interactions of invasive plants with soil biota



Darlene Southworth Biocomplexity of Plant-Fungal Interactions Darlene Southworth Biocomplexity of Plant-Fungal Interactions Новинка

Darlene Southworth Biocomplexity of Plant-Fungal Interactions

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Plants interact with a wide variety of organisms in their natural growing environments. Key amongst these relationships is the interplay between plants and diverse fungal species that impact plants in complex symbiotic, parasitic and pathogenic ways. Biocomplexity of Plant-Fungal Interactions explores a broad spectrum of research looking at both positive and negative interactions of these relationships on plants and their ecosystems. Biocomplexity of Plant-Fungal Interactions takes a more holistic view of the plant-fungal interactions than most traditional volumes on the topic. Focusing on the truly complex biological interplay among plants and fungi, as well as other organisms—mammals, insects, bacteria, viruses, this book provides a unique perspective on this fundamentally important relationship. Chapters are written from molecular, evolutionary and ecological perspectives to provide readers with a full understanding of the diverse implications of plant-fungal interactions. Written by a global team of experts from varied scientific backgrounds, Biocomplexity of Plant-Fungal Interactions will be an essential title for readers looking for a better understanding of the diverse array of interactions between plants and fungi in natural ecosystems.
Iqbal Ahmad Biofilms in Plant and Soil Health Iqbal Ahmad Biofilms in Plant and Soil Health Новинка

Iqbal Ahmad Biofilms in Plant and Soil Health

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Biofilms are predominant mode of life for microbes under natural conditions. The three-dimensional structure of the biofilm provides enhanced protection from physical, chemical and biological stress conditions to associated microbial communities. These complex and highly structured microbial communities play a vital role in maintaining the health of plants, soils and waters. Biofilm associated with plants may be pathogenic or beneficial based on the nature of their interactions. Pathogenic or undesirable biofilm requires control in many situations, including soil, plants, food and water. Written by leading experts from around the world, Biofilms in Plant and Soil Health provides an up-to-date review on various aspects of microbial biofilms, and suggests future and emerging trends in biofilms in plant and soil health. Issues are addressed in four sub areas: I) The fundamentals and significance of biofilm in plant and soil health, and the concept of mono and mixed biofilms by PGPR and fungal biofilms. II) Biochemical and molecular mechanisms in biofilm studies in plant associated bacteria, and techniques in studying biofilms and their characterization, gene expression and enhanced antimicrobial resistance in biofilms, as well as biotic and biotic factors affecting biofilm in vitro. III) The ecological significance of soil associated biofilms and stress management and bioremediation of contaminated soils and degraded ecosystems. IV) Pathogenic biofilm associated with plant and food and its control measures. This book is recommended for students and researchers working in agricultural and environmental microbiology, biotechnology, soil sciences, soil and plant health and plant protection. Researchers working in the area of quorum sensing, biofilm applications, and understanding microbiome of soil and plants will also find it useful.
Hinrich Bohn L. Soil Chemistry Hinrich Bohn L. Soil Chemistry Новинка

Hinrich Bohn L. Soil Chemistry

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Soil is key to sustaining life—affecting air and water quality, the growth of plants and crops, and the health of the entire planet. Soil Chemistry 4e provides comprehensive coverage of the chemical interactions among organic and inorganic solids, air, water, microorganisms, and the plant roots in soil. The fourth edition of Soil Chemistry has been revised and updated throughout and provides a basic description of important research and fundamental knowledge in the field. The text covers chemical processes that occur in soils, including: distribution and species of nutrients and contaminants in soils; aqueous chemistry of soil solutions and mineral dissolution; oxidation and reduction reactions in soils; soil mineral formation processes and properties; the formation and reactivity of soil organic matter; surface chemistry and cation, anion, and organic compound adsorption reactions; modelling soil chemical reactions; and reactions in acid and salt affected soils. Although extensively revised with updated figures and tables, the fourth edition maintains the focus on introductory soil chemistry that has distinguished earlier editions. New chapters on properties of elements relevant to soil chemistry, and a chapter with special focus on soil surface characteristics have been added. Special Topics boxes are also included in the Fourth Edition that includes examples, noteworthy topics, and case studies. End of chapter questions are included as a resource for teaching.
Fisher Richard Ecology and Management of Forest Soils Fisher Richard Ecology and Management of Forest Soils Новинка

Fisher Richard Ecology and Management of Forest Soils

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Forest soils are the foundation of the entire forest ecosystem and complex, long-term interactions between trees, soil animals, and the microbial community shape soils in was that are very distinct from agricultural soils. The composition, structure, and processes in forest soils at any given time reflect current conditions, as well as the legacies of decades (and even millennia) of interactions that shape each forest soil. Reciprocal interactions are fundamental; vegetation alters soil physical properties, which influence soil biology and chemistry, which in turn influence the growth and success of plants. These dynamic systems may be strongly influenced by intentional and unintentional management, ranging from fire to fertilization. Sustaining the long-term fertility of forest soils depends on insights about a diverse array of soil features and changes over space and time. Since the third edition of this successful book many new interests in forest soils and their management have arisen, including the role of forest soils in sequestering carbon, and how management influences rates of carbon accumulation. This edition also expands the consideration of how soils are sampled and characterized, and how tree species differ in their influence on soil development. Clearly structured throughout, the book opens with the origins of forest soil science and ends with the application of soil science principles to land management. This new edition provides: A completely revised and updated Fourth Edition of this classic textbook in the field A coherent overview of the major issues surrounding the ecology and management of forest soils Global in scope with coverage of soil types ranging from the tropical rainforest soils of Latin America to the boreal forest soils of Siberia New chapters on Management: Carbon sequestration; Evidence-based approaches and applications of geostatistics, GIS and taxonomies A clear overview of each topic, informative examples/case studies, and an overall context for helping readers think clearly about forest soils An introduction to the literature of forest soil science and to the philosophy of forest soil science research This coherent overview of the major issues surrounding the ecology and management of forest soils will be particularly useful to students taking courses in soil science, forestry, agronomy, ecology, natural resource management, environmental management and conservation, as well as professionals in forestry dealing with the productivity of forests and functioning of watersheds.
Martin Crespi Root Genomics and Soil Interactions Martin Crespi Root Genomics and Soil Interactions Новинка

Martin Crespi Root Genomics and Soil Interactions

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Fully integrated and comprehensive in its coverage, Root Genomics and Soil Interactions examines the use of genome-based technologies to understand root development and adaptability to biotic and abiotic stresses and changes in the soil environment. Written by an international team of experts in the field, this timely review highlights both model organisms and important agronomic crops. Coverage includes: novel areas unveiled by genomics research basic root biology and genomic approaches applied to analysis of root responses to the soil environment. Each chapter provides a succinct yet thorough review of research.
Sadia Kanwal Potential Role of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Phytoremediation Sadia Kanwal Potential Role of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Phytoremediation Новинка

Sadia Kanwal Potential Role of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Phytoremediation

Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Biology - Botany, grade: 1, , language: English, abstract: The increase of metals pollution in soil is a worldwide problem that effects the health of humans and environment. The use of green technology such as phytoremediation is one the environmental friendly technique, in which plants and other microbes are used to reduce the level of metals contaminants in soil and lower its uptake towards plants tissues. Studies reported a number of cereal crops such as wheat and medicinal plants like alfalfa accumulate heavy metals in their tissues at higher concentrations. In the present study, we investigated the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on wheat and alfalfa plants with the increase of zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd) concentrations in soil. After eight weeks of pot experiment, roots colonization, shoot and root biomass, growth, heavy metals contents and other biochemical parameters were assessed. The results indicated mycorrhizal inoculated (M) plants performed better at moderate Zn and Cd concentrations. In addition, higher phosphorus contents were observed in M treated plants as compared to NM plants. Results indicated that AMF inoculum exhibit different tolerance strategies to reduce metals toxicity in host plants. The effective mycorrhizal symbiosis was observed with wheat and alfalfa plants and can be useful for phytostabilization of metals contaminated soils which can play a vital role in increase of plants prod...
Spencer Barrett C.H. Invasion Genetics. The Baker and Stebbins Legacy Spencer Barrett C.H. Invasion Genetics. The Baker and Stebbins Legacy Новинка

Spencer Barrett C.H. Invasion Genetics. The Baker and Stebbins Legacy

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Invasion Genetics: the Baker & Stebbins legacy provides a state-of-the-art treatment of the evolutionary biology of invasive species, whilst also revisiting the historical legacy of one of the most important books in evolutionary biology: The Genetics of Colonizing Species, published in 1965 and edited by Herbert Baker and G. Ledyard Stebbins. This volume covers a range of topics concerned with the evolutionary biology of invasion including: phylogeography and the reconstruction of invasion history; demographic genetics; the role of stochastic forces in the invasion process; the contemporary evolution of local adaptation; the significance of epigenetics and transgenerational plasticity for invasive species; the genomic consequences of colonization; the search for invasion genes; and the comparative biology of invasive species. A wide diversity of invasive organisms are discussed including plants, animals, fungi and microbes.
Krishna Deeksha, Kumar Sachan Hirdesh Response of AM fungi at different levels of zinc on soil quality Krishna Deeksha, Kumar Sachan Hirdesh Response of AM fungi at different levels of zinc on soil quality Новинка

