eutrophication costs at the vaal river an integrated economic model



Elma Satrovic Merits of Life Insurance Elma Satrovic Merits of Life Insurance Новинка

Elma Satrovic Merits of Life Insurance

Document from the year 2018 in the subject Economics - Finance, grade: 14, University of Sarajevo, language: English, abstract: In this book linear panel data estimators are employed to investigate the relationship between life insurance and economic growth. This study contributes to previous studies by using Maximum likelihood estimation of dynamic panel that was not used in previous studies concerning the aforementioned relationship; by controlling for number of factors thought to influence economic growth; by referring to a much larger number of countries and by exploring the relationship between life insurance and economic growth while controlling for the degree of financial sector development, as well as for the regional and income disparities. Sixteen models that explore the impact of control variables integrated singly in the equations and an integrated model that controls for the impact of all key variables are estimated. Empirical results reveal a significant positive relationship between life insurance and economic growth in models -. Education is reported to have a positive impact on economic growth. Government spending is found to have a negative impact on economic growth, while model reports that inflation has a negative impact on economic growth. Trade openness is not reported to have a significant impact on economic growth in model. Model reveals a significant positive impact of banking sector on economic growth; significant negative impact of non-life insuranc...
Tim Alers Economic Development in Scotland Tim Alers Economic Development in Scotland Новинка

Tim Alers Economic Development in Scotland

Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: This thesis tries to examine the structures, activities, changes and spatial impacts of economic development in Scotland. Looking at the Scottish economy it has to be considered that Scotland is both an integrated part of the UK and the UK economy and a peripheral region within the UK. Therefore Scotland does not have an economy of its own, but the distinctiveness of the region in terms of location, history and recent political devel-opments justifies a closer examination of the matter. Scotland is in many aspects a very heterogeneous region. This is in particular true for the economic structure and a focus on one region cannot be representative. Edinburgh is an exceptionally prosperous region, not only in Scottish terms. However this prosperity and activity in economic development makes Edinburgh an interesting subject for examination. Thus the focus of this thesis lies on the developments in Edinburgh. Economic development is certainly influenced by a vast number of factors and it is impossible to take all of them into account. Within this thesis the emphasis lies on governmental influence on the developments. However European development measures are not considered. Accordingly the thesis aims to look at the ways the promotion of economic development is carried out in Scotland and tries to assess the measures on the background of the distinctiveness of Scotland and Edinburgh. Thus in the first chapter the thesis takes a look at Scotland as a who...
The Economics of Information Technology: An Introduction (Raffaele Mattioli Lectures) The Economics of Information Technology: An Introduction (Raffaele Mattioli Lectures) Новинка

The Economics of Information Technology: An Introduction (Raffaele Mattioli Lectures)

The Economics of Information Technology is a concise and accessible review of important economic factors affecting information technology industries. These industries are characterized by high fixed costs and low marginal costs of production, large switching costs for users, and strong network effects. Hal Varian outlines the basic economics of these industries while Joseph Farrell and Carl Shapiro describe the impact of these factors on competition policy. The volume is an ideal introduction for undergraduate and graduate students in economics, business strategy, law and related areas.
Boon Philip River Conservation and Management Boon Philip River Conservation and Management Новинка

Boon Philip River Conservation and Management

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This book is intended for those with an academic, scientific and practical interest in river conservation and management. It provides an overview of how changes in legislation, policies, institutional responsibilities, science, technology, practical techniques and public perception have influenced how rivers have been managed over the past 20 years and the challenges that lie ahead during the next 20 years. The book is based on the international conference River Conservation and Management:20 Years On held at York. Thirty-one chapters, with contributions from North and South America, Europe, Asia and Australasia provide a wide-ranging perspective on this complex but profoundly important subject. Following an introduction that chronicles the most important contextual changes, the book is organized into four broad topics: Catchment management, ecosystem integrity and the threats to river ecosystems – this covers progress on understanding and addressing the pressures affecting rivers, many of which will be amplified by climate change and increasing human demands for water; Methods and approaches – illustrating some recent techniques that have been developed to assess condition and conservation status across different types of river; Recovery and rehabilitation – providing an insight into the principles, practice, public involvement and institutional networks that support and make improvements to modified river reaches; Integrating nature conservation into wider river management –demonstrating the importance of integrated planning, involvement of local communities and the use of adaptive management in achieving multiple environmental and economic benefits along rivers used for different purposes. The final chapter discusses the challenges faced in dealing with an uncertain future. More than 1200 different references and numerous web-site citations provide the reader with an invaluable source of knowledge on the subject area.
Henri Savall Work and People. An Economic Evaluation of Job Enrichment (PB) Henri Savall Work and People. An Economic Evaluation of Job Enrichment (PB) Новинка

Henri Savall Work and People. An Economic Evaluation of Job Enrichment (PB)

A volume in Research in Management ConsultingSeries Editor Anthony F. Buono, Bentley UniversityThe reprint of Henri Savall's classic Work and People, originally published in French in 1974, ispart of the Research in Management Consulting series effort to look backward as well as forward inexamining trends, perspectives, and insights - especially from different countries and cultures - into theworld of management consulting. Savall's insights into the complexity of organizational life weregroundbreaking, articulating the need to examine both economic and social factors as part of the sameanalysis, assessing technical and behavioral patterns through the lens of an integrated framework. As he hasargued, there is a double-loop interaction between "the quality of functioning and economic performance," andunderestimating this socio-economic "tension" leads inevitably to reduced performance and losses, which herefers to as "hidden costs."This approach, referred to as the socio-economic approach to management (SEAM), has significant potential for our thinking aboutorganizational diagnosis and intervention. As Savall emphasizes, the North American tendency to cast people as human "resources" misses theessential point that human beings cannot be considered as simply another resource at the organization's disposal. People are free to give or withholdtheir energy as they desire, depending on the quality of formal and informal contracts and inte...
Charles Ray Peace River Anthology Charles Ray Peace River Anthology Новинка

Charles Ray Peace River Anthology

The Peace River Anthology is a poetic novel by a Native American about the fragile experience of peace and tranquility in his life. He grows to maturity in an idyllic environment in the Peace River in Canada, an actual geographical place. After the passing of his father, a spiritual model for the son, he feels a longing for other Cherokees of his own kind.
Christof W. Ernst Evaluation of Tax Incentives for Research and Development in Germany Christof W. Ernst Evaluation of Tax Incentives for Research and Development in Germany Новинка

Christof W. Ernst Evaluation of Tax Incentives for Research and Development in Germany

Germany has currently no explicit form of tax incentive for R&D as they exist in many other countries. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate aspects that are important when an R&D tax incentive shall be established in Germany. The study is done both from a business and from an economic policy point of view. It broadens the focus to an European perspective, where the results can be of use in other countries. The study derives relevant research questions and outlines a framework for the evaluation of R&D tax incentives. It provides an overview on the different forms of R&D tax incentives in EU member states in 2010. A discussion then outlines potential models that could be used in Germany.A focus is on the analysis of the incentive's impact on the firm's total tax payments and on the R&D cost by means of a simulation model. Sensitivity analyses use different economic settings and model firms. Another focus is on the empirical analysis of effects from R&D tax incentives and corporate income tax burden on patenting behaviour by using firm-specific patent applications at the European Patent Office (EPO). A substantiated political discussion necessarily needs a projection of potential budgetary costs. Thus, the last focus is on the tax burden and on the overall fiscal costs and applies a micro-simulation model based on a financial statements database to quantify the effects induced by the various models of an R&D tax credit.
Marco Botta Capital structure and assets risk Marco Botta Capital structure and assets risk Новинка

Marco Botta Capital structure and assets risk

Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2007 in the subject Economics - Finance, grade: NA, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, language: English, abstract: Using a sample of non-financial listed firms located in the Euro area, I investigate the determinants of capital structure choices. In line with the traditional theoretical approach, I use a market-value measure of leverage, estimated with the Black-Scholes-Merton model. In the cross-section regressions for firm leverage I find that some variables have similar effects across countries, while others may play a different role; risk, measured as the volatility of the market enterprise value, is the best predictor of observed leverage ratios. Risk, and asymmetric information about risk, make debt less attractive, because of higher expected bankruptcy costs, lower expected debt tax shield and higher agency costs. National environments are an important determinant of observed ratios; sector of activity is a relevant factor as well. The integration of Euro-area financial markets varies significantly depending on the market segment considered: money and inter-bank markets are highly integrated, corporate bond and equity markets show a clear path of increasing integration, retail banking markets are much less integrated. Fiscal and bankruptcy rules differ across the twelve countries; the economic background varies as well.
Henri Savall Por un Trabajo mas Humano (PB) Henri Savall Por un Trabajo mas Humano (PB) Новинка

