marginal income contribution of child labor in rural ethiopia



Ayele Sebaro Kabero Performance of Rural Business Enterprises in Ankober District in North Shewa Zone of Amhara Regional State Ayele Sebaro Kabero Performance of Rural Business Enterprises in Ankober District in North Shewa Zone of Amhara Regional State Новинка

Ayele Sebaro Kabero Performance of Rural Business Enterprises in Ankober District in North Shewa Zone of Amhara Regional State

5352 руб.
Masterarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich VWL - Konjunktur und Wachstum, Mek'ele University, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the performance of rural business enterprises in terms of improving socioeconomic condition of rural people and contributing for improved rural-urban linkages in Ethiopia. It was carried out in Ankober district to contribute towards filling the gap on the knowledge and understanding about the performance of rural business enterprises in Ethiopia.The study used 105 rural businesses selected using simple random sampling proportional to size. It also used 4 Focus Group Discussions and 5 Key Informant Interviews; purposely selected based on their knowledge and experience in rural business. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The result indicates that ownership of rural business enterprises is dominated by male headed households (79% male) which imply that women face more limitations to engage in formal businesses due to limited access to capital among others. The finding also indicated owning rural business enterprise significantly contributed for the socioeconomic improvement of the business owners. The annual income of the enterprise owners is 1.94USD per person per day, which is significantly greater than rural households' income in Ethiopia, which is 0.8 USD. Rural businesses are main source of income for 85.7% of enterprise owners. But the income is season sensitive and depends on agricult...
Yinges Alemu,Abebaw Abibo and Eshetie Berhan The Role of Nonfarm Activities on Income Generation to Rural household Yinges Alemu,Abebaw Abibo and Eshetie Berhan The Role of Nonfarm Activities on Income Generation to Rural household Новинка

Yinges Alemu,Abebaw Abibo and Eshetie Berhan The Role of Nonfarm Activities on Income Generation to Rural household

3944 руб.
Africa in general, Ethiopia in particular has not yet had a successful agricultural revolution and as a vast majority of rural population remains trapped in poverty. Given past failures in promoting agricultural development, Ethiopian policy makers and donors are looking to the rural non-farm economy as an easier option for sparking a successful rural transformation. There for, rural non-farm activities are the most gifted agricultural activities in Ethiopia. Non-farm activities consists of all (national accounts) activities that are all public and private services and public administration in rural areas of Ethiopia. In concluding it consist of a few large companies (most big agribusinesses are located in urban areas), many micro, small and medium enterprises, cooperatives, producer groups and other community-driven groups. It is a large and usually growing share (usually in excess of one-third) of the overall economy of rural areas of Ethiopia. Hence this book is paramount important by giving a clue to illustrate the existing non-farm activities practice in the various regions of the country.
Biruk Anley Taglo State media and challenges of covering Rural Issues in Ethiopia Biruk Anley Taglo State media and challenges of covering Rural Issues in Ethiopia Новинка

Biruk Anley Taglo State media and challenges of covering Rural Issues in Ethiopia

3944 руб.
Covering rural development issues is important because about 85 per cent of Ethiopians are rural. It demands more media attention to enjoy the fruits of development, though media penetration in the Ethiopian countryside faces multiple challenges. Ethiopia has a very low standard of rural journalism practice.The literature of media development coverage tends to emphasis on Urban-based social issues. However, the vast majority of the population in developing countries lives in rural areas.
Nigussie Abeba Role of Women in Agroforestry Practices Management Nigussie Abeba Role of Women in Agroforestry Practices Management Новинка

Nigussie Abeba Role of Women in Agroforestry Practices Management

8652 руб.
Rural women are the mainstay of the farm labor in Ethiopia. Despite their vital contributions, they are given little recognition for their efforts due to lack of understanding and insight on women's roles in agricultural production. Hence, this book focuses on the differential roles of women in agroforestry component management and their decision making in different practices in Yirgacheffe Woreda, Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia.
Menberu Atalele The Impact of Production Expansion of Labor Intensive Industrial Activities on the Ethiopian Economy Menberu Atalele The Impact of Production Expansion of Labor Intensive Industrial Activities on the Ethiopian Economy Новинка

Menberu Atalele The Impact of Production Expansion of Labor Intensive Industrial Activities on the Ethiopian Economy

5352 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject Business economics - Supply, Production, Logistics, , language: English, abstract: Ethiopia's industrial activity has been characterized by meager growth for the last epochs. But recently the Ethiopian government endorsed Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) which gives prime attention to selected industries. This study examines the likely effect of productivity expansion of labor intensive industrial activities on the macro economy, government priority industries, factor and household income and welfare of households. The sectors were selected from the Ethiopian 2009/10 SAM based on their production characteristics. The selected labor intensive sectors include dairy, grain milling, milling service, sugar refining, other food process, beverage, textile, leather product and wood products. In order to investigate the impact of a 10% increase in the technical coefficients of these labor intensive industrial activities, the study used the static stage computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. The recently updated 2009/10 Ethiopian SAM was used to calibrate important parameters of the CGE models.The 2009/10 Ethiopian SAM revealed that 45.22% and 52.13% of rural and urban households generate their income from labor. The production expansion via an increase in their technical coefficient of the sectors derived significant change on macro variables such as real GDP, government consumption demand, investment demand, household...
Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People Новинка

Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People

8502 руб.
The study has aimed at working with the level of income of rural households from different sources and employment of rural household in different topographical strata. An effort has been made in this study to furnish occupation pattern of the members of the rural households. The study has also aimed at measuring extent of poverty of rural households. An analysis has been carried out to explore whether a change in different topography is made, the level of income and employment of rural household pattern is also changed.
Gurumohan Reddy Martala and Ramachandra Reddy Birudala Growth and Performance of Agro-Based Industries in India Gurumohan Reddy Martala and Ramachandra Reddy Birudala Growth and Performance of Agro-Based Industries in India Новинка

Gurumohan Reddy Martala and Ramachandra Reddy Birudala Growth and Performance of Agro-Based Industries in India

7533 руб.
Some aspects relating to growth and performance of agro-based industries like socio-economic characteristics, capital structure, employment and level of output are covered and suggestions emanating from the conclusions are offered for ensuring a better performance in selected agro-based industries in Andhra Pradesh, India. In the present study the impact on rural employment, rural income and wage structure, analyze the contribution on socio-economic development and effort made by the Government to develop rural infrastructure, agro-based industries for the uplift of the rural economy and study on infrastructural facilities of agro-based industries in rural areas at micro level in Andhra Pradesh, India
Silvia Castellazzi Employability and Access to Training. A Contribution to the Implementation of Corporate Responsibility in the Labor Market Silvia Castellazzi Employability and Access to Training. A Contribution to the Implementation of Corporate Responsibility in the Labor Market Новинка

Silvia Castellazzi Employability and Access to Training. A Contribution to the Implementation of Corporate Responsibility in the Labor Market

8064 руб.
Книга "Employability and Access to Training. A Contribution to the Implementation of Corporate Responsibility in the Labor Market".
Ahmed Mohammed Non-timber Forest Products and Food Security Ahmed Mohammed Non-timber Forest Products and Food Security Новинка