Krishna Deeksha, Kumar Sachan Hirdesh Response of AM fungi at different levels of zinc on soil quality

The study was undertaken in greenhouse condition to find out the effects of inoculation with the strains of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi at different levels of zinc and its interactions in terms of plant height, fresh as well as dry weight of root and shoot, grain yield of finger millet, microbial population, per cent root colonization, available N, P and K and concentration of zinc and cadmium in soil after the crop harvest. Two factors interactions with four levels of AM fungal strains inoculation viz., uninoculated control (Mo), Gigaspora ACP-1 (M1), Glomus ACP-2 (M2) and Scutellospora ACP-2 (M3) and four levels of zinc application viz., 0, 150, 300 and 450 mg kg-1 soil were used. The zinc applied as zinc sulphate in the form of solution in the concerned pots having the treatment. Thus there were sixteen treatments in all .The details of each treatment have been given in table 3. The each treatment was replicated six times. The cultures were Gigaspora ACP-1 (M1), Glomus ACP-2 (M2) and Scutellospora ACP-2(M3) contained about 468, 554 and 540 spores per 100 gm culture, respectively. Interactions between strains of mycorrhizal fungi and doses of zinc resulted significant increase
Ahmed Harb Rabia Fertilizers Solubility and Absorption by Plants Ahmed Harb Rabia Fertilizers Solubility and Absorption by Plants Новинка

Ahmed Harb Rabia Fertilizers Solubility and Absorption by Plants

Document from the year 2012 in the subject Forestry / Forestry Economics, University of Alexandria, language: Arabic, abstract: The process of fertilization is of the most important processes in various plant cultivation stages, and which supplies the plant with the necessary nutritional needs for during the growth period. To maximize the benefits of the fertilization addition we must be fully aware of the factors that interfere and affect the soluble fertilizer in the soil and absorption by the plant. There are many factors that affect fertilization process, starting of the solubility rate in irrigation water and the interactions that take place in the soil solution between the chemical compounds and the last step is to absorb these elements and compounds by plant roots. It is noted that we do not keep in mind when we study the water presence in the soil and its movement through, this the beginning of the rate of dissolves in the water for irrigation and the interactions that take place in solution ground between vehicles and each other and the last step is the absorption of these elements and compounds by plant roots. It is noted that we do not keep in mind when you study for the presence of water in the soil and its movement through, the fact that the liquid phase into the ground is not a pure liquid. The water that enters the soil by rain or irrigation is itself a solution. It is true that rain water is pure when it condenses to be a cloud, but it happens once it starts t...
Hishmi Husain Lithology . Soil Characteristics Related to Forest Vegetation Hishmi Husain Lithology . Soil Characteristics Related to Forest Vegetation Новинка

Hishmi Husain Lithology . Soil Characteristics Related to Forest Vegetation

For sustainable management of forest vegetation in the area, geology, soil and biota are important factors. Scientific investigation may be helpful in improving and regenerating degraded hills by protection of slopes through raising vegetation suited to parent material and soil. Soils are considered to be our basic treasure. Man is dependent on soil and productive soil depends on man. Each of the different kinds of soils requires special management practice which changes from season to season. The knowledge of mineralogical behavior of soils at good natural sites and at degraded sites opens at possibilities of optimal management inputs to augment production of the biomass from good site as well as from degraded site after suitable amelioration. In the present intensified programme of raising large scale plantation, especially of fast growing species, the fertility potential depends largely on the mineralogical composition of the soil. The underlying parent material plays a vital role in determining the success or other-wise of the plantations especially over a number of rotations in a given year. This book provides in-depth knowledge to the managers, foresters and land users to have a thorough knowledge about the content and nature of minerals present in the soil in diagnosing the fertility status and other soil-plant-parent material relationship in forestry.
Charles Barnard Talks about the soil in its relation to plants and business. A book of observations and experiments for the use of schools, students, and farmers Charles Barnard Talks about the soil in its relation to plants and business. A book of observations and experiments for the use of schools, students, and farmers Новинка

Charles Barnard Talks about the soil in its relation to plants and business. A book of observations and experiments for the use of schools, students, and farmers

Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "Boston, Chautauqua Press", 1886 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Talks about the soil in its relation to plants and business. A book of observations and experiments for the use of schools, students, and farmers.
Njuguna Elijah, Calatayud Paul-andré Silicon in soil and maize. link with pests. distribution Njuguna Elijah, Calatayud Paul-andré Silicon in soil and maize. link with pests. distribution Новинка

Njuguna Elijah, Calatayud Paul-andré Silicon in soil and maize. link with pests. distribution

Maize is the main staple crop in East African mountains but its yield is affected by biotic and abiotic factors. Lepidopteran pests such as, Chilo partellus (Crambidae) and Busseola fusca (Noctuidae) reduced maize yield while soil elements increase the yield. In addition to enhancing maize yields, some soil element such as silicon (Si) aid plants in overcoming abiotic and biotic stresses. Hence, any factor that induces Si deficiency in soil might be detrimental to the plant growth and its resistance to insect pests and diseases. Understanding how the projected temperature increase will affect Si levels in soil and maize is crucial in promoting maize production in different agro-ecosystems in the face of climate change. This study evaluated the Si levels in both soil and maize plants cultivated along three altitudinal gradients of East African mountains (Machakos, Taita and Kilimanjaro) characterized by graded changes in climatic conditions. The study also linked the Si level in maize plants to lepidopteran pests' distribution.
Yunusa Adamu Ugya, T. S. Imam, S. M. Tahir The Role of Phytoremediation in Remediation of Industrial Waste Yunusa Adamu Ugya, T. S. Imam, S. M. Tahir The Role of Phytoremediation in Remediation of Industrial Waste Новинка

Yunusa Adamu Ugya, T. S. Imam, S. M. Tahir The Role of Phytoremediation in Remediation of Industrial Waste

Scientific Essay from the year 2016 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Physical Geography, Geomorphology, Environmental Studies, , language: English, abstract: This text summarizes the role of phytoremediation in the remediation of industrial waste water since this waste water has become a threat to water quality. Several technologies are available to remediate water that is contaminated by industrial pollutant. However, many of these technologies are costly (e.g. excavation of contaminated material and chemical/physical treatment) or do not achieve a long-term nor aesthetic solution. Phytoremediation can provide a cost-effective, long-lasting and aesthetic solution for remediation of contaminated sites. In many cases, especially in tropical or subtropical areas, invasive plants such as the water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and water lettuce (P. stratiotes L.) are used in these phytoremediation water systems. This is because, compared to native plants, these invasive plants show a much higher nutrient removal efficiency with their high nutrient uptake capacity, fast growth rate, and big biomass production. In the active growth season, for instance, water hyacinth plants can double in number and biomass in 6 to 15 days. This study shows the importance of phytoremediation in the phytoremediation of industrial waste.
Stephen K. Harrel Minimally Invasive Periodontal Therapy. Clinical Techniques and Visualization Technology Stephen K. Harrel Minimally Invasive Periodontal Therapy. Clinical Techniques and Visualization Technology Новинка

Stephen K. Harrel Minimally Invasive Periodontal Therapy. Clinical Techniques and Visualization Technology

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The long-term success of periodontal therapy is dependent on proper diagnosis and removal of subgingival tooth-borne accretions in the form of calculus and bacteria. From a clinical perspective, better visualization during the diagnostic and therapeutic phases has been shown to yield better results compared to traditional approaches. Minimally Invasive Periodontal Therapy evaluates the advantages of using minimal invasive techniques, the technologies available for enhancing visualization during minimally invasive therapy, and step-by-step illustrates the clinical use of each technique. Each chapter addresses the advantages and disadvantages of minimally invasive therapies, rationale for the approach, and the advantages and limitations of each of the current methods of improving visualization. The chapters then provide an evidence-based review of the technologies and procedures, and end with case studies for each visualization procedure, featuring clinical photographs.
Jones Colin Introduction to Soil Mechanics Jones Colin Introduction to Soil Mechanics Новинка

