impacts of grape production on household income poverty reduction in tanzania

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Peter Beck Canadian Income Funds. Your Complete Guide to Income Trusts, Royalty Trusts and Real Estate Investment Trusts Peter Beck Canadian Income Funds. Your Complete Guide to Income Trusts, Royalty Trusts and Real Estate Investment Trusts
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Peter Beck Canadian Income Funds. Your Complete Guide to Income Trusts, Royalty Trusts and Real Estate Investment Trusts


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2329.84 руб.

Income trusts are booming. They have been one of the best-performing classes of investments in one of the worst markets in decades. With over 150 trusts currently trading on the Toronto Stock Exchange at a combined value of over $90 billion, this relatively new vehicle, the income fund, is one of the hottest tickets on the Canadian investment landscape today. Written by two of the industry's top experts and commentators, this is the first book of its kind: a complete guide to the income trust industry in Canada. Includes complete coverage on: what income funds are and how to use them to your advantage; myths and facts about income funds; different types of income trusts; what to look for in an income trust, and how to assess the risks involved; how income trusts, and the investors in them, are taxed; funds of income funds; and much more. Explains what business owners need to know if they are considering converting their businesses into an income trust. Features listings and profiles of over 160 income funds currently available in Canada, including a description of each fund, performance history, and contact information. Designed for anyone interested in knowing how Canadian income funds work, including: investors, business owners, directors, trustees, stockbrokers, financial advisors, lawyers, accountants, investment bankers, and commercial bankers.

Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation
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Monica Pratesi Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation


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6659.3 руб.

A comprehensive guide to implementing SAE methods for poverty studies and poverty mapping There is an increasingly urgent demand for poverty and living conditions data, in relation to local areas and/or subpopulations. Policy makers and stakeholders need indicators and maps of poverty and living conditions in order to formulate and implement policies, (re)distribute resources, and measure the effect of local policy actions. Small Area Estimation (SAE) plays a crucial role in producing statistically sound estimates for poverty mapping. This book offers a comprehensive source of information regarding the use of SAE methods adapted to these distinctive features of poverty data derived from surveys and administrative archives. The book covers the definition of poverty indicators, data collection and integration methods, the impact of sampling design, weighting and variance estimation, the issue of SAE modelling and robustness, the spatio-temporal modelling of poverty, and the SAE of the distribution function of income and inequalities. Examples of data analyses and applications are provided, and the book is supported by a website describing scripts written in SAS or R software, which accompany the majority of the presented methods. Key features: Presents a comprehensive review of SAE methods for poverty mapping Demonstrates the applications of SAE methods using real-life case studies Offers guidance on the use of routines and choice of websites from which to download them Analysis of Poverty Data by Small Area Estimation offers an introduction to advanced techniques from both a practical and a methodological perspective, and will prove an invaluable resource for researchers actively engaged in organizing, managing and conducting studies on poverty.

Flamini Riccardo Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry Flamini Riccardo Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry
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Flamini Riccardo Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry


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9957.26 руб.

A concise, up-to-date overview of the applications of mass spectrometry To be able to estimate the potentiality of grapes and how it may be transferred into wine is key to grasping enological chemistry. Nowadays, mass spectrometry is a crucial aspect in ensuring the production, the quality, and the safety of grape, wine, and grape derivative products. Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry examines in depth the relationship between the high structural identification power of mass spectrometry techniques and the chemistry of grapes and wine. The text is divided into two parts. The first section provides an overview of mass spectrometry methods in relation to enology in three chapters. The second section offers seven chapters on wine chemistry as well as traditional topics and new developments in mass spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry explores many mass spectrometry applications, including: Ionization methods Mass analyzers and mass measurements Mass spectrometry methodologies Grape aroma compounds Volatile and aroma compounds in wines Grape and wine polyphenols Compounds released by wood into wine Wine defects caused by compounds Pesticide detection analysis Peptides and proteins of grape and wine Written by leading experts in the field, this book presents an introduction to mass spectrometry and outlines ways to maximize quality control and product safety for the best results. Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry is an essential handbook for laboratories working in enology.

Jeffrey Dellinger K. The Handbook of Variable Income Annuities Jeffrey Dellinger K. The Handbook of Variable Income Annuities
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Jeffrey Dellinger K. The Handbook of Variable Income Annuities


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15558.22 руб.

