hahn money inflation paper



Andrew Dickson White Fiat Money Inflation in France Andrew Dickson White Fiat Money Inflation in France Новинка

Andrew Dickson White Fiat Money Inflation in France

552 руб.
2017 Reprint of 1958 Edition. Full facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition software. In Fiat Money Inflation in France, Andrew Dickson White presents the still-largely-unknown story of a major factor behind the French Revolution. The definitive account of the hyperinflation that occurred in the wake of the French Revolution of 1789, Fiat Money Inflation in France is a warning on the dangers of government overspending and the oversupply of paper money. A work of brevity and clarity, it is as relevant today as ever.
Marc Kern Inflation Dynamics Reconsidered. Inflation Targeting Europe vs. United States Marc Kern Inflation Dynamics Reconsidered. Inflation Targeting Europe vs. United States Новинка

Marc Kern Inflation Dynamics Reconsidered. Inflation Targeting Europe vs. United States

2114 руб.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Economics - Macro-economics, general, grade: 1,3, University of Frankfurt (Main) (Departement of Money and Macroeconomics), language: English, abstract: This paper investigates the inflation dynamics of Germany, Italy, Finland, the whole Europe Area and the United States, based on a General-Method of Moments (GMM) estimation. The New-Keynesian Model and the Real-Business-Cycle Model are essential for the estimation.
David Hörnle The relationship between the money supply and the inflation rate and the role of the European Central Bank in changing the money supply David Hörnle The relationship between the money supply and the inflation rate and the role of the European Central Bank in changing the money supply Новинка

David Hörnle The relationship between the money supply and the inflation rate and the role of the European Central Bank in changing the money supply

1527 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Economics - Monetary theory and policy, grade: 1,7, Berlin School of Economics, course: Economics II, Business Cycles, Employment and Trade, 19 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This essay consists of two topics, both belonging to the field of money supply in the European Union (EU) since the introduction of the Euro 2002. The first part examines the relationship between money supply and inflation rate. Illuminating this relationship, it also explains the monetary policy of the European Central Bank (ECB). The link between its policy and the relationship of money supply and inflation rate will be highlighted by using graphs and current data. The first part ends with a critical view upon the policy of the ECB and the theories regarding the money supply.The second part deals with the role of the ECB in controlling the money supply. It shows which tools central banks have in general at hand to control the money supply, followed by an explanation of how these tools work. Finally, it discusses the development of the ECB and the steps it takes to control the money supply efficiently.
Ali Issa Estimating the demand for money in Libya: An application of the Lagrange multiplier structural break unit root test and the ARDL cointegration approach Ali Issa Estimating the demand for money in Libya: An application of the Lagrange multiplier structural break unit root test and the ARDL cointegration approach Новинка

Ali Issa Estimating the demand for money in Libya: An application of the Lagrange multiplier structural break unit root test and the ARDL cointegration approach

152 руб.
This paper examines the demand for money in Libya using annual data for the period 1970—2010 by applying the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) cointegration approach and allowing for endogenous structural breaks in cointegration equation. The results based on the bounds testing procedure confirm that a stable, long-run relationship exists between demand for money and its fundamental determinants; namely, real income, inflation rate and nominal exchange rate. The empirical results indicate that there is a unique cointegrated and stable long-run relationship among real money demand (M1), real income, inflation rate, and nominal exchange rate. The real income elasticity coefficient was found positive while the inflation rate elasticity and nominal exchange rate were negative. This shows that depreciation of domestic currency decreases the demand for money. The results also reveal that after incorporating the CUSUM and CUSUMSQ tests, M1 money demand function is stable between 1982 and 2010.
United States Paper Money Errors: A Comprehensive Catalog & Price Guide United States Paper Money Errors: A Comprehensive Catalog & Price Guide Новинка

United States Paper Money Errors: A Comprehensive Catalog & Price Guide

1269 руб.
Error notes continue to carve an ever larger niche in paper money collecting. This revised reference offers collectors a comprehensive catalog of known U.S. paper money errors and includes examples of each error and detailed information on paper money printing. Updated values are provided in up to three conditions. Errors are thoroughly described and depicted, including overprint, folding and first and second printing errors. Historical photographs from the Bureau of Engraving and Printing reveal rarely seen images of U.S. paper money workers inside the printing office.
Sebastian Sturm, Robert Helbig Perceived inflation Sebastian Sturm, Robert Helbig Perceived inflation Новинка

Sebastian Sturm, Robert Helbig Perceived inflation

1252 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Economics - Monetary theory and policy, grade: 1,7, Technical University of Chemnitz, course: Methoden der Inflationsmessung, 17 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The purpose of this paper is to give the reader an understanding of Brachingers new developed theory of perceived inflation. Additionally, Brachingers new developed Index of Perceived Inflation is introduced analyzed and critically reviewed. Therefore the term paper is structured as followed:To understand the basic underlying of Brachingers theory, it is necessary to refer to the Prospect Theory, developed by Kahneman and Tversky in 1979. The main focus from Prospect theory is laid on its assumptions. In detail, the first section starts with a brief thought experiment. Afterwards the concept of reference dependency and loss aversion will be introduced. The second part of this paper deals with Brachingers work on the theory as well as on the Index of Perceived Inflation. It is shown how Brachinger derived his index from the general Laspeyres formula by adjusting for several restrictions from the Prospect theory. This chapter closes by presenting Brachingers results of perceived inflation for Germany in comparison to the actual rate of inflation after the currency changeover.The last part of this work deals with the criticism on Brachingers new developed theory. In particular, it is shown that Brachingers assumptions and simplifications are inappr...
J. Wimmers, C. Optiz, C. Mayer Inflation measurement J. Wimmers, C. Optiz, C. Mayer Inflation measurement Новинка

