pattern of consumption in rural bengalcontinuity and change



Santra Subhrangsu Pattern of Consumption in Rural Bengal. Continuity and Change Santra Subhrangsu Pattern of Consumption in Rural Bengal. Continuity and Change Новинка

Santra Subhrangsu Pattern of Consumption in Rural Bengal. Continuity and Change

This book is based on a research study conducted in the district of Birbhum of West Bengal, India. The study was conducted in four villages from two CD Blocks of the district. The district Birbhum is one of the backward districts of West Bengal and the economy is totally dependent on agriculture and allied activities. The regional disparity in terms of occupation, literacy rate, communication, availability of market and other facilities, soil fertility, irrigation facilities make a huge difference in the changing pattern of consumption expenditure incurred by the sample households. In this book I have tried to explain how a village is changing with time. How villagers became accustomed with the modern amenities and facilities and how they have been changing their livelihood. In some of the cases it is the impact of globalisation and in some of the cases the modern amenities entered in to the villages with their necessity - to run their livelihood properly. These changes even helped to change the rural economy. On the other hand there are some unchanged legacy already exist in the rural areas - like illiteracy, health indicators, gender inequality.
Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People Новинка

Hira Dhar Chudali, Md. Hasrat Ali, Anju Choudhury Topographical Implication on Income and Employment of Nepalese People

The study has aimed at working with the level of income of rural households from different sources and employment of rural household in different topographical strata. An effort has been made in this study to furnish occupation pattern of the members of the rural households. The study has also aimed at measuring extent of poverty of rural households. An analysis has been carried out to explore whether a change in different topography is made, the level of income and employment of rural household pattern is also changed.
Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India Новинка

Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India

The exploration of rural agricultural labour households believes significance, as they represent a vulnerable section of the rural population, whose percentage has increased drastically in almost all the states in India. An important trend in large number of theoretical and empirical studies on the functioning of rural labour markets has been appeared to explain the patterns of income, employment, extent of earning and indebtedness prevalent among these households. This book analyzes the trend in wages, inter-district and intra-district differences in wage rate and gender differences among the rural agricultural labour households in rural Orissa with a view to understand their livelihood pattern. The book also analyzes pattern of employment, income, extent of indebtedness and earning prevalent among rural landless labourers and agricultural households in rural Orissa. Further, the book discusses the prevailing contractual arrangement of the rural labour market. This book would be very useful for students, academicians, researchers, activists and policy makers for understanding the dynamics of rural labour market, wage determination, livelihood pattern and development.
Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas Новинка

Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas

Historically, the economic contribution of rural areas to regions was clear: it was the provider of farm produce and other raw materials such as coal. Rural employment was evidently based on the exploitation of natural capital. Today, natural capital still strongly characterises the profile of rural employment in the European Union but its effect now goes far beyond the traditional rural sector of agriculture. There are in fact four drivers of rural employment and rural economic prosperity, and these can be structured by two complementary analytical directions, namely 'production' based on (a) renewable and (b) non-renewable resources, and 'consumption' by (a) non-residents and (b) residents of a territory, hence 'Rural Europe 2+2+'. Thus, whether jobs are created through farming, mining, rural tourism or by attracting incomers who set up new businesses, natural capital is a common theme. However, the financial, human, physical and social capitals of rural areas must be improved in parallel with this via an integrated, territorial development approach. In this way, rural areas can become part of a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy in line with the priorities of Europe 2020.
Madhushree Das SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGE AMONG THE TRIBAL WOMEN OF ASSAM, INDIA Madhushree Das SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGE AMONG THE TRIBAL WOMEN OF ASSAM, INDIA Новинка

Madhushree Das SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGE AMONG THE TRIBAL WOMEN OF ASSAM, INDIA

The main aspects investigated in the present work are the distribution and concentration pattern of the major tribal groups (Boro, Rabha, Karbi, Dimasa, Deori, Mising, Tiwa and Sonowal kachari) residing in the state of Assam; the pattern of inter and intra- tribal variations in respect of development and social change; the pattern of socio-cultural characteristics, more particularly among the female section; and the main causes of their socio-economic backwardness. In addition, the pattern of social change among the women belonging to major tribal groups is assessed through direct observation in the field and available secondary data. The book altogether has seven chapters. The first two chapters give a theoretical framework of the study and geographical background of Assam. The third chapter presents the distribution pattern of the selected tribal groups.The fourth, fifth and sixth chapters discusses the prevailing social, cultural and economic characteristics and pattern of social change among the tribal women of the state. Finally, a synthesis of the whole work including a few suggestions have been presented in the last chapter.
Aminul Islam Lifestyle, Consumption and Identity. A Human Ecological Study Aminul Islam Lifestyle, Consumption and Identity. A Human Ecological Study Новинка

Aminul Islam Lifestyle, Consumption and Identity. A Human Ecological Study

The purpose of this book is to focus on our current ecological Aspects, especially when it comes to our lifestyle, consumption and identity. These are new phenomena to the entire discourse of our current environmental crisis. This book consists of six different aspects: Human Being as a commodity: In relation to our environmental crisis., Rethinking the concept of 'consumer' and our way of consuming., A study of religious aspect, consumer desire, food system and climate change., Cooking a chicken Curry by traveling all over the world: An ethnographic observation of consumption and ecological aspect., Climate Change and Global Consensus: A critical analysis of climate change issues., The quest for a new narrative: A case study of Bangladesh from COP 15. This book will provide knowledge for those who intend to work on Human-Environmental relationship, and Human Ecological aspects.
Tasneem Sadia, Ahsan Ir MD Nasif Impact of Climate Change on Poverty. Evidence from Bangladesh Tasneem Sadia, Ahsan Ir MD Nasif Impact of Climate Change on Poverty. Evidence from Bangladesh Новинка

Tasneem Sadia, Ahsan Ir MD Nasif Impact of Climate Change on Poverty. Evidence from Bangladesh

Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. The increasing risks from climate change, sea level rise, and natural and man-made hazards-such as cyclones, storm surge, flooding, land erosion, water logging, and salinity intrusion in soil and water have already adversely affected livelihoods of people living in environmentally fragile areas. Considering the possible effects of climate change in the coastal area this study deals with the land ownership pattern and per capita consumption (which is a proxy for poverty).One of the significant results from this study shows positive relation between consumption expenditure (measurement of poverty) and land ownership. Hence, land ownership becomes a crucial factor for capacity of the households while facing challenges of both poverty and vulnerability.So these empirical study-findings conclude that possible effects of climate change worsen poverty in coastal Bangladesh.
Richard Sickinger (Editor) Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change - PURPLSOC Richard Sickinger (Editor) Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change - PURPLSOC Новинка

