable devices. With invaluable practical advice, this new reference book is suited to practising researchers in diode laser technologies, and to postgraduate engineering students. Dr. Peter W. Epperlein is Technology Consultant with his own semiconductor technology consulting business Pwe-PhotonicsElectronics-IssueResolution in the UK. He looks back at a thirty years career in cutting edge photonics and electronics industries with focus on emerging technologies, both in global and start-up companies, including IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Agilent Technologies, Philips/NXP, Essient Photonics and IBM/JDSU Laser Enterprise. He holds Pre-Dipl. (B.Sc.), Dipl. Phys. (M.Sc.) and Dr. rer. nat. (Ph.D.) degrees in physics, magna cum laude, from the University of Stuttgart, Germany. Dr. Epperlein is an internationally recognized expert in compound semiconductor and diode laser technologies. He has accomplished R&D in many device areas such as semiconductor lasers, LEDs, optical modulators, quantum well devices, resonant tunneling devices, FETs, and superconducting tunnel junctions and integrated circuits. His pioneering work on sophisticated diagnostic research has led to many world’s first reports and has been adopted by other researchers in academia and industry. He authored more than seventy peer-reviewed journal papers, published more than ten invention disclosures in the IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, has served as reviewer of numerous proposals for publication in technical journals, and has won five IBM Research Division Awards. His key achievements include the design and fabrication of high-power, highly reliable, single mode diode lasers. Book Reviews “Semiconductor L
Продажа characterization of single photon avalanche diode in cmos technology лучших цены всего мира
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