Ahmed Mohammed Non-timber Forest Products and Food Security

4358 руб.
Livelihoods of the rural people of Ethiopia depend on agriculture. However, erratic nature of rain and prevalence of drought in the country make agricultural production a challenge. To counter this problem, use of the available forest resource for non-timber forest products production is the most promising option. Nevertheless, no systematic and rigorous analysis on contribution of the product to income and food security to households was made. This study, therefore, was conducted in the Yabello Woreda of Borana Zone, with the objectives of identifying determinants of household food security in the study area, to assess contribution of non-timber forest products to household food security, and to analyze the challenges in getting contribution from non-timber forest products to the rural household food security. The required data set for the study were gathered primarily through survey method from 160 randomly selected sample households both from non-timber forest products participants and non-participants (80 each). A purposive sampling procedure was used to select 2 PAs. Structured interview was used as data collection method. Supplementary, secondary data were collected from vari
Martin Ruhs The Price of Rights. Regulating International Labor Migration Martin Ruhs The Price of Rights. Regulating International Labor Migration Новинка

Martin Ruhs The Price of Rights. Regulating International Labor Migration

2777 руб.
Many low-income countries and development organizations are calling for greater liberalization of labor immigration policies in high-income countries. At the same time, human rights organizations and migrant rights advocates demand more equal rights for migrant workers. The Price of Rights shows why you cannot always have both. Examining labor immigration policies in over forty countries, as well as policy drivers in major migrant-receiving and migrant-sending states, Martin Ruhs finds that there are trade-offs in the policies of high-income countries between openness to admitting migrant workers and some of the rights granted to migrants after admission. Insisting on greater equality of rights for migrant workers can come at the price of more restrictive admission policies, especially for lower-skilled workers. Ruhs advocates the liberalization of international labor migration through temporary migration programs that protect a universal set of core rights and account for the interests of nation-states by restricting a few specific rights that create net costs for receiving countries. The Price of Rights analyzes how high-income countries restrict the rights of migrant workers as part of their labor immigration policies and discusses the implications for global debates about regulating labor migration and protecting migrants. It comprehensively looks at the tensions between human rights and citizenship rights, the agency and interests of migrants and states, and the determin...
Kathleen Pickering, Mark H. Harvey, Gene F. Summers Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty. Dreams, Disenchantments, and Diversity Kathleen Pickering, Mark H. Harvey, Gene F. Summers Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty. Dreams, Disenchantments, and Diversity Новинка

Kathleen Pickering, Mark H. Harvey, Gene F. Summers Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty. Dreams, Disenchantments, and Diversity

5139 руб.
Since the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 was enacted, policy makers, agency administrators, community activists, and academics from a broad range of disciplines have debated and researched the implications of welfare reform in the United States. Most of the attention, however, has focused on urban rather than rural America. Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty examines welfare participants who live in chronically poor rural areas of the United States where there are few job opportunities and poor systems of education, transportation, and child care.Kathleen Pickering and her colleagues look at welfare reform as it has been experienced in four rural and impoverished regions of the United States: American Indian reservations in South Dakota, the Rio Grande region, Appalachian Kentucky, and the Mississippi Delta. Throughout these areas the rhetoric of reform created expectations of new opportunities to find decent work and receive education and training. In fact, these expectations have largely gone unfulfilled as welfare reform has failed to penetrate poor areas where low-income families remain isolated from the economic and social mainstream of American society. Welfare Reform in Persistent Rural Poverty sheds welcome light on the opportunities and challenges that welfare reform has imposed on low-income families situated in disadvantaged areas. Combining both qualitative and quantitative research, it will be an excellent guide fo...
Poštulková Jitka Basic Income Poštulková Jitka Basic Income Новинка

Poštulková Jitka Basic Income

5077 руб.
This book introduces and analyzes the controversial topic of basic income, which have recently received increasing attention of academic, political as well as general community. Definition, origins and history of the theme, current BI discussion, possible alternative and practical implementations of BI are all summarized. The book also simulates potential effects of BI scheme adoption in the Czech Republic. Using detailed data on income distribution and estimates of labor elasticities, we estimated a tax rate on earned income that would be necessary to implement to make the BI scheme budget neutral. Our results suggest that such a rate would be much higher than the current compounded tax and social security contribution rates, rendering the BI concept impractical in the Czech Republic.
Guifu Chen, Shigeyuki Hamori Rural Labor Migration, Discrimination, and the New Dual Labor Market in China Guifu Chen, Shigeyuki Hamori Rural Labor Migration, Discrimination, and the New Dual Labor Market in China Новинка

Guifu Chen, Shigeyuki Hamori Rural Labor Migration, Discrimination, and the New Dual Labor Market in China

7377 руб.
This book studies some important issues in China's labor market, such as rural labor migration, employment and wage discrimination, the new dual labor market, and economic returns on schooling, using the newer and representative data and advanced estimation models. This approach has yielded many interesting results, including a solution to the dilemma of two ongoing crises since 2004: the rural labor surplus and severe shortage of migrant labor. While male workers generally received less favorable treatment and consequently enjoyed a lower average employment probability than female workers in 1996, they also received preferential treatment over female workers, who otherwise had identical worker characteristics in 2005. We provide new estimates for male-female hourly wage differentials in urban China, and our results indicate that the hourly wage differentials and the unexplained part of the hourly wage differentials are smaller than the differentials obtained by ignoring the sample selection bias. We study China's new dual labor market, which is shifting from a rural migration versus urban workers setup to informal workers versus formal workers setup, and present some interesting results. Our study is the first to adopt the IV methodology and the Heckman (1979) two-step procedure simultaneously for the estimation of economic returns on schooling in China.
Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India Новинка

Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India

9202 руб.
The exploration of rural agricultural labour households believes significance, as they represent a vulnerable section of the rural population, whose percentage has increased drastically in almost all the states in India. An important trend in large number of theoretical and empirical studies on the functioning of rural labour markets has been appeared to explain the patterns of income, employment, extent of earning and indebtedness prevalent among these households. This book analyzes the trend in wages, inter-district and intra-district differences in wage rate and gender differences among the rural agricultural labour households in rural Orissa with a view to understand their livelihood pattern. The book also analyzes pattern of employment, income, extent of indebtedness and earning prevalent among rural landless labourers and agricultural households in rural Orissa. Further, the book discusses the prevailing contractual arrangement of the rural labour market. This book would be very useful for students, academicians, researchers, activists and policy makers for understanding the dynamics of rural labour market, wage determination, livelihood pattern and development.
John Paul Tugume Farm Based Household Health status and income John Paul Tugume Farm Based Household Health status and income Новинка

John Paul Tugume Farm Based Household Health status and income

5787 руб.
This book mainly covers work in New development Economics. The analysis is purely done at Household level with primary data and utilizes data collected from rural economies in this case Tigray Region of Northern Ethiopia. Many thanks to the NOMA program and the NORAD fellows who enabled the author to collect data. Also, acknowledgement to LAP Publishing Company for publishing this monograph and also the staff of the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB) for the support rendered when writing this monograph.
Marvin J. Levine Children for Hire. The Perils of Child Labor in the United States Marvin J. Levine Children for Hire. The Perils of Child Labor in the United States Новинка