Jones Colin Introduction to Soil Mechanics

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Introduction to Soil Mechanics, Béla Bodó & Colin Jones Introduction to Soil Mechanics covers the basic principles of soil mechanics, illustrating why the properties of soil are important, the techniques used to understand and characterise soil behaviour and how that knowledge is then applied in construction. The authors have endeavoured to define and discuss the principles and concepts concisely, providing clear, detailed explanations, and a well-illustrated text with diagrams, charts, graphs and tables. With many practical, worked examples and end-of-chapter and coverage of Eurocode 7, Introduction to Soil Mechanics will be an ideal starting point for the study of soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering. About the Authors Béla Bodó B.Sc., B.A., C.Eng., M.I.C.E, was born in Hungary and studied at Budapest Technical University, the University of London and the Open University. He developed his expertise in Soil Mechanics during his employment with British Rail and British Coal. Colin Jones B.Sc, C. Eng., M.I.C.E, P.G.C.E, studied at the University of Dundee, and worked at British Coal where he and Béla were colleagues. He has recently retired from the University of Wales, Newport where he was Programme Director for the Civil Engineering provision, specializing in Soil Mechanics and Geotechnics. Also Available Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics 4th Edition J C Jaeger, N G W Cook and R Zimmerman Hardcover: 9780632057597 Smith's Elements of Soil Mechanics 8th Edition Ian Smith Paperback: 9781405133708
Bala Ramudu Paramkusam, A. Prasad, L. P. Srivastava Stabilization of Contaminated Soil with Fly Ash and Cement Kiln Dust Bala Ramudu Paramkusam, A. Prasad, L. P. Srivastava Stabilization of Contaminated Soil with Fly Ash and Cement Kiln Dust Новинка

Bala Ramudu Paramkusam, A. Prasad, L. P. Srivastava Stabilization of Contaminated Soil with Fly Ash and Cement Kiln Dust

Soil contamination included oil, chemical, heavy metals and organic contaminant. High concentration of chemicals and toxic metals made the soil incapable for any intended engineering works. studies have been performed on contaminated soil and for their stabilization.In this work attempt has been made to study the effect of diesel oil on properties of local soil and then their stabilization with Fly Ash (FA) and Cement Kiln Dust (CKD). The stabilisation of contaminated soil by CKD improved the soil characteristics to some extent. The value of cohesion can be increased nearly linear by addition of CKD. Swelling is reduced by increasing amount of CKD which leads to the conclusion that the swelling behavior of the soil can be effectively controlled by the addition of CKD. From this study, the CKD may be effectively utilized in improvement of hydrocarbon contaminated soil. The stabilisation of contaminated soil by fly ash improved the soil characteristics to some extent. From the overall observations of the study that, the stabilisation of diesel engine oil contaminated soil using fly ash has been observed to be effective.
Arash A. Samimi Magnetic Exchange Interactions in Terbium Manganese Oxide Arash A. Samimi Magnetic Exchange Interactions in Terbium Manganese Oxide Новинка

Arash A. Samimi Magnetic Exchange Interactions in Terbium Manganese Oxide

This thesis is a theoretical approach to study the magnetic phase transitions and exchange interactions in the spiral magnet Terbium Manganese Oxide by using group theory. First, we study the magnetic and ferroelectric transitions by considering the symmetry breaking associated with each transition. Second, we write the exchange interactions for the Mn magnetic ions in terms of the magnetic order parameters which are associated with various irreducible representations of the magnetic space group. Third, considering the exchange interactions and single ion anisotropy we examine the interactions on the whole lattice. The most general form of the exchange interactions for Mn atoms in Terbium Manganese Oxide is formulated, including nearest neighbor and next-nearest neighbor interactions. Our phenomenological model also contains antisymmetric terms which lead to a mixing of spin-wave polarizations. Finally, equations of motions for spin waves are derived.
Saman Daneshmand, Bujang B. K. Huat Improving Soil Properties to Prevent Surficial Slope Failure Saman Daneshmand, Bujang B. K. Huat Improving Soil Properties to Prevent Surficial Slope Failure Новинка

Saman Daneshmand, Bujang B. K. Huat Improving Soil Properties to Prevent Surficial Slope Failure

Many hill slope areas are vulnerable to soil erosion and shallow slope failures due to intense and frequent rainfall of tropical climate.In this study, Laboratory tests were performed on natural soil and soil mixed with deferent percentage of lime to improve soil properties and resistance against slope failure.When lime mixed with in-situ soil, it reduces swelling potential and shrinkage hence inhibit formation of cracks and also reduce soil's dispersibility therefore, reduce erosion possibility. Soil mixed with lime has lower permeability thus, it enhances capillary barrier effects and limits rainfall infiltration into the soil.Results show that optimum lime content to be used in the mix design is 7% by dry unit weight of soil. A two dimensional finite element model of slope was used to evaluate performance of the optimum lime-soil mixed as capillary barrier. The analysis revealed that the optimum thickness of slope cover system in capillary barrier is 30cm. Finding of this study, would contribute to a practical method of slope stabilisation and to display optimum slope cover thickness in capillary barrier effects.
David Bertolo Interactions on Digital Tablets in the Context of 3D Geometry Learning. Contributions and Assessments David Bertolo Interactions on Digital Tablets in the Context of 3D Geometry Learning. Contributions and Assessments Новинка

David Bertolo Interactions on Digital Tablets in the Context of 3D Geometry Learning. Contributions and Assessments

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Over the last few years, multi-touch mobile devices have become increasingly common. However, very few applications in the context of 3D geometry learning can be found in app stores. Manipulating a 3D scene with a 2D device is the main difficulty of such applications. Throughout this book, the author focuses on allowing young students to manipulate, observe and modify 3D scenes using new technologies brought about by digital tablets. Through a user-centered approach, the author proposes a grammar of interactions adapted to young learners, and then evaluates acceptability, ease of use and ease of learning of the interactions proposed. Finally, the author studies in situ the pedagogic benefits of the use of tablets with an app based on the suggested grammar. The results show that students are able to manipulate, observe and modify 3D scenes using an adapted set of interactions. Moreover, in the context of 3D geometry learning, a significant contribution has been observed in two classes when students use such an application. The approach here focuses on interactions with digital tablets to increase learning rather than on technology. First, defining which interactions allow pupils to realize tasks needed in the learning process, then, evaluating the impact of these interactions on the learning process. This is the first time that both interactions and the learning process have been taken into account at the same time.
Philippe Lemanceau Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 6. Ecology Philippe Lemanceau Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 6. Ecology Новинка

Philippe Lemanceau Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 6. Ecology

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Soils are environments where a myriad of different organisms evolve, determining a series of functions which translate into ecosystem services that are essential for humanity. Improving our understanding of these organisms, their biodiversity and their interactions with each other, as well as with the environment, represents a major challenge. Soil ecology has its roots in natural history. The ecological approach focused on soils is notable for integrating, at least partially, the contributions of soil sciences (physics, chemistry, biochemistry). By renewing methods of observation and analysis (especially molecular ones) and through the development of experimental approaches and modeling, an ecology connected with other soil-based disciplines emerges and begins to influence aboveground ecology. Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 6 presents an updated vision of knowledge and research in soil ecology as a complex system from the best French specialists.
Gerd-Joachim Krauss Ecological Biochemistry. Environmental and Interspecies Interactions Gerd-Joachim Krauss Ecological Biochemistry. Environmental and Interspecies Interactions Новинка

Gerd-Joachim Krauss Ecological Biochemistry. Environmental and Interspecies Interactions

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The first stand-alone textbook for at least ten years on this increasingly hot topic in times of global climate change and sustainability in ecosystems. Ecological biochemistry refers to the interaction of organisms with their abiotic environment and other organisms by chemical means. Biotic and abiotic factors determine the biochemical flexibility of organisms, which otherwise easily adapt to environmental changes by altering their metabolism. Sessile plants, in particular, have evolved intricate biochemical response mechanisms to fit into a changing environment. This book covers the chemistry behind these interactions, bottom up from the atomic to the system's level. An introductory part explains the physico-chemical basis and biochemical roots of living cells, leading to secondary metabolites as crucial bridges between organisms and the respective ecosystem. The focus then shifts to the biochemical interactions of plants, fungi and bacteria within terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems with the aim of linking biochemical insights to ecological research, also in human-influenced habitats. A section is devoted to methodology, which allows network-based analyses of molecular processes underlying systems phenomena. A companion website offering an extended version of the introductory chapter on Basic Biochemical Roots is available at http://www.wiley.com/go/Krauss/Nies/EcologicalBiochemistry
Mathew Avram Fat Removal. Invasive and Non-invasive Body Contouring Mathew Avram Fat Removal. Invasive and Non-invasive Body Contouring Новинка

Mathew Avram Fat Removal. Invasive and Non-invasive Body Contouring

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The perception of an inadequate body shape is a cause of concern to many people, and new techniques for altering body shape are increasingly being developed and offered to patients. Of these, the removal and transfer of fat is fast growing in importance and availability. This practical guide offers a comprehensive overview of this rapidly-evolving field, and thorough coverage of the implementation of fat removal techniques, both invasive and non-invasive, in a cosmetic practice. It begins with an overview of basic fat anatomy and physiology as an important introduction to this topic. The distinction between the physiology and treatment of cellulite and fat is also discussed. The next section of the book covers invasive treatments of fat such as traditional liposuction, laser-assisted liposuction, fat transfer procedures and mesotherapy. The latter half of the book largely focuses on non-invasive treatments for fat, including radiofrequency, ultrasound, cooling and laser technologies for fat removal. Throughout, potential complications and pitfalls of the various treatments are discussed. Edited by Matthew Avram, with contributions from a group of clinical stars, this book will appeal to cosmetic dermatologists, plastic surgeons, aesthetic medical practitioners, and obstetricians/gynaecologists
Hendry Rahardjo Unsaturated Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice Hendry Rahardjo Unsaturated Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice Новинка