J. Wimmers, C. Optiz, C. Mayer Inflation measurement

1264 руб.
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: 1,3, University of applied sciences, Munich, course: General Economics- MBA programme, language: English, abstract: In economics, inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods within aneconomy over a period of time. That means the real value of money will declineand generate a loss of purchasing power. "A dollar today doesn't buy as much asit did twenty years ago." In 1931, for example, it was possible to go to the cinemafor 25 cents. Today we have to pay between five and nine Euros. In Germany thefear of inflation is based on some experiences the Germans already have madewith it.
Murray Shipley Wildman Money inflation in the United States Murray Shipley Wildman Money inflation in the United States Новинка

Murray Shipley Wildman Money inflation in the United States

844 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "[n.p.]", 1905 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Money inflation in the United States.
Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance. An Aspect of Development Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance. An Aspect of Development Новинка

Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance. An Aspect of Development

8314 руб.
There is a link between the financial development and a real growth of economies. Financial development in combination with a growth in banking stimulates the entrepreneur's action, and thus transfers resources from the traditional sector to the modern sector. This paper is divided into two sections. Section A is entitled 'Monetary Economics', and covers the following topics: Money in the macro economy, demand for money, supply for money, money and inflation, central banking and monetary policy, international financial institutions and policy, monetary market, and the Hansen Hickisian IS-LM curve analysis. Section B covers the topics of public revenue, tax burden, and incidence of taxes, classification and choices of taxes, public debt, public expenditure and public budget.
David Voda Inflation-Proof Your Portfolio. How to Protect Your Money from the Coming Government Hyperinflation David Voda Inflation-Proof Your Portfolio. How to Protect Your Money from the Coming Government Hyperinflation Новинка

David Voda Inflation-Proof Your Portfolio. How to Protect Your Money from the Coming Government Hyperinflation

1653.26 руб.
The must-have guide on how to protect yourself during the coming age of hyperinflation The Petersen/Pew Commission on Budget Reform recently warned that the national debt was expected to grow from 40 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2009 to 85 percent in 8 years, 100 percent in 12 years, and 200 percent by 2038. In other words, in just a few years the U.S. will owe twice as much as it produces. Since no conceivable level of taxes and borrowing will enable the country to service such an enormous debt, it is inevitable that government will turn to the same tricks its antecedents have been playing since Ancient Rome: debasing the dollar and letting inflation run rampant. Inflation-Proof Your Portfolio: Protect Your Money from the Coming Government Hyperinflation is your guide to understanding the debt crisis and rising inflation, packed with the key tools you need to protect yourself from the fallout. Neither an economic treatise nor a collection of specific investment advice, the book is intended as a resource to help empower citizens to take action to protect their money from the coming government-induced hyperinflation Essential reading for individual investors and general business readers alike who want to keep their money safe when inflation sets in A runaway self-publishing hit, this new edition is fully revised and updated Get the information you need to formulate your own plan of action to protect your investments The U.S. dollar is almost certain to have a sustained run of extremely high inflation over the next decade because of continued huge government deficits and unfunded liabilities, and this book is the resource you need to be ready.
Thomas Mayer Paper Money Collapse. The Folly of Elastic Money Thomas Mayer Paper Money Collapse. The Folly of Elastic Money Новинка

Thomas Mayer Paper Money Collapse. The Folly of Elastic Money

2650.52 руб.
Explore the inevitable collapse of the fiat monetary system Paper Money Collapse: The Folly of Elastic Money, Second Edition challenges the mainstream consensus on money and monetary policy. While it is today generally believed that the transition from 'hard' and inflexible commodity money (such as a gold standard) to entirely flexible and potentially unlimited fiat money under national central banks allows for superior economic stability, Paper Money Collapse shows that the opposite is true. Systems of highly elastic and constantly expanding money are not only unnecessary, even for growing economies, they are always extremely destabilizing. Over time, they must lead to substantial imbalances, including excessive levels of debt and distorted asset prices, that will require ever faster money production to sustain. Ultimately, however, there is no alternative to a complete liquidation of these distortions. Based on insights of many renowned economists and in particular of the Austrian School of Economics, the book explains through rigorous logic and in precise language why our system of flexible fiat money is incompatible with a market economy and therefore unsustainable. Paper money systems have always led to economic disintegration—without exception—throughout history. It will not be different for our system and we may be closer to the endgame than many think. The updated second edition incorporates: A new introduction and an extended outlook section that discusses various «endgames» Responses to criticisms, alternative views, and a critical assessment of 'solutions' Comments on recent policy trends, including attempts to exit the 'easy money' policy mode An evaluation of new crypto-currency Bitcoin Paper Money Collapse: The Folly of Elastic Money, Second Edition clarifies the problem of paper money clearly and eloquently, and proposes multiple routes to a solution.
Paper Money Paper Money Новинка

Paper Money

340 руб.
Inna Baier Monetary Theory and Policy. The Effects of Money in an Economy Inna Baier Monetary Theory and Policy. The Effects of Money in an Economy Новинка

Inna Baier Monetary Theory and Policy. The Effects of Money in an Economy

2102 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Monetary theory and policy, grade: 1,8, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, language: English, abstract: This Paper aims to explain the effects of money in an economy. The beginning of the Paper analyses the money supply, the money demand and which variables determinate it or how they influence them. Further the paper analyses how the money stock could be used by the central bank and the government as monetary instrument to invent into economy. At certain stages endnotes will refer to the interest rate theory and try to answer, how strong it influences the money amount.
Raymond Cook Analysis of Economic Growth . Inflation Raymond Cook Analysis of Economic Growth . Inflation Новинка

Raymond Cook Analysis of Economic Growth . Inflation

1639 руб.
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2011 in the subject Economics - Finance, grade: A, University of Newcastle, language: English, abstract: During the past two decades, China's economy has been growing rapidly, so has the inflation rate. This research focuses on the relationship between China's inflation rate and economic growth. There are three sub-questions, consisting of whether there is a significant correlation between China's inflation and economic growth, whether there is a cause-and-effect relationship between China's inflation and economic growth, and how time factor influences their relationship. The result will be helpful for the government to find a way in order to achieve high economic growth and low inflation. After reviewing empirical literature, we know that as the dada and methods differ, different researchers have generated different conclusions regarding the relationship between inflation and economic growth. In this research, we use CPI to measure inflation rate and GDP growth rate to measure economic growth rate. All the data are collected from the National Bureau of Statistics of China. We use three methods to analyse data, including the Correlation Coefficient test, the Granger Causality test as well as the VAR model analysis. The result turns out to be that there is a bidirectional causality relationship between inflation and economy growth, but the relationship is not so strong because CPI is not solely driven by GDP. At last,...
Jens Zukunft Monetare Stabilisierungspolitik in den Transformationslandern Osteuropas Jens Zukunft Monetare Stabilisierungspolitik in den Transformationslandern Osteuropas Новинка