In-depth coverage of variable income annuities With trillions of dollars in retirement savings assets, the tens of millions of Americans on the precipice of retirement need to convert these savings into retirement income. The fact that variable income annuities (VIAs) generate maximum lifetime income with zero probability of outliving it has spurred the need for more information about VIAs. The Handbook of Variable Income Annuities is by far the most comprehensive source of information on this topic. This book thoroughly describes the most important principles of optimal asset liquidation and demystifies VIA mechanics, so readers can gain a high comfort level with this important financial instrument. Interestingly and clearly, The Handbook of Variable Income Annuities explains the mathematical pricing of variable income annuities, expected rates of return, taxation, product distribution, legal aspects, and much more. Jeffrey K. Dellinger (Fort Wayne, IN), a Fellow of the Society of Actuaries and a member of the American Academy of Actuaries, has over 25 years experience in the financial services sector. He advises institutions on retirement income optimization, products, and markets.

Moorad Choudhry Fixed Income Markets. Management, Trading and Hedging Moorad Choudhry Fixed Income Markets. Management, Trading and Hedging
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Moorad Choudhry Fixed Income Markets. Management, Trading and Hedging


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7779.11 руб.

A comprehensive, in-depth look at global debt capital markets in the post-crisis world Fully updated with comprehensive coverage of the post-crisis debt markets and their impact on key industry issues, Fixed Income Markets: Management, Trading, and Hedging, Second Edition offers insights into derivative pricing, cross-currency hedging, and new liquidity legislation. Written by Choudhry, Moskovic, and Wong, Fixed Income Markets is an indispensable read for anyone working in bond markets, interest-rate markets, and credit derivatives markets looking to better understand today's debt markets. This acclaimed book takes a unique look into the leading practices in bond markets as well as post-credit-crunch impacts on pricing that are rarely captured in textbooks. The new edition provides expanded coverage on a wide range of topics within hedging, derivatives, bonds, rebalancing, and global debt capital markets. New topics include: Dynamic hedging practices and cross-currency hedging Collateralized and uncollateralized derivatives, and their impact on valuation Callable bonds, pricing, trading, and regulatory aspects related to liquidity Rebalancing as a method for capturing contingencies and other complex imbedded risks As a bonus, the book includes reference information for statistical concepts and fixed income pricing, as well as a full glossary and index. Written in Choudhry's usual accessible style, Fixed Income Markets is a comprehensive and in-depth account of the global debt capital markets in today's post-crisis world.

Charles Mischke C. Aquaculture Pond Fertilization. Impacts of Nutrient Input on Production Charles Mischke C. Aquaculture Pond Fertilization. Impacts of Nutrient Input on Production
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Charles Mischke C. Aquaculture Pond Fertilization. Impacts of Nutrient Input on Production


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17110.15 руб.

Ponds are a primary production system to a wide variety of freshwater fish species. Each species have specific and unique nutrient needs and successful pond fertilization is critical to a successful aquaculture enterprise. Aquaculture Pond Fertilization: Impacts of Nutrient Input on Production provides state-of-the-art information for successful fertilization strategies for a broad range of pond-raised species. Aquaculture Pond Fertilization attempts to rectify the seemingly contradictory nutrient recommendations by clearly defining the goals of specific types of aquaculture. Chapters are divided into three sections: The first reviews basic concepts in fertilization applicable to all pond-based production. The second looks at specific nutrient management approaches. The third and final section of chapters looks specifically at key freshwater pond species ranging from tilapia to perch and discusses specific fertilization needs for the successful rearing of these in-demand fish. Looking across species with chapters contributed by leaders in the field Aquaculture Pond Fertilization provides succinct single-volume coverage of an oft-neglected, but vitally important topic in aquaculture production.

Dilys Roe Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation. Exploring the Evidence for a Link Dilys Roe Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation. Exploring the Evidence for a Link
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Dilys Roe Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation. Exploring the Evidence for a Link


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10719.63 руб.

Biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation are both important societal goals demanding increasing international attention. While they may seem to be unrelated, the international policy frameworks that guide action to address them make an explicit assumption that conserving biodiversity will help to tackle global poverty. Part of the Conservation Science and Practice Series published with the Zoological Society of London, this book explores the validity of that assumption. The book addresses a number of critical questions: Which aspects of biodiversity are of value to the poor? Does the relationship between biodiversity and poverty differ according to particular ecological conditions? How do different conservation interventions vary in their poverty impacts? How do distributional and institutional issues affect the poverty impacts of interventions? How do broader issues such as climate change and the global economic system affect the biodiversity – poverty relationship at different scales? This volume will be of interest to policy-makers, practitioners and researchers concerned with understanding the potential – and limitations – of integrated approaches to biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation.

Lappin Shalom Linguistic Nativism and the Poverty of the Stimulus Lappin Shalom Linguistic Nativism and the Poverty of the Stimulus
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Lappin Shalom Linguistic Nativism and the Poverty of the Stimulus


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9486.62 руб.

This unique contribution to the ongoing discussion of language acquisition considers the Argument from the Poverty of the Stimulus in language learning in the context of the wider debate over cognitive, computational, and linguistic issues. Critically examines the Argument from the Poverty of the Stimulus – the theory that the linguistic input which children receive is insufficient to explain the rich and rapid development of their knowledge of their first language(s) through general learning mechanisms Focuses on formal learnability properties of the class of natural languages, considered from the perspective of several learning theoretic models The only current book length study of arguments for the poverty of the stimulus which focuses on the computational learning theoretic aspects of the problem

Wendy Pirie L. Fixed Income Analysis Wendy Pirie L. Fixed Income Analysis
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Wendy Pirie L. Fixed Income Analysis


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6482.59 руб.

The essential guide to fixed income portfolio management, from the experts at CFA Fixed Income Analysis is a new edition of Frank Fabozzi's Fixed Income Analysis, Second Edition that provides authoritative and up-to-date coverage of how investment professionals analyze and manage fixed income portfolios. With detailed information from CFA Institute, this guide contains comprehensive, example-driven presentations of all essential topics in the field to provide value for self-study, general reference, and classroom use. Readers are first introduced to the fundamental concepts of fixed income before continuing on to analysis of risk, asset-backed securities, term structure analysis, and a general framework for valuation that assumes no prior relevant background. The final section of the book consists of three readings that build the knowledge and skills needed to effectively manage fixed income portfolios, giving readers a real-world understanding of how the concepts discussed are practically applied in client-based scenarios. Part of the CFA Institute Investment series, this book provides a thorough exploration of fixed income analysis, clearly presented by experts in the field. Readers gain critical knowledge of underlying concepts, and gain the skills they need to translate theory into practice. Understand fixed income securities, markets, and valuation Master risk analysis and general valuation of fixed income securities Learn how fixed income securities are backed by pools of assets Explore the relationships between bond yields of different maturities Investment analysts, portfolio managers, individual and institutional investors and their advisors, and anyone with an interest in fixed income markets will appreciate this access to the best in professional quality information. For a deeper understanding of fixed income portfolio management practices, Fixed Income Analysis is a complete, essential resource.

Peggy McCardle Progress toward a Literate World. Early Reading Interventions in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, Number 155 Peggy McCardle Progress toward a Literate World. Early Reading Interventions in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, Number 155
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Peggy McCardle Progress toward a Literate World. Early Reading Interventions in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, Number 155


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2174.23 руб.

In order to work toward eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, the United Nations Millennium Development Goals significantly include universal primary education, gender equality, and empowering women. Effective early literacy instruction plays a critical role in achieving these goals. From around the globe, this issue presents evidence-based, culturally sensitive and cost-effective practices in reading instruction and intervention in the early grades. Not only will this issue heighten awareness of the challenges faced but it will provide valuable information to help guide and improve diverse global education programs and research, especially in developing regions and for children living in poverty or disadvantage in all nations. Presenting several experiences from small- and large-scale reading improvement programs, it: Focuses on low- and middle-income countries, Describes challenges in implementing, studying, and scaling them up, Informs expectations on how quickly and easily reading performance can change, and Provides results and evidence of effectiveness. This is the 155th volume in this Jossey-Bass series New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development. Its mission is to provide scientific and scholarly presentations on cutting edge issues and concepts in this subject area. Each volume focuses on a specific new direction or research topic and is edited by experts from that field.