Hendry Rahardjo Unsaturated Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice

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The definitive guide to unsaturated soil— from the world's experts on the subject This book builds upon and substantially updates Fredlund and Rahardjo's publication, Soil Mechanics for Unsaturated Soils, the current standard in the field of unsaturated soils. It provides readers with more thorough coverage of the state of the art of unsaturated soil behavior and better reflects the manner in which practical unsaturated soil engineering problems are solved. Retaining the fundamental physics of unsaturated soil behavior presented in the earlier book, this new publication places greater emphasis on the importance of the «soil-water characteristic curve» in solving practical engineering problems, as well as the quantification of thermal and moisture boundary conditions based on the use of weather data. Topics covered include: Theory to Practice of Unsaturated Soil Mechanics Nature and Phase Properties of Unsaturated Soil State Variables for Unsaturated Soils Measurement and Estimation of State Variables Soil-Water Characteristic Curves for Unsaturated Soils Ground Surface Moisture Flux Boundary Conditions Theory of Water Flow through Unsaturated Soils Solving Saturated/Unsaturated Water Flow Problems Air Flow through Unsaturated Soils Heat Flow Analysis for Unsaturated Soils Shear Strength of Unsaturated Soils Shear Strength Applications in Plastic and Limit Equilibrium Stress-Deformation Analysis for Unsaturated Soils Solving Stress-Deformation Problems with Unsaturated Soils Compressibility and Pore Pressure Parameters Consolidation and Swelling Processes in Unsaturated Soils Unsaturated Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice is essential reading for geotechnical engineers, civil engineers, and undergraduate- and graduate-level civil engineering students with a focus on soil mechanics.
Vitha Mark F. Introduction to Soil Chemistry. Analysis and Instrumentation Vitha Mark F. Introduction to Soil Chemistry. Analysis and Instrumentation Новинка

Vitha Mark F. Introduction to Soil Chemistry. Analysis and Instrumentation

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Provides the tools needed to explore the incredible complexities of the earth's soils Now in its Second Edition, this highly acclaimed text fully equips readers with the skills and knowledge needed to analyze soil and correctly interpret the results. Due to the highly complex nature of soil, the author carefully explains why unusual results are routinely obtained during soil analyses, including the occurrence of methane in soil under oxidative conditions. The text also assists readers in developing their own analytical techniques in order to analyze particular samples or test for particular compounds or properties. The Second Edition of Introduction to Soil Chemistry features four new chapters. Moreover, the entire text has been thoroughly updated and revised. It begins with a review of the history of soil chemistry, introducing fundamental concepts that apply to all soils. Next, the text explores: Basic soil characteristics, horizonation, texture, clay, air, water, solids, organic matter, organisms, and fundamental chemical concepts essential to soil chemistry Tested and proven sampling techniques for soil analysis that provide reliable analytical results Basic soil measurement techniques and extraction procedures Instrumentation to isolate and identify soil chemicals, including plant nutrients and contaminants Detailed examples and figures throughout the text help readers successfully perform soil sampling and analytical methods as well as better understand soil's chemical characteristics. At the end of each chapter, a bibliography and list of references lead to additional resources to explore individual topics in greater depth. Each chapter also offers problem sets, encouraging readers to put their newfound skills into practice. Reflecting the latest research findings and best practices, the Second Edition of Introduction to Soil Chemistry is ideal for both students and soil chemists who want to explore the incredible complexities of the earth's soils.
Thomas Firminger Thiselton-Dyer The Folk-Lore of Plants Thomas Firminger Thiselton-Dyer The Folk-Lore of Plants Новинка

Thomas Firminger Thiselton-Dyer The Folk-Lore of Plants

An Unabridged, Digitally Enhanced Edition With Updated Layout And Typeface - Chapters Include: Plant Life - Primitive And Savage Notions Respecting Plants - Plant Worship - Lightning Plants - Plants In Witchcraft - Plants In Demonology - Plants In Fairy-Lore - Love-Charms - Dream-Plants - Plants And The Weather - Plant Proverbs - Plants And Their Ceremonial Use - Plant Names - Plant Language - Fabulous Plants - Doctrine Of Signatures - Plants And The Calendar - Children's Rhymes And Games - Sacred Plants - Plant Superstitions - Plants In Folk-Medicine - Plants And Their Legendary History - Mystic Plants
Muni Budhu Soil Mechanics Fundamentals (Metric Version) Muni Budhu Soil Mechanics Fundamentals (Metric Version) Новинка

Muni Budhu Soil Mechanics Fundamentals (Metric Version)

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An accessible, clear, concise, and contemporary course in geotechnical engineering, this key text: strikes a balance between theory and practical applications for an introductory course in soil mechanics keeps mechanics to a minimum for the students to appreciate the background, assumptions and limitations of the theories discusses implications of the key ideas to provide students with an understanding of the context for their application gives a modern explanation of soil behaviour is presented particularly in soil settlement and soil strength offers substantial on-line resources to support teaching and learning
Hansjoerg Kraehmer Atlas of Weed Mapping Hansjoerg Kraehmer Atlas of Weed Mapping Новинка

Hansjoerg Kraehmer Atlas of Weed Mapping

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Weeds are variously defined as plants growing where they are not wanted, plants that interfere with human activity. Weeds affect everyone in the world by reducing crop yield and quality, delaying or interfering with harvesting, interfering with animal feeding, reducing animal health, preventing water flow, as plant parasites, etc. It is estimated that those problems cause $ billions worth of crop losses annually and the global cost of controlling weeds also runs into many $ billions every year. Atlas of Weed Mapping presents an introductory overview on the occurrence of the most common weeds of the world. The book notably includes: Description of cropping practices and explanations for the global distribution of weeds Invasive plant mapping Aquatics and wetland plants with histological plant details Theoretical and practical aspects of weed mapping Aspects on the documentation of herbicide resistance Biodiversity, rare weeds and the dominance of the most common weeds Fully illustrated with more than 800 coloured figures and a number of tables, this new characterisation of anthropogenic vegetation will be interesting for readers of a great number of disciplines such as agriculture, botany, ecology, geobotany and plant community research. More than a hundred experts have contributed data to this unique compilation.
John A. Bryant Functional Biology of Plants John A. Bryant Functional Biology of Plants Новинка

John A. Bryant Functional Biology of Plants

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Functional Biology of Plants provides students and researchers with a clearly written, well structured whole plant physiology text. Early in the text, it provides essential information on molecular and cellular processes so that the reader can understand how they are integrated into the development and function of the plant at whole-plant level. Thus, this beautifully illustrated book, presents a modern, applied integration of whole plant and molecular approaches to the study of plants. It is divided into four parts: Part 1: Genes and Cells, looks at the origins of plants, cell structure, biochemical processes and genes and development. Part 2: The Functioning Plant, describes the structure and function of roots, stems, leaves, flowers and seed and fruit development. Part 3: Interactions and Adaptations, examines environmental and biotic stresses and how plants adapt and acclimatise to these conditions. Part 4: Future Directions, illustrates the great importance of plant research by looking at some well chosen, topical examples such as GM crops, biomass and bio-fuels, loss of plant biodiversity and the question of how to feed the planet. Throughout the book there are text boxes to illustrate particular aspects of how humans make use of plants, and a comprehensive glossary proves invaluable to those coming to the subject from other areas of life science.
Burl Uhrig Environmental Microbiology Burl Uhrig Environmental Microbiology Новинка

Burl Uhrig Environmental Microbiology

Environmental microbiology is the study of microbial processes in the environment, microbial communities and microbial interactions. This includes:- Structure and activities of microbial communities- Microbial interactions and interactions with macroorganisms- Population biology of microorganisms- Microbes and surfaces (adhesion and biofilm formation)- Microbial community genetics and evolutionary processes- (Global) element cycles and biogeochemical processes- Microbial life in extreme and unusual little-explored environments
T. Sokolova Soil acidity and the acid-base buffering of soils. Manual T. Sokolova Soil acidity and the acid-base buffering of soils. Manual Новинка

T. Sokolova Soil acidity and the acid-base buffering of soils. Manual

The manual considers natural and anthropogenic factors of soil acidification, forms and parameters of soil acidity and methods of their determination, reclamation principles of acid soils, the concept of the acid−base buffering of soils. The main educational sources are cited.The manual can be used for the courses of lectures in Soil Science, Soil Chemistry, and Ecology.
Siegfried Heier Grid Integration of Wind Energy. Onshore and Offshore Conversion Systems Siegfried Heier Grid Integration of Wind Energy. Onshore and Offshore Conversion Systems Новинка