Marvin J. Levine Children for Hire. The Perils of Child Labor in the United States

2427 руб.
Книга "Children for Hire. The Perils of Child Labor in the United States".
Baymot Tadesse Contraceptive Social Marketing. Distribution Strategy of DKT Ethiopia Baymot Tadesse Contraceptive Social Marketing. Distribution Strategy of DKT Ethiopia Новинка

Baymot Tadesse Contraceptive Social Marketing. Distribution Strategy of DKT Ethiopia

9327 руб.
... from the total of the 25,955 outlets enumerated in 2009, 97 percent were found in urban areas while the remaining balance, 3 percent were serving the rural consumer. Moreover, out of the 1,200 sales localities 65 percent of them were urban localities while the rest 35 percent were rural. With respect to sales performance, the total contraceptive distribution reported in 2009 indicated that 96 percent was availed in urban localities while rural channels distributed the remaining 4 percent for 80 percent of the potential users...
Eleni Admassu KAP of Birth Preparedness and Compelication Readiness Eleni Admassu KAP of Birth Preparedness and Compelication Readiness Новинка

Eleni Admassu KAP of Birth Preparedness and Compelication Readiness

8652 руб.
This community based study has attempted to identify the knowledge, attitude and practice of birth preparedness and its complication readiness and factors associated with its utilization in north Gondar Zone Dabat district, North west Ethiopia. To that end, women's knowledge and practice towards birth preparedness was assessed by considering the recommended elements of birth preparedness and complication readiness, such as identify place of delivery, identify skilled delivery, saved money and identify mode of transport ahead of child birth. The contribution of these variable and other correlations, such as women's age, women's and husband's educational status, occupation, residence, annual income and other obstetric factors like ANC, parity were treated in the study.
Hailu Gerado Cooperative Enterprises and Dividend Policies the Case of Ethiopia Hailu Gerado Cooperative Enterprises and Dividend Policies the Case of Ethiopia Новинка

Hailu Gerado Cooperative Enterprises and Dividend Policies the Case of Ethiopia

3944 руб.
The effort of cooperative enterprises to establish self help organization that make the optimum use of resources and draw advantage from socio economic progress is mainly rest up on the government policy toward these organizations. The policy also varied from country to country typically due to the variation of the political economy philosophy of governments. The government policy regarding cooperatives in communist countries is based on the concept of collective ownership of production means of people and the distribution of income on the basis of labor contribution. In free market economic systems cooperatives are seen to be nearly private sector organizations; but also state support if and where their functions were deemed valuable. Hence, the cooperative policy of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia should be analyzed in a sense of private business operating in free market economic system. Therefore, the paper analyzed the current cooperative policy of the government mainly concerned about the financial decision of these organizations in general and dividend policy issue in particular.
Pelotshweu Moepeng, Clem Tisdell The Pattern of Livelihoods in a Typical Rural Village Pelotshweu Moepeng, Clem Tisdell The Pattern of Livelihoods in a Typical Rural Village Новинка

Pelotshweu Moepeng, Clem Tisdell The Pattern of Livelihoods in a Typical Rural Village

9189 руб.
Botswana's average economic growth rate of about 8 per cent during 1985-2005 is one of highest in the world. A major contributor of this growth was mining which, in 2005/06, had a 41.4 per cent share of GDP. Various government welfare and empowerment programmes indicate that redistribution of the mineral wealth is widespread in Botswana. In this book, we will show that the pattern of livelihoods in a typical rural village has changed and provide new perspectives regarding the main sources of livelihood in rural Botswana as a result of the rapid developments following the 1980s. In particular, this book will show that contrary to expectations, agriculture is not a major source of income to the rural economy for many poor households, but income transfers from out migrants' members of rural based households is now very important. It will also be shown that the proportion of the poor among the rural population that depends on agriculture is smaller than the non-poor, as is that among the recipients of government transfers. This study has revealed no evidence that suggests transfers to rural areas are invested in productive activities..
G.E. Holmes Federal Income Tax. Part I: War-Profits and Excess-Profits Taxes: Including Stamp Taxes, Capital Stock Tax, Tax On Employment of Child Labor G.E. Holmes Federal Income Tax. Part I: War-Profits and Excess-Profits Taxes: Including Stamp Taxes, Capital Stock Tax, Tax On Employment of Child Labor Новинка

G.E. Holmes Federal Income Tax. Part I: War-Profits and Excess-Profits Taxes: Including Stamp Taxes, Capital Stock Tax, Tax On Employment of Child Labor

1186 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "1920"), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.1 - 636 pagesWar-Profits and Excess-Profits Taxes: Including Stamp Taxes, Capital Stock Tax, Tax On Employment of Child Labor
Noriko Miura Marginal Voice, Marginal Body. The Treatment of the Human Body in the Works of Nakagami Kenji, Leslie Marmon Silko, and Salman Rushdie Noriko Miura Marginal Voice, Marginal Body. The Treatment of the Human Body in the Works of Nakagami Kenji, Leslie Marmon Silko, and Salman Rushdie Новинка

Noriko Miura Marginal Voice, Marginal Body. The Treatment of the Human Body in the Works of Nakagami Kenji, Leslie Marmon Silko, and Salman Rushdie

2564 руб.
Книга "Marginal Voice, Marginal Body. The Treatment of the Human Body in the Works of Nakagami Kenji, Leslie Marmon Silko, and Salman Rushdie".
John G. Jackson Ethiopia and the Origin of Civilization John G. Jackson Ethiopia and the Origin of Civilization Новинка

John G. Jackson Ethiopia and the Origin of Civilization

889 руб.
2017 Reprint of 1939 Edition. This essay is an effort to highlight the influence of Ethiopia in the history of Civilization. It also devotes consider time to suggesting that Ethiopia’s contribution has been either misunderstood or intentionally ignored by mainstream historians and scholars. Jackson culls research from Archaeology, Comparative Religion, History and Classical Antiquity to propose that contributions from Ethiopia were at the forefront of many of the developments later taken credit for by “White” scholars.
Akampurira Abraham Rural Development Akampurira Abraham Rural Development Новинка

Akampurira Abraham Rural Development

1689 руб.
Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: A, Atlantic International University (BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS), course: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT., language: English, abstract: Rural areas in the developing world have remained unattractive to the local population. Developing communities face a challenge of making the rural areas comfortable for human kind. The youth have a tendency of moving from rural to urban areas for better opportunities in employment, services and lifestyles. Rural areas have been economically inactive despite abundant resources in these areas. They are deprived of labor in form of rural urban migration to the urban areas for better opportunities. Poverty in rural areas is the order of the day and this calls poverty measures to address this problem. [...]
Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia Новинка

Yesuf Hagos Abdela Poverty and Livelihood Strategeies of Househilds in Urban Ethiopia