Henri Savall Por un Trabajo mas Humano (PB)

Savall's insights into the complexity of organizational life were groundbreaking, articulating the need to examine both economic and social factors as part of the same analysis, assessing technical and behavioral patterns through the lens of an integrated framework. As he has argued, there is a double-loop interaction between "the quality of functioning and economic performance," and underestimating this socio-economic "tension" leads inevitably to reduced performance and losses, which he refers to as "hidden costs."This approach, referred to as the socio-economic approach to management (SEAM), has significant potential for our thinking about organizational diagnosis and intervention. As Savall emphasizes, the North American tendency to cast people as human "resources" misses the essential point that human beings cannot be considered as simply another resource at the organization's disposal. People are free to give or withhold their energy as they desire, depending on the quality of formal and informal contracts and interactions they have with their organizations. As such, the SEAM approach focuses on human "potential," underscoring the need for managers and their organizations to create the conditions under which people will want to maximize their talents on behalf of the organization.Work and People focuses on the ramifications of this reality, as dysfunctions - the difference between planned and emergent activities and functi...
Jens Helbig From an Elaborated Financial Social Accounting Matrix (FSAM) to a full Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model for Germany Jens Helbig From an Elaborated Financial Social Accounting Matrix (FSAM) to a full Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model for Germany Новинка

Jens Helbig From an Elaborated Financial Social Accounting Matrix (FSAM) to a full Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model for Germany

Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Macro-economics, general, grade: 100, Tecnológico de Monterrey, language: English, abstract: In the light of recent economic crises the necessity of more detailed and especially financial investigations for economic policy makers and the majority of economic agents surged imperatively around the world. However, one quite popular analysis instrument used in many countries, unfortunately in Germany and some other members of the European Union seems to be lacking its deserved attention. Social Accounting Matrices (SAMs) and their respective Computable Equilibrium Models (CGEs) represent a useful tool for profound and targeted economic analysis worldwide. Basically, observed and selected data of a base year is accommodated into a matrix presentation taking into account the double-entry accounting principle of revenues and expenditures revealing cross-institutional and cross-sectorial information or the mix of both. The underlying principle is to connect the producing part of an economy with the national institutions and the rest of the world in order to be able to conduct a significant analysis through a Computable Equilibrium Model. This model is calibrated and computed to generate the general equilibrium of an economy with the help of (mostly neo-classical) economic equations and assumptions reproducing the same values as observed in reality. In consequence, it is possible to perform an economic experiment predic...
Wayne Katon Integrated Care. Creating Effective Mental and Primary Health Care Teams Wayne Katon Integrated Care. Creating Effective Mental and Primary Health Care Teams Новинка

Wayne Katon Integrated Care. Creating Effective Mental and Primary Health Care Teams

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An integrated, collaborative model for more comprehensive patient care Creating Effective Mental and Primary Health Care Teams provides the practical information, skills, and clinical approaches needed to implement an integrated collaborative care program and support the members of the care team as they learn this new, evidence-based, legislatively mandated care delivery system. Unique in presenting information specifically designed to be used in an integrated, collaborative care workflow, this book provides specific guidance for each member of the team. Care managers, consulting psychiatrists, primary care providers, and administrators alike can finally get on the same page in regard to patient care by referring to the same resource and employing a common framework. Written by recognized experts with broad research, clinical, implementation, and training experience, this book provides a complete solution to the problem of fragmented care. Escalating costs and federal legislation expanding access to healthcare are forcing the industry to transition to a new model of health care delivery. This book provides guidance on navigating the changes as a team to provide the best possible patient care. Integrate physical and behavioral care Use evidence-based treatments for both Exploit leading-edge technology for patient management Support each member of the collaborative care team Strong evidence has demonstrated the efficacy of a collaborative care approach for delivering mental health care to patients in a primary care setting. The field is rapidly growing, but few resources are available and working models are limited. This book provides a roadmap for transitioning from traditional methods of health care to the new integrated model. Providers ready to move to the next level of care will find Creating Effective Mental and Primary Health Care Teams an invaluable resource.
Sriyantha Fernando Theoretical structure of a tourism focused CGE model for measuring economic impact of an economy Sriyantha Fernando Theoretical structure of a tourism focused CGE model for measuring economic impact of an economy Новинка

Sriyantha Fernando Theoretical structure of a tourism focused CGE model for measuring economic impact of an economy

Scientific Study from the year 2017 in the subject Tourism, University of Kelaniya, course: Economic Modelling, language: English, abstract: Measuring the contribution of tourism to a national economy has always been a frustrating exercise. Tourism does not have specific products. It represents the sum of expenditure by travellers for wide range of products. It is not possible to identify tourism as a single "industry" in the national accounts, its value to the economy is not readily revealed. As a result of the absence of tourism in official economic statistics, there is often an on-going battle to establish tourism credibility as an economic activity and generator of income in the economy. As a result, a significant volume of tourism research over the past few decades have focussed on the development and use of a variety of economic techniques aimed at quantifying the effects of tourism on an economy. In conventional literature has proven that Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) modelling is the best applied tool addressing and analysing tourism related issues in an economy. The paper provided a complete description of the theoretical structure of the CGE-Tourism including all equations and variables by using relevant Excerpts for different blocks of equations in the TABLO file associated with the GEMPACK software used to operationalise the model. The incorporation of tourism using the dummy sector approach into an ORANI type CGE model as an extension and can be co...
Julia Martins Trade and Economic Growth Julia Martins Trade and Economic Growth Новинка

Julia Martins Trade and Economic Growth

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Economics - Foreign Trade Theory, Trade Policy, grade: 1,0, Vienna University of Economics and Business (Institut für Außenwirtschaft und Entwicklung), language: English, abstract: The following paper relates two of the most important economic phenomena, namely economic growth and international trade. Before analysing the relationship between two economic phenomena in detail, an overview of some of the most prominent empirical empirical studies concerning the relationship between openness to international trade and economic growth in general is provided. As most of them seem to have reached the conclusion that trade influences growth in a positive way, the question for the reasons of this presumably positive relationship arises. Factors which cause or influence economic growth in general as well as various channels through which trade might have an influence on growth are presented in the third and forth section. The importance of various sources of economic and the Solow-Model and the AK-Model are introduced in order to distinguish between long-run and short-run effects of capital accumulation, learning by doing and R&D on economic growth. The remaining analysis concentrates on one channel in particular, namely on howtrade determines a country's import and export structure. The importance of therange of products a country produces is enormous and affects economic growth and welfare. The fifth section introduces the st...
Alan Wilson G. Global Dynamics. Approaches from Complexity Science Alan Wilson G. Global Dynamics. Approaches from Complexity Science Новинка

Alan Wilson G. Global Dynamics. Approaches from Complexity Science

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A world model: economies, trade, migration, security and development aid. This bookprovides the analytical capability to understand and explore the dynamics of globalisation. It is anchored in economic input-output models of over 200 countries and their relationships through trade, migration, security and development aid. The tools of complexity science are brought to bear and mathematical and computer models are developed both for the elements and for an integrated whole. Models are developed at a variety of scales ranging from the global and international trade through a European model of inter-sub-regional migration to piracy in the Gulf and the London riots of 2011. The models embrace the changing technology of international shipping, the impacts of migration on economic development along with changing patterns of military expenditure and development aid. A unique contribution is the level of spatial disaggregation which presents each of 200+ countries and their mutual interdependencies – along with some finer scale analyses of cities and regions. This is the first global model which offers this depth of detail with fully work-out models, these provide tools for policy making at national, European and global scales. Global dynamics: Presents in depth models of global dynamics. Provides a world economic model of 200+ countries and their interactions through trade, migration, security and development aid. Provides pointers to the deployment of analytical capability through modelling in policy development. Features a variety of models that constitute a formidable toolkit for analysis and policy development. Offers a demonstration of the practicalities of complexity science concepts. This book is for practitioners and policy analysts as well as those interested in mathematical model building and complexity science as well as advanced undergraduate and postgraduate level students.
D. Palix A model of collaborative society D. Palix A model of collaborative society Новинка