Siegfried Heier Grid Integration of Wind Energy. Onshore and Offshore Conversion Systems

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This popular reference describes the integration of wind-generated power into electrical power systems and, with the use of advanced control systems, illustrates how wind farms can be made to operate like conventional power plants. Fully revised, the third edition provides up-to-date coverage on new generator developments for wind turbines, recent technical developments in electrical power conversion systems, control design and essential operating conditions. With expanded coverage of offshore technologies, this edition looks at the characteristics and static and dynamic behaviour of offshore wind farms and their connection to the mainland grid. Brand new material includes: comprehensive treatment of onshore and offshore grid integration updated legislative guidelines for the design, construction and installation of wind power plants the fundamental characteristics and theoretical tools of electrical and mechanical components and their interactions new and future types of generators, converters, power electronics and controller designs improved use of grid capacities and grid support for fixed- and variable-speed controlled wind power plants options for grid control and power reserve provision in wind power plants and wind farms This resource is an excellent guide for researchers and practitioners involved in the planning, installation and grid integration of wind turbines and power plants. It is also highly beneficial to university students studying wind power technology, renewable energy and power systems, and to practitioners in wind engineering, turbine design and manufacture and electrical power engineering.
Tripathi Sachchidanand, Raghubanshi Akhilesh Singh Response of Tropical Dry Forest Tree Species to Resource Variability Tripathi Sachchidanand, Raghubanshi Akhilesh Singh Response of Tropical Dry Forest Tree Species to Resource Variability Новинка

Tripathi Sachchidanand, Raghubanshi Akhilesh Singh Response of Tropical Dry Forest Tree Species to Resource Variability

The emergence, establishment and growth of tree seedlings face very heterogeneous situations in tropical dry forests (TDFs). The pronounced seasonality in soil moisture availability affects the patterns of seed production, germination, survival and seedling development in plants. Light conditions vary seasonally in understorey of these forests, thereby affecting the growth of species components growing there. The patchy distribution and pulsation of nutrient release in the nutrient poor soils of these forests further restricts the growth of plants spatially and temporally. The plants in TDFs, therefore, exhibit a variation in life- history characteristics, which in combination modulate the response of species to these environmental drivers. Furthermore, interactions among these environmental drivers are a regular feature of natural ecosystems, and have a great significance in shaping of the community structure and dynamics. The book explores the response of TDF tree seedlings to the combined effect of resources i.e. light, water and nutrient. The findings will augment understanding of the researchers in plant ecology especially working in tropical dry forests.
Douglas Deporter Minimally Invasive Dental Implant Surgery Douglas Deporter Minimally Invasive Dental Implant Surgery Новинка

Douglas Deporter Minimally Invasive Dental Implant Surgery

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Minimally Invasive Dental Implant Surgery presents a new clinical text and atlas focused on cutting edge and rapidly developing, minimally invasive treatment modalities and their applications to implant dentistry. Centered on progress in imaging, instrumentation, biomaterials and techniques, this book discusses both the “how to” as well as the “why” behind the concept of minimally invasive applications in implant surgery. Drawing together key specialists for each topic, the book provides readers with guidance for a broad spectrum of procedures, and coalesces information on the available technologies into one useful resource. Minimally Invasive Dental Implant Surgery will be a useful new guide to implant specialists and restorative dentists seeking to refine their clinical expertise and minimize risk for their patients.
Govardhan Reddy Patancheru A wearable prototype of reflective sensor for non invasive measurement of heart rate Govardhan Reddy Patancheru A wearable prototype of reflective sensor for non invasive measurement of heart rate Новинка

Govardhan Reddy Patancheru A wearable prototype of reflective sensor for non invasive measurement of heart rate

This research study deals with the design and development of non-invasive and reflectance type (photoplethysmogram) wearable PPG prototype for measuring heart rate.It explains the processing of heart rate from the measured PPG signal.Illustrates the heart rate measurements at different measurement sites.Explains benchmarking of realtime measured heart rate with other standard heart rate measuring units.Presents the heart rate measurements during different actions of swimming when the prototype is mounted on the forhead of swimmer.
U.S. Department of Agriculture Soil Survey Manual U.S. Department of Agriculture Soil Survey Manual Новинка

U.S. Department of Agriculture Soil Survey Manual

The Soil Survey Manual provides in a single volume the major principles and practices needed for making and using soil surveys and for assembling and using data related to them. The Manual is intended primarily for use by soil scientists engaged in the classification and mapping of soils and in the interpretation of soil surveys. Although the Manual is oriented to the needs of those actively engaged in preparing soil surveys for publication, workers and students who have limited soils experience or are less familiar with the soil survey process also will be able to use the information.
Zhou Honghui Drug-Drug Interactions for Therapeutic Biologics Zhou Honghui Drug-Drug Interactions for Therapeutic Biologics Новинка

Zhou Honghui Drug-Drug Interactions for Therapeutic Biologics

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Strategize, plan, and execute comprehensive drug-drug interaction assessments for therapeutic biologics Offering both theory and practical guidance, this book fully explores drug-drug interaction assessments for therapeutic biologics during the drug development process. It draws together and analyzes all the latest findings and practices in order to present our current understanding of the topic and point the way to new research. Case studies and examples, coupled with expert advice, enable readers to better understand the complex mechanisms of biologic drug-drug interactions. Drug-Drug Interactions for Therapeutic Biologics features contributions from leading international experts in all areas of therapeutic biologics drug development and drug-drug interactions. The authors' contributions reflect a thorough review and analysis of the literature as well as their own firsthand laboratory experience. Coverage includes such essential topics as: Drug-drug interaction risks in combination with small molecules and other biologics Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic drug-drug interactions In vitro methods for drug-drug interaction assessment and prediction Risk-based strategies for evaluating biologic drug-drug interactions Strategies to minimize drug-drug interaction risk and mitigate toxic interactions Key regulations governing drug-drug interaction assessments for therapeutic biologics. Drug-Drug Interactions for Therapeutic Biologics is recommended for pharmaceutical and biotechnology scientists, clinical pharmacologists, medicinal chemists, and toxicologists. By enabling these readers to understand how therapeutic biologics may interact with other drugs, the book will help them develop safer, more effective therapeutic biologics.
Deka Gitimoni, Bhattacharyya Krishna Gopal Impacts of a Textile Mill on Water and Soil Quality Deka Gitimoni, Bhattacharyya Krishna Gopal Impacts of a Textile Mill on Water and Soil Quality Новинка

Deka Gitimoni, Bhattacharyya Krishna Gopal Impacts of a Textile Mill on Water and Soil Quality

This work investigates the impacts of the effluents and other wastes of a Textile Mill on quality of soil and water in the surrounding areas. Some specific impacts on soil and water quality have been identified. For example, the soil was getting enriched with both ionic matter and hydrophobic organic matter, which had important consequences. The soil became enriched with the trace metals, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn. The quality of the drinking water in and around the textile mill did reflect the changes in the physico-chemical quality of the soil. The water was characterized by considerable presence of the cations, Ca, Mg, Na and K, being compensated by comparative presence of the anions, Cl, NO3 and SO4. The toxic organic contaminant, phenol, was present in some of the drinking water sources. The water was contaminated with Mn, Ni, and Pb, and also fluoride. The rice crop grown in the study area had accumulated appreciable amounts of metals in them as seen from the analysis of rice grains and husks. Significantly, the husks were seen to be richer in the metals than the grains with one or two exceptions.
How Crops Feed; A Treatise on the Atmosphere and the Soil as Related to the Nutrition of Agricultural Plants... How Crops Feed; A Treatise on the Atmosphere and the Soil as Related to the Nutrition of Agricultural Plants... Новинка

How Crops Feed; A Treatise on the Atmosphere and the Soil as Related to the Nutrition of Agricultural Plants...

Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.
Tiekink Edward R.T. The Importance of Pi-Interactions in Crystal Engineering. Frontiers in Crystal Engineering Tiekink Edward R.T. The Importance of Pi-Interactions in Crystal Engineering. Frontiers in Crystal Engineering Новинка

Tiekink Edward R.T. The Importance of Pi-Interactions in Crystal Engineering. Frontiers in Crystal Engineering

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Crystal engineers aim to control the way molecules aggregate in the crystalline phase and are therefore concerned with crystal structure prediction, polymorphism, and discovering the relative importance of different types of intermolecular forces and their influence on molecular structure. In order to design crystal structures, knowledge of the types, strengths, and nature of possible intermolecular interactions is essential. Non-covalent interactions involving p-systems is a theme that is under extensive investigation as these interactions can be inductors for the assembly of a vast array of supramolecular architectures. The Importance of Pi-Interactions in Crystal Engineeringcovers topics ranging from the identification of interactions involving p-systems, their impact on molecular and crystal structure in both organic and metallorganic systems, and how these interactions might be exploited in the design of new materials. Specialist reviews are written by internationally recognized researchers drawn from both academia and industry. The Importance of Pi-Interactions in Crystal Engineeringprovides an essential overview of this important aspect of crystal engineering for both entrants to the field as well as established practitioners, and for those working in crystallography, medicinal and pharmaceutical sciences, solid-state chemistry, physical chemistry, materials and nanotechnology
Guilhem Bourrié Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 3. Soils and Water Circulation Guilhem Bourrié Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 3. Soils and Water Circulation Новинка

Guilhem Bourrié Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 3. Soils and Water Circulation

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This book invites the reader to look differently at two seemingly mundane resources: soil and water. Water possesses extraordinary properties which form the foundations of life itself. Without water, there would be no life, and without soils, no terrestrial life. The interaction between soils and water is therefore fundamental to the habitability of Earth’s land surface. Through in-depth analyses and experimentation, Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 3 explores the circulation of water in soils. Through its properties, soil directs the path of water, leading it to wet soils or not, be absorbed by plants, infiltrate or runoff, concentrate in certain areas or flood. The potentially catastrophic consequences of such floods are often due to the absence or insufficiency of prevention measures. This book thus shows the ways in which the relationship between water, life and soils is much more than a simple series of interactions or phenomena at interfaces and in fact constitutes a system with definite properties.
Mark Williams The Cambrian Fossils of Chengjiang, China. The Flowering of Early Animal Life Mark Williams The Cambrian Fossils of Chengjiang, China. The Flowering of Early Animal Life Новинка

Mark Williams The Cambrian Fossils of Chengjiang, China. The Flowering of Early Animal Life

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The celebrated lower Cambrian Chengjiang biota of Yunnan Province, China, represents one of the most significant ever paleontological discoveries. Deposits of ancient mudstone, about 520 million years old, have yielded a spectacular variety of exquisitely preserved fossils that record the early diversification of animal life. Since the discovery of the first specimens in 1984, many thousands of fossils have been collected, exceptionally preserving not just the shells and carapaces of the animals, but also their soft tissues in fine detail. This special preservation has produced fossils of rare beauty; they are also of outstanding scientific importance as sources of evidence about the origins of animal groups that have sustained global biodiversity to the present day. Much of the scientific documentation of the Chengjiang biota is in Chinese, and the first edition of this book was the first in English to provide fossil enthusiasts with a comprehensive overview of the fauna. The second edition has been fully updated and includes a new chapter on other exceptionally preserved fossils of Cambrian age, exciting new fossil finds from Chengjiang, and a phylogenetic framework for the biota. Displaying some 250 figures of marvelous specimens, this book presents to professional and amateur paleontologists, and all those fascinated by evolutionary biology, the aesthetic and scientific quality of the Chengjiang fossils.
I. I. Tolpeshta Aluminum compounds in soils. Manual I. I. Tolpeshta Aluminum compounds in soils. Manual Новинка

I. I. Tolpeshta Aluminum compounds in soils. Manual

The manual presents general information on the chemistry, pedochemistry, and geochemistry of aluminum, considers the main groups of aluminum compounds in the soil solid phase and the soil solution, as well as processes with the participation of mobile aluminum in the soils of humid extratropical regions. Special attention is given to the toxic properties of aluminum compounds, as well as toxic effects and parameters for the estimation of the toxicity of aluminum compounds. Methods for the determination of toxic aluminum compounds in soil solutions and surface waters. The manual can be used for the courses of lectures in Soil Science, Soil Chemistry, and Ecology.
Daniel Simberloff Integrating Biological Control into Conservation Practice Daniel Simberloff Integrating Biological Control into Conservation Practice Новинка

Daniel Simberloff Integrating Biological Control into Conservation Practice

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Invasive species have a critical and growing effect upon natural areas. They can modify, degrade, or destroy wildland ecosystem structure and function, and reduce native biodiversity. Landscape-level solutions are needed to address these problems. Conservation biologists seek to limit such damage and restore ecosystems using a variety of approaches. One such approach is biological control: the deliberate importation and establishment of specialized natural enemies, which can address invasive species problems and which should be considered as a possible component of restoration. Biological control can be an effective tool against many invasive insects and plants but it has rarely been successfully employed against other groups. Safety is of paramount concern and requires that the natural enemies used be specialized and that targeted pests be drivers of ecological degradation. While modern approaches allow species to be selected with a high level of security, some risks do remain. However, as in all species introductions, these should be viewed in the context of the risk of failing to reduce the impact of the invasive species. This unique book identifies the balance among these factors to show how biological control can be integrated into ecosystem restoration as practiced by conservation biologists. Jointly developed by conservation biologists and biological control scientists, it contains chapters on matching tools to management goals; tools in action; measuring and evaluating ecological outcomes of biological control introductions; managing conflict over biological control; and includes case studies as well as an ethical framework for integrating biological control and conservation practice. Integrating Biological Control into Conservation Practice is suitable for graduate courses in invasive species management and biological control, as well as for research scientists in government and non-profit conservation organizations.
Michael Carter Soil Properties and their Correlations Michael Carter Soil Properties and their Correlations Новинка

Michael Carter Soil Properties and their Correlations

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Soil Properties and their Correlations, Second Edition Michael Carter, Geotechnical Consultant (Retired), UK Stephen P Bentley, Reader in Engineering Geology, Cardiff University, UK An essential guide to improving preliminary geotechnical analysis and design from limited data Soil Properties and their Correlations, Second Edition provides a summary of commonly-used soil engineering properties and gives a wide range of correlations between the various properties, presented in the context of how they will be used in geotechnical design. The book is divided into 11 chapters: Commonly-measured properties; Grading and plasticity; Density; Permeability, Consolidation and settlement; Shear strength; California bearing ratio; Shrinkage and swelling characteristics; Frost susceptibility; Susceptibility to combustion; and Soil-structure interfaces. In addition, there are two appendices: Soil classification systems; and Sampling methods. This new, more comprehensive, edition provides material that would be of practical assistance to those faced with the problem of having to estimate soil behaviour from little or no laboratory test data. Key features: • Soil properties explained in practical terms. • A large number of correlations between different soil properties. • A valuable aid for assessing design values of properties. • Clear statements on practical limitations and accuracy. An invaluable source of reference for experienced professionals working on geotechnical design, it will also give students and early-career engineers an in-depth appreciation of the appropriate use of each property and the pitfalls to avoid.
Linda Chinangwa Soil Fertility Improvement Technologies in Malawi Linda Chinangwa Soil Fertility Improvement Technologies in Malawi Новинка

Linda Chinangwa Soil Fertility Improvement Technologies in Malawi

Land degradation and soil erosion are significant environmental problems affecting agricultural productivity and livelihood in Malawi. A number of soil fertility improvement technologies are being promoted by the Ministry of Agriculture and non governmental organization, in order to improve agricultural productivity and food security. In spite of the growing awareness of low cost soil fertility technologies, the rate of adoption and continued use of the technologies remain limited. The thesis examines farmer's perception of the current level of soil fertility and factors effecting farmers use of different soil fertility improvement technologies, using example of farmers from Machinga and Zomba Districts, in Malawi. The results provide insights for designing appropriate strategies, policies and programmes aimed at promoting adoption of soil fertility improvement technologies.
Mary Pratt Practical Science for Gardeners Mary Pratt Practical Science for Gardeners Новинка

Mary Pratt Practical Science for Gardeners

Identify what plants need to survive and how these fundamental scientific facts are at the heart of good plant care. Includes discussions on seed germination and propagation, soil quality, and pests and diseases. This is a black-and-white edition.
Department of Health and Human Services Treatment of Nonmetastatic Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer - Comparative Effectiveness Review (Number 152) Department of Health and Human Services Treatment of Nonmetastatic Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer - Comparative Effectiveness Review (Number 152) Новинка

Department of Health and Human Services Treatment of Nonmetastatic Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer - Comparative Effectiveness Review (Number 152)

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin-based regimens improved survival in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer, and extended lymph node dissection during cystectomy might be more effective than standard lymph node dissection for improving survival. More research is needed to clarify the effectiveness of bladder-preserving therapies versus radical cystectomy and define patient subgroups in which such therapies may be an option.
Nohrio Mumtaz, Shah Zia- ul- Hassan, Rajpar Inayatullah Potassium Nutrition of Chillies Nohrio Mumtaz, Shah Zia- ul- Hassan, Rajpar Inayatullah Potassium Nutrition of Chillies Новинка

Nohrio Mumtaz, Shah Zia- ul- Hassan, Rajpar Inayatullah Potassium Nutrition of Chillies