Jens Zukunft Monetare Stabilisierungspolitik in den Transformationslandern Osteuropas

4564 руб.
Inhaltsangabe: Inhaltsverzeichnis:Inhaltsverzeichnis: Abkürzungsverzeichnis Symbolverzeichnis Abbildungsverzeichnis Tabellenverzeichnis Inhaltsverzeichnis Einleitung A.Die Entwicklung von Inflation in sozialistischen Planwirtschaften 1.Theoretische Erklärungsansätze zur Inflation in sozialistischen Planwirtschaften 1.1Geld und Inflation im Sinne der Politischen Ökonomie des Sozialismus 1.2Erscheinungsformen von Inflation im Sozialismus 1.2.1Zurückgestaute Inflation 1.2.2Versteckte Inflation 1.2.2.1Zentrale Beeinflussungsmöglichkeiten des offiziellen Preisindex 1.2.2.2Dezentrale Beeinflussungsmöglichkeiten des offiziellen Preisindex 1.2.2.3Preisniveaueffekte durch erzwungene Substitution 1.3Ursachen von Inflation in sozialistischen Planwirtschaften 1.3.1Realwirtschaftliche Inflationsursachen 1.3.1.1Das wirtschaftspolitische Ziel extensiven Wachstums 1.3.1.2Informationsdefizite der Planungsbehörde im Planungsprozeß 1.3.2Monetäre Inflationsursachen 1.3.2.1Determinanten der betrieblichen Kreditnachfrage 1.3.2.2Die Wirkungsintensität geldpolitischer Instrumente der Staatsbank 1.3.2.3Der Soft Budget Constraint 2.Empirische Beobachtung unterschiedlicher Inflationsarten in der CSSR anhand ausgewählter Indikatoren 2.1Offene Inflation in der CSSR 2.2Versteckte Inflation in der CSSR: Indikatoren und Quantifizierung 2.2.1Beobachtung von Einzelindikatoren 2.2.2Beobachtung von vollständigen, geschätzten Preisindices 2.3Zurückgestaute Inflation in der CSSR: Indikatoren und Quantifizierung 2...
Michael Ashton What's Wrong with Money?. The Biggest Bubble of All Michael Ashton What's Wrong with Money?. The Biggest Bubble of All Новинка

Michael Ashton What's Wrong with Money?. The Biggest Bubble of All

1984.58 руб.
The expert guide to understanding and surviving monetary failure What's Wrong with Money? explores how and why money is valued and the warning signs that point to its eventual collapse. Author Michael Ashton is widely regarded as a premier expert on inflation, and in this book, he illustrates how the erosion of trust in central banks is putting us at high risk of both near- and long-term inflation—and a potentially very serious disruption. It's not about a conspiracy surrounding inflation reporting; it's about the tentative agreement we all carry that lends money its value. This value isn't necessarily inherent; while some currency is backed by stored value, others are not. This book walks you through the history of currency and details the ways in which it can fall apart. You'll learn how to invest in any type of collapse scenario, and you'll gain expert insight into the warning signs that signal a coming shock to the financial system. Track the history of monetary value Consider how money could die slowly or quickly Learn investment strategies for both slow and quick scenarios Examine potential causes of erosion of trust in the monetary system, and the chilling results of such erosion An economic system without money is incredibly inefficient, but our shared agreement in monetary value has historically never been enough. What's Wrong with Money? shows you the lessons from the past and the reality of the present and helps you make plans for the future of money.
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Maria Regina Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Maria Regina Новинка

Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Maria Regina

4352 руб.
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn: Maria Regina. Eine Erzählung aus der GegenwartErstdruck: Mainz (Franz Kirchheim) 1860.Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie der Autorin.Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth.Berlin 2015.Textgrundlage sind die Ausgaben:Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn: Gesammelte Werke, Band 1, Regensburg: J. Habbel, 1900.Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn: Gesammelte Werke, Band 2, Regensburg: J. Habbel, 1900.Die Paginierung obiger Ausgaben wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt.Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Georges Lemmen, Die Schwester, 1891.Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Von Babylon nach Jerusalem Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Von Babylon nach Jerusalem Новинка

Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Von Babylon nach Jerusalem

1639 руб.
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn: Von Babylon nach JerusalemMainz (Kirchheim und Schott) 1851.Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie der Autorin.Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth.Berlin 2015.Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe:Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn: Gesammelte Werke, Band 31, Regensburg: J. Habbel, 1900.Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt.Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Unbekannter Künstler, Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn, aus: Eine gräfliche Büßerin, Gartenlaube, 1867.Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
Д. А. Сенкевич Государственные денежные знаки РСФСР и СССР / State Paper Money of RSFSR and USSR Д. А. Сенкевич Государственные денежные знаки РСФСР и СССР / State Paper Money of RSFSR and USSR Новинка

Д. А. Сенкевич Государственные денежные знаки РСФСР и СССР / State Paper Money of RSFSR and USSR

1567 руб.
Вашему вниманию предлагается каталог ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЕ ДЕНЕЖНЫЕ ЗНАКИ РСФСР И СССР / STATE PAPER MONEY OF RSFSR AND USSR (1918-1961).
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Sibylle Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Sibylle Новинка

Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Sibylle

2864 руб.
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn: Sibylle. Eine SelbstbiographieErstdruck: Berlin (Alexander Duncker) 1846.Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie der Autorin.Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth.Berlin 2015.Textgrundlage sind die Ausgaben:Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn: Sibylle. Eine Selbstbiographie. 2 Bände, Band 1, Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker, 1846.Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn: Sibylle. Eine Selbstbiographie. 2 Bände, Band 2, Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker, 1846.Die Paginierung obiger Ausgaben wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt.Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn (Zeichnung von F. von Klock, um 1838).Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
Raymond Lucia J. Buckets of Money. How to Retire in Comfort and Safety Raymond Lucia J. Buckets of Money. How to Retire in Comfort and Safety Новинка

Raymond Lucia J. Buckets of Money. How to Retire in Comfort and Safety

1983.91 руб.
A proven way to financially prepare for retirement Are you wondering if you can make your retirement savings last? Concerned about inflation reducing your purchasing power? Worried about the stock market's violent swings? In Buckets of Money: How to Retire in Comfort and Safety, nationally recognized Certified Financial PlannerTM and radio personality Ray Lucia offers you a smart and conservative way to protect and grow your nest egg-so you can enjoy a comfortable retirement without worrying about your money running out. Developed by Lucia over his thirty-year career as a financial planner, the «Buckets of Money» technique is a proven way to achieve both income and growth, while guarding against the ravages of inflation. Buckets of Money is filled with in-depth insights and practical advice that will help you assess your retirement situation, save the money you need to last your entire lifetime, and adjust your plan to good times and bad. Regardless of your age, income, net worth, or investment experience, you need to have a solid plan for your retirement years. Buckets of Money provides you with such a plan, and shows you the best way to implement it.
Sartaj Rasool Rather Inflation and Skewness of Relative Price Changes Sartaj Rasool Rather Inflation and Skewness of Relative Price Changes Новинка

Sartaj Rasool Rather Inflation and Skewness of Relative Price Changes

3212 руб.
It widely believed that the rate of inflation in the long run is determined by growth rate of money supply. However, the short run dynamics of inflation is more complicated in nature. The past experience of inflation dynamics shows that the rate of inflation fluctuates around its underlying trend in the short-run. In literature these short-run fluctuations in rate of inflation are mainly attributed to changes in relative prices of certain commodities due to supply shocks. In this context, examining the effects these shocks on the distribution of price changes has gained importance so as to understand these transitory deviations in inflation. In this backdrop, this book examines whether variations in skewness of distribution of relative price changes influence the aggregate inflation.The empirical analysis is carried out by using commodity wise Wholesale Price Index data from India. Further various theoretical paradigms underlying this relationship are also discussed.
Benjamin Viertel Inflation Targeting in the United Kingdom Benjamin Viertel Inflation Targeting in the United Kingdom Новинка

Benjamin Viertel Inflation Targeting in the United Kingdom

7127 руб.
Especially since the operational introduction as central bank monetary policy framework in the early 1990s in New Zealand, the United Kingdom (UK), Canada and Sweden, inflation targeting has gained both empirical and theoretical relevance as a monetary policy strategy. In this paper I relate to inflation targeting theory and its framework in the UK. For that purpose the author first regards the development of inflation targeting in respect to other monetary policy strategies. He answers the question what the actual target variable is and why one would want to have inflation being low and stable. Then there is some complexity because the development of inflation targeting has to be viewed in relation to paradigmatic debates between Monetarist and New-Keynesian insights. He present the two fundamental views of how an inflation targeting framework should be modelled. By stating some equations from basic theoretical literature, he gives an overview about the different characteristics of that monetary policy strategy and how there is still controversy about the way of modelling. One chapter is concerned with the operational framework in the UK, including statements to historical developments at the Bank of England. The present monetary policy framework will be reviewed in detail relating to the Bank's publication policy and the inflation forecasting process. The Bank of England's model of the transmission mechanism is reviewed. This includes the interest rate setting proce...
Ida Hahn-Hahn Orientalische Briefe Ida Hahn-Hahn Orientalische Briefe Новинка

Ida Hahn-Hahn Orientalische Briefe

2777 руб.
Ida Hahn-Hahn: Orientalische BriefeErstdruck Berlin, Verlag Duncker, 1844.Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie der Autorin.Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth.Berlin 2015.Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: John William Waterhouse, Die Sklavin, 1872.Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
Ida Hahn-Hahn Orientalische Briefe Ida Hahn-Hahn Orientalische Briefe Новинка

Ida Hahn-Hahn Orientalische Briefe

7052 руб.
Gräfin Ida Hahn-Hahn bereiste im Jahr 1843 Konstantinopel, Smyrna, Beirut, Damaskus, Jerusalem und Ägypten. Ihre Begegnungen und Erkenntnisse, aber auch die Strapazen und Gefahren der Reise beschreibt sie anschaulich in Form von Briefen, die vor allem an ihre Mutter gerichtet sind. Erstmals 1844 erschienen.
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Peregrin Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Peregrin Новинка

Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Peregrin

3077 руб.
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn: Peregrin. RomanErstdruck: Mainz, Verlag Franz Kirchheim, 1864Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie der Autorin.Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth.Berlin 2015.Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Pierre Auguste Renoir, Tanz auf dem Lande, 1883.Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn Faustine Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn Faustine Новинка

Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn Faustine

3952 руб.
Reproduktion des Originals
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Grafin Faustine Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Grafin Faustine Новинка

Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Grafin Faustine

2052 руб.
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn: Gräfin FaustineErstdruck: Berlin (Alexander Duncker) [1840, vordatiert auf] 1841.Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie der Autorin.Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth.Berlin 2014.Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe:Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn: Gräfin Faustine, Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker, 1841.Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt.Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Fernand Khnopff, Baronin Fernand van der Bruggen, 1900.Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Grafin Faustine Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Grafin Faustine Новинка

Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn Grafin Faustine

1839 руб.
Ida Gräfin von Hahn-Hahn: Gräfin Faustine. Ein Roman aus der BiedermeierzeitErstdruck: Berlin (Alexander Duncker) [1840, vordatiert auf] 1841.Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie der Autorin.Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth.Berlin 2015.Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe:Ida Gräfin Hahn-Hahn: Gräfin Faustine, Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker, 1841.Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt.Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Fernand Khnopff, Baronin Fernand van der Bruggen, 1900.Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
William Brough The Natural Law of Money William Brough The Natural Law of Money Новинка