8514 руб.
This work addresses issues of poverty and livelihood strategies of households in urban Ethiopia. It examines incidence, depth and severity of poverty by focusing on income and household situations of households in Mekelle City, Tigray, Ethiopia. It also explores various strategies households employ to cope with poverty, mainly the role of social capital in its form of family relations, neighbour-hood reciprocity and community based self-help organizations. Current policies and strategies of the government, their implementation at local level and implications on the poor households to alleviate poverty are also highlighted. Policy makers and stakeholders who have interest in assisting poverty reduction efforts can be benefited from this work. Also, academicians and researchers who are interested in urban poverty issues may use the book as a reference for further studies.
Aklilu Habtu The Relevance of Agroforestry to Transform Smallholder Livelihoods Aklilu Habtu The Relevance of Agroforestry to Transform Smallholder Livelihoods Новинка

Aklilu Habtu The Relevance of Agroforestry to Transform Smallholder Livelihoods

4983 руб.
Agroforestry has been and continues to be an integral part of the agricultural practices in rural Ethiopia. By virtue of its significance to mitigate climate change induced environmental challenges and diversify the livelihood of the society, agroforestry is an integrative approach to agriculture and natural resource management. However, much of its productive contribution has been remained untapped yet calling for a proactive focus in the policy frameworks. To date, a number of legislation and policy frameworks have been passed in the country to address and manage agroforestry and other land uses. For agroforestry to become a viable way to reduce rural poverty and persistent food insecurity, a stand alone policy and a more structured institutional setup is required.
Jane Lou Collins Unseasonal Migrations. The Effects of Rural Labor Scarcity in Peru Jane Lou Collins Unseasonal Migrations. The Effects of Rural Labor Scarcity in Peru Новинка

Jane Lou Collins Unseasonal Migrations. The Effects of Rural Labor Scarcity in Peru

3789 руб.
Jane Collins explores a phenomenon of growing importance in developing nations--the labor scarcity that emerges as farmers in Latin America and elsewhere are forced by economic necessity to seek seasonal work away from their home communities. Such labor scarcity often results in "unseasonal" ecological damage and the deterioration of social relations. Professor Collins focuses on a particular instance in which migration has created labor scarcity: the seasonal journeys of Aymara-speaking highland peasants to east Andean valleys, where they grow coffee. Contrary to the conventional wisdom that labor is an abundant resource in developing countries, the Aymara's situation illustrates a problem common throughout the Third World. Although it was presumed in the 1940s and 1950s that the Aymara would permanently colonize the valley region, they have not done so. This book demonstrates that the unfavorable price for which they must sell their coffee forces them to maintain highland food crop production. Their poor position in the coffee market thus blocks their permanent migration and their ability to make more intensive capital or labor investments in coffee growing. The author argues convincingly that the rural labor scarcity produced by their migrations generates ecological decline in the lowlands and intracommunity conflicts and declining networks of production in the highlands. In discussing the Aymara, she confronts a Third World problem of broad theoretical signifi...
Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management Новинка

Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management

5352 руб.
In Iran, although measures related to social security and protection of the poor and vulnerable rural people has a history of at least 40 years, but the achievements of the program in terms of reducing poverty and income vulnerability in rural areas of the country is not striking, thus the fundamental precondition for results in poverty reduction programs is performing systematic scientific studies to identify and analyze poverty.An important part of poverty and hunger live in rural areas, so we can say that success in poverty alleviation programs need to develop scientific studies of poverty in rural areas and constant effort to improve the quantity and quality of these studies
Motiur Rahman, Sohel Rana Microcredit as a Tool of Women Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh Motiur Rahman, Sohel Rana Microcredit as a Tool of Women Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh Новинка

Motiur Rahman, Sohel Rana Microcredit as a Tool of Women Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh

8639 руб.
Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world where women comprise almost 50% of the total population, of whom around 80 percent live in the rural areas. Most women in the rural areas are treated as vulnerable and poorest of the rural poor. In this context the women are largely involved in income generating activities to promote economic growth and social transformation. Over the last two decades a number of non government organizations (NGOs) have emerged in Bangladesh to support the rural poor women by providing them with collateral fee small loans. With that loan they encourages the micro entrepreneurship like poultry, livestock rearing, small verities shop, tea stall, hand looms, handicrafts and transport van. Women involvement in microfinance organization and their entrepreneurship activities makes them financially empowered.
Frehiwet Assefa Abera Potato Value Chain in Ethiopia Frehiwet Assefa Abera Potato Value Chain in Ethiopia Новинка

Frehiwet Assefa Abera Potato Value Chain in Ethiopia

4358 руб.
A value chain is defined as the full range of activities which are required to bring a product. The study was aimed at analyzing seed potato value chain. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results indicated that members and non-members have significant difference on income and livelihood. Awareness of the farmers on the role of seed, selling price of seed potato, cost of production, availability of marketing infrastructures and facilities, access to extension service, distance from market, access to credit, farm size, labor force, perceptions about seed marketing, membership in cooperatives, number of oxen owned and income affects positively the participation in seed potato production and marketing except distance from market and cost of production. Twelve channels were identified wide variable routes of flow with in the value chain. But the way of flow of the channels differ from farmer to farmer and between members and non-members of the cooperative. Therefore, this book is crucial for agricultural marketing and cooperative managers to fill knowledge gap on value chain of seed potato in Ethiopia.
Sushila Sinha Self Help Group: An Approach To Women Empowerment In Chhattisgarh Sushila Sinha Self Help Group: An Approach To Women Empowerment In Chhattisgarh Новинка

Sushila Sinha Self Help Group: An Approach To Women Empowerment In Chhattisgarh

4358 руб.
This book is about how Self Help Group act as important mechanism in promoting women's empowerment in rural areas through various income generating activities that enhance their overall family income and provide them self reliability in society. It describes the challenges that they face in establishing and developing their activities and business including financial, technical and marketing knowledge often beyond their control. The book also provides role of rural development and financial Institution in context to Self help Group. The entire material is written in a simple language with relevant data for easy understanding. The thematic issues of access, opportunities, challenges and impacts of Self Help Group covered in this book are expected to be interest for a wide consistency, including research worker,rural animators, development practitioners and policy makers
Dawn L. Teele If ratification does not affect compliance, why do countries bother. Dawn L. Teele If ratification does not affect compliance, why do countries bother. Новинка

Dawn L. Teele If ratification does not affect compliance, why do countries bother.