Richard Sickinger (Editor) Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change - PURPLSOC

We live in a time of social and cultural change. Old patterns are losing their validity and relevance, new patterns are needed and in demand. We need a new approach which can formulate, generate and engage such patterns.The pattern language approach of Christopher Alexander serves this purpose - the interdisciplinary and participatory building blocks for societal change.The PURPLSOC 2017 conference contributions cover 25 domains - from anthropology and automation to political science and systems science - for a comprehensive perspective of current pattern research and practice.
Subrato Kumar Sarma, Sajal Roy Shifting Gender Roles Towards Gender Balanced Society Subrato Kumar Sarma, Sajal Roy Shifting Gender Roles Towards Gender Balanced Society Новинка

Subrato Kumar Sarma, Sajal Roy Shifting Gender Roles Towards Gender Balanced Society

The changing pattern of gender roles from traditional practices in rural households is supporting women's advancement from various viewpoint towards building a gender sensitive society. The study visualize advancement of changing pattern of gender roles from 10 years ago and up to date on a scale matrix view. The findings of the study are based on extensive qualitative field research component which sought to visualize changing pattern of gender roles in rural households including community men, women, youth, adolescent, key persons and educator in study area. The participatory and consultative aspect of this report is its strength and has enable rural perception and individual evidence discussed and presented within the report. The report adopts a simple change assessment methodology in order to measuring the changes on gender issues. Selected major changing issues on gender roles were undertaken by the communities to ensure accuracy of information throughout their representation. In doing so the communities also identify reasons limiting changes form the last 10 years to up to date.
Christiane Lange Designing the Rural. A Global Countryside in Flux Christiane Lange Designing the Rural. A Global Countryside in Flux Новинка

Christiane Lange Designing the Rural. A Global Countryside in Flux

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The rural is not what it used to be. No longer simply a site for agricultural production for the city, the relationship between the rural and urban has become much more complex. Established categories such as rural /urban and village/city no longer hold true. Rural and urban conditions have become increasingly blurred, so how can we identify and distinguish their specific characteristics? Where is the rural, and what role does it play in an urbanised world? In developing countries the countryside is a volatile and contradictory landscape: legally designated rural areas look like dense slums; factories intersect fields and farmers no longer farm. In contrast, in developed regions, the rural has become a highly controlled landscape of production and consumption: industrialised agriculture coexists with leisure landscapes for tourism, retirement and recreation. This issue of AD investigates how architects and researchers are critically engaging with the rural as an experimental field of exploration. Contributors: Neil Brenner, Christiane Lange, Charlotte Malterre-Barthes, Sandra Parvu, Cole Roskam, Grahame Shane, Deane Simpson, and Milica Topalovic and Bas Princen Architects: Anders Abraham, Joshua Bolchover and John Lin (Rural Urban Framework), Ambra Fabi and Giovanni Piovene (Piovenefabi), Rainer Hehl, Stephan Petermann (OMA), Huang Sheng Yuan (FieldOffice), and Sandeep Virmani (Hunnarshala)
Consuming Sustainability: Critical Social Analyses of Ecological Change Consuming Sustainability: Critical Social Analyses of Ecological Change Новинка

Consuming Sustainability: Critical Social Analyses of Ecological Change

Examining several contemporary environmental controversies—including water consumption, food safety, and air pollution—this guide illustrates how a critical perspective can aid in understanding such complex social, economic, and political issues. Key concepts in environmental social science are introduced to clarify controversies and address broader questions such as How do our consumption decisions affect ecosystems? Can we rely on governments to maintain environmental well being? Do those living in rural areas see the environment differently from urban dwellers? and Is sustainability possible? The discussion both examines the disputes and demonstrates that ecological problems and their solutions are as much social and political as they are scientific. Activism resources at the end of each chapter are included as are suggestions on ways to reduce individual ecological footprints.
Pelotshweu Moepeng, Clem Tisdell The Pattern of Livelihoods in a Typical Rural Village Pelotshweu Moepeng, Clem Tisdell The Pattern of Livelihoods in a Typical Rural Village Новинка

Pelotshweu Moepeng, Clem Tisdell The Pattern of Livelihoods in a Typical Rural Village

Botswana's average economic growth rate of about 8 per cent during 1985-2005 is one of highest in the world. A major contributor of this growth was mining which, in 2005/06, had a 41.4 per cent share of GDP. Various government welfare and empowerment programmes indicate that redistribution of the mineral wealth is widespread in Botswana. In this book, we will show that the pattern of livelihoods in a typical rural village has changed and provide new perspectives regarding the main sources of livelihood in rural Botswana as a result of the rapid developments following the 1980s. In particular, this book will show that contrary to expectations, agriculture is not a major source of income to the rural economy for many poor households, but income transfers from out migrants' members of rural based households is now very important. It will also be shown that the proportion of the poor among the rural population that depends on agriculture is smaller than the non-poor, as is that among the recipients of government transfers. This study has revealed no evidence that suggests transfers to rural areas are invested in productive activities..
Ann Brooks, Lionel Wee Consumption. Comparing Singapore with Asian and Western Cities Ann Brooks, Lionel Wee Consumption. Comparing Singapore with Asian and Western Cities Новинка

Ann Brooks, Lionel Wee Consumption. Comparing Singapore with Asian and Western Cities

'Consumption, Cities and States' examines the fascinating intersection of consumption, citizenship and the state in a cross-section of global cities in Asia and the West. It focuses on a number of theoretical and empirical analyses: developing and amplifying the intersection of consumption, citizenship and the state in late modernity in relation to a range of cities; examining the concept of the global city as an 'aspirational' category for cities in Asia and the West; and considering case studies which highlight the intersection of consumption and the state. As Ann Brooks and Lionel Wee demonstrate, the interface between citizen status and consumer activity proves a crucial point of analysis in the light of the neoliberal assertion that individuals and institutions perform at their best within a free market economy.
Richard Crosby A. Rural Populations and Health. Determinants, Disparities, and Solutions Richard Crosby A. Rural Populations and Health. Determinants, Disparities, and Solutions Новинка

Richard Crosby A. Rural Populations and Health. Determinants, Disparities, and Solutions

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Health-related disparities remain a persistent, serious problem across the nation's more than 60 million rural residents. Rural Populations and Health provides an overview of the critical issues surrounding rural health and offers a strong theoretical and evidence-based rationale for rectifying rural health disparities in the United States. This edited collection includes a comprehensive examination of myriad issues in rural health and rural health care services, as well as a road map for reducing disparities, building capacity and collaboration, and applying prevention research in rural areas. This textbook offers a review of rural health systems in Colorado, Kentucky, Alabama, and Iowa, and features contributions from key leaders in rural public health throughout the United States. Rural Populations and Health examines vital health issues such as: Health assessment Strategies for building rural coalitions Promoting rural adolescent health Rural food disparities Promoting oral health in rural areas Physical activity in rural communities Preventing farm-related injuries Addressing mental health issues Cancer prevention and control in rural communities Reducing rural tobacco use Rural Populations and Health is an important resource for students, faculty, and researchers in public health, preventive medicine, public health nursing, social work, and sociology.
John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania. John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania. Новинка

John Msinde Pastoral livelihoods in Tanzania.