Melissa Redford A. The Handbook of Speech Production Melissa Redford A. The Handbook of Speech Production
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Melissa Redford A. The Handbook of Speech Production


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14623.43 руб.

The Handbook of Speech Production is the first reference work to provide an overview of this burgeoning area of study. Twenty-four chapters written by an international team of authors examine issues in speech planning, motor control, the physical aspects of speech production, and external factors that impact speech production. Contributions bring together behavioral, clinical, computational, developmental, and neuropsychological perspectives on speech production to create a rich and truly interdisciplinary resource Offers a novel and timely contribution to the literature and showcases a broad spectrum of research in speech production, methodological advances, and modeling Coverage of planning, motor control, articulatory coordination, the speech mechanism, and the effect of language on production processes

Yriy Smirnov Capital monster – 2. Bts (English) Yriy Smirnov Capital monster – 2. Bts (English)
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Yriy Smirnov Capital monster – 2. Bts (English)


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360 руб.

In the book given a turnkey solution for reaching a good profit in a completely new project with an impeccable reputation and stable payments. Reaching a new level of income. Permanent passive income. On full auto-pilot from 10% to 30% per month.

James Tidwell H. Aquaculture Production Systems James Tidwell H. Aquaculture Production Systems
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James Tidwell H. Aquaculture Production Systems


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8319.76 руб.

Aquaculture is an increasingly diverse industry with an ever-growing number of species cultured and production systems available to professionals. A basic understanding of production systems is vital to the successful practice of aquaculture. Published with the World Aquaculture Society, Aquaculture Production Systems captures the huge diversity of production systems used in the production of shellfish and finfish in one concise volume that allows the reader to better understand how aquaculture depends upon and interacts with its environment. The systems examined range from low input methods to super-intensive systems. Divided into five sections that each focus on a distinct family of systems, Aquaculture Production Systems serves as an excellent text to those just being introduced to aquaculture as well as being a valuable reference to well-established professionals seeking information on production methods.

Robert G. Allen Multiple Streams of Income. How to Generate a Lifetime of Unlimited Wealth Robert G. Allen Multiple Streams of Income. How to Generate a Lifetime of Unlimited Wealth
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Robert G. Allen Multiple Streams of Income. How to Generate a Lifetime of Unlimited Wealth


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1474.14 руб.

In Multiple Streams of Income, bestselling author Robert Allen presents ten revolutionary new methods for generating over $100,000 a year—on a part-time basis, working from your home, using little or none of your own money. For this book, Allen researched hundreds of income-producing opportunities and narrowed them down to ten surefire moneymakers anyone can profit from. This revised edition includes a new chapter on a cutting-edge investing technique.

Mark Jolly Energy Technology 2011. Carbon Dioxide and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy and Waste Heat Recovery Mark Jolly Energy Technology 2011. Carbon Dioxide and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy and Waste Heat Recovery
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Mark Jolly Energy Technology 2011. Carbon Dioxide and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy and Waste Heat Recovery


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12444.22 руб.

Approaches on carbon dioxide (CO2) emission reduction in metal production by improved energy efficiency in life cycle fuel use, reductions in carbonate-based flux/raw material usage, as well as finding thermodynamically feasible reactions leading to lower emissions. Energy saving techniques for extraction and processing of ferrous and nonferrous metals and other materials Capture, conservation, and use of heat generated from processing

Asmerom Kidane The demand for cigarette in Tanzania: A temporal approach Asmerom Kidane The demand for cigarette in Tanzania: A temporal approach
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Asmerom Kidane The demand for cigarette in Tanzania: A temporal approach


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152 руб.

The study presented here attempts to estimate the effect of increased price of cigarettes on the corresponding consumption in Tanzania. The study is based on household panel survey data that were conducted over three periods in 2008, 2010 and 2012. For each period price is estimated indirectly. The price increase was substantial and higher than the corresponding aggregate Consumer Price Index (CPI). An attempt is made to relate the increase in price with a possible decrease in cigarette consumption. The methods of analysis are descriptive tabular statistics and the «two-equation econometrics» approach. Over the study period, the descriptive approach showed a substantial increase in price but a modest decrease in cigarette consumption prevalence rate, intensity rate and per capita consumption. When a more robust and powerful econometric method was applied, the results showed a substantial decrease in consumption. There was a significant reduction in intensity compared to participation. Between 2008 and 2010 total price elasticity of demand decreased from -0.686 to -0.727. In 2012 the value was -1.139. The reduction in consumption was much higher among the very poor and the poor (-2.387 and -1.967 respectively). When cross classified by age group the youth (20 years or less) showed a high elasticity of -1.672. The results suggest that in a typical African country smokers (who are relatively poor) will react to substantial price increase in a predictable manner. Price elasticity of demand greater than absolute unity need not be unusual.