8127 руб.
The most interesting research questions of political economy are on those subjects which somehow injure our moral sensibilities, but where there is no clear policy avenue through which to address them.This book deals with just such a topic: while it is uncontroversial to say that a world without child labor would be better than one with, it is not clear that legislation, either national or international, will be successful in reducing it.This book presents some evidence that fits nicely with intuitions about child labor in the developing world. Regression analysis of panel data covering 150 countries from 1970-2004 shows that macroeconomic conditions are significant determinants of child labor, defined here as the percent of children ages 10-14 who participate in the workforce.The study shows that ratification of the ILO's child labor convention does not significantly predict lower levels of child labor, leaving the second part of the book to answer the question: If ratifying the child labor convention does not affect compliance, why do countries bother?
Yohannes Ghebru Alemayehu An Empirical Time Series Analysis on the Determinants of Gross National Saving in Ethiopia. ARDL Approach for Co-integration Yohannes Ghebru Alemayehu An Empirical Time Series Analysis on the Determinants of Gross National Saving in Ethiopia. ARDL Approach for Co-integration Новинка

Yohannes Ghebru Alemayehu An Empirical Time Series Analysis on the Determinants of Gross National Saving in Ethiopia. ARDL Approach for Co-integration

5039 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, Addis Ababa University (Addis Ababa University), course: Economics, language: English, abstract: The objective of this paper was to investigate the macroeconomic determinants of gross national saving in Ethiopia using time series annual data form 1970/71-2010/11. In this study, effort has been made to identify the long run and short run determinants of national saving in Ethiopia using an ARDL bounds testing approach and ECM to capture both short run and long run relationships. Estimated results revealed that financial development (FD) and Current account deficit (CAD) are significant determinants of gross national saving in Ethiopia in the long run. But gross national disposable income (LGNDI), dependency ratio (DR), budget deficit (BD) and inflation, approximated by consumer price index (CPI), found to be statistically insignificant determinants of gross national saving in Ethiopia in the long run. However, in the short run, except consumer price index (CPI) and dependency ratio (DR) the rest of the explanatory variables such as gross national disposable income (LGNDI), financial development (FD), current account deficit (CAD) and budget deficit (BD) found to have statistically significant meaning in explaining gross national saving in Ethiopia. The speed of adjustment has value 0.66978 with negative sign, which showed the convergence of saving model towards long run equilibrium. The overall f...
M. Sambasivaudu Performance Evaluation Of DRDA Programmes - A Study Of SGSY Programme M. Sambasivaudu Performance Evaluation Of DRDA Programmes - A Study Of SGSY Programme Новинка

M. Sambasivaudu Performance Evaluation Of DRDA Programmes - A Study Of SGSY Programme

6029 руб.
PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF DRDA PROGRAMMES – A STUDY OF SGSY PROGRAMME IN KADAPA DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH Concepts and Definitions of Rural Development - Objectives of Rural Development - Scope of Rural Development - Creating Social Consciousness - Collective decision making and Action - Committed Village Leadership - Use of Science and Scientific Knowledge - Development of agriculture and allied activities - Provision of Subsidiary Occupation and Incomes - Development of Village and Cottage Industries - Importance of Rural Development - The Japanese Experience - Historical Perspectives of rural development in India - Rural Development in the Pre-Independence Era - The Servants of Indian Society - Rabindra Nath Tagore's Rural Reconstruction Programme - Rural Reconstruction Programme of Mahatma Ghandhi - contribution of Christian missionaries in India towards Rural reconstruction - Efforts of individuals in India in the field of Rural Development - Rural Development in the Post Independence Era - Rural Development efforts during the plan era - Community Development Programmes - Intensive Agricultural District Programme (IADP) - High Yielding Variety Programme.
Mulugeta Tefera Human Capital and Economic Growth in Ethiopia Mulugeta Tefera Human Capital and Economic Growth in Ethiopia Новинка

Mulugeta Tefera Human Capital and Economic Growth in Ethiopia

2989 руб.
Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - Operations Research, grade: Masters of Science, Wollega University (School of Economics), course: Development Economics, language: English, abstract: The topic of the research is Human Capital and Economic Growth of Ethiopia. The research answered questions such as "does human capital contribute to economic growth of Ethiopia?" with major objective to analyze the short run and long run effect of human capital on economic growth of Ethiopia over 1971 to 2013 using both ordinary least square (OLS) econometric and descriptive methods of data analysis. The data used for the research is secondary time series data collected by the National Bank of Ethiopia over the years 1971 to 2013. Nominal GDP is used as dependent and proxy variable for Economic growth while independent variables are physical capital, active labor force, terms of trade for measure of openness, government expenditure and human capital in the form of expenditure on health and education. Accordingly, the empirical finding shows that human capital in the form of education and health investment has consistent and significant long run effect on economic growth of Ethiopia at 5% level of significance. Keeping the other variables constant, 1% change (increase/decrease) in expenditure in human capital will change (increase/decrease) nominal output by 0.23%. In contrary short run human capital has consistent but insignificant effect on economic g...
Sabina Sultana and Shaikh Shamim Hasan Impact of Micro-credit on Empowerment of Rural Women in Bangladesh Sabina Sultana and Shaikh Shamim Hasan Impact of Micro-credit on Empowerment of Rural Women in Bangladesh Новинка

Sabina Sultana and Shaikh Shamim Hasan Impact of Micro-credit on Empowerment of Rural Women in Bangladesh

4419 руб.
The main focus of the study was to assess the impacts of microcredit on rural women’ empowerment in terms of increased income, ownership of assets, gender awareness and improvement of livelihood of the women. The study was conducted in Gazipur Sadar Upazila under Gazipur District of Bangladesh. A total of 90 respondents, 45 from BRAC and 45 from non-BRAC women were randomly selected for the study. It was revealed that the majority of BRAC women and non- BRAC women had no income from agricultural sources. It was also found that in case of agricultural sources, 20% of BRAC women belong to the high to very high -income category while not a single non- BRAC women had high to very high income. Personal income of BRAC women’s was more than non-BRAC women and their involvement agricultural and non- agricultural were high. About half of the non- BRAC women had no increased productive assets in the last one year. In case of BRAC women the value of increasing assets were small to medium. It was found that most of the BRAC women’s decision making power have been changed and it was higher than non- BRAC women in the study area.
Asitatikie Habtamu Roles of Women.s Status on Children.s Nutrition security in Ethiopia Asitatikie Habtamu Roles of Women.s Status on Children.s Nutrition security in Ethiopia Новинка

Asitatikie Habtamu Roles of Women.s Status on Children.s Nutrition security in Ethiopia

7414 руб.
Well improved health care and child nutrition is a manifestation for any country to escape from poverty. In most developing countries like Ethiopia children suffer from the burden of malnutrition. Numerous of studies in recent years have focused attention on the determinants of child nutrition in the developing countries. In the Ethiopian case, Studies show that almost half of the children are either stunted or underweight. This paper contributed to this concern by filling a noticeable gap. Principally this paper examines the role of women's status on children's nutrition security in Ethiopia using the EDHS 2011 survey. The paper employs both descriptive and Econometrics tools (both bivariate and Multivariate techniques) to show the interrelation ship among different women's status indicator variables including other socio economic variables on child nutrition. The study found that women's education, decision making role of women, women's attitude towards domestic violence and child age as a significant factor for child nutrition. The study also found that wealth index of households, availability of toilet and sanitation services as determining factor for child nutrition.
National Child Labor Committee Ne York Rural Child Welfare; An Inquiry by the National Child Labor Committee, Based Upon Conditions in West Virginia National Child Labor Committee Ne York Rural Child Welfare; An Inquiry by the National Child Labor Committee, Based Upon Conditions in West Virginia Новинка