D. Palix A model of collaborative society

Our political and economic systems in the western world now seem well established. Yet we are far from the democratic ideal, a model of government, "by the people, for the people". The purpose of this essay is to go in depth into the idea of letting citizens express themselves on the type of society they wish, and considering the synthesis of these data defines an objective given by the citizens to the decision-makers. This idea establishes a paradigm shift that leads to elaborate new institutions: a new economic model, improved decision-making processes, and new ways to promote decision-makers, while guaranteeing an efficient and dynamic system. These give shape eventually to a new model of society, a collaborative model, where everyone finds their logical place.
Damian Nwosu Tax Structure And Economic Growth In Nigeria Damian Nwosu Tax Structure And Economic Growth In Nigeria Новинка

Damian Nwosu Tax Structure And Economic Growth In Nigeria

Master's Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Economics - Economic Cycle and Growth, grade: M.Phil/PhD, University of Ibadan, course: Economis, language: English, abstract: This study examined the relationship between tax structure and economic growth in Nigeria using annual data between 1970 to 2007. The motivation is to track the impact of the observed change in the tax structure on economic growth in order to inform policy. Two tax structures namely pre Value Added Tax (VAT) and post VAT were identified and their impacts evaluated.The empirical analysis was anchored on the endogenous growth theoretical framework which allowed for linking tax structures to growth. Econometric models were then developed to explore the relationship between the identified tax structures and economic growth. The first model present a growth equation with average tax rate variable, while the second model is where the specific tax variables were included alongside variables in the first model. The third, fourth and fifth models were used to test the robustness of the second model. This was accomplished basically by introducing additional variables. Prior to the empirical estimations, the standard tests of unit root and co-integration analysis were conducted to ascertain the appropriate estimation procedure and technique(s) to use. The unit root test show that all the variables of the models are stationary at the first difference, while the co-integration analysis indicates that one model ...
James Walsh L. Biomass and Alternate Fuel Systems. An Engineering and Economic Guide James Walsh L. Biomass and Alternate Fuel Systems. An Engineering and Economic Guide Новинка

James Walsh L. Biomass and Alternate Fuel Systems. An Engineering and Economic Guide

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This book explains characteristics of renewable fuels, especially biomass and wood, and the cost-effective and environment-friendly methods of handling, storing and burning these fuels. It is complete with the economic evaluation method, introduction of the pollution control equipment for limiting the emission from fuel combustion, case studies, and costs and carbon emission comparisons between conventional and alternate fuels. Many case studies are introduced here too. This book is an update and expansion of the «Industrial Wood Energy Handbook» by a team from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1984. It introduces new technologies new technologies not available at the time of the early version.
Travis Harms W. Business Valuation. An Integrated Theory Travis Harms W. Business Valuation. An Integrated Theory Новинка

Travis Harms W. Business Valuation. An Integrated Theory

8875.98 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Praise for Business Valuation, Second Edition «The Second Edition of Business Valuation: An Integrated Theory manages to present the theoretical analysis of valuation from the first edition and expand on that discussion by providing additional guidance on implementing the relevant valuation theories, notably in its expanded discussion of the Quantitative Marketability Discount Model.» -Dr. David Tabak NERA Economic Consulting Your Essential Valuations Reference Whether you are an accountant, auditor, financial planner, or attorney, Business Valuation: An Integrated Theory, Second Edition enables you to understand and correctly apply fundamental valuation concepts. Thoroughly revised and expanded, the Second Edition demystifies modern valuation theory, bringing together various valuation concepts to reveal a comprehensive picture of business valuation. With the implementation of new accounting pronouncements mandating the recognition of numerous assets and liabilities at fair value, it has become critical for CPAs charged with auditing financial statements to understand valuation concepts. With thoughtful and balanced treatment of both theory and application, this essential guide reveals: * The «GRAPES of Value»-Growth, Risk and Reward, Alternative Investments, Present Value, Expectations, and Sanity * The relationship between the Gordon Model and the discounted cash flow model of valuation * The basis for commonly applied, but commonly misunderstood valuation premiums and discounts * A practical perspective on the analysis of potential business acquisitions Grounded in the real world of market participants, Business Valuation, Second Edition addresses your need to understand business valuation, providing a means of articulating valuation concepts to help you negotiate value-enhancing transactions. If you want to get back to valuation basics, this useful reference will become your guide to defining the various levels of value and developing a better understanding of business appraisal reports.
CD MBA Dion Synergy. A Theoretical Model of Canada.s Comprehensive Approach CD MBA Dion Synergy. A Theoretical Model of Canada.s Comprehensive Approach Новинка

CD MBA Dion Synergy. A Theoretical Model of Canada.s Comprehensive Approach

The comprehensive approach has been a new emerging phenomenon within the field of strategic studies, national security, and international defence. Former NATO secretary-general Rasmussen posited that this approach “not only makes sense—it is necessary”. Yet with the rise of asymmetric warfare and the emergence of new constructs, the comprehensive approach is not supported by a necessary framework, model, or theory. Indeed, if the military alone is unable to solve the root cause of conflicts, then other elements of national and international power must collaborate more closely.In Synergy—A Theoretical Model of Canada’s Comprehensive Approach, author, senior lecturer and strategic management consultant Eric Dion proposes a theoretical model for this new approach: How can such an integrated decision-making model be constructed for the comprehensive approach? Where and when, who and with whom, what, how, why, and to what effect can such a model be employed? Synergy answers these questions with an integrated theoretical model constructed of six management dimensions: the situational context, the sociocultural, the organisational structure, the strategic policies, the systemic processes, and the synergy dynamics. Together, these six dimensions fundamentally represent what would be the basic constructs for a more integrated theoretical model of the comprehensive approach. Taking a strategic management perspective on the comprehensive approach can open new perspectives within the fie...
Eva Rosenkranz An economic analysis of the Motivation Crowding-out Theory Eva Rosenkranz An economic analysis of the Motivation Crowding-out Theory Новинка

Eva Rosenkranz An economic analysis of the Motivation Crowding-out Theory

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: 1.3, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, 52 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This paper is concerned with an economic analysis of Frey's Motivation Crowding-Out Theory, which states that monetary rewards crowd-out intrinsic motivation. Crowding-out effects, conditions as well as implications for economics will be examined in detail by analyzing the highly controversial psychological and economic, mainly human resource, literature. Throughout the paper, the question whether crowding-out effects are of relevance to classical economic theory will be looked at from different point of views. Finally, a conclusion suggests that at this state of information an integration of the concept of crowding-out is not recommendable.
Daizo Tsutsumi Gravel-Bed Rivers. Process and Disasters Daizo Tsutsumi Gravel-Bed Rivers. Process and Disasters Новинка

Daizo Tsutsumi Gravel-Bed Rivers. Process and Disasters

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With contributions from key researchers across the globe, and edited by internationally recognized leading academics, Gravel-bed Rivers: Processes and Disasters presents the definitive review of current knowledge of gravel-bed rivers. Continuing an established and successful series of scholarly reports, this book consists of the papers presented at the 8th International Gravel-bed Rivers Workshop. Focusing on all the recent progress that has been made in the field, subjects covered include flow, physical modeling, sediment transport theory, techniques and instrumentation, morphodynamics and ecological topics, with special attention given to aspects of disasters relevant to sediment supply and integrated river management. This up-to-date compendium is essential reading for geomorphologists, river engineers and ecologists, river managers, fluvial sedimentologists and advanced students in these fields.
Alexander Wijgers Geography and regional development in China Alexander Wijgers Geography and regional development in China Новинка

Alexander Wijgers Geography and regional development in China

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich VWL - Fallstudien, Länderstudien, Note: 1,7, Universität Hamburg (Department Wirtschaftswissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Economic growth and development in China, 19 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: The economic growth of China impresses the world; and some country fear about this, because firms displace there production from these countries to china. But China is only the last step in an array of development countries from East / Southeast Asian region. After the fast development of Japan after World War II, the so called tiger countries , South Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, highlight from the 60s on with high rates of economic growth and later the second generation of tiger countries also (e.g. Malaysia, Indonesian and Thailand). And now China!A country of 9.5 Million square mile can't growth on whole with the same rate. The effect is an increase in the disparity of regional incomes and still increase with the boost at the rates of economic growth. But what are the reasons for the regional differences in economic growth and the regional disparity. One reason could be the preferential policies in the eastern regions. These policies are specially prepared to attract foreign companies. A second reason, that is current discuss in the scientific world, could the geographical characteristics. The differences in the distance to the coast or navigable river, the climate or the slope could explain v...
Palivonta Tetiana Valuation of European Style Options with Heston Model Palivonta Tetiana Valuation of European Style Options with Heston Model Новинка