Rural-urban migration is becoming a common phenomenon in developing countries. This phenomenon invariably overstretch urban infrastructures. Urban influx is unlikely to cease despite of few employment opportunities available in cities. The main cause of these urban movements is rural poverty. The nature and patterns of these movement may slightly differ across different rural communities due to cultural variations. This book essentially give an in-depth analysis of migration pattern among Maasai in Tanzania, whose livelihood is based greatly on pastoralism. It tries to relate migration theories and the way in which Maasai as a marginalised group tries to utilize and respond to rural-urban dynamics. The central argument in this text is to situate migration as a possible survival or livelihood strategy among pastoral communities. The book has scholarly approach yet quite illuminating for all readers with interest in developmental issues in poor countries.
Educational Opportunity in Rural Contexts. The Politics of Place Educational Opportunity in Rural Contexts. The Politics of Place Новинка

Educational Opportunity in Rural Contexts. The Politics of Place

A volume in Research in Educational Policy: Local, National, and Global PerspectivesSeries Editor: Kenneth K. Wong, Brown UniversityThe impetus behind this volume stems from reflections on commemorations of the historic Brown v. Board of Education decision. Brown turned 60 in May of 2014, and many special issues of peer-reviewed journals were dedicated to that anniversary. Unlike most special issues and volumes, we sought to highlight a smaller part of Brown, though no less significant. More specifically, we thought to develop a volume that focused on rural education in the aftermath of the decision. Most of the education policy and education reform literature caters to urban and suburban contexts, and very few academic books and journal articles-with the exception of research conducted by Craig, Amy, and Caitlin Howley and the Journal for Research on Rural Education-focus on rural education in the US. Thus, we wanted this volume to focus on the politics of educational opportunity in rural contexts.There is a paucity of rigorous research that examines how education policy affects the conditions of rural education. More specifically, research is scarce in examining the ways in which students in rural schools and districts have access to educational opportunities, although approximately one-third of all public schools are located in rural areas (Ayers, 2011). Educational opportunity in rural districts has been plagued by geographic isolation, loss of economic bases, and lack of...
Bezabih Yimer Alternative Energy Sources to Combat Climate Change. Biogas Production Using Cost Effective Material Bezabih Yimer Alternative Energy Sources to Combat Climate Change. Biogas Production Using Cost Effective Material Новинка

Bezabih Yimer Alternative Energy Sources to Combat Climate Change. Biogas Production Using Cost Effective Material

The shortage of energy in rural areas and the pollution of the environment from animal wastes due to lack of appropriate technology in Africa motivated the author to conduct research and write this book. In this research book an economically feasible, technically acceptable and environmentally friendly biogas plant is designed by using low cost plastic materials. This book is an essential reference for chemical engineering, environmental engineering and agricultural students. The concept solves global environmental pollution and the problem of lack of energy and organic fertilizer in rural communities at once. Moreover, this book plays an important role for agricultural researchers working in rural energy and environmental protection.
Akritidu Joanna Impacts of Climate Change on agricultural systems in Fiji Akritidu Joanna Impacts of Climate Change on agricultural systems in Fiji Новинка

Akritidu Joanna Impacts of Climate Change on agricultural systems in Fiji

This work investigates the extent of climate change impacts on agricultural system in Fiji and the vulnerability of rural communities. The survey is focusing on three main agricultural areas on Fiji's main Island Viti Levu: Nausori, Sigatoka Valley and Vitogo (Lautoka). This research was carried out within the scope of the regional programme "Adaptation to Climate Change in the Pacific Island Region" implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ).
Kibrom Adino Rural Water Supply and the Determinants of Productive Use of Water at the Household Level. Challenges in Metema Woreda Kibrom Adino Rural Water Supply and the Determinants of Productive Use of Water at the Household Level. Challenges in Metema Woreda Новинка

Kibrom Adino Rural Water Supply and the Determinants of Productive Use of Water at the Household Level. Challenges in Metema Woreda

Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, Addis Ababa University (Regional and Local Development Studies), course: Full Regional and Local Development Studies courses, language: English, abstract: These days, water has become a highly essential ingredient for the rural household's home based productive use of water beyond the usual basic needs of consumption. In recognition of this, this study is aimed at three main objectives: assessment of the home based productive use of water, the factors that affect the productive use and examining the major challenges of rural water supply in the study area. In an attempt to deal with these objectives the study selected Metema Woreda in Ethiopia as a study area from which four kebeles were selected randomly to have 130 household respondents. The major methods of analysis in this study were both descriptive analysis and a logistic model to meet on the aforementioned objectives. The analysis and discussion of the study revealed that water is the prime input for home based productive uses in addition to the usual basic needs of consumption. To this effect, traditional brewery, home gardening, water selling, small ruminants and rural restaurants were the major home based productive uses of water in the study area. Yet the productive use of water in the study area was found to be constrained by demographic and economic characteristics of the households and the physica...
Sally Gaze Mission-Shaped and Rural. Growing Churches in the Countryside Sally Gaze Mission-Shaped and Rural. Growing Churches in the Countryside Новинка

Sally Gaze Mission-Shaped and Rural. Growing Churches in the Countryside

Using a compelling mix of theological reflection, sociological analysis, real-life case studies and personal experience this book explores ways forward for mission in a rural context in both traditional and fresh expressions of church.This insightful book looks at current issues in rural England and explores: The nature of mission with special reference to the rural situation; Ways for the Church to engage with rural culture; Examples of rural fresh expressions of church; Identifying and pruning the things which inhibit mission in the countryside; How all forms of church can work together for the glory of God.This compelling book is an essential read for all who seek to minister in a rural context - whether at a local, diocesan or national level.
Oyuntuya Shagdarsuren Tackling Isolation in Rural Mongolia Oyuntuya Shagdarsuren Tackling Isolation in Rural Mongolia Новинка