Vikash Reddy Performance Funding for Higher Education: What Are the Mechanisms? What Are the Impacts?. ASHE Higher Education Report, 39:2 Vikash Reddy Performance Funding for Higher Education: What Are the Mechanisms? What Are the Impacts?. ASHE Higher Education Report, 39:2
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Vikash Reddy Performance Funding for Higher Education: What Are the Mechanisms? What Are the Impacts?. ASHE Higher Education Report, 39:2


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2174.23 руб.

After first appearing in 1979 in Tennessee, performance funding for higher education went on to be adopted by another 26 states. This monograph reviews research on a multitude of states to address these questions: • What impacts does performance funding have on institutional practices and, ultimately, student outcomes? • What obstacles and unintended effects do performance funding encounter? This monograph finds considerable impacts on institutional practices, weak impacts on student outcomes, substantial obstacles, and sizable unintended impacts. Given this, the monograph closes with a discussion of the implications for future research and for public policymaking on performance funding. This is the 2nd issue of the 39th volume of the Jossey-Bass series ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monograph is the definitive analysis of a tough higher education issue, based on thorough research of pertinent literature and institutional experiences. Topics are identified by a national survey. Noted practitioners and scholars are then commissioned to write the reports, with experts providing critical reviews of each manuscript before publication.

Moorad Choudhry The Handbook of European Fixed Income Securities Moorad Choudhry The Handbook of European Fixed Income Securities
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Moorad Choudhry The Handbook of European Fixed Income Securities


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10108.95 руб.

A well-rounded guide for those interested in European financial markets With the advent of the euro and formation of the European Union, financial markets on this continent are slowly beginning to gain momentum. Individuals searching for information on these markets have come up empty-until now. The Handbook of European Fixed Income Markets is the first book written on this burgeoning market. It contains extensive, in-depth coverage of every aspect of the current European fixed income markets and their derivatives. This comprehensive resource includes both a qualitative approach to products, conventions, and institutions as well as quantitative coverage of valuation and analysis of each instrument. The Handbook of European Fixed Income Markets introduces readers to developed markets such as the U.K., France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Holland, as well as emerging markets in Eastern Europe. Government and corporate bond market instruments and institutions are also discussed. U.S.-based investors, researchers, and academics as well as students and financial professionals in other parts of the world will all turn to this book for complete and accurate information on European financial instruments and markets. Frank J. Fabozzi (New Hope, PA) is a financial consultant, the Editor of the Journal of Portfolio Management, and Adjunct Professor of Finance at Yale University's School of Management. Moorad Choudhry (Surrey, UK) is a Vice President with JPMorgan Chase structured finances services in London.

Martin Bush J. Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States Martin Bush J. Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States
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Martin Bush J. Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States


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9749.19 руб.

A groundbreaking synthesis of climate change adaptation strategies for small island states, globally A wide ranging, comprehensive, and multi-disciplinary study, this is the first book that focuses on the challenges posed by climate change impacts on the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). While most of the current literature on the subject deals with specific regions, this book analyses the impacts of climate change across the Caribbean, the Pacific Ocean, and the African and Indian Ocean regions in order to identify and tackle the real issues faced by all the small island States. As the global effects of climate change become increasingly evident and urgent, it is clear that the impact on small islands is going to be particularly severe. These island countries are especially vulnerable to rising sea levels, hurricanes and cyclones, frequent droughts, and the disruption of agriculture, fisheries and vital ecosystems. On many small islands, the migration of vulnerable communities to higher ground has already begun. Food security is an increasingly pressing issue. Hundreds of thousands of islanders are at risk. Marine ecosystems are threatened by acidification and higher seawater temperatures leading to increased pressure on fisheries—still an important source of food for many island communities. The small island developing States emit only small amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Yet many SIDS governments are allocating scarce financial and human resources in an effort to further reduce their emissions. This is a mistake. Rather than focus on mitigation (i.e., the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions) Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States concentrates on adaptation. The author assesses the immediate and future impacts of climate change on small islands, and identifies a range of proven, cost-effective adaptation strategies. The book: Focuses on the challenges of climate change faced by all of the world’s small island developing States; Provides comprehensive coverage of the latest research into the most likely environment impacts; Uses numerous case studies to describe proven, practical, and cost-effective policies, including disaster management strategies—which can be developed and implemented by the SIDS; Takes a unique, multidisciplinary approach, making it of particular interest to specialists in a variety of disciplines, including both earth sciences and life sciences. This book is a valuable resource for all professionals and students studying climate change and its impacts. It is also essential reading for government officials and the ministries of the 51 small island developing States, as well as the signatories to the 2015 Paris climate agreement.