William Brough The Natural Law of Money

902 руб.
In the opinion of the Fathers of the Republic coin was the only money that the people needed; paper was but an incident, a make-shift that might be used to bridge over periods of scarcity of coin; it was in no sense regarded as a permanent medium of exchange.~ William Brough, Chapter VII: Mandatory Money and Free Money"Here we see how money first came into use in the world.it becomes money only when it is used as the common medium of exchange." First published in 1896, The Natural Law of Money is a fascinating look into the mind of the man who played a pivotal role in world of economic thinking. William Brough argues forcefully that privately supplied money offers benefits not offered by government-supplied money.Contents include.· The Beginning of Money · Bi-Metallism and Mono-Metallism · Paper-Money and Banking · Paper-Money in Colonial Times · Monetary System of Canada as Contrasted with that of The United States· Money, Capital, and Interest· Mandatory Money and Free Money · The Hoarding Panic of July 1893 WILLIAM BROUGH (b.1826) began to study medicine as a young man but abandoned it to join the world of business. He moved to New York in the mid-19th century and then to Pennsylvania, where he was a pioneer in the development of the oil industry. Upon his retirement, he devoted his time to the study of economics that resulted in a tenured professorship in his name at Williams College.
Money. Gift Wrapping Paper Book Money. Gift Wrapping Paper Book Новинка

Money. Gift Wrapping Paper Book

420 руб.
PEPIN® gift and creative paper books all contain 4 pages of introduction and 12 large sheets of very high-quality wrapping paper. They can easily be removed from the books...
Deseke Kebede The relationship of inflation and economic growth in Ethiopia Deseke Kebede The relationship of inflation and economic growth in Ethiopia Новинка

Deseke Kebede The relationship of inflation and economic growth in Ethiopia

5352 руб.
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - Economic Cycle and Growth, grade: 1, , language: English, abstract: The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between inflation and economic growth in Ethiopia over the period of 1991/92- 2014/15 by using data at quarter base. The study was employed Johansen method of co-integration and vector error correction model and a technique of conditional least square. The result shows that both in long-run and short-run the relationship between inflation and economic growth is positive. Despite to this, the granger causality test tells us bi- directional causation between these two variables. The result also revealed that threshold level of inflation beyond on which inflation negatively affects economic growth of Ethiopia is 5 percent. Therefore, co-ordination between macro- economic policy makers is vital and should have to raise their hands and put their eyes on measures that keep down inflation below 5 percent to have sustainable economic growth in the country.
Jacob Gold Money Mindset. Formulating a Wealth Strategy in the 21st Century Jacob Gold Money Mindset. Formulating a Wealth Strategy in the 21st Century Новинка

Jacob Gold Money Mindset. Formulating a Wealth Strategy in the 21st Century

1852.05 руб.
Harness the power of your money with a 21st century mindset The speed at which the world is evolving is compounding exponentially each day, leaving individual investors wondering how to appropriately plan for their financial future. The financial norms that helped prior generations retire with grace are quickly evaporating or have already been replaced with new difficult realities. Money Mindset is an expert-led guide to growing your wealth, protecting your wealth, and transferring your wealth to future generations. Written by a third generation financial planner who is also an adjunct finance professor at the W.P. Carey School of Business at Arizona State University, Money Mindset helps readers understand important financial concepts and theories of the 21st century. The science and psychology of money The 'WHY' of personal financial management The rule of 72, asset allocation, dollar cost averaging, and the erosive effects of inflation How to manage a diverse investment portfolio to minimize macroeconomic vulnerability How to create a legacy through proper estate planning Money Mindset explores the idea that money can be looked at as an energy source. In order to truly harness its powers, one must acquire and maintain a certain money mindset. Everyone wants financial independence—having enough money to consistently fuel their everyday life. Money Mindset clears a path through the increasingly convoluted and ever-changing world to show how to finally become financially secure.
Olga Laukart Inflation ALS Bedrohung Fur Die Kapitalanlage. Kritische PR Fung Von Investmentangeboten Und Deren Schutz VOR Geldwertverfall Olga Laukart Inflation ALS Bedrohung Fur Die Kapitalanlage. Kritische PR Fung Von Investmentangeboten Und Deren Schutz VOR Geldwertverfall Новинка

Olga Laukart Inflation ALS Bedrohung Fur Die Kapitalanlage. Kritische PR Fung Von Investmentangeboten Und Deren Schutz VOR Geldwertverfall

6064 руб.
Diese Arbeit, geschrieben während der bedrohlichen Eurokrise im Jahre 2011, betrachtet den negativen Einfluss der Inflation auf verschiedene Anlageformen. Die Ängste der Anleger, Investoren, Sparer, dass ihr Vermögen durch Inflation gemindert werden kann, sind mit Hinweis auf historische Ereignisse durchaus berechtigt. Geldwertverfall ist seit jeher eine Bedrohung für das Vermögen. Über nominalem Kapitalvermögen schwebt stets das Damoklesschwert der Inflation. Der Schutz des Vermögens vor realem Wertverlust ist deshalb eine der zentralen Aufgaben eines Investors. In inflationären Zeiten muss die Rendite des angelegten Kapitals höher sein als der Verlust der Kaufkraft. Ansonsten führt eine steigende Inflation bei traditionellen Kapitalanlagen, deren Zins- und Tilgungszahlungen zu nominalen Werten erfolgen, zu einem realen Wertverlust - im Extremfall sogar zu einer negativen Realverzinsung. Einer der ersten Hinweise auf Inflation findet sich in der Bibel, die von einer Silberinflation um 950 v. Chr. unter König Salomon berichtet. Ähnlich erging es den Untertanen von Alexander dem Großen um 330 v. Chr., der aus den Schätzen der Perserkönige Geld- und Silbermünzen schlagen ließ und damit eine Inflation auslöste. Aber auch in Zukunft wird Inflation weiterhin ein Thema bleiben: Durch die expansive Geldpolitik der Zentralbanken und bei einer historisch hohen Staatsverschuldung in allen bedeutenden Industrienationen wird die Inflation eine Herausforderung darstellen. Vor diesem Hinte...
Arcade Ndoricimpa Inflation, output growth and their uncertainties in South Africa: Empirical evidence from an asymmetric multivariate GARCH-M model Arcade Ndoricimpa Inflation, output growth and their uncertainties in South Africa: Empirical evidence from an asymmetric multivariate GARCH-M model Новинка