Oyuntuya Shagdarsuren Tackling Isolation in Rural Mongolia

Mongolia is an isolated country with a large territory and a small population. Population density of an average of 1.5 persons per square kilometre makes economic growth, human development and environmental sustainability a challenge especially in rural areas. Geographic and social isolation affect rural communities both politically and economically. Isolation results in "information hunger" in rural Mongolia and contributes to poverty growing after the country's transition to market economy in 1990. This work explores the opportunity of using information and communication technologies (ICTs) to address isolation and the lack of information in rural Mongolia. The methodology of the research is based on literature review; qualitative and quantitative evidences are drawn from literature, published and unpublished reports, policy papers as well as internet research. This book is intended for students, researchers and professionals in agriculture and rural development.
David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries Новинка

David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries

Master's Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Information Management, University of Manchester (IDPM), course: MSc Management and Information Systems, language: English, abstract: There has been a gamut of arguments concerning the role of information and communication technologies in reducing poverty and creating sustainable rural development in developing countries. But most of the studies have centred on case study descriptions, with a handful attempting to analyse the outcomes of these initiatives using a framework that addresses the multiple dimensions of the livelihoods of the rural poor. This dissertation takes a view that ICT can contribute to sustainable rural development when it is implemented and assessed through such a framework geared at building the capabilities and assets of the rural folks and improving the links within and between these people and the organisations and institutions that play a role in rural development. It reviews various paradigms of rural ICT in developing countries and goes on to analyse the implementation and contribution of two of such initiatives to rural livelihoods using the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. The result revealed that such factors, as the perceptions of practitioners, political contentions and policy environments are the major factors shaping ICT initiatives for the rural poor.
Kazi Samiul Hoque Growth and Impact of Rural Non-Farm Activities on Poverty Reduction Kazi Samiul Hoque Growth and Impact of Rural Non-Farm Activities on Poverty Reduction Новинка

Kazi Samiul Hoque Growth and Impact of Rural Non-Farm Activities on Poverty Reduction

Non-farm sector occupies a unique position in rural areas in the socio-economic context of Bangladesh. Developing the non-farm sector in rural areas may strengthen the economy, which is characterized by high rate of unemployment. The purpose of the research was increasing the obtainable growth of rural non-farm activities and find out the barriers what are responsible for horrible economy of RNA. To create employment opportunity according to the growthness. In such circumstances, this study has intended to unfold the development of non-farm sector in rural Bangladesh. For this purpose, the existing condition of non-farm sector, how far it would be possible to create employment opportunity in Baghutia Union under Avainogor Parishad, Jessore District as well as the problem of this sector has been investigated. For this study the qualitative and quantitative information has collected by PRA and structured questionnaire method. Here a model has discovered.This model shows the actual involvement of rural non-farm activities and the growth pattern in a particular area.
Ayele Sebaro Kabero Performance of Rural Business Enterprises in Ankober District in North Shewa Zone of Amhara Regional State Ayele Sebaro Kabero Performance of Rural Business Enterprises in Ankober District in North Shewa Zone of Amhara Regional State Новинка

Ayele Sebaro Kabero Performance of Rural Business Enterprises in Ankober District in North Shewa Zone of Amhara Regional State

Masterarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich VWL - Konjunktur und Wachstum, Mek'ele University, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the performance of rural business enterprises in terms of improving socioeconomic condition of rural people and contributing for improved rural-urban linkages in Ethiopia. It was carried out in Ankober district to contribute towards filling the gap on the knowledge and understanding about the performance of rural business enterprises in Ethiopia.The study used 105 rural businesses selected using simple random sampling proportional to size. It also used 4 Focus Group Discussions and 5 Key Informant Interviews; purposely selected based on their knowledge and experience in rural business. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The result indicates that ownership of rural business enterprises is dominated by male headed households (79% male) which imply that women face more limitations to engage in formal businesses due to limited access to capital among others. The finding also indicated owning rural business enterprise significantly contributed for the socioeconomic improvement of the business owners. The annual income of the enterprise owners is 1.94USD per person per day, which is significantly greater than rural households' income in Ethiopia, which is 0.8 USD. Rural businesses are main source of income for 85.7% of enterprise owners. But the income is season sensitive and depends on agricult...
Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia Новинка

Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia

In terms of poverty gap, the highest value (i.e.0.472) was obtained in Subsistence Agriculture (SA) livelihoods strategy followed by Subsistence Agriculture combined with Off-farm (SAO) livelihoods strategy. Contrary to this, Semi-commercial Agriculture strategy and Semi-commercial agriculture combined with Off-farm activity (SCAO) found to have relatively low poverty gap value i.e. 0.206 and 0.198 respectively, the latter being the least of all. From this we can understand that the average consumption short fall needed to bring those households below poverty line in SCA and SCAO is 20.6% and 19.8% respectively. Whereas, the average amount of consumption necessary to fill the shortfall of the poor from the poverty line is 47.2% and 46.8% in Subsistence Agriculture and Subsistence Agriculture combined with Off-farm livelihoods strategy, respectively
Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh Новинка

Narendra Kumar Illuru, Venkateswarlu Chintala Socio-economic Condition Of Agricultural Labour In Andhra Pradesh

One of the most basic problems of the present century in the Third World Countries is rural poverty. The rural labour households form the hard core of rural poor and the most of the socially backward classes, such as, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes fall in this category. Most of the population is depending upon agriculture that is contributing about one-fourth of the National Income in the country. The most important feature of them are that they have very little or low productive assets and the major part of their income is derived from casual or irregular employment available in villages in Andhra pradesh.The dimensions of poverty among the rural labour households are reflected by the extent of indebtedness among the households and low consumption levels. The basis of findings of the study, it would be useful to make some suggestions that would help to improve the socio-economic conditions of agricultural labourers. The improvement in the socio-economic conditions of the agricultural labour, the large segment of work force would promote economic welfare in general and ultimate lead the Indian economy on the path of growth with stability.
Craig B. Howley Dynamics of Social Class, Race, and Place in Rural Education Craig B. Howley Dynamics of Social Class, Race, and Place in Rural Education Новинка