National Child Labor Committee Ne York Rural Child Welfare; An Inquiry by the National Child Labor Committee, Based Upon Conditions in West Virginia

1402 руб.
Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.
David Griffith American Guestworkers. Jamaicans and Mexicans in the U.S. Labor Market David Griffith American Guestworkers. Jamaicans and Mexicans in the U.S. Labor Market Новинка

David Griffith American Guestworkers. Jamaicans and Mexicans in the U.S. Labor Market

6502 руб.
The H-2 program, originally based in Florida, is the longest running labor-importation program in the country. Over the course of a quarter-century of research, Griffith studied rural labor processes and their national and international effects. In this book, he examines the socioeconomic effects of the H-2 program on both the areas where the laborers work and the areas they are from, and, taking a uniquely humanitarian stance, he considers the effects of the program on the laborers themselves.
Johnson Runyonyozi Women.s Rights and the Quality of Family Life in Rural Uganda Johnson Runyonyozi Women.s Rights and the Quality of Family Life in Rural Uganda Новинка

Johnson Runyonyozi Women.s Rights and the Quality of Family Life in Rural Uganda

8914 руб.
This study focused on women's rights situation and quality of family life in rural households of Rukiga County, Kabale district, Uganda. The study sought to understand special contribution made by the women towards family development and welfare, the extent to which women's rights are considered in major decision making at family level and to document the effects of women emancipation and empowerment on the quality of family life in rural households.
Tigist Lakew Determinants of Delivery Assistant in Ethiopia Tigist Lakew Determinants of Delivery Assistant in Ethiopia Новинка

Tigist Lakew Determinants of Delivery Assistant in Ethiopia

3167 руб.
This book investigates the utilization of delivery assistance in Ethiopia using data from the EDHS 2011. Findings reveal that there exist strong urban-rural differentials of receiving delivery assistance. Logistic regression analysis showed that place of residence , mother’s education, wealth index, religion, respondent’s age, husband/partner’s occupation are the significant determinants of receiving delivery assistance. Women’s education, place of residence, husbands’ education and Women’s age were found to be determinants of assistance during delivery. Encouraging women to complete at least secondary education and Government should ensure available maternal health care centre for providing delivery in the rural area are important to increase skilled attendance during delivery.
Nikhat Perveen Child Labor in Northern India A case study of Aligarh Lock Industry Nikhat Perveen Child Labor in Northern India A case study of Aligarh Lock Industry Новинка

Nikhat Perveen Child Labor in Northern India A case study of Aligarh Lock Industry

3167 руб.
The commonness of child labor is one of the most imperative problems confronting the world at large, especially developing countries such as India. There is no denying the fact that child labour is one of the most upsetting and harrowing issues of our age. Child labor is a major issue of apprehension while talking about child’s rights .Here I have attempted to draw attention to the various problems and experiences of children working in the conflict. In most of the cases children working in informal sectors necessitated by economic situation of child labour. It is generally considered that Poverty illiteracy, ignorance, low wages, unemployment, low standard of living and social life -all are root grounds of child labour.I have chosen Aligarh Lock industry as my case study. The aim is to show first the factors responsible of child labour. I have also attempted to analyze implications of the government laws within the context of northern India. The book also highlighted the health hazards and working conditions of child labour in this area.
Belayneh Ayalew, Kifle Dagne, Setegne Gebeyehu Stability of Pigeonpea Genotypes in Drought Stress Area of Ethiopia Belayneh Ayalew, Kifle Dagne, Setegne Gebeyehu Stability of Pigeonpea Genotypes in Drought Stress Area of Ethiopia Новинка

Belayneh Ayalew, Kifle Dagne, Setegne Gebeyehu Stability of Pigeonpea Genotypes in Drought Stress Area of Ethiopia

8777 руб.
Drought pose one of the greater challenge in Africa in general in Ethiopia in particular; Global climate change is now generally considered to be in progress and is expected to result in an increased occurrence of drought in specific regions. Food security will be unsustainable without increasing yield in marginal environments, especially in drought-prone areas. We have to introduce drought tolerant crops which can be used as food and as feed; drought tolerant legume like pigeonpea is well adapted to such kind of environment, hence Pigeonpea can be used as an adaptation option to decrease the effect of climate change especially in Sub-Sahara Africa.
Luca Kaiser Rising Inequality in China. What Are the Lessons from Brazil.s Success in Inequality Reduction. Luca Kaiser Rising Inequality in China. What Are the Lessons from Brazil.s Success in Inequality Reduction. Новинка

Luca Kaiser Rising Inequality in China. What Are the Lessons from Brazil.s Success in Inequality Reduction.

5464 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: A+, , language: English, abstract: This paper illustrates the main sources of income inequality in China and analyzes social policies and mechanisms that led to decreasing income inequality and pro-poor growth in Brazil in order to present lessons learnt for China to reduce income inequality. It explores how labor markets and social policies play a crucial role in directly or indirectly affecting inequality, suggesting a convergence of labor incomes through educational expansion and a constant rise of minimum wages, as well as effective non-contributory social assistance has contributed the most to the decline of income inequality in Brazil. These factors are evaluated not only from a monetary perspective but also from the perspective of people's subjective wellbeing of enhanced capabilities and opportunities and its impact on social and economic development. This paper argues that Brazil's experience offers solid policy recommendations for China to tackle rising income inequality and proposes interesting debates for social policy in China and other developing countries.
Birku Reta Household Willingness to Pay for Electricity Connection in Ethiopia Birku Reta Household Willingness to Pay for Electricity Connection in Ethiopia Новинка

Birku Reta Household Willingness to Pay for Electricity Connection in Ethiopia

8652 руб.
This book mainly focuses on households willingness to pay for electricity connection options in rural areas of Ethiopia. The objective of this book is to know whethear investment on electricity connection is cost recovery or not in addition to identifying socio-economic factors that affect households willingness to pay. There is also an interesting econometrics application methods in the book. So i would like to reccomend all interested schoolars to read.
Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas Новинка

Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas

8652 руб.
Historically, the economic contribution of rural areas to regions was clear: it was the provider of farm produce and other raw materials such as coal. Rural employment was evidently based on the exploitation of natural capital. Today, natural capital still strongly characterises the profile of rural employment in the European Union but its effect now goes far beyond the traditional rural sector of agriculture. There are in fact four drivers of rural employment and rural economic prosperity, and these can be structured by two complementary analytical directions, namely 'production' based on (a) renewable and (b) non-renewable resources, and 'consumption' by (a) non-residents and (b) residents of a territory, hence 'Rural Europe 2+2+'. Thus, whether jobs are created through farming, mining, rural tourism or by attracting incomers who set up new businesses, natural capital is a common theme. However, the financial, human, physical and social capitals of rural areas must be improved in parallel with this via an integrated, territorial development approach. In this way, rural areas can become part of a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy in line with the priorities of Europe 2020.
Sharew Ashagrie Under Five Child Mortality in Ethiopia Sharew Ashagrie Under Five Child Mortality in Ethiopia Новинка