Arcade Ndoricimpa Inflation, output growth and their uncertainties in South Africa: Empirical evidence from an asymmetric multivariate GARCH-M model

79.9 руб.
The study examines the relationships between inflation uncertainty and output growth uncertainty, and analyzes their effects on the level of inflation and output growth in South Africa. An asymmetric multivariate GARCH-M model suggested by Grier et al. (2004) is applied. The findings suggest that while uncertainty about growth is detrimental to output growth inflation uncertainty is not. The findings further reveal that Cukierman and Meltzer (1986) hypothesis of a positive impact of inflation uncertainty on the level of inflation is supported and there exists a negative impact of output growth uncertainty on inflation. No association could be found between inflation uncertainty and output growth uncertainty. The findings imply that output growth and its uncertainty should not be treated separately as it is usually suggested by business cycle models. In addition, both output growth uncertainty and inflation uncertainty should be considered as part of the determinants of output growth in South Africa.
Д. Андреев,В. Хоршев,Иван Рылов,Д. Сенкевич,Борис Лившиц Money of Russia Д. Андреев,В. Хоршев,Иван Рылов,Д. Сенкевич,Борис Лившиц Money of Russia Новинка

Д. Андреев,В. Хоршев,Иван Рылов,Д. Сенкевич,Борис Лившиц Money of Russia

1917 руб.
Piasters, Piasters, Piasters... Travellers in Foreign "National Uniforms". Bills of Exchange, Assignats, Bank Notes. Credit Notes, Settlement Notes, Cheques. New Money of Russia. Commemorative Coins, Bonds, Coins from Precious Metals. Paper money and coins from private collections were used for illustrating this book.
Arcade Ndoricimpa Threshold effects of inflation on economic growth in selected African regional economic communities: Evidence from a dynamic panel threshold modeling Arcade Ndoricimpa Threshold effects of inflation on economic growth in selected African regional economic communities: Evidence from a dynamic panel threshold modeling Новинка

Arcade Ndoricimpa Threshold effects of inflation on economic growth in selected African regional economic communities: Evidence from a dynamic panel threshold modeling

152 руб.
The objective of this study is to estimate inflation threshold and examine its impact on the inflation-growth nexus in selected African regional economic communities. While a number of empirical studies exist in this area for developing countries, they bundle up countries from Asia, Africa and Latin America which do not have the same inflation experiences. This study therefore focuses on Africa. However, since African regional groupings themselves have different inflation experiences, non-linearity in the relationship between inflation and growth is explored within each grouping separately. The study uses dynamic panel threshold modeling recently suggested by Kremer et al. (2013) which extends the non-dynamic panel threshold model of Hansen (1999) and the cross-sectional threshold model of Caner and Hansen (2004). The results indicate that the estimated inflation threshold is different across the regional economic communities. Nonlinearity in inflation-growth nexus seems to hold in CEMAC, COMESA and SADC while it is questioned in WAEMU and WAMZ. For CEMAC, COMESA and SADC, the findings indicate that inflation above the threshold is harmful to growth. Some correlations are established in this study but further analysis is needed to suggest a policy.
Hilary Hahn. Partitas 2 & 3 / Violin Sonatas 3 Hilary Hahn. Partitas 2 & 3 / Violin Sonatas 3 Новинка

Hilary Hahn. Partitas 2 & 3 / Violin Sonatas 3

637 руб.
Исполнитель: Hahn, HilaryАльбом: BACH:VIOLIN PARTITAS & SONATAИздатель: Sony ClassicalЖанр: Music - Classical
Hilary Hahn. Elgar: Violin Concerto/ Williams: The Lark Ascending Hilary Hahn. Elgar: Violin Concerto/ Williams: The Lark Ascending Новинка

Hilary Hahn. Elgar: Violin Concerto/ Williams: The Lark Ascending

1414 руб.
Исполнитель: HAHN, LSOАльбом: ELGAR: VICПроизводитель: Deutsche Grammophon GmbH
Harley Hahn Harley Hahn's Emacs Field Guide Harley Hahn Harley Hahn's Emacs Field Guide Новинка

Harley Hahn Harley Hahn's Emacs Field Guide

4342 руб.
Книга "Harley Hahn's Emacs Field Guide".
Iryna Kopiyevska Inflation. Definition, Ursachen, Arten Iryna Kopiyevska Inflation. Definition, Ursachen, Arten Новинка

Iryna Kopiyevska Inflation. Definition, Ursachen, Arten

2952 руб.
Der Ausdruck ‚Inflation' geht in seinem Ursprung auf den amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg (1861-1865) zurück. Doch schon davor hatten die Menschen mit dem Werteverlust ihres Geldes zu kämpfen. Die Einführung der Geldwirtschaft hatte das Phänomen der Inflation mit sich gebracht. Keine Volkswirtschaft der Welt kann ohne sie existieren. Die verschiedenen ökonomischen Schulen betrachten das Thema ‚Inflation' aus unterschiedlichen Blickwinkeln heraus. Dieses Buch setzt sich kritisch mit unterschiedlichen Theorien auseinander und versucht dabei dem ‚Wesen' des inflationären Prozesses näher zu kommen und dabei Definitionen, Erscheinungsformen und Ursachen herauszuarbeiten.
Mojo Pax Рюкзак Paper Money, цвет мульти Mojo Pax Рюкзак Paper Money, цвет мульти Новинка