Craig B. Howley Dynamics of Social Class, Race, and Place in Rural Education

Half the world's population lives in rural places, but education scholars and policy makers worldwide give little attention to rural of education. Indeed, most national systems, including in the developed world, treat their educational systems as institutions to"modernize" the global economy.The authors in this volume have different concerns. They are rural education scholars from Australia, Canada, the United States, and Kyrgyzstan, and here their focus is the dynamics of social class: in particular rural schools but also in rural schooling as a local manifestation of a national (and the global) system.For the most part, the volume comprises relevant empirical reports, but none neglects theory, and some privilege theory and interpretation. First and last chapters introduce the texts and synthesize their joint and separate meanings. What are the implications of place for social class? How do class dynamics manifest differently in more and less racially homogeneous rural communities? Howdoes place affect class and how might class affect place? How doesschooling in rural communities reproduce or interrupt social-class mobility across generations? The chapters engage such questions more completely than other volumes in rural education, not as afinal word or interm summary, but as an opening to an important lineof inquiry thus far largely neglected in rural education scholarship.
Calvin Streeter L. Rural Social Work. Building and Sustaining Community Capacity Calvin Streeter L. Rural Social Work. Building and Sustaining Community Capacity Новинка

Calvin Streeter L. Rural Social Work. Building and Sustaining Community Capacity

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A thoughtful text integrating strengths, assets, and capacity-building themes with contemporary issues in rural social work practice Now in its second edition, Rural Social Work is a collection of contributed readings from social work scholars, students, and practitioners presenting a framework for resource building based on the strengths, assets, and capacities of people, a tool essential for working with rural communities. This guide considers methods for social workers to participate in the work of sustaining rural communities. Each chapter features a reading integrating the themes of capacity-building and rural social work; discussion questions that facilitate critical thinking around the chapter; and suggested activities and assignments. Rural Social Work, Second Edition explores: Important practice issues in rural communities, including the challenges of working with stigmatized populations such as gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered people, the homeless, and people living with HIV/AIDS Practice models that hold special promise for rural social workers, including evidence-based practice and community partnership models Newer research tools such as asset mapping, social network analysis, concept mapping, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Exploring how social workers can integrate the tremendous resources that exist in rural communities into their practice, Rural Social Work, Second Edition provides a solid introduction to the complex, challenging, and rewarding work of building and sustaining rural communities.
Ajide Kazeem Energy consumption, environmental contaminants, and economic growth: The G8 experience Ajide Kazeem Energy consumption, environmental contaminants, and economic growth: The G8 experience Новинка

Ajide Kazeem Energy consumption, environmental contaminants, and economic growth: The G8 experience

Environmental pollution has increasingly become an issue of global concern because of climate change and consciousness for environmental sustainability. To this end, this paper investigates the relationship between energy consumption, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and economic growth of the G8 countries over the period of 56 years spanning 1960 through 2015 using both the Fully Modified and Dynamic OLS estimation techniques. The empirical investigation establishes the critical roles played by energy consumption and CO2 emissions on economic growth but in substantially opposite directions. While that of the former positively enhances economic growth, on the one hand, the latter negatively deters it. In addition, a long-run relationship is equally established but with the varied direction of causality. Finally, the study offers significant policy implications directed at using energy resource efficiently as well as curtailing environmental contaminants.
Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management Новинка

Mehrabi Amir, Dehyouri Sahar, Zand Azita Rural Livelihoods Resilience Management

In Iran, although measures related to social security and protection of the poor and vulnerable rural people has a history of at least 40 years, but the achievements of the program in terms of reducing poverty and income vulnerability in rural areas of the country is not striking, thus the fundamental precondition for results in poverty reduction programs is performing systematic scientific studies to identify and analyze poverty.An important part of poverty and hunger live in rural areas, so we can say that success in poverty alleviation programs need to develop scientific studies of poverty in rural areas and constant effort to improve the quantity and quality of these studies
George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1) George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1) Новинка

George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1)

Who will step up to meet the challenge of the next rural crisis?Rural practice presents important yet challenging issues for psychology, especially givenuneven population distribution, high levels of need, limited availability of rural services,and ongoing migration to urban centers. It is critical that mental health professionals andfirst responders in rural areas become aware of recent research, training and approachesto crisis intervention, traumatology, compassion fatigue, disaster mental health, critical incidentstress management, post-traumatic stress and related areas in rural environments.Critical issues facing rural areas include:Physical issues such as land, air, and water resources, cheap food policy, chemicalsand pesticides, animal rights, corruption in food marketing and distribution, and landappropriation for energy development.Quality of life issues such as rural America's declining share of national wealth, problems ofhunger, education, and rural poverty among rural populations of farmers and ranchers.Direct service issues include the need to accommodate a wide variety of mental healthdifficulties, client privacy and boundaries, and practical challenges.Indirect service issues include the greater need for diverse professional activities, collaborativework with professionals having different orientations and beliefs, program developmentand evaluation, and conducting research with few mentors or peer collaborators.Professional training and development issues...
Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia Новинка

Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia

Low income households are faced with various types of risks, increasing their vulnerability to poverty. In Cambodia, conditions of the rural poor - with the majority engaged in agriculture - are characterized by low productivity, limited capacities in terms of land and assets, volatile income sources, fluctuating farm input and output prices, debt and lack of credit worthiness. A microfinance institution operating in rural Cambodia and aiming to offer financial products to a large number of poor households is Angkor Mikroheranhvatho Kampuchea (AMK) Co. Ltd. Through its internal Market and Social Research Department, AMK staff annually collects socio-economic information about selected loan clients (household profiles, cash-flow analysis), as well as non-clients as a control group. Their survey tool includes questions about household's food consumption, main risk sources and coping strategies. The present research study draws information from this AMK survey database. The measures taken are applied to socio-economic cross-sectional data as of 2006/07 and validated with panel data from 2008.A theoretical framework is developed to examine the mechanisms through which the effects of the AMK services on its clients influence the household's ability to manage risk. It includes measurement aspects of a forward-looking concept of vulnerability to identify and capture its linkages to risks, shocks, and risk strategies of rural households. Secondly it incorporates the dynamic a...
Paul Cloke Globalizing Responsibility. The Political Rationalities of Ethical Consumption Paul Cloke Globalizing Responsibility. The Political Rationalities of Ethical Consumption Новинка

Paul Cloke Globalizing Responsibility. The Political Rationalities of Ethical Consumption

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Globalizing Responsibility: The Political Rationalities of Ethical Consumption presents an innovative reinterpretation of the forces that have shaped the remarkable growth of ethical consumption. Develops a theoretically informed new approach to shape our understanding of the pragmatic nature of ethical action in consumption processes Provides empirical research on everyday consumers, social networks, and campaigns Fills a gap in research on the topic with its distinctive focus on fair trade consumption Locates ethical consumption within a range of social theoretical debates -on neoliberalism, governmentality, and globalisation Challenges the moralism of much of the analysis of ethical consumption, which sees it as a retreat from proper citizenly politics and an expression of individualised consumerism
Εugenia Petropoulou Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural Greece. Εugenia Petropoulou Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural Greece. Новинка

Εugenia Petropoulou Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural Greece.

Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 1999 in the subject Sociology - Habitation, Urban Sociology, grade: PASS, University of Manchester, language: English, abstract: This study is concerned with the relationship between rural livelihoods, local environmental knowledge, state promotion of agricultural development and the environmenr in Alagonia and Logga, two rural communities in southern Greece, Messinia. It uses the concept of sustainability within pluralist theoretical framework in order to investigate the claims that the process of state and EC policies operate on the assumption that local agricultural systems in rural societies are homogenous. This thesis questions such generalisation by arguing that the realities of rural people are local, complex, diverse and dynamic. The study argues that social, environmental, political and cultural factors significantly affect the implementation of top-down policies on rural livelihoods.
Abigail Gacusana Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change. A Case Study of Bangladesh Abigail Gacusana Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change. A Case Study of Bangladesh Новинка

Abigail Gacusana Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change. A Case Study of Bangladesh

Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: Merit, University of Birmingham, course: International Development, language: English, abstract: Climate change is a global concern with its impending threats to economies, human development and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Climate change impacts are currently being observed and studies show that poor countries are the most vulnerable. Using Bangladesh as a case study, this research examines the impacts of climate change to poor, rural communities and further explores the measures that are carried out to combat its existing and future threats. This research also aims to look into the existing socio-economic vulnerabilities of Bangladesh in order to establish the linkage between climate change and development. Findings of this study show that poor communities are impacted by climate change through the loss of lives, assets and livelihoods. Adaptation to climate change is therefore necessary and should be integrated in development planning and objectives, to ensure that the most vulnerable groups are represented. Overall this research has observed that Bangladesh is still lacking this capacity, despite the spontaneous adaptation being practised by local communities. This study has further observed that the most common response in addressing climate change impacts to vulnerable communities in Bangladesh is community-based adaptation, whi...
Mohanty Pritinanda Rural Development Through Gram Panchayat in Odisha. A Case Study Mohanty Pritinanda Rural Development Through Gram Panchayat in Odisha. A Case Study Новинка

Mohanty Pritinanda Rural Development Through Gram Panchayat in Odisha. A Case Study

Based on an empirical exercise, the book analyses the role of Gram Panchayat in rural development in the context of a backward state like Odisha. It documents the experiences of women in local governance and their impact on aspects of rural development. The study notes the significance of women's participation in Gram Panchayat for accelerating the development process and identifies the deficiencies of the existing system of local administration in rural areas which could be considered for policy options.
Ejigu Belete Rural-Urban Linkages and Livelihood Diversification Ejigu Belete Rural-Urban Linkages and Livelihood Diversification Новинка

Ejigu Belete Rural-Urban Linkages and Livelihood Diversification

The study was conducted in Sebeta town and its hinterland. The main Objective of the study was to assess the Rural-urban Linkages and their Implications for Livelihood Diversification at Household level. The findings of the study are concerned: farmers in the rural kebeles are not market oriented as a result agricultural output did not satisfy the demand of some of urban residents in Sebeta. In this regard, hinterland farmers have shown relatively strong marketing interaction with urban dwellers than urban traders. The study also shows consumption linkages in terms of expenditure on urban goods and selected social services. The study shows there is similarity between hinterland farmers and their urban counterparts to recognize and identify pertinent challenges. The study has identified weak backward and forward production marketing linkage particularly the later is almost non-existent. The rural non-farm sector is promising with more than half of sampled farmers taking part in the activity as their livelihood income source though it has undesirable effect.On the other hand, more than two-third of sampled urban households earn an income from a combination of activities.
Akampurira Abraham Rural Development Akampurira Abraham Rural Development Новинка

Akampurira Abraham Rural Development

Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: A, Atlantic International University (BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS), course: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT., language: English, abstract: Rural areas in the developing world have remained unattractive to the local population. Developing communities face a challenge of making the rural areas comfortable for human kind. The youth have a tendency of moving from rural to urban areas for better opportunities in employment, services and lifestyles. Rural areas have been economically inactive despite abundant resources in these areas. They are deprived of labor in form of rural urban migration to the urban areas for better opportunities. Poverty in rural areas is the order of the day and this calls poverty measures to address this problem. [...]
Huwaida Elsheikh Eltayeb Malik, Mohammed Eltigani Salih, Osama Hassan Ahmed Systems of Family Poultry in Rural Sudan Huwaida Elsheikh Eltayeb Malik, Mohammed Eltigani Salih, Osama Hassan Ahmed Systems of Family Poultry in Rural Sudan Новинка

Huwaida Elsheikh Eltayeb Malik, Mohammed Eltigani Salih, Osama Hassan Ahmed Systems of Family Poultry in Rural Sudan

In most of the developing countries of the world as the Sudan is no exception, there is a great need for the improvement of the existing free range poultry systems in rural areas. The book enlisted most factors leading to low production and productivity in poultry in rural areas. In addition it contained suggestions for alleviating most handicaps encountered in poultry production. The micro-credit programs and providing loans for rural communities is of paramount importance for helping in food security and generating among small scale poultry farmers in rural areas in Sudan. In addition capacity building training programs in skills and knowledge needed in poultry production is crucial.
Motiur Rahman, Sohel Rana Microcredit as a Tool of Women Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh Motiur Rahman, Sohel Rana Microcredit as a Tool of Women Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh Новинка

Motiur Rahman, Sohel Rana Microcredit as a Tool of Women Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh

Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world where women comprise almost 50% of the total population, of whom around 80 percent live in the rural areas. Most women in the rural areas are treated as vulnerable and poorest of the rural poor. In this context the women are largely involved in income generating activities to promote economic growth and social transformation. Over the last two decades a number of non government organizations (NGOs) have emerged in Bangladesh to support the rural poor women by providing them with collateral fee small loans. With that loan they encourages the micro entrepreneurship like poultry, livestock rearing, small verities shop, tea stall, hand looms, handicrafts and transport van. Women involvement in microfinance organization and their entrepreneurship activities makes them financially empowered.
Dave Ulrich The Change Champion's Field Guide. Strategies and Tools for Leading Change in Your Organization Dave Ulrich The Change Champion's Field Guide. Strategies and Tools for Leading Change in Your Organization Новинка