Sharew Ashagrie Under Five Child Mortality in Ethiopia

9052 руб.
This is the application of multilevel logistic regression on under five child mortality.It is an important guide to know about multilevel logistic regression and how to compare multilevel logistic model with multiple logistic model and how to select which model is more powerful in explaining the given data. In addition it tells something about the important factors significantly affecting under five child mortality.
Sajal K. Roy Gender difference and Nutritional Status Sajal K. Roy Gender difference and Nutritional Status Новинка

Sajal K. Roy Gender difference and Nutritional Status

9064 руб.
The book is written based on anthropometric measurements and the collected data is compared with other social and economic factors to find out relations between gender difference and status of malnutrition in rural Bangladesh. The World Health Organization approved National Center for Health Statistics (NCSH) standards of measuring malnutrition is used to compare the nutritional status of the rural children. Three types of malnutrition is measured they are, Weight for Age (Underweight), Height for Age (Stunting) and Height for Weight (Wasting). Collected data are analyzed using 'Epi info' soft ware recommended from Food and Nutritional Department of University of Dhaka. It is found, a higher probability of child's malnutrition in rural area than that of general nutritional status of children in all over the nation. Parent's educational status and economic condition or family income is found highly correlated with children's nutritional status. Mother's knowledge of child rearing and health awareness is also positively impacted on children's malnutrition. It is recommended to increase awareness of parents and ensure equal opportunity to rural people for a better nourished nation.
Fitsum Daniel, Baye Belay Impact of Improved Wheat Varieties . Information.s Adoption on Productivity in Ethiopia Fitsum Daniel, Baye Belay Impact of Improved Wheat Varieties . Information.s Adoption on Productivity in Ethiopia Новинка

Fitsum Daniel, Baye Belay Impact of Improved Wheat Varieties . Information.s Adoption on Productivity in Ethiopia

3252 руб.
Scientific Study from the year 2018 in the subject Biology - Ecology, , language: English, abstract: Like in many other sub-Saharan Africa countries, agriculture in Ethiopia is a basis for the entire socioeconomic structure of the country and has a major influence on all other economic sectors and development processes and hence it plays a crucial role in poverty reduction. Despite the marginal decline in its share of GDP in recent years, it is still the single largest sector in terms of its contribution to GDP as agricultural GDP constitutes 41% of total country's GDP. As to Gebru 2006 citing CSA 2003, out of the total production of agriculture, about 70% comes from crop production. According to Abegaz 2011, cereal crops constitute the largest share of farming household's production and consumption activities. Accordingly citing Alemayehu et al., 2009, only five major cereals account for about 70% of area cultivated and 65% of output produced. Fertilizer use is also concentrated on cereals followed by pulses and oilseeds respectively according to Endale 2011 citing CSA 1995/96-2007/08. On the other hand, according to Endale 2011, data from the Ethiopian Seed Enterprise show that improved seeds are mostly used in wheat and maize cultivation with an average of 89 and 42 thousand quintal in the period 1994/95 to 2005/06, respectively. Moreover, Abegaz 2011 citing the Household Income, Consumption and Expenditure Survey of CSA indicated that the five major cereal crops a...
Abebe Mulugeta Sisay Socioeconomic and Biophysical Issues Impacting Tree /Shrub Integration Abebe Mulugeta Sisay Socioeconomic and Biophysical Issues Impacting Tree /Shrub Integration Новинка

Abebe Mulugeta Sisay Socioeconomic and Biophysical Issues Impacting Tree /Shrub Integration

6452 руб.
The watershed approach was introduced in Ethiopia in order to better control land degradation and to sustain a variety of ecosystem functions. Similarly, tree and shrub integration in a watershed has been promoted as a means to enhance rural livelihoods through sustaining its potential services. Thus, rural tree planting on different niches are a history of long time in Ethiopia. However, the efforts made were unsuccessful mainly due to various socioeconomic and biophysical factors. Owning to this fact, this study was conducted at Borodo watershed, Dendi district to identify the existing tree and shrub species, explore those multiple factors impacting tree and shrub integration, and to investigate major soil physical and chemical properties of potential tree and shrub planting niches.
Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh Новинка

Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh

8514 руб.
One of the most basic problems of the present century in the Third World Countries is rural poverty. The rural labour households form the hard core of rural poor and the most of the socially backward classes, such as, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes fall in this category. Most of the population is depending upon agriculture that is contributing about one-fourth of the National Income in the country. The most important feature of them are that they have very little or low productive assets and the major part of their income is derived from casual or irregular employment available in villages in Andhra pradesh.The dimensions of poverty among the rural labour households are reflected by the extent of indebtedness among the households and low consumption levels. The basis of findings of the study, it would be useful to make some suggestions that would help to improve the socio-economic conditions of agricultural labourers. The improvement in the socio-economic conditions of the agricultural labour, the large segment of work force would promote economic welfare in general and ultimate lead the Indian economy on the path of growth with stability.
Bal Govind Chauhan,ABHISHEK KUMAR and Satish Kumar Chauhan Trends of Economic Inequalities in RCH Services Utilization in India Bal Govind Chauhan,ABHISHEK KUMAR and Satish Kumar Chauhan Trends of Economic Inequalities in RCH Services Utilization in India Новинка

Bal Govind Chauhan,ABHISHEK KUMAR and Satish Kumar Chauhan Trends of Economic Inequalities in RCH Services Utilization in India

4358 руб.
Globally estimates of maternal mortality indicate that more than half a million women died due to pregnancy related causes and these deaths are unjust and can be avoided with key health interventions, like provision of antenatal care and medically assisted delivery. The prime objective of book is to examine the trend of economic inequalities in utilization of RCH services in India and to quantify the contribution of selected factors explaining the rural-urban gap in use of RCH care utilization by using the NFHS-1,2,3 data. To fulfill the aforesaid objectives concentration index and non-linear decomposition technique have been used. The study reveals a sluggish increase in the utilization of RCH services in India with respect of place of residence. The trends of economic inequalities in utilization of RCH services are decreasing in both urban and rural areas but the pace of declining is more in rural areas than urban areas during the study period. Decomposition results indicates that economic status of the household is the main contributor in urban-rural differential in receiving the reproductive and child health care services followed by mother education level and media exposure.
Thoti Mallikarjuna Rural Development Programmes in Chitoor District of Andhra Pradesh Thoti Mallikarjuna Rural Development Programmes in Chitoor District of Andhra Pradesh Новинка

Thoti Mallikarjuna Rural Development Programmes in Chitoor District of Andhra Pradesh

7930 руб.
Rural Development is one of the most important factors for the growth of the Indian economy. India is primarily an agriculture-based country. Agriculture contributes nearly one-fifth of the gross domestic product in India. In order to increase the growth of agriculture, the Government has planned several programs pertaining to Rural Development in India. It has witnessed several changes over the years in its emphasis, approaches, strategies and programmes. Rural development aims at improving rural people’s livelihoods in an equitable and sustainable manner, both socially and environmentally, through better access to assets (natural, physical, human, technological and social capital), and services. The basic objectives of Rural Development Programmes have been alleviation of poverty and unemployment through creation of basic social and economic infrastructure, provision of training to rural unemployed youth and providing employment to marginal Farmers/Labourers to discourage seasonal and permanent migration to urban areas.The work has been evaluated three major programmes such as Indira Kranti Patham, MGNREGS and Indiramma Housing Scheme in Chittoor District of AP
Peter H. Lindert Fertility and Scarcity in America Peter H. Lindert Fertility and Scarcity in America Новинка