Merrill Singer A Companion to the Anthropology of Environmental Health Merrill Singer A Companion to the Anthropology of Environmental Health
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Merrill Singer A Companion to the Anthropology of Environmental Health


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14623.43 руб.

A Companion to the Anthropology of Environmental Health presents a collection of readings that utilize a medical anthropological approach to explore the interface of humans and the environment in the shaping of health and illness around the world. Features the latest ethnographic research from around the world related to the multiple impacts of the environment on health and of societies on their environments Includes contributions from international medical anthropologists, conservationists, environmental experts, public health professionals, health clinicians, and other social scientists Analyzes the conditions of cultural and social transformation that accompany environmental and ecological impacts in all areas of the world Offers critical perspectives on theoretical and methodological advancements in the anthropology of environmental health, along with future directions in the field

Anne Robinson Skaja Production of Membrane Proteins. Strategies for Expression and Isolation Anne Robinson Skaja Production of Membrane Proteins. Strategies for Expression and Isolation
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Anne Robinson Skaja Production of Membrane Proteins. Strategies for Expression and Isolation


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2174.26 руб.

Designed as a research-level guide to current strategies and methods of membrane protein production on the small to intermediate scale, this practice-oriented book provides detailed, step-by-step laboratory protocols as well as an explanation of the principles behind each method, together with a discussion of its relative advantages and disadvantages. Following an introductory section on current challenges in membrane protein production, the book goes on to look at expression systems, emerging methods and approaches, and protein specific considerations. Case studies illustrate how to select or sample the optimal production system for any desired membrane protein, saving both time and money on the laboratory as well as the technical production scale. Unique in its coverage of «difficult» proteins with large membrane-embedded domains, proteins from extremophiles, peripheral membrane proteins, and protein fragments.

Geoff Bearne Essential Readings in Light Metals, Aluminum Reduction Technology Geoff Bearne Essential Readings in Light Metals, Aluminum Reduction Technology
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Geoff Bearne Essential Readings in Light Metals, Aluminum Reduction Technology


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21972.14 руб.

ONE OF A FOUR-BOOK COLLECTION SPOTLIGHTING CLASSIC ARTICLES Landmark research findings and reviews in aluminum reduction technology Highlighting some of the most important findings and insights reported over the past five decades, this volume features many of the best original research papers and reviews on aluminum reduction technology published from 1963 to 2011. Papers have been organized into seven themes: 1. Fundamentals 2. Modeling 3. Design 4. Operations 5. Control 6. Environmental 7. Alternative processes The first six themes deal with conventional Hall-Héroult electrolytic reduction technology, whereas the last theme features papers dedicated to nonconventional processes. Each section begins with a brief introduction and ends with a list of recommended articles for further reading, enabling researchers to explore each subject in greater depth. The papers for this volume were selected from among some 1,500 Light Metals articles. Selection was based on a rigorous review process. Among the papers, readers will find breakthroughs in science as well as papers that have had a major impact on technology. In addition, there are expert reviews summarizing our understanding of key topics at the time of publication. From basic research to advanced applications, the articles published in this volume collectively represent a complete overview of aluminum reduction technology. It will enable students, scientists, and engineers to trace the history of aluminum reduction technology and bring themselves up to date with the current state of the technology.

Peter Jong de Sustainable Dairy Production Peter Jong de Sustainable Dairy Production
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Peter Jong de Sustainable Dairy Production


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17110.15 руб.