Dave Ulrich The Change Champion's Field Guide. Strategies and Tools for Leading Change in Your Organization

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Nearly a decade later, leading change pioneers in the field have realigned to bring you the second edition of the Change Champion's Fieldguide. This thoroughly revised and updated edition of the Change Champion's Field Guide is filled with the information, tools, and strategies needed to implement a best practice change or leadership development initiative where everyone wins. In forty-five chapters, the guide's contributors, widely acknowledged as the «change champions» and leaders in the fields of organizational change and leadership development, explore the competencies and practices that define an effective change leader. Change Champions such as Harrison Owen, Edgar Schein, Marv Weisbord, Sandra Janoff, Mary Eggers, William Rothwell, Dave Ulrich, Marshall Goldsmith, Judith Katz, Peter Koestenbaum, Dick Axelrod, David Cooperrider, and scores of others provide their sage advice, practical applications, and examples of change methods that work. Change Champion's Field Guide examines the topic of leadership and change within four main topics including: Key elements of leading successful and results-driven change Tools, models, instruments, and strategies for leading change Critical success and failure factors Trends and research on innovation, change, and leadership Guidelines on how to design, implement, and evaluate change and leadership initiatives Fresh case studies that highlight leading companies who are implementing successful change in innovative and inspired ways.
Laurie Lewis Organizational Change. Creating Change Through Strategic Communication Laurie Lewis Organizational Change. Creating Change Through Strategic Communication Новинка

Laurie Lewis Organizational Change. Creating Change Through Strategic Communication

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A comprehensive guide to essential theories and practices of change creation and implementation Organizational Change provides an essential overview to implementing deliberate and focused change through effective communication strategies. Author Laurie Lewis integrates academic rigor with real-world case studies to provide a comprehensive examination of both theoretical and pragmatic approaches to alterations and modifications of organizational structures. Emphasizing the importance of formal and informal communication in implementation of change, this text investigates methods of information dissemination and examines various channels for communicating change. Coverage of stakeholder relationships, concepts of uncertainty and resistance, assessing change outcomes, and more provides readers with a solid foundational knowledge of change dynamics in organizations. Extensively revised and updated, this second edition provides new case studies on topics such as design of input solicitation, and current research in areas including the persuasive effects of sidedness or inoculation, and socially supportive communication. Improved pedagogical tools, streamlined organization of topics, and additional charts, graphs, and images reinforce efficient presentation of material and increase reader retention and comprehension. Examines empirical, theoretical, and conceptual approaches to strategic communication during organization change Explores key elements of change, appropriate communication strategies, and outcome evaluation methods Presents adaptive and programmatic strategic implementation models Provides studies of real-world companies and actual research on organizational change Debunks popular myths and clarifies misunderstandings of research and theory on implementation of change Demonstrates how Individuals, groups, and entire organizations can create change and influence implementation. Organizational Change provides a thorough survey of the communication and implementation strategies, methods, and conceptual foundations of change in public and private sector organizations, suitable for undergraduate and graduate study and practitioners with interest in complex change implementation.
Mourad Elloumi Pattern Recognition in Computational Molecular Biology. Techniques and Approaches Mourad Elloumi Pattern Recognition in Computational Molecular Biology. Techniques and Approaches Новинка

Mourad Elloumi Pattern Recognition in Computational Molecular Biology. Techniques and Approaches

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A comprehensive overview of high-performance pattern recognition techniques and approaches to Computational Molecular Biology This book surveys the developments of techniques and approaches on pattern recognition related to Computational Molecular Biology. Providing a broad coverage of the field, the authors cover fundamental and technical information on these techniques and approaches, as well as discussing their related problems. The text consists of twenty nine chapters, organized into seven parts: Pattern Recognition in Sequences, Pattern Recognition in Secondary Structures, Pattern Recognition in Tertiary Structures, Pattern Recognition in Quaternary Structures, Pattern Recognition in Microarrays, Pattern Recognition in Phylogenetic Trees, and Pattern Recognition in Biological Networks. Surveys the development of techniques and approaches on pattern recognition in biomolecular data Discusses pattern recognition in primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures, as well as microarrays, phylogenetic trees and biological networks Includes case studies and examples to further illustrate the concepts discussed in the book Pattern Recognition in Computational Molecular Biology: Techniques and Approaches is a reference for practitioners and professional researches in Computer Science, Life Science, and Mathematics. This book also serves as a supplementary reading for graduate students and young researches interested in Computational Molecular Biology.
Oluwafemi Bolarfinwa Martial status, social support and psychological well-being among low-income mothers in rural area Oluwafemi Bolarfinwa Martial status, social support and psychological well-being among low-income mothers in rural area Новинка

Oluwafemi Bolarfinwa Martial status, social support and psychological well-being among low-income mothers in rural area

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Medicine - Public Health, grade: 2, , language: English, abstract: This study examined the relationship between marriage, social support, and psychological health among impoverished, rural mothers. While research suggests marital status and social support are negatively correlated with depression, research investigating such relationships and effects on poor, rural mothers over time is scant.To examine the roles of marital status, social support, and time on depression, mean comparison and analysis of variance were run for depression levels across time, categories of partnership, categories of social support, and categories of change in marital status over time. While findings revealed that marital status had little effect on depression levels, social support appeared to be negatively correlated with depression. Furthermore, mothers who maintained marital status and reported high social support reported the lowest depression levels. Findings contribute to the limited body of research focusing on health in rural areas and yield valuable knowledge about the experience of psychological health among impoverished, rural mothers.
Asrat Ayalew Growth and Yield of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) Asrat Ayalew Growth and Yield of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) Новинка

Asrat Ayalew Growth and Yield of Garlic (Allium sativum L.)