Mojo Pax Рюкзак Paper Money, цвет мульти

5058 руб.
Характеристики товара: • цвет: мульти; • возраст: от 10 лет; • вес: 0,5 кг; • размер: 43х30х16 см; • выполнен из водоотталкивающей ткани с полиуретановым слоем; • вместительный; • внутри два отделения; • прочная текстильная ручка; • лямки регулируются по высоте; • ремни, спинка и дно рюкзака сделаны из уплотненной ткани; • материал: полиэстер; • страна бренда: США; • страна изготовитель: Китай. Функциональный и вместительный, рюкзак привлекает внимание позитивным ярким, не похожим ни на кого принтом. Вместительный отсек для вещей, а также отсек для планшета с плотной подкладкой. Переносить рюкзак удобно за прочную текстильную ручку. Рюкзак Mojo Pax «Paper Money» можно купить в нашем интернет-магазине.
Anna Miller Nonlinear Relation Between Inflation and Growth - Panel Data Analysis Anna Miller Nonlinear Relation Between Inflation and Growth - Panel Data Analysis Новинка

Anna Miller Nonlinear Relation Between Inflation and Growth - Panel Data Analysis

2614 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Economic Cycle and Growth, grade: 64%, University of Nottingham, language: English, abstract: This paper examines the inflation-growth interaction for different country groups with similar national incomes for the period 1970-2011. It could be confirmed that this relation is strictly nonlinear with a threshold level of inflation of 3% for high-income countries and 13% for low-income countries. Although this result is in line with previous empirical studies based ona similar data set, much smaller samples needed to be used to obtain these results. Inflation threshold levels are estimated using the iteration method and different panel-specific techniques. Strongly significant thresholds were yielded only when controlling for country-fixed effects. Policymakers can use the findings for high-income or industrialised countries as a guide for inflation targeting, however more precise analyses for less advanced countries are needed in order to be useful for monetary policy.
Ricarda Huch Der Hahn von Quakenbruck Ricarda Huch Der Hahn von Quakenbruck Новинка

Ricarda Huch Der Hahn von Quakenbruck

739 руб.
Ricarda Huch: Der Hahn von Quakenbrück und andere NovellenErstdruck: Berlin und Leipzig, Schuster und Loeffler, 1910InhaltsverzeichnisDer Hahn von QuakenbrückDer SängerDer neue HeiligeNeuausgabe.Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth.Berlin 2017.Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Heiner Hawel, Gockel, 2017.Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.
M. Schneider A Dose of Luster. How a Full Gold . Silver Standard Can Heal the Eurozone M. Schneider A Dose of Luster. How a Full Gold . Silver Standard Can Heal the Eurozone Новинка

M. Schneider A Dose of Luster. How a Full Gold . Silver Standard Can Heal the Eurozone

4727 руб.
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Economics - Finance, , course: Policy Exchange, language: English, abstract: The challenge presented is to answer the following question: Ifmember states leave the Economic and Monetary Union, what is the best way for the economic process to be managed to provide the soundest foundation for the future growth and prosperity of the current membership?The world is suffering from an ailment known as fiat money, and the eurozone is experiencing the most debilitating symptoms. The ailment's cure may be the implementation of a full gold & silver standard along with revisions to the Maastricht Treaty and to the Stability and Growth Pact that would incentivize member states to adopt fiscal prudence and to nurture sound economies.In order to efficiently and effectively support such an argument, this paper must first discuss the problems inherent to fiat money. It will explain why money backed solely by a promise inevitably leads to economic hardship. The paper will then argue the case for money fully backed by gold & silver, providing evidence of its stability and conduciveness to economic prosperity. Furthermore, the paper will specify conditions that would be essential in fostering a full precious metals standard.Most importantly, the paper will argue that to provide the soundest foundation for the future growth and prosperity of the eurozone, member states must remain united. ...
Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance Новинка

Akampurira Abraham Monetary Policy and Public Finance

7327 руб.
Script from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Monetary theory and policy, grade: A, Atlantic International University (BUSINESS STUDIES AND ECONOMICS), course: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, language: English, abstract: 1.0.IntroductionThere has been a link between financial development and real growth of economies. Financial development together with growth in banking stimulates entreprenuer action and this transfers resources from the traditional sector to modern sector. This paper is divided into two sections; Section A-Monetary Economics that covers the following topics; Money in the macro economy, Demand for money, Supply for money, Money and Inflation, Central banking and Monetary policy, International Financial Institutions and Policy, Monetary market and the Hansen Hickisian IS-LM curve analysis. Section (B) covers; Public revenue, Tax Burden, Incidence of Taxes, Classification and Choices of Taxes, Public Debt, Public expenditure and Public Budget.Course Objectives:The main objective of the course is to equip learners with analytical skills in understanding the basic concepts of monetary economics in the context of developing countries. It enables students acquire sufficient knowledge of monetary theory and the working of financial institutions that help in carrying out monetary and other macroeconomic policy analysis. The course also equips learners with issues relating to taxation and public expenditure
Akl Ahmed Doaa Inflation Targeting in Egypt Akl Ahmed Doaa Inflation Targeting in Egypt Новинка

Akl Ahmed Doaa Inflation Targeting in Egypt

6589 руб.
Inflation targeting is a monetary policy framework that attracted many countries in the 1990s as a result of the disappointing performance under other regimes, mainly exchange rates targeting or monetary aggregate targeting. Due to its success in many developed and developing countries, the Central Bank of Egypt announced its intention to introduce inflation targeting regime to anchor its monetary policy when the basic prerequisites are satisfied. The book outlines the theoretical justification behind choosing inflation targeting and discusses its advantages and disadvantages, as well as compares it with other monetary regimes. The core of the book is to investigate the applicability of inflation targeting regime in Egypt by examining the extent to which the conditions of that regime are met.
Subawi Handoko Monetary Policy Subawi Handoko Monetary Policy Новинка