Nutrient deficiencies play havoc with the sustainable plant nutrition and exert bad impacts on the environmental health. Potassium (K) is an essential macro-nutrient required for the normal growth and development of plants. Adequate K nutrition is known to sustain chillies production. Pakistan has the largest chillies market of Asia. This field study highlights the positive effects of soil applied K on the growth, biomass allocation and K accumulation of chillies.
M.V. Bindu, V.S. Harikumar Soil Contamination and Remediation Effects on the Structure and Activity of Soil Microbial Communities M.V. Bindu, V.S. Harikumar Soil Contamination and Remediation Effects on the Structure and Activity of Soil Microbial Communities Новинка

M.V. Bindu, V.S. Harikumar Soil Contamination and Remediation Effects on the Structure and Activity of Soil Microbial Communities

Soil can be defined as the space time continuum forming the upper part of the earth's crust. It is a natural body comprised of solid, liquid and gases that occur on the land surface. Joffe (1949) defined soil as a natural body differentiated into horizons of mineral and organic constituents usually unconsolidated of variable depth, which differs from the parent material below in morphology, physical properties and constitution, chemical properties and composition, and biological characteristics. Soil is one of the most fundamental resources for sustainability and survival. It is one of the most important assets to protect and pass on to future generations.Soil contamination due to anthropogenic and natural sources is increasing day by day because of increasing population, industrialization, and urbanization. Soil is the receptor of many contaminants from various sources. Contamination decreases the quality of the soil and adversely affects soil organisms.For this study, soil samples from thirteen locations contaminated from agricultural, industrial, and organic sources spread over the districts of Alappuzha and Kottayam in Kerala in the south west coast area of India were analyzed to study the changes in soil characteristics and its influence on soil microbial communities and their activities.
Sivakumar V. Unsaturated Soils. A fundamental interpretation of soil behaviour Sivakumar V. Unsaturated Soils. A fundamental interpretation of soil behaviour Новинка

Sivakumar V. Unsaturated Soils. A fundamental interpretation of soil behaviour

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An understanding of the mechanical properties of unsaturated soils is crucial for geotechnical engineers worldwide, as well as to those concerned with the interaction of structures with the ground. This book deals principally with fine-grained clays and silts, or soils containing coarser sand and gravel particles but with a significant percentage of fines. The study of unsaturated soil is a practical subject, linking fundamental science to nature. Soils in general are inherently variable and their behaviour is not easy to analyse or predict, and unsaturated soils raise the complexity to a higher level. Even amongst practicing engineers, there is often lack of awareness of the intricacies of the subject. This book offers a perspective of unsaturated soils based on recent research and demonstrates how this dovetails with the general discipline of soil mechanics. Following an introduction to the basic soil variables, the phases, the phase interactions and the relevance of soil structure, an up-to-date review of laboratory testing techniques is presented. This includes suction measurement and control techniques in triaxial cell testing. This is followed by an introduction to stress state variables, critical state and theoretical models in unsaturated soils. A detailed description of the thermodynamic principles as applied to multi-phase materials under equilibrium conditions follows. These principles are then used to explore and develop a fundamental theoretical basis for analysing unsaturated soils. Soil structure is broken down into its component parts to develop equations describing the dual stress regime. The critical state strength and compression characteristics of unsaturated soils are examined and it is shown how the behaviour may be viewed as a three-dimensional model in dimensionless stress-volume space. The analysis is then extended to the work input into unsaturated soils and the development of conjugate stress, volumetric and strain-increment variables. These are used to examine the micromechanical behaviour of kaolin specimens subjected to triaxial shear strength tests and lead to observations not detectable by other means. Unsaturated Soils: A fundamental interpretation of soil behaviour covers a rapidly advancing area of study, research and engineering practice and offers a deeper appreciation of the key characteristics of unsaturated soil. It provides students and researchers with a framework for understanding soil behaviour and demonstrates how to interpret experimental strength and compression data. provides engineers with a deeper appreciation of key characteristics of unsaturated soils covers a rapidly advancing area of study, research and engineering practice provides students and researchers a framework for understanding soil behaviour shows how to interpret experimental data on strength and compression the limited number of books on the subject are all out of date
Bechu Kumar Vinwar Yadav Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Cultivation and Marketing in Nepal Bechu Kumar Vinwar Yadav Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Cultivation and Marketing in Nepal Новинка

Bechu Kumar Vinwar Yadav Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Cultivation and Marketing in Nepal

This book, originally a research carried out in 2008, illustrates the different dimensions of medicinal and aromatic plants regarding the problems and prospects for their cultivation and marketing. Since cultivators are yet in haze which particular species might be apposite for soil, society and for economic viewpoint? It is interesting of this book to know that Chamomile, Sarpagandha, Tulsi and Asparagus wild had the top priority in tropical regions/districts in Nepal, even if there are varieties of constraints for cultivators. However, People have positive attitude towards the cultivation and development of allied enterprises, utilizing the fallow lands that increase productivity of soils and national revenue resulting in the contribution of the poverty reduction of the country. This book will be useful reference for professionals interested in the promotion of medicinal and aromatic plants.
Prof. Senesi Nicola Biophysico-Chemical Processes of Anthropogenic Organic Compounds in Environmental Systems Prof. Senesi Nicola Biophysico-Chemical Processes of Anthropogenic Organic Compounds in Environmental Systems Новинка

Prof. Senesi Nicola Biophysico-Chemical Processes of Anthropogenic Organic Compounds in Environmental Systems

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In contrast to the classical books which largely focus on separate, individual physicochemical and biological aspects, this book aims to integrate the frontiers of knowledge on the fundamentals and the impact of physicochemical and biological interactions and processes of AOCs in soil, sediment, water and air. The specific objectives of this book are to address: (1) fundamental biophysico-chemical processes of AOCs in the environment, (2) occurrence and distribution of AOCs in air, water, and soil, and their global cycling, (3) the state-of-the-art analytical techniques of AOCs, and (4) restoration of natural environments contaminated by AOCs. The book also identifies the gaps in knowledge on the subject matter and as such provides future directions to stimulate scientific research to advance the chemical science on biophysico-chemical interfacial reactions in natural habitats. By virtue of complex nature of the interactions of AOCs with different environmental components and matrixes, no single available technique and instrument is satisfactory yet for determining their fate, transport, availability, and risk in the environment. In order to fully understand the biophysico-chemical interactions and processes of AOCs in the environment, it is critical to know chemical, physical and biological properties of AOCs and their analytical techniques. The book is unique because of its multidisciplinary approach as it provides a comprehensive and integrated coverage of biophysico-chemical reactions and processes of AOCs in various environments, associated analytical techniques, and restoration of natural environments contaminated by AOCs.
Maria Wolff, Lulu Zhang Soil classification in the Naban River Watershed National Nature Reserve Maria Wolff, Lulu Zhang Soil classification in the Naban River Watershed National Nature Reserve Новинка

Maria Wolff, Lulu Zhang Soil classification in the Naban River Watershed National Nature Reserve

Document from the year 2010 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Geology, Mineralogy, Soil Science, Dresden Technical University (Institute of Soil Science and Site Ecology), course: -, language: English, abstract: Soil properties are not only influenced by geographical factors, such as parent material, location and latitude. Often differences in land uses (forest, rubber plantation, paddy field, bare land) are known to have specific effects on soil properties. In the context of the project Living Landscapes China (LILAC) these effects were evaluated and the characteristics of soil types under changing conditions in two transects (altitude and parent material in transect 1, land uses in transect 2) in the Naban River Watershed National Nature Reserve were classified. We used field investigations to classify the soil types, as well as laboratory analyses to quantify specific characteristics in samples, taken from the profiles. Soil physical (bulk density, water content, texture) and chemical parameters (total contents of carbon, nitrogen and macro nutrients, ECEC) were investigated. While differences in altitude did not seem to have profound influences on the soils, effects of land uses were pronounced especially in the first 10 to 20 cm of soil profiles. Soils under forests contain between 1.3 % - 2 % SOC and 0.15 % - 0.17 % TN in the Ah horizon. With contents of 1.2 % SOC and 0.11 % TN (Ah horizon) the profile under agricultural use (paddy rice) clearly contains less S...
El-Nakhala Mohamed a., Abushbak Thaer, Aish Adnan Soil Column Investigation on Impact of Msw Leachate on Groundwater El-Nakhala Mohamed a., Abushbak Thaer, Aish Adnan Soil Column Investigation on Impact of Msw Leachate on Groundwater Новинка

El-Nakhala Mohamed a., Abushbak Thaer, Aish Adnan Soil Column Investigation on Impact of Msw Leachate on Groundwater

MSW is a growing problem. The deposit of MSW in landfill produces leachate, which is considered crucial in groundwater contamination. Leachate percolates to the aquifer through the soil profile bearing organic and inorganic matters, heavy metals and some other contaminants. Soil columns method used for the investigation of the percolation of the MSW leachate to the groundwater through the soil strata. Soil can play role in delaying of the contaminants, but not preventing them from reaching of the groundwater.
Lal Bindhu, Alam Md Shafique Study of Geotechnical Properties of Soil when mixed with stone dust Lal Bindhu, Alam Md Shafique Study of Geotechnical Properties of Soil when mixed with stone dust Новинка