This book offers a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in sustainable dairy production, helping the industry to develop more sustainable dairy products, through new technologies, implementing life cycle analysis, and upgrading and optimization of their current production lines. It aims to stimulate process innovations, taking into account environmental, economic and public relations benefits for companies. Topics covered include: How to set up a sustainable production line How to quantify the carbon foot print of a dairy product by using life cycle analysis Current technologies to improve the carbon foot print What measures can be taken to reduce the global warming potential of the farm Reduction of water use in dairy production Marketing sustainable dairy products Bench marking of dairy products against other food products Potential future technological developments to improve the carbon foot print for the following decades

Mencarelli Fabio Sweet, Reinforced and Fortified Wines. Grape Biochemistry, Technology and Vinification Mencarelli Fabio Sweet, Reinforced and Fortified Wines. Grape Biochemistry, Technology and Vinification
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Mencarelli Fabio Sweet, Reinforced and Fortified Wines. Grape Biochemistry, Technology and Vinification


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17814.16 руб.

Wines from Grape Dehydration is the first of its kind in the field of grape dehydration – the controlled drying process which produces a special group of wines. These types of wine are the most ancient, made in the Mediterranean basin, and are even described in Herodotus. Until few years ago, it was thought that these wines – such as Pedro Ximenez, Tokai, Passito, and Vin Santo – were the result of simple grape drying, because the grapes were left in the sun, or inside greenhouses that had no controls over temperature, relative humidity or ventilation. But Amarone wine, one of the most prized wines in the world, is the first wine in which the drying is a controlled process. This controlled process – grape dehydration – changes the grape at the biochemical level, and involves specialist vine management, postharvest technology and production processes, which are different from the typical wine-making procedure. After a history of grape dehydration, the book is then divided into two sections; scientific and technical. The scientific section approaches the subjects of vineyard management and dehydration technology and how they affect the biochemistry and the quality compounds of grape; as well as vinification practices to preserve primary volatiles compounds and colour of grape. The technical section is devoted to four main classes of wine: Amarone, Passito, Pedro Ximenez, and Tokai. The book then covers sweet wines not made by grape dehydration, and the analytical/sensorial characteristics of the wines. A concluding final chapter addresses the market for these special wines. This book is intended for wineries and wine makers, wine operators, postharvest specialists, vineyard managers/growers, enology/wine students, agriculture/viticulture faculties and course leaders and food processing scientists


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A groundbreaking synthesis of climate change adaptation strategies for small island states, globally A wide ranging, comprehensive, and multi-disciplinary study, this is the first book that focuses on the challenges posed by climate change impacts on the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). While most of the current literature on the subject deals with specific regions, this book analyses the impacts of climate change across the Caribbean, the Pacific Ocean, and the African and Indian Ocean regions in order to identify and tackle the real issues faced by all the small island States. As the global effects of climate change become increasingly evident and urgent, it is clear that the impact on small islands is going to be particularly severe. These island countries are especially vulnerable to rising sea levels, hurricanes and cyclones, frequent droughts, and the disruption of agriculture, fisheries and vital ecosystems. On many small islands, the migration of vulnerable communities to higher ground has already begun. Food security is an increasingly pressing issue. Hundreds of thousands of islanders are at risk. Marine ecosystems are threatened by acidification and higher seawater temperatures leading to increased pressure on fisheries—still an important source of food for many island communities. The small island developing States emit only small amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Yet many SIDS governments are allocating scarce financial and human resources in an effort to further reduce their emissions. This is a mistake. Rather than focus on mitigation (i.e., the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions) Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States concentrates on adaptation. The author assesses the immediate and future impacts of climate change on small islands, and identifies a range of proven, cost-effective adaptation strategies. The book: Focuses on the challenges of climate change faced by all of the world’s small island developing States; Provides comprehensive coverage of the latest research into the most likely environment impacts; Uses numerous case studies to describe proven, practical, and cost-effective policies, including disaster management strategies—which can be developed and implemented by the SIDS; Takes a unique, multidisciplinary approach, making it of particular interest to specialists in a variety of disciplines, including both earth sciences and life sciences. This book is a valuable resource for all professionals and students studying climate change and its impacts. It is also essential reading for government officials and the ministries of the 51 small island developing States, as well as the signatories to the 2015 Paris climate agreement.
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