Subawi Handoko Monetary Policy

8652 руб.
Over the second half in twentieth century, there is unfinished polemic among economists who ask about capability level of central bank when they have to decide how many money should be maintained in circulation to stimulate employment expectation and to retard inflation rate at minimum level. This book provides consecutively guidance to utilize new Taylor rule in monetary policy making. The multi quadrant model eases to configure an interrelationship among economic factors. This book reveals hypotheses of how to recover weakened business cycle, how to trace instability effect due to an excess money supply, and how far excess money supply will influence a business cycle. The analysis helps to recommend strategic action to stabilize economic disturbances in short and long term, and should be especially useful to professionals in banking and finance fields, or anyone else who may be considering utilizing economic indicators in decision making efforts.
William M. Gouge A Short History of Paper-Money and Banking in the United States: Including an Account of Provincial and Continental Paper-Money. to Which Is Prefixed, an Inquiry Into the Principles of the System William M. Gouge A Short History of Paper-Money and Banking in the United States: Including an Account of Provincial and Continental Paper-Money. to Which Is Prefixed, an Inquiry Into the Principles of the System Новинка

William M. Gouge A Short History of Paper-Money and Banking in the United States: Including an Account of Provincial and Continental Paper-Money. to Which Is Prefixed, an Inquiry Into the Principles of the System

966 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
E.G. Spaulding History of the legal tender paper money issued during the Great Rebellion E.G. Spaulding History of the legal tender paper money issued during the Great Rebellion Новинка

E.G. Spaulding History of the legal tender paper money issued during the Great Rebellion

816 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "Buffalo: Express Printing Co.", 1869 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.A resource of war - The credit of the government made immediately available: history of the legal tender paper money issued during the Great Rebellion; being a loan without interest and a national currency.
George Elliott Casey Money And Paper Currency George Elliott Casey Money And Paper Currency Новинка

George Elliott Casey Money And Paper Currency

1839 руб.
Money And Paper Currency - A Study for the Times is an unchanged, high-quality reprint of the original edition of 1880.Hansebooks is editor of the literature on different topic areas such as research and science, travel and expeditions, cooking and nutrition, medicine, and other genres. As a publisher we focus on the preservation of historical literature. Many works of historical writers and scientists are available today as antiques only. Hansebooks newly publishes these books and contributes to the preservation of literature which has become rare and historical knowledge for the future.
George E Casey Money and paper currency George E Casey Money and paper currency Новинка

George E Casey Money and paper currency

1839 руб.
Money and paper currency - a study for the times is an unchanged, high-quality reprint of the original edition of 1880.Hansebooks is editor of the literature on different topic areas such as research and science, travel and expeditions, cooking and nutrition, medicine, and other genres. As a publisher we focus on the preservation of historical literature. Many works of historical writers and scientists are available today as antiques only. Hansebooks newly publishes these books and contributes to the preservation of literature which has become rare and historical knowledge for the future.
Benjamin Kreuzer Unternehmensfuhrung in Inflationslandern Benjamin Kreuzer Unternehmensfuhrung in Inflationslandern Новинка

Benjamin Kreuzer Unternehmensfuhrung in Inflationslandern

5952 руб.
Inhaltsangabe:Problemstellung: Inflation ist ein bedeutsames volkswirtschaftliches Phänomen, welches von den Wirtschaftssubjekten in der Regel unterschiedlich stark wahrgenommen wird. Obwohl oder gerade weil die Wirtschaftssubjekte eine Inflation unterschiedlich beurteilen und wahrnehmen, ergeben sich aus diesem Zusammenhang beträchtliche Konsequenzen. Diese Konsequenzen können abhängig vom betrachteten Wirtschaftssubjekt allerdings voneinander abweichen. Haushalte nehmen eine Inflation in der Regel als etwas Negatives wahr; die Kaufkraft scheint in der Höhe der Inflationsrate zu schwinden ,ohne dass etwas dagegen getan werden könnte oder ein Ausgleich diesen Verlust kompensiert. Bei Unternehmen kann es zu Beeinträchtigungen des Rechnungswesens führen und es müssen Wege gefunden werden, um betriebswirtschaftliche Abläufe und Größen auch bei Inflation planen und kontrollieren zu können. Beachtet werden muss allerdings, dass Inflation eine Erscheinung ist, die sich an keinen geregelten Ablauf hält; sie kann je nach Ursache und der Reaktion der Wirtschaftssubjekte sehr unterschiedlich ausfallen. Tangierte Wirtschaftssubjekte sind beispielsweise Unternehmen, die in Inflationsländern „heimisch“ sind und so den Konsequenzen einer Inflation ausgesetzt sind. Weiterhin kann die Inflation Unternehmen betreffen, welche vermehrt international aktiv sind und in verschiedenen Ländern der Welt die makroökonomischen Gegebenheiten als externe, nicht zu beeinflussende Variablen, hinnehmen müss...

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Explore the inevitable collapse of the fiat monetary system Paper Money Collapse: The Folly of Elastic Money, Second Edition challenges the mainstream consensus on money and monetary policy. While it is today generally believed that the transition from 'hard' and inflexible commodity money (such as a gold standard) to entirely flexible and potentially unlimited fiat money under national central banks allows for superior economic stability, Paper Money Collapse shows that the opposite is true. Systems of highly elastic and constantly expanding money are not only unnecessary, even for growing economies, they are always extremely destabilizing. Over time, they must lead to substantial imbalances, including excessive levels of debt and distorted asset prices, that will require ever faster money production to sustain. Ultimately, however, there is no alternative to a complete liquidation of these distortions. Based on insights of many renowned economists and in particular of the Austrian School of Economics, the book explains through rigorous logic and in precise language why our system of flexible fiat money is incompatible with a market economy and therefore unsustainable. Paper money systems have always led to economic disintegration—without exception—throughout history. It will not be different for our system and we may be closer to the endgame than many think. The updated second edition incorporates: A new introduction and an extended outlook section that discusses various «endgames» Responses to criticisms, alternative views, and a critical assessment of 'solutions' Comments on recent policy trends, including attempts to exit the 'easy money' policy mode An evaluation of new crypto-currency Bitcoin Paper Money Collapse: The Folly of Elastic Money, Second Edition clarifies the problem of paper money clearly and eloquently, and proposes multiple routes to a solution.
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