Palivonta Tetiana Valuation of European Style Options with Heston Model

This book presents general concepts of Black-Scholes model, Vasicek model, Cox-Ingersoll-Ross model, Hull-White model, Heston and Nandi model, Bates model, and Heston model. Nevertheless, the main focus is on the valuation of European style options with Heston model during periods of economic stability and economic crisis. The obtained results are compared to market prices and approaches derived from Black-Scholes model.
Daniel M. Marburger, Ryan Peterson Economic Decision Making Using Cost Data. A Guide for Managers Daniel M. Marburger, Ryan Peterson Economic Decision Making Using Cost Data. A Guide for Managers Новинка

Daniel M. Marburger, Ryan Peterson Economic Decision Making Using Cost Data. A Guide for Managers

A firm maximizes profits if each decision adds more to the firm's revenue than to its costs. Although the concept sounds rather simple, it is difficult to do in practice. To ease this difficulty, the authors are giving you the inside knowledge to "economic theory." This book will help you understand economic theory and much more to accurately infer changes in revenues that may be associated with a decision. And since economic theory suggests that the costs reported by accountants rarely reflect the true cost associated with the decision, this book will help you understand how to assess the changes in revenues and costs. Demand and price sensitivity analysis allow you to infer revenue changes, and this book helps you reconcile the economic theory of cost with common accounting practices so the differences can be reconciled and better decisions can be made.
Carola Denise Fekter Portfolio Optimization under Transaction Costs Carola Denise Fekter Portfolio Optimization under Transaction Costs Новинка

Carola Denise Fekter Portfolio Optimization under Transaction Costs

The classical investment models like the famous Markowitz Model are one-period models based only on the expected growth rate and volatility of a stock, and do not make any assumptions on the exact behaviour or probability distributions of risky assets. It was a milestone of Robert C.Merton to consider an investment-consumption problem where risky assets follow a Geometric Brownian Motion. He derives that the investment decision is independent of the up and down movement of the stock, as it is optimal to always hold the same proportion of wealth invested in risky assets. As soon as the investor is faced with transaction costs however, he must match the benefits of improved diversification against the associated transaction costs. This book tries to outline several important theories and results concerning proportional transaction costs.
Integral Management and Governance. Empirical Findings of MER Model Integral Management and Governance. Empirical Findings of MER Model Новинка

Integral Management and Governance. Empirical Findings of MER Model

The editors of Integral Management and Governance: Empirical Findings in the Selected Fields of the MER Model (Mojca Duh and Jernej Belak) cordially invite you to explore the cognitions of the researchers-co-creators of the MER model of integral management and governance-from various countries, including Argentina, Austria, Croatia, Germany, Poland, Switzerland, and Slovenia. The selected topics presented in this book include the MER model of integral management and governance: crises, credibility and knowledge of an enterprise; the influence of corporate culture on the competitive advantage of Croatian enterprises; the influence of economic crises on entrepreneurship as key success factors for management-the example of students' entrepreneurial spirit; the MER model of integral management and governance-economic crisis and the applicability of management methods and techniques; elements of enterprise development; and problems of succession planning in family enterprises.
Grover Norquist Glenn Debacle. Obama's War on Jobs and Growth and What We Can Do Now to Regain Our Future Grover Norquist Glenn Debacle. Obama's War on Jobs and Growth and What We Can Do Now to Regain Our Future Новинка

Grover Norquist Glenn Debacle. Obama's War on Jobs and Growth and What We Can Do Now to Regain Our Future

1797.71 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
A provocative critique of the Obama administration's economic policies and an examination of America's difficult economic future During the 2008 presidential campaign, Barack Obama promised «a net spending cut» to make government smaller in order to reduce the deficit. But this huge increase in government spending and debt, and the resulting prospect of higher taxes, will make America a poorer country. Are Americans happier because the government has determined where this money should be spent? According to John Lott and Americans for Tax Reform President Grover Norquist, the answer is no, and in Debacle: Obama's War on Jobs and Growth and What We Can Do Now to Regain Our Future they explain why. Obama's economic policies have raised unemployment, slowed economic growth, dramatically raised the national debt, squandered taxpayer money through poor investments, and damaged the housing market. The book explains why Obama's policies on spending, taxes, and regulation have all worked to harm the recovery, increase unemployment, and depress housing prices. The Congressional Budget Office estimates that the deficits that President Obama proposes for the years from 2011 through 2020 come to a staggering $126,000 per family of four, and John Lott and Grover Norquist make clear why the costs outweigh the benefits Explains why Keynesian economics is more a way of transferring wealth to political constituencies than a legitimate economic theory for understanding how the economy operates Posits that Obama's economic policies were more an opportunity «to do big things» than to solve the country's economic problems Arguing that the policies of the Obama administration have created widespread economic chaos, Debacle is a bleak look at American finance from Grover Norquist.
Bethel Ewung The demand for credit and its impact on the productivity of poultry enterprise in Cross River State, Nigeria Bethel Ewung The demand for credit and its impact on the productivity of poultry enterprise in Cross River State, Nigeria Новинка

Bethel Ewung The demand for credit and its impact on the productivity of poultry enterprise in Cross River State, Nigeria

Master's Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject Agrarian Studies, University of Ibadan, course: Agricultural Economics, language: English, abstract: The demand for credit and its impact on the productivity of poultry enterprise was investigated in Cross River State. The Multinomial logit model was used to determine the factors affecting farmers demand and participation in credit market, be it formal or informal, or both institutions. Descriptive statistics was carried out for the socio-economic and enterprise characteristic, while the impact of the use of credit on the productivity of the farmers was ascertained using the Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier production function. Analyses of results from data collated through well structured questionnaires indicated that the factors that affects farmers credit demand and choice includes, socio-economic and enterprise characteristics, indicators from the credit history of the farmer, as well as institutional or policy-based characteristics.Socio-economic and enterprise characteristics such as educational level, gender, farm capacity, and household asset were significant factors that influenced participant choice of credit institution in the study area. Poultry training was also found to be statistically significant. The positive sign associated with training indicates the importance of an increase in the training level of poultry farmers. Again, farmers with high likelihood to economics of scale and increase output have high ...
Peter Ouma Ochuodho, Mboya Kiweu Josephat Real Estate Prices Versus Economic Fundamentals. Nairobi-Kenya Peter Ouma Ochuodho, Mboya Kiweu Josephat Real Estate Prices Versus Economic Fundamentals. Nairobi-Kenya Новинка

Peter Ouma Ochuodho, Mboya Kiweu Josephat Real Estate Prices Versus Economic Fundamentals. Nairobi-Kenya

The purpose of this research is to establish if the residential property prices in Nairobi city are consistent with the economic fundamentals. The study uses stepwise regression modelling to establish the relationship between house prices and the economic fundamentals. The findings of the study indicate that there is a positive relationship between house prices and economic fundamentals like population growth, rate of inflation and the level of money supply. Surprisingly, a negative relationship is found to exist between the costs of construction and the residential house prices. Other variables, which are the gross domestic product and rate of interest, are removed from the regression during analysis, an indication that they do not have any influence on the residential house prices. Further, the study finds that with exception of population growth, house prices' are less responsive to the variations in the rate of inflation and the level of money supply in the economy. A key finding in this study is that the house prices in Nairobi city are not supported by the gross domestic product, interest rate and the costs of construction.
Wuwei Chen Integrated Vehicle Dynamics and Control Wuwei Chen Integrated Vehicle Dynamics and Control Новинка