Peter H. Lindert Fertility and Scarcity in America

6014 руб.
Scholars have charged population growth with lowering aggregate income per capita, depleting natural resources, reducing the quality of the environment, and causing more unequal distribution of income. Maintaining that the order of these concerns should be reversed, Peter H. Lindert emphasizes the tendency of higher fertility and population growth to heighten economic inequalities. His analysis also improves our knowledge of the ways in which economic developments affect fertility.The author develops an integrated model of fertility behavior featuring an original way of defining and measuring the relative cost of an extra child. U.S. fertility patterns in the twentieth century, he shows, are partially explained by the interplay of a model of intergenerational taste formation and fluctuation in relative child costs. His reinterpretation of patterns in the inequality of schooling and income in America highlights the role of fertility and other demographic forces. From the author's analysis it appears that concern over rapid population growth is more justified on income-distribution grounds than on grounds of effects on average per capita income. In showing that this is so, Professor Lindert describes how families' use of time has changed since the late nineteenth century.Originally published in 1978.The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton Un...
David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries Новинка

David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries

5427 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Information Management, University of Manchester (IDPM), course: MSc Management and Information Systems, language: English, abstract: There has been a gamut of arguments concerning the role of information and communication technologies in reducing poverty and creating sustainable rural development in developing countries. But most of the studies have centred on case study descriptions, with a handful attempting to analyse the outcomes of these initiatives using a framework that addresses the multiple dimensions of the livelihoods of the rural poor. This dissertation takes a view that ICT can contribute to sustainable rural development when it is implemented and assessed through such a framework geared at building the capabilities and assets of the rural folks and improving the links within and between these people and the organisations and institutions that play a role in rural development. It reviews various paradigms of rural ICT in developing countries and goes on to analyse the implementation and contribution of two of such initiatives to rural livelihoods using the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. The result revealed that such factors, as the perceptions of practitioners, political contentions and policy environments are the major factors shaping ICT initiatives for the rural poor.
Suman Reza Role of Microcredit in the Development of Rural Women of Bangladesh Suman Reza Role of Microcredit in the Development of Rural Women of Bangladesh Новинка

Suman Reza Role of Microcredit in the Development of Rural Women of Bangladesh

8089 руб.
Microcredit operations began with the specific objective of poverty alleviation in Bangladesh. Poverty is widespread in Bangladesh. It is even more intense among the rural women of the country. Poverty situation improved with the expansion of microcrdit and rural women gained some empowerment as they had their own income through participation in the credit activities. But they are still far from achieving equal status with men because microcredit primarily addresses income poverty and it has inherent weaknesses in facilitating other conditions necessary for full empowerment of women. Not only are the inherent weaknesses, the socio-economic environment of rural Bangladesh, where microcredit functions, is also a big impediment to achieving women empowerment. Therefore, a comprehensive approach, which includes microcredit too, is necessary for further empowering the rural women of Bangladesh. This approach includes social mobilization, awareness-building, regulations enhancing, equitable financial practices and government initiatives.
Newman Enyioko Urbanization, Career Choice & Increasing Child Neglect in R/S Nigeria Newman Enyioko Urbanization, Career Choice & Increasing Child Neglect in R/S Nigeria Новинка

Newman Enyioko Urbanization, Career Choice & Increasing Child Neglect in R/S Nigeria

4749 руб.
The study examined Urbanization, Career Choice and Increasing Child Neglect in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. The research inquiries were sourced from the framework of 400 respondents who constituted the sample size. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse data in this study. Specifically, Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Co efficient (r) and t tests were used to test the hypotheses formulated in the study. Out of the 400 copies of questionnaire distributed in 14 wards of Emohua Local Government Area in Rivers State – Nigeria, 387 copies were retrieved and 381 copies (i.e. 95% response rate) were found useful for data analysis. The study found that to a large extent urbanization influences career choice of the respondents and that career choice has effect on child neglect. Some of the key strategies identified by the study for effective urbanization, career choice development and reduction of child neglect in rural areas include: Slowing down population increase, improving rural conditions, creation of jobs by government in rural areas, effective family planning and improving the economic sector in rural areas.
Julie N. Zimmerman, Olaf F. Larson Opening Windows Onto Hidden Lives. Women, Country Life, and Early Rural Sociological Research Julie N. Zimmerman, Olaf F. Larson Opening Windows Onto Hidden Lives. Women, Country Life, and Early Rural Sociological Research Новинка

Julie N. Zimmerman, Olaf F. Larson Opening Windows Onto Hidden Lives. Women, Country Life, and Early Rural Sociological Research

6689 руб.
Building on their analysis in Sociology in Government (Penn State, 2003), Julie Zimmerman and Olaf Larson again join forces across the generations to explore the unexpected inclusion of rural and farm women in the research conducted by the USDA's Division of Farm Population and Rural Life. Existing from 1919 to 1953, the Division was the first, and for a time the only, unit of the federal government devoted to sociological research. The authors explore how these early rural sociologists found the conceptual space to include women in their analyses of farm living, rural community social organization, and the agricultural labor force.

кешбака
Страницы:


Masterarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich VWL - Konjunktur und Wachstum, Mek'ele University, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the performance of rural business enterprises in terms of improving socioeconomic condition of rural people and contributing for improved rural-urban linkages in Ethiopia. It was carried out in Ankober district to contribute towards filling the gap on the knowledge and understanding about the performance of rural business enterprises in Ethiopia.The study used 105 rural businesses selected using simple random sampling proportional to size. It also used 4 Focus Group Discussions and 5 Key Informant Interviews; purposely selected based on their knowledge and experience in rural business. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The result indicates that ownership of rural business enterprises is dominated by male headed households (79% male) which imply that women face more limitations to engage in formal businesses due to limited access to capital among others. The finding also indicated owning rural business enterprise significantly contributed for the socioeconomic improvement of the business owners. The annual income of the enterprise owners is 1.94USD per person per day, which is significantly greater than rural households' income in Ethiopia, which is 0.8 USD. Rural businesses are main source of income for 85.7% of enterprise owners. But the income is season sensitive and depends on agricult...
Продажа marginal income contribution of child labor in rural ethiopia лучших цены всего мира
Посредством этого сайта магазина - каталога товаров мы очень легко осуществляем продажу marginal income contribution of child labor in rural ethiopia у одного из интернет-магазинов проверенных фирм. Определитесь с вашими предпочтениями один интернет-магазин, с лучшей ценой продукта. Прочитав рекомендации по продаже marginal income contribution of child labor in rural ethiopia легко охарактеризовать производителя как превосходную и доступную фирму.