Lal Bindhu, Alam Md Shafique Study of Geotechnical Properties of Soil when mixed with stone dust

The book aims in studying the effective use of stone dust from crushers, an environmental pollutant from building construction industry, in the construction of roads and pavements. It covers the experimental studies conducted by mixing different percentages of stone dust with locally available soil. Stone dust can be used as an effective stabilizing agent for sub-base and base courses for roads constructed in soils with low California Bearing Ratio and hence the problem of disposal of stone dust is taken care.
Pierre-Yves Hicher Multiscales Geomechanics. From Soil to Engineering Projects Pierre-Yves Hicher Multiscales Geomechanics. From Soil to Engineering Projects Новинка

Pierre-Yves Hicher Multiscales Geomechanics. From Soil to Engineering Projects

16902.95 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
This book addresses the latest issues in multiscale geomechanics. Written by leading experts in the field as a tribute to Jean Biarez (1927-2006), it can be of great use and interest to researchers and engineers alike. A brief introduction describes how a major school of soil mechanics came into being through the exemplary teaching by one man. Biarez's life-long work consisted of explaining the elementary mechanisms governing soil constituents in order to enhance understanding of the underlying scientific laws which control the behavior of constructible sites and to incorporate these scientific advancements into engineering practices. He innovated a multiscale approach of passing from the discontinuous medium formed by individual grains to an equivalent continuous medium. The first part of the book examines the behavior of soils at the level of their different constituents and at the level of their interaction. Behavior is then treated at the scale of the soil sample. The second part deals with soil mechanics from the vantage point of the construction project. It highlights Biarez's insightful adoption of the Finite Element Codes and illustrates, through numerous construction examples, his methodology and approach based on the general framework he constructed for soil behavior, constantly enriched by comparing in situ measurements with calculated responses of geostructures.
Siamak Najarian Tactile Sensing and Displays. Haptic Feedback For Minimally Invasive Surgery And Robotics Siamak Najarian Tactile Sensing and Displays. Haptic Feedback For Minimally Invasive Surgery And Robotics Новинка

Siamak Najarian Tactile Sensing and Displays. Haptic Feedback For Minimally Invasive Surgery And Robotics

10564.5 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
Comprehensively covers the key technologies for the development of tactile perception in minimally invasive surgery Covering the timely topic of tactile sensing and display in minimally invasive and robotic surgery, this book comprehensively explores new techniques which could dramatically reduce the need for invasive procedures. The tools currently used in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) lack any sort of tactile sensing, significantly reducing the performance of these types of procedures. This book systematically explains the various technologies which the most prominent researchers have proposed to overcome the problem. Furthermore, the authors put forward their own findings, which have been published in recent patents and patent applications. These solutions offer original and creative means of surmounting the current drawbacks of MIS and robotic surgery. Key features:– Comprehensively covers topics of this ground-breaking technology including tactile sensing, force sensing, tactile display, PVDF fundamentals Describes the mechanisms, methods and sensors that measure and display kinaesthetic and tactile data between a surgical tool and tissue Written by authors at the cutting-edge of research into the area of tactile perception in minimally invasive surgery Provides key topic for academic researchers, graduate students as well as professionals working in the area
Ochan Stephen Phytoremediation in reed plants treat and clean up polluted environment by petroleum produced water Ochan Stephen Phytoremediation in reed plants treat and clean up polluted environment by petroleum produced water Новинка

Ochan Stephen Phytoremediation in reed plants treat and clean up polluted environment by petroleum produced water

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Engineering - Power Engineering, grade: "-", Atlantic International University, course: Petroleum Engineering - Phytoremediation, language: English, abstract: Abstract.Phytoremediation is the use of plants and its associated microorganisms to achieve the conditions necessary to facilitate the breakdown of contaminants and clean-up of the polluted environment. Phytoremediation technology is viewed as the simplest way of handling variety of contaminants in many sectors of oil industry. The community of microorganisms in the rhizosphere has been shown to be involved in degradation of numerous contaminants, including pesticides, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, petroleum compounds, volatile organic chemicals, and in organics. Also, plants can degrade contaminants during plant metabolic activities; for instance, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene has been shown to be degraded by plant enzymes. Plants can use contaminants as nutrients; nitrate contamination of ground water can serve as a nitrogen source for plants.This involves the achieving condition of ground water, waste oil and produced water from oil facilities. Phytoremediation is recommended because of its establishment at low -cost and with flexibility in wide aspect of soil environmental remediation. Practical field experiments and laboratory water quality test analysis carried out in an oil field in TharJath-south Sudan by using reed species called Phragmites australis has sh...
Patil Somanagouda B Tillage and Nutrient Management in Groundnut Patil Somanagouda B Tillage and Nutrient Management in Groundnut Новинка

Patil Somanagouda B Tillage and Nutrient Management in Groundnut

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) also known as peanut and earthnut, is an important oilseed crop largely grown by resource poor smallholder farmers under rainfed conditions. These farmers employ different tillage practices in the production of the crop. Many farmers perform tillage operations without being aware of the effect of these operations on soil physical properties and crop responses. It is carried out mainly to loosen the upper layer of soil, to mix the soil with fertilizer and organic residues, to control weeds, and to create a suitable seedbed for germination and plant growth. The theme of nutrient management in integrated way for increasing the soil fertility is gaining ground throughout the world in recent years due to high cost of fertilizer and reduced availability of organic manures. Modern tillage and integrated nutrient management practices may affect soil fertility and productivity of groundnut due to different soil conditions created and fulfills the nutrient requirement of crop. The book contains the information on the effect of tillage and integrated nutrient management practices on soil fertility and productivity of groundnut under rainfed conditions.
Karl Witt Josef Grundbau-Taschenbuch. Teil 2: Geotechnische Verfahren Karl Witt Josef Grundbau-Taschenbuch. Teil 2: Geotechnische Verfahren Новинка

Karl Witt Josef Grundbau-Taschenbuch. Teil 2: Geotechnische Verfahren

2124.29 руб. или Купить в рассрочку!
The second part of the Geotechnical Engineering Handbook is dealing with the geotechnical procedures and their methods of global analysis and analytical procedures: Soil engineering, ground improvement, injection- and anchorage methods, driving and drilling, damp-proofing and waterproofing of structures, soil freezing, ground water lowering up to engineering-biological methods of slope protection.

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An understanding of the mechanical properties of unsaturated soils is crucial for geotechnical engineers worldwide, as well as to those concerned with the interaction of structures with the ground. This book deals principally with fine-grained clays and silts, or soils containing coarser sand and gravel particles but with a significant percentage of fines. The study of unsaturated soil is a practical subject, linking fundamental science to nature. Soils in general are inherently variable and their behaviour is not easy to analyse or predict, and unsaturated soils raise the complexity to a higher level. Even amongst practicing engineers, there is often lack of awareness of the intricacies of the subject. This book offers a perspective of unsaturated soils based on recent research and demonstrates how this dovetails with the general discipline of soil mechanics. Following an introduction to the basic soil variables, the phases, the phase interactions and the relevance of soil structure, an up-to-date review of laboratory testing techniques is presented. This includes suction measurement and control techniques in triaxial cell testing. This is followed by an introduction to stress state variables, critical state and theoretical models in unsaturated soils. A detailed description of the thermodynamic principles as applied to multi-phase materials under equilibrium conditions follows. These principles are then used to explore and develop a fundamental theoretical basis for analysing unsaturated soils. Soil structure is broken down into its component parts to develop equations describing the dual stress regime. The critical state strength and compression characteristics of unsaturated soils are examined and it is shown how the behaviour may be viewed as a three-dimensional model in dimensionless stress-volume space. The analysis is then extended to the work input into unsaturated soils and the development of conjugate stress, volumetric and strain-increment variables. These are used to examine the micromechanical behaviour of kaolin specimens subjected to triaxial shear strength tests and lead to observations not detectable by other means. Unsaturated Soils: A fundamental interpretation of soil behaviour covers a rapidly advancing area of study, research and engineering practice and offers a deeper appreciation of the key characteristics of unsaturated soil. It provides students and researchers with a framework for understanding soil behaviour and demonstrates how to interpret experimental strength and compression data. provides engineers with a deeper appreciation of key characteristics of unsaturated soils covers a rapidly advancing area of study, research and engineering practice provides students and researchers a framework for understanding soil behaviour shows how to interpret experimental data on strength and compression the limited number of books on the subject are all out of date
Продажа interactions of invasive plants with soil biota лучших цены всего мира
Посредством этого сайта магазина - каталога товаров мы очень легко осуществляем продажу interactions of invasive plants with soil biota у одного из интернет-магазинов проверенных фирм. Определитесь с вашими предпочтениями один интернет-магазин, с лучшей ценой продукта. Прочитав рекомендации по продаже interactions of invasive plants with soil biota легко охарактеризовать производителя как превосходную и доступную фирму.