Wuwei Chen Integrated Vehicle Dynamics and Control

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A comprehensive overview of integrated vehicle system dynamics exploring the fundamentals and new and emerging developments This book provides a comprehensive coverage of vehicle system dynamics and control, particularly in the area of integrated vehicle dynamics control. The book consists of two parts, (1) development of individual vehicle system dynamic model and control methodology; and (2) development of integrated vehicle dynamic model and control methodology. The first part focuses on investigating vehicle system dynamics and control according to the three directions of vehicle motions, including longitudinal, vertical, and lateral. Corresponding individual control systems, e.g. Anti-lock Brake System (ABS), Active Suspension, Electric Power Steering System (EPS), are introduced and developed respectively. Particular attention is paid in the second part of the book to develop integrated vehicle dynamic control system. Integrated vehicle dynamics control system is an advanced system that coordinates all the chassis control systems and components to improve the overall vehicle performance including safety, comfort, and economy. Integrated vehicle dynamics control has been an important research topic in the area of vehicle dynamics and control over the past two decades. The research topic on integrated vehicle dynamics control is investigated comprehensively and intensively in the book through both theoretical analysis and experimental study. In this part, two types of control architectures, i.e. centralized and multi-layer, have been developed and compared to demonstrate their advantages and disadvantages. Integrated vehicle dynamics control is a hot topic in automotive research; this is one of the few books to address both theory and practice of integrated systems Comprehensively explores the research area of integrated vehicle dynamics and control through both theoretical analysis and experimental study Addresses a full range of vehicle system topics including tyre dynamics, chassis systems, control architecture, 4 wheel steering system and design of control systems using Linear Matrix Inequality (LMI) Method
C. Maloney J Back to the Land. Arthurdale, FDR's New Deal, and the Costs of Economic Planning C. Maloney J Back to the Land. Arthurdale, FDR's New Deal, and the Costs of Economic Planning Новинка

C. Maloney J Back to the Land. Arthurdale, FDR's New Deal, and the Costs of Economic Planning

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How New Deal economic policies played out in the small town of Arthurdale, West Virginia Today, the U.S. government is again moving to embrace New Deal-like economic policies. While much has been written about the New Deal from a macro perspective, little has been written about how New Deal programs played out on the ground. In Back to the Land, author CJ Maloney tells the true story of Arthurdale, West Virginia, a town created as a «pet project» of the Roosevelts. Designed to be (in the words of Eleanor Roosevelt) «a human experiment station», she was to create a «New American» citizen who would embrace a collectivist form of life. This book tells the story of what happened to the people resettled in Arthurdale and how the policies implemented there shaped America as we know it. Arthurdale was the foundation upon which modern America was built. Details economic history at the micro level, revealing the true effects of New Deal economic policies on everyday life Addresses the pros and cons of federal government economic policies Describes how good intentions and grand ideas can result in disastrous consequences, not only in purely materialistic terms but, most important, in respect for the rule of law Back to the Land is a valuable addition to economic and historical literature.
Roald Neubert History and Perspective of Japanese Economy (1854-2000) Roald Neubert History and Perspective of Japanese Economy (1854-2000) Новинка

Roald Neubert History and Perspective of Japanese Economy (1854-2000)

Seminar paper from the year 2002 in the subject Business economics - Economic and Social History, grade: 1,3, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (Economics), 18 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Japan with its 126.8 million inhabitants is the unique example of a Non-Western economy achieving an equal standard of living with other Westerncountries. On top of that, the Japanese economy is the second largest in theworld. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Japans has been $ 4.7 trillions inthe year 2000. This makes Japans economy about 2.5 times larger than theGerman one measured in Dollars.1 In the light of Japans extraordinary role inworld economics, it would be very interesting to look at the background ofJapans historical development of economics. Unfortunately there is non or littleknowledge in Germany about this. The picture, we have here, is ofteninfluenced by clichés such as the Japanese imperialism, the pervasivegovernment bureaucracy and the impressing Japanese economic growth.However, the economy in Japan is no longer growing. There are structuralproblems. We have to ask the question how the ´Japanese Model´ can go on. Iwill therefore give an overview about the Japanese economy and itspossibilities in the future.The start of modern economic growth in the 1870s is closely connected withthe opening Japans to the rest of the world. To understand this development,we have to take a closer look at the economic history before 1854. Thus, mystarting poin...
Hannah Schwanzer The introduction of the so called 35-hours-week in EU countries Hannah Schwanzer The introduction of the so called 35-hours-week in EU countries Новинка

Hannah Schwanzer The introduction of the so called 35-hours-week in EU countries

Seminar paper from the year 1999 in the subject Economics - Job market economics, grade: B, California State University, East Bay (Managerial Economy), course: MBA Programm Hayward CA/Vienna, 14 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: AbstractEuropean economy suffers of high unemployment and welfare costs loom large.The necessity of taking actions arose. One of them is widely discussed as the introduction of the 35-hours week in European economies. Due to the influence of major economic and social changes, traditional structures are started to be set off. In the fight for market shares, to positioning themselves on the world markets, and to enhance productivity, performance and competitiveness, changes in the European economic thinking process have to be triggered - action plans need to be developed.I chose the Volkswagen AG to give an example, how a model (cutting weekly working-hours and wage-rates likewise) is already working. VW followed through a concept without detours and without getting back hidden benefits by keeping open back doors. They demonstrated, how an even bigger step than the one above is to be realized. They passed all pros´ and cons´, on which other German companies and European Countries could not agree upon by realizing a competitive model. This paper should give an impression of the effect of such a launch on employment, output, wage rates, techniques and technological progress.
Gergely Szalóki Securing Performance in Power Projects Gergely Szalóki Securing Performance in Power Projects Новинка

Gergely Szalóki Securing Performance in Power Projects

Project finance should promote not only the economic benefits of the project participants, but shouldalso promote the social and economic development ofthat country where it is located. Investors look forpredictable legal environment in order to makeprofit at lower costs; host countries, in turn, wantto obtain assurance that the project will serve its public interest. How can the stakeholders conciliate their interests in a power project? Power purchase agreement based model guarantees a stable market for the electricity produced by the power plant. This is of highest importance for the investors, since the power purchaser provides the sole revenue stream of the project. However, this model does not push the project company to develop technology and reduce the production cost. The merchant power model provides incentives for that, however, it does not provide stable revenue thereby discouraging large-scale investments. How can this problem be solved? And - most importantly - what kind of instruments the project participants have got to secure the performance of the others, upon which the entire project depends? This work aims to answer these questions.
Christoph Bruns Digital Distribution of Independent Music Artists. An Economic Analysis of Rights, Costs, and Market Potential Christoph Bruns Digital Distribution of Independent Music Artists. An Economic Analysis of Rights, Costs, and Market Potential Новинка

Christoph Bruns Digital Distribution of Independent Music Artists. An Economic Analysis of Rights, Costs, and Market Potential

Diploma Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Communications - Media Economics, Media Management, grade: 1,3, University of Cologne (Seminar für Allgemeine BWL, Medien- und Technologiemanagement), course: Medienmanagement, language: English, abstract: This thesis considers the influence of digital distribution on the independent music artists'position in the value chain with respect to rights, costs, and market potential from theperspective of an economic analysis. It begins by delineating the relevant terms andproviding a research background about the digital distribution of independent music artists.Ongoing, a new analytical framework is introduced in order to guide the economicanalyses from rights and costs to the market potential, whereas direct and indirectdistribution are compared from the independent music artists' point of view. It is foundthat digital distribution encourages independent music artists to enter the music marketwithout the necessity of a major label. Furthermore, digital distribution seems to be anattractive way for unpopular artists to increase their awareness regardless likely copyrightinfringements.
Reitano Salvatore Temporal evolution of the check dam filling process Reitano Salvatore Temporal evolution of the check dam filling process Новинка

Reitano Salvatore Temporal evolution of the check dam filling process

River engineering works are aimed at the control of the water and sediment discharges, bank erosion, channel depth, floodplain area and water quality. This control can be achieved by the use of various structures, used alone or in a combined way, such as check dams, reservoirs, levees and floodwalls, locks, bank revetments, channel contraction and other control works. The choice of the most adequate river engineering work is not straightforward and can then be made only after careful hydraulic, economic, social and environmental analyses. The river engineering structures, if not properly designed and built, can cause opposite effects to those expected during the design phase. Infact, structures are often selected and installed without an understanding of the sediment transport processes, thus violating the dimension, pattern and profile of the stable river. This book reports the results of a research work, aimed at the study of the check dam operation, with particular emphasis to the filling process.
Subawi Handoko Monetary Policy Subawi Handoko Monetary Policy Новинка

Subawi Handoko Monetary Policy

Over the second half in twentieth century, there is unfinished polemic among economists who ask about capability level of central bank when they have to decide how many money should be maintained in circulation to stimulate employment expectation and to retard inflation rate at minimum level. This book provides consecutively guidance to utilize new Taylor rule in monetary policy making. The multi quadrant model eases to configure an interrelationship among economic factors. This book reveals hypotheses of how to recover weakened business cycle, how to trace instability effect due to an excess money supply, and how far excess money supply will influence a business cycle. The analysis helps to recommend strategic action to stabilize economic disturbances in short and long term, and should be especially useful to professionals in banking and finance fields, or anyone else who may be considering utilizing economic indicators in decision making efforts.
Ellen Wohl Rivers in the Landscape. Science and Management Ellen Wohl Rivers in the Landscape. Science and Management Новинка

Ellen Wohl Rivers in the Landscape. Science and Management

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Rivers in the Landscape: Science and Management offers a comprehensive and accessible overview of the current state of knowledge for river process and form, taking a holistic approach to the subject with coverage of integrated river science and management in practice. The processes and forms present in channelized surface flow–rivers–are systematically explored in this book to • emphasize the connectivity between rivers and the greater landscape by explicitly considering the interactions between rivers and tectonics, climate, biota, and human activities; • provide a concise summary of the current state of knowledge for physical process and form in rivers; • reflect the diversity of river environments, from mountainous, headwater channels to large, lowland, floodplain rivers and from the arctic to the tropics; • reflect the diverse methods that scientists use to characterize and understand river process and form, including remote sensing, field measurements, physical experiments, and numerical simulations; • reflect the increasing emphasis on quantification in fluvial geomorphology and the study of Earth surfaces in general; • provide both an introduction to the classic, foundational papers on each topic, and a guide to the latest, particularly insightful and integrative references. Aimed at advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and professionals looking for a concise summary of physical aspects of rivers, this book emphasizes general principles and conceptual models, as well as concrete examples of each topic drawn from the extensive literature on river process and form.
OECD Diffuse Pollution, Degraded Waters. Emerging Policy Solutions OECD Diffuse Pollution, Degraded Waters. Emerging Policy Solutions Новинка

OECD Diffuse Pollution, Degraded Waters. Emerging Policy Solutions

After decades of regulation and investment to reduce point source water pollution, OECD countries still face water quality challenges (e.g. eutrophication) from diffuse agricultural and urban sources of pollution, that is disperse pollution from surface runoff, soil filtration and atmospheric deposition. The relative lack of progress reflects the complexities of controlling multiple pollutants from multiple sources, their high spatial and temporal variability, associated transactions costs, and limited political acceptability of regulatory measures. This report outlines the water quality challenges facing OECD countries today, presents a range of policy instruments and innovative case studies of diffuse pollution control, and concludes with an integrated policy framework to tackle diffuse water pollution. An optimal approach will likely entail a mix of policy interventions reflecting the basic OECD principles of water quality management – pollution prevention, treatment at source, the polluter pays and beneficiary pays principles, equity, and policy coherence.
Ludwig Von Mises The Theory of Money and Credit Ludwig Von Mises The Theory of Money and Credit Новинка

Ludwig Von Mises The Theory of Money and Credit

When Ludwig von Mises wrote The Theory of Money and Credit at the age of thirty-one, the world of economic thought was full of contending monetary theories, none of which could be considered truly united, in the sense of being at once securely founded on economic reality and also properly incorporated into an analysis of the entire economic system. This landmark book changed that for good. The Theory of Money and Credit integrated monetary theory into the main body of economic analysis for the first time, providing fresh, new insights into the nature of money and its role in the economy and bringing Mises into the front rank of European economists. The Theory of Money and Credit also presented a new monetary theory of the trade cycle, which, under further development by Mises's student Nobel Laureate F. A. Hayek, came to challenge all previous trade-cycle theories.
Florentin Krämer Economic Vulnerability of Least Developed Countries in Light of the Current Economic Crisis Florentin Krämer Economic Vulnerability of Least Developed Countries in Light of the Current Economic Crisis Новинка

Florentin Krämer Economic Vulnerability of Least Developed Countries in Light of the Current Economic Crisis

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 1,5, University of St. Gallen, language: English, abstract: As the economic crisis of the late 200os unfolds, the need for global political, regulatory and supervisory changes becomes apparent. This paper is intended to clarify the role that least developed countries play in this process. Different channels of vulnerability are identified and examined both in a dynamic and static framework, thereby contributing to an understanding of how and to which degree the world's poorest countries will be affected by the current global economic turmoil. It arrives at the conclusion that LDCs are likely to be negatively affected by numerous structural factors and identifies low and high vulnerability states by constructing a composite Economic Vulnerability Index.
David Smith Sophisticated Modelling Tools of the Economic Analysis of Tourism David Smith Sophisticated Modelling Tools of the Economic Analysis of Tourism Новинка

David Smith Sophisticated Modelling Tools of the Economic Analysis of Tourism

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2017 in the subject Tourism, , language: English, abstract: Economic impact refers to the changes in the economic contribution resulting from specific events or activities that comprise 'shocks' to the tourism system. Tourism Satellite Accounts (TSA) are a statistical tool. They are used to report how much the tourism sector has contributed to an economy and how important the tourism sector is compared to other sectors in the economy. Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) tourism model can provide more realistic analytical recommendations to policy makers. More specifically, the model can be used to measure economy-wide yield for tourism destinations. The paper first outlines the nature and importance of TSAs as a measure of the economic contribution of tourism to an economy. TSAs based estimates of the direct contribution of tourism in Australia are provided to illustrate the use of this tool. The paper then discusses the importance of developing TSAs at the regional level and the approaches that can be employed (bottom up, top down, mixed), as well as the limitations of TSAs as a policy instrument. It then discusses CGE modelling as a tool of economic impact analysis providing CGE based estimates of the economic impacts of increased inbound tourism to Queensland to illustrate the use of this technique. The analysis is expected to enhance stakeholder understanding the separate roles that TSAs and CGE modelling can play in d...
Jeffrey Kopstein The Politics of Economic Decline in East Germany, 1945-1989 Jeffrey Kopstein The Politics of Economic Decline in East Germany, 1945-1989 Новинка

Jeffrey Kopstein The Politics of Economic Decline in East Germany, 1945-1989

Jeffrey Kopstein offers the first comprehensive study of East German economic policy over the course of the state's forty-year history. Analyzing both the making of economic policy at the national level and the implementation of specific policies on the shop floor, he provides new and essential background to the revolution of 1989. In particular, he shows how decisions made at critical junctures in East Germany's history led to a pattern of economic decline and worker dissatisfaction that contributed to eventual political collapse.
Jean-Philippe Babau Model Driven Engineering for Distributed Real-Time Embedded Systems 2009. Advances, Standards, Applications and Perspectives Jean-Philippe Babau Model Driven Engineering for Distributed Real-Time Embedded Systems 2009. Advances, Standards, Applications and Perspectives Новинка

Jean-Philippe Babau Model Driven Engineering for Distributed Real-Time Embedded Systems 2009. Advances, Standards, Applications and Perspectives

Model-based development methods, and supporting technologies, can provide the techniques and tools needed to address the dilemma between reducing system development costs and time, and developing increasingly complex systems. This book provides the information needed to understand and apply model-drive engineering (MDE) and model-drive architecture (MDA) approaches to the development of embedded systems. Chapters, written by experts from academia and industry, cover topics relating to MDE practices and methods, as well as emerging MDE technologies. Much of the writing is based on the presentations given at the Summer School “MDE for Embedded Systems” held at Brest, France, in September 2004.
Bernd Huckstadt Gradido - Natural Economy of Life Bernd Huckstadt Gradido - Natural Economy of Life Новинка

Bernd Huckstadt Gradido - Natural Economy of Life

Gradido - Natural Economy of Life is a monetary and economic model patterned on nature. It provides a basic income for every person, an ample national budget for every country and an additional Equalisation and Environment Fund for decontaminating the environment. The self-regulating system keeps the money supply, and hence prices, stable. The gentle equalisation of the hitherto poor countries and the industrialised nations promotes peace.Learn about the encouraging results of economic bionics research! Nature is brilliant. When we act in harmony with nature we will experience worldwide prosperity and peace. This is the core message of this consistently positive instruction manual for the future.Information at:
Christoph Heinbach Dirty Containers. A Measurement and Cost Estimation Approach of Atmospheric Pollution in Hong Kong Christoph Heinbach Dirty Containers. A Measurement and Cost Estimation Approach of Atmospheric Pollution in Hong Kong Новинка

Christoph Heinbach Dirty Containers. A Measurement and Cost Estimation Approach of Atmospheric Pollution in Hong Kong

Globalization is regarded as the key driver of growing container trade activities due to economic development. With a technology relying heavily on the combustion of fuel, international shipping is responsible for 2.7 percent of total world emissions and ocean transportation is becoming increasingly linked to environmental problems. The concepts of sustainability and greener shipping are expected to be the prime focus of transportation in the coming decades, but the impending developments require a deep understanding of the emission impact and costs related to the inputs and outputs of world economies.This textbook quantifies and analyses atmospheric pollution for Hong Kong trade-lane specific container activities over the past decade using a new methodology, EcoTransIT World, a web-based application. Input data is generated from the Hong Kong Census & Statistics Department while emissions and energy consumption for the entire energy chain are measured as an output. Based on the findings, the costs to the society are estimated by an advanced top-down approach with a general market price for carbon. The results certainly indicate that the shift from long-distance to short-distance world container sourcing for laden container throughput has a positive effect on the environment. Most notably, the estimated emission costs per container show a declining trend in opposition to the trade growth.The results provide unique trade-lane specific container emission factors and costs i...
Jana Schebera Development of Airfreight Hubs in the Greater Pearl River Delta Jana Schebera Development of Airfreight Hubs in the Greater Pearl River Delta Новинка

Jana Schebera Development of Airfreight Hubs in the Greater Pearl River Delta

Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: „Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it“ goes a famous saying by Confucius. My wish in writing this paper is to convince readers of the peculiar beauty and importance of the highly dynamic aviation landscape of the southern Chinese Pearl River Delta. Airfreight is an essential and highly sophisticated part of an economy’s logistics infrastructure. A functioning infrastructure is vital for the development of an economy, in particular for its international trade. As trade is a key component in China’s economic success formula, demand for an efficient infrastructure is high. Air transportation has become one of the most effective tools to explore and serve world markets. In today’s highly competitive business world, just-in-time delivery and good customer service are absolutely crucial. The overall trend towards fast reliable delivery and the transformation of China’s economy along with the value chain of production, have boosted demand for air transportation. Due to these developments, the air cargo market, which is still at low levels particularly in domestic transportation, is one of the fastest growing markets in China. The regional focus of this study is on the economic powerhouse of China, the Pearl River Delta (PRD) located in the southern province of Guangdong. Everyone who knows the highly industrialised landscape of the PRD would probably agree, that the region’s nickname „factory of the world” is more than appropriate. The PRD has the ...
Stephen Moore An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of States. How Taxes, Energy, and Worker Freedom Change Everything Stephen Moore An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of States. How Taxes, Energy, and Worker Freedom Change Everything Новинка

Stephen Moore An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of States. How Taxes, Energy, and Worker Freedom Change Everything

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A passionate, detailed, quantified argument for state-level tax reform An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of States explains why eliminating or lowering tax burdens at the state level leads to economic growth and wealth creation. A passionate argument for tax reform, the book shows that even states with small populations can benefit enormously with the right policies. The authors’ detailed exposition evaluates the impact state and local government policies have on a state’s relative performance and economic growth overall, backed up with economic data and analysis. Facts don’t lie. But they do point clearly to the failure of so-called progressive tax schemes designed more to curry favor with selected constituencies than to create an economic system that leads to individual wealth as the reward for hard work and entrepreneurial risk taking. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of States is a detailed and critical look at income taxation across the nation, and drills down into an analysis of the economic growth or malaise that results from tax policy. Arguing eloquently that a state cannot tax itself into prosperity, just as the impoverished cannot spend themselves into wealth, the authors point out what many inherently know but often fear to say out loud. The book provides detailed quantitative analysis, and discusses the policy variables that can have enormous effects on the financial well-being of states and individual residents, such as: Personal and corporate income tax rates Total tax burden as a percentage of personal income Estate and inheritance taxes Right-to-work laws An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of States shows everyone how to evaluate state-level fiscal and economic policies to become more competitive.
John Scales Avery The Need for a New Economic System John Scales Avery The Need for a New Economic System Новинка

John Scales Avery The Need for a New Economic System

It is clear that our present economic system is unsustainable. Never-ending exponential industrial growth on a finite planet is a logical absurdity. We are already using resources at a rate which it would take 1.6 planet earths to replace. We are already undermining the ecological systems which support all of life. Our present economic system has led to an unbelievable degree of economic inequality. To maintain this inequality, both between nations and within nations, military force is used, and democracy is replaced by oligarchy. The future of human civilization is endangered both by the threat of thermonuclear war and by the threat of catastrophic climate change; and both of the twin threats are results of our present economic system. This book documents in detail the serious economic problems of today's world, and it also proposes sustainable solutions.
G. Kondolf Mathias Tools in Fluvial Geomorphology G. Kondolf Mathias Tools in Fluvial Geomorphology Новинка

G. Kondolf Mathias Tools in Fluvial Geomorphology

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Fluvial Geomorphology studies the biophysical processes acting in rivers, and the sediment patterns and landforms resulting from them. It is a discipline of synthesis, with roots in geology, geography, and river engineering, and with strong interactions with allied fields such as ecology, engineering and landscape architecture. This book comprehensively reviews tools used in fluvial geomorphology, at a level suitable to guide the selection of research methods for a given question. Presenting an integrated approach to the interdisciplinary nature of the subject, it provides guidance for researchers and professionals on the tools available to answer questions on river restoration and management. Thoroughly updated since the first edition in 2003 by experts in their subfields, the book presents state-of-the-art tools that have revolutionized fluvial geomorphology in recent decades, such as physical and numerical modelling, remote sensing and GIS, new field techniques, advances in dating, tracking and sourcing, statistical approaches as well as more traditional methods such as the systems framework, stratigraphic analysis, form and flow characterisation and historical analysis. This book: Covers five main types of geomorphological questions and their associated tools: historical framework; spatial framework; chemical, physical and biological methods; analysis of processes and forms; and future understanding framework. Provides guidance on advantages and limitations of different tools for different applications, data sources, equipment and supplies needed, and case studies illustrating their application in an integrated perspective. It is an essential resource for researchers and professional geomorphologists, hydrologists, geologists, engineers, planners, and ecologists concerned with river management, conservation and restoration. It is a useful supplementary textbook for upper level undergraduate and graduate courses in Geography, Geology, Environmental Science, Civil and Environmental Engineering, and interdisciplinary courses in river management and restoration.
Patrice Micouin Model Based Systems Engineering. Fundamentals and Methods Patrice Micouin Model Based Systems Engineering. Fundamentals and Methods Новинка

Patrice Micouin Model Based Systems Engineering. Fundamentals and Methods

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This book is a contribution to the definition of a model based system engineering (MBSE) approach, designed to meet the objectives laid out by the INCOSE. After pointing out the complexity that jeopardizes a lot of system developments, the book examines fundamental aspects of systems under consideration. It goes on to address methodological issues and proposes a methodic approach of MBSE that provides, unlike current practices, systematic and integrated model-based engineering processes. An annex describes relevant features of the VHDL-AMS language supporting the methodological issues described in the book.
Н. Камзин The implementation of the economic cycle: freedom, trust, duty. Does not happen all at once, ever going to mosaics, implements neue kombinationen of existing potential and the premises Н. Камзин The implementation of the economic cycle: freedom, trust, duty. Does not happen all at once, ever going to mosaics, implements neue kombinationen of existing potential and the premises Новинка

Н. Камзин The implementation of the economic cycle: freedom, trust, duty. Does not happen all at once, ever going to mosaics, implements neue kombinationen of existing potential and the premises

Existentialism proclaims the idea of a man present, performing a search for meaning, making choices, self-determining in its relation to reality, possessing an active subjective entity. In the process of economic activity a person is faced with the action of their own will influence other areas of the will of the active agents. He needs arise that require his satisfaction, he is involved in the economic cycle, some of which sectors are investigated in this study, namely: entrepreneurship, as a consequence of the implementation of a new combination of natural factors, business risk as a source of entrepreneurial profit and a catalyst for economic activity, business as routine economic activities aimed at developing the existing building, international business, as economic activity is possible at a potential that is created by public constraints, international payments, as the movement of financial resources for a business, writ proceedings, as inevitable, the procedure of execution of mutual obligations with the participation of the public entity, collateral relations, as security relationships that create a safety buffer for the counterparty.
Alemayehu Tsadkan The Nexus Between Public Spending and Economic Growth in Ethiopia Alemayehu Tsadkan The Nexus Between Public Spending and Economic Growth in Ethiopia Новинка

Alemayehu Tsadkan The Nexus Between Public Spending and Economic Growth in Ethiopia

This study investigates the nexus between public spending and economic growth in Ethiopia (1971-2010) using an Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model or Bound Testing Approach. In order to determine the direction of causality between public spending and economic growth, Toda and Yamamato (1995) augmented Granger causality test is used. The outcome of the study revealed that, the growth impact of government consumption expenditure in Ethiopia during the study period was negative and significant. However, that of investment spending was positive and significant both in the short run and in the long run, showing the relevance of public physical investment activities to the economy. The test of causality, however, indicated that there was a unidirectional causality running from economic growth to aggregate public spending.
Keith Naughton Reckoning to Revival. How American Workers Rebuilt an Industry Keith Naughton Reckoning to Revival. How American Workers Rebuilt an Industry Новинка

Keith Naughton Reckoning to Revival. How American Workers Rebuilt an Industry

A special report on the resurgence of the Detroit auto industry using the Chrysler Jeep plant at Jefferson North as a focal point. The report centers on the characters behind the plant and the new technology it is using for manufacturing cars, while also looking at the economic desperation of the neighborhood in which the Jeep plant sits.
Robertson Thomas S. On Equal Terms. Redefining China's Relationship with America and the West Robertson Thomas S. On Equal Terms. Redefining China's Relationship with America and the West Новинка

Robertson Thomas S. On Equal Terms. Redefining China's Relationship with America and the West

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An insightful look at the future of China's relations with the West and the United States For anyone who wants to better understand China and its economic and political relations to the West, On Equal Terms offers front-row insight. Exploring China's state-capitalist economic model and the unique qualities and ideals of Chinese culture that can make difficult for Westerners to understand its approach to business interactions, the book looks to the future, explaining how China and the United States can cooperate to solve some of the world's major problems. Covering the extraordinary changes taking place in China and China's relationship with America and the West over ten powerful chapters, the book looks at China's state-capitalist model of governance, how history affects her behavior in foreign policy, how China is emerging as an economic world power, that products are not made but assembled in China, that China is not one big market but many markets, and much more. Provides an inside view on the future of China and America from an expert with personal experience on both sides of the story Explains the sometimes mysterious worlds of «Guanxi» and «Mianzi»—the notions of giving, saving, and preserving «face» in business and cultural relationships that many Westerners struggle to understand A truly up-to-date resource that gives reader's the most recent information about Chinese-American relations China and America need to cooperate in order to solve the major problems of the world, and On Equal Terms gives readers the information they need to improve their business and professional relationships in China.
Russell Currins The Ordinary Person.s Guide to the Economy Russell Currins The Ordinary Person.s Guide to the Economy Новинка

Russell Currins The Ordinary Person.s Guide to the Economy

This book is aimed at helping ordinary people gain an understanding of economic issues in the UK economy. Some of these, such as insurance, pensions and taxation are not often taught on an examination course for economics. It is written with ordinary people in mind but is a useful accompaniment for anyone studying the subject of Economics.Written by an academic and former schoolteacher, this book is aimed at people who are not academics. When meeting parents many would ask where they could learn about the subject because what happens to the UK economy affects us all. Many did not understand about economic problems and the consequences of government policies. This book is a necessity for everyone who wishes to gain an understanding and in turn, make their own judgments about the UK economy.
Xin Xie Full View Integrated Technical Analysis. A Systematic Approach to Active Stock Market Investing Xin Xie Full View Integrated Technical Analysis. A Systematic Approach to Active Stock Market Investing Новинка

Xin Xie Full View Integrated Technical Analysis. A Systematic Approach to Active Stock Market Investing

7718.24 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
A fresh approach to technical analysis utilizing a full view (multi-time frame) integrated analytical system. Has the bear market ended? Is the rebound lasting? Everybody wants an answer but nobody can provide one with a good degree of confidence. While fundamental analysis is notoriously weak when it comes to market timing decisions and price target forecasts, technical analysis is equally timid in providing any concrete answers to the above fundamentally important questions for market participants. No existing system has produced a firm answer with a respectable degree of conviction. This book will present a system to answer those questions with a high degree of confidence. Xin Xie is the Director for Institute of International Trade and Investment at the Upper Yangtze River Economic Research Center, Chongqing University of Business and Technology and PRC Ministry of Education. He has a PhD in Economics from Columbia University in New York and a Master of Arts Degree in Statistics at Zhongnan University of Finance in China. He has extensive experiences in banking and investment industries as Senior Economists and Strategists in Bank of America and UBS AG.
Daniela Antonescu Theoretical and Practical Approaches of Innovation at Regional Level in Romania Daniela Antonescu Theoretical and Practical Approaches of Innovation at Regional Level in Romania Новинка

Daniela Antonescu Theoretical and Practical Approaches of Innovation at Regional Level in Romania

Scientific Study from the year 2015 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, , language: English, abstract: During the last period, innovation represented the core topic of a wide number of studies and analyses due to the potential impact it could have on the development level of a country or a region. This aspect is relatively easy to explain: innovation represents an important source of regional/national competitiveness, a modern factor of growth and economic resilience, but also the fundamental objective of the current programming period and of the Europe 2020 Strategy.According to theory, innovation is a process that takes place predominantly at micro-economic level. Still, its approach at regional level gains increasingly more room within economic approaches starting from the premise that innovative performances of a company depend directly and to a large share on the endogenous local potential, but also on a combination of factors of influence, determined by the specifics and conditions of the area.The study intends to analyse from the theoretical and practical viewpoint the role of the innovation process within economic development and growth at regional and national level.
John LaMattina L. Drug Truths. Dispelling the Myths About Pharma R & D John LaMattina L. Drug Truths. Dispelling the Myths About Pharma R & D Новинка

John LaMattina L. Drug Truths. Dispelling the Myths About Pharma R & D

2465.98 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This book answers the questions about the process and costs of pharmaceutical R & D in a compelling narrative focused on the discovery and development of important new medicines. It gives an insider's account of the pharmaceutical industry drug discovery process, the very real costs of misperceptions about the industry, the high stakes–both economic and scientific–of developing drugs, the triumphs that come when new compounds reach the market and save lives, and the despair that follows when new compounds fail. In the book, John LaMattina, former president of Pfizer Global Research and Development, weaves themes critical to a vital drug discovery environment in the context. This is a story that Dr. LaMattina is uniquely qualified to tell.

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A comprehensive overview of integrated vehicle system dynamics exploring the fundamentals and new and emerging developments This book provides a comprehensive coverage of vehicle system dynamics and control, particularly in the area of integrated vehicle dynamics control. The book consists of two parts, (1) development of individual vehicle system dynamic model and control methodology; and (2) development of integrated vehicle dynamic model and control methodology. The first part focuses on investigating vehicle system dynamics and control according to the three directions of vehicle motions, including longitudinal, vertical, and lateral. Corresponding individual control systems, e.g. Anti-lock Brake System (ABS), Active Suspension, Electric Power Steering System (EPS), are introduced and developed respectively. Particular attention is paid in the second part of the book to develop integrated vehicle dynamic control system. Integrated vehicle dynamics control system is an advanced system that coordinates all the chassis control systems and components to improve the overall vehicle performance including safety, comfort, and economy. Integrated vehicle dynamics control has been an important research topic in the area of vehicle dynamics and control over the past two decades. The research topic on integrated vehicle dynamics control is investigated comprehensively and intensively in the book through both theoretical analysis and experimental study. In this part, two types of control architectures, i.e. centralized and multi-layer, have been developed and compared to demonstrate their advantages and disadvantages. Integrated vehicle dynamics control is a hot topic in automotive research; this is one of the few books to address both theory and practice of integrated systems Comprehensively explores the research area of integrated vehicle dynamics and control through both theoretical analysis and experimental study Addresses a full range of vehicle system topics including tyre dynamics, chassis systems, control architecture, 4 wheel steering system and design of control systems using Linear Matrix Inequality (LMI) Method
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