Garlic is one of the top Allium crops in-terms of production and consumption next to onion. This book covers the factors that affect the yield and growth of garlic with great emphasis on the effects of varieties and plant spacings. Additionally, taxonomy and classification, morphological structure, ecology, growth and development pattern of garlic are written in detail. It is very useful for growers, investors, developmental organizations and so on.
Murthy N.P.S.V.N. Regional Rural Banks in Andhra Pradesh Murthy N.P.S.V.N. Regional Rural Banks in Andhra Pradesh Новинка

Murthy N.P.S.V.N. Regional Rural Banks in Andhra Pradesh

Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) plays a vital role in the agriculture and rural development of India. The RRBs have more reached to the rural area of India, through their huge network. The success of rural credit in India is largely depends on their financial strength. RRBs are key financing institution at the rural level which shoulders responsibility of meeting credit needs of different types of agriculture credit in rural areas. The Banking Commission (1972) recommended establish an alternative institution for rural credit and ultimately Government of India established RRBs as a separate institution basically for rural credit on the basis of the recommendations of the Working Group under the Chairmanship of Shri M. Narasimham (1975). At present in Andhra Pradesh five Regional Rural Banks functioning - Andhra Pradesh Grameena Vikas Bank (APGVB), Andhra Pragathi Grameena Bank (APGB), Chithanya Godavari Grameena Bank (CGGB), Deccan Grameena Bank (DGB) and Saptagiri Grameena Bank (SGB). This study finds and concludes that performance of RRBs has significantly improved Post Merger Scenario in Andhra Pradesh.
Bayes Ahmed, Rakibul Hasan ROLE OF REMITTANCE IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT Bayes Ahmed, Rakibul Hasan ROLE OF REMITTANCE IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT Новинка

Bayes Ahmed, Rakibul Hasan ROLE OF REMITTANCE IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT

Over the past 25 years labour migration from Bangladesh has registered a steady increase. From 1990 onwards on an average 2,25,000 Bangladeshis are migrating on short-term employment. The recent trend of the bulk of the migrants is more towards semi and unskilled labour migration. Major outflow of Bangladeshi labour generated significant financial flow to the country in the form of remittance. However, due to increase in the flow of unskilled and semi- skilled labour, remittance is increasing at a much lower rate than the labour flow. Remittance is crucial for Bangladesh's economy. It constitutes almost one-third of the foreign exchange earning. In 1998-99, remittance contributed 22 percent in financing imports. Studies have shown it has strong positive impact on GDP, and also on consumption and investment. This research assesses to identify the role of remittance in rural development. It also evaluates current uses and impacts of remittance, the characteristics of remittance sending and remittance receiving persons. The research also explores the problems and possible potentials in effective uses of remittance for rural development through investment in productive sectors.
Dwivedi Nivedita T., Dwivedi Amit K. Women in Agriculture. Issues . Concern Dwivedi Nivedita T., Dwivedi Amit K. Women in Agriculture. Issues . Concern Новинка

Dwivedi Nivedita T., Dwivedi Amit K. Women in Agriculture. Issues . Concern

The study encompasses the status of Indian rural women in Agriculture. It deals with the various issues such as family, health, age, education, skills, and technology employed by rural Indian women. The authors put forth the major constrains faced by these women on economic, technological and social fronts. Of particular relevance for present academic discourse is issue of rural women empowerment. The authors give an insightful observation of the present scenario of rural women. Women in general and Indian rural women in particular can transcend the household boundaries provided the right information and opportunity. Overall, the book focuses on issues and concern of Indian Agriculture and tries to suggest remedial measures for the same.
Kirti Singh, Meena Ramjee Lal, Mandal Pankaj Kumar Role of Social Capital in Rural Livelihood Promotion Kirti Singh, Meena Ramjee Lal, Mandal Pankaj Kumar Role of Social Capital in Rural Livelihood Promotion Новинка

Kirti Singh, Meena Ramjee Lal, Mandal Pankaj Kumar Role of Social Capital in Rural Livelihood Promotion

This book is reflecting the general overview of rural development and at same time reflecting importance of various factors responsible for it, so in the context of development the role played by social capital is of great importance and among the rural people there is the need to utilize it. The research shows how the role played by social capital is vital for rural livelihood promotion. So the main focus of the book will be on rural livelihood's relation with social capital.
Stephen Reames Rural Community Policing and Religiosity Stephen Reames Rural Community Policing and Religiosity Новинка

Stephen Reames Rural Community Policing and Religiosity

We are living in the era of community policing. Unfortunately, no extant scholarly literature has examined the effects of community policing practice in smaller, rural communities, especially in the rural West Texas area. Specifically, there is a need to broaden the scope of perspectives to gain more in- depth knowledge of rural community policing practice. In response, a survey was administered to both community leaders and law enforcement leaders in rural West Texas to rate their perception on current and future crime problems, police effectiveness, police training needs, and community leaders' involvement in police training. A discussion of two distinct opportunities that exist in rural West Texas are provided. Each opportunity can be combined and provide a duality of criminal justice services for the non-populous areas of Texas and of the United States. The first opportunity exist in a faith-based correctional facility and second in law enforcement training for rural West Texas.
Rod Purcell Working in the Community. Perspectives for Change Rod Purcell Working in the Community. Perspectives for Change Новинка

Rod Purcell Working in the Community. Perspectives for Change

A book for all those engaged in working for change in communities. The book explores the nature of community development and social change in a time of globalisation and post modern culture. It proposes, and explores, a Freirian driven participatory model of practice.
Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants Новинка

Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants

This book is about a problem that matters 85 percent of the Ethiopian population that not only derive means of livelihood from subsistent agriculture but also account for 89.8 percent of the total poverty. It attempts to look at the rural poverty situation by setting both absolute and food poverty line and computing the poverty head count index (P0), poverty gap index (P1) and poverty severity index (P2). The other core area the book managed to cover is the underlying causes of rural poverty. It investigated the role of fifteen independent variables in terms of determining the probability of the units of analysis (households) to escape rural poverty. By and large, the book is beyond doubt important for researchers and development practitioners operating in the developing world in general and those of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in particular.
Pyakurel Parakram, Baral Bivek Sustainability Issues of Biomass Based Rural Electrification Pyakurel Parakram, Baral Bivek Sustainability Issues of Biomass Based Rural Electrification Новинка

Pyakurel Parakram, Baral Bivek Sustainability Issues of Biomass Based Rural Electrification

Renewable energy technologies have gained widespread attention because of the modern day problems such as climate change and environmental pollution. Electrification by means of renewable energy technologies is a promising mitigation measure to address climate change and pollution related problems. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate sustainability issues related with renewable energy technologies. This work examines sustainability issues associated with biomass gasification based rural electrification.
Corinna Blume The New Cooperative Medical Scheme in China - A Qualitative Study to Explore Opinions About the Impact of the NCMS on Accessibility of Rural Healthcare in Fujian province / China Corinna Blume The New Cooperative Medical Scheme in China - A Qualitative Study to Explore Opinions About the Impact of the NCMS on Accessibility of Rural Healthcare in Fujian province / China Новинка

Corinna Blume The New Cooperative Medical Scheme in China - A Qualitative Study to Explore Opinions About the Impact of the NCMS on Accessibility of Rural Healthcare in Fujian province / China

This book is a report on a study which aimed to explore different opinions about the impact of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) on accessibility of healthcare for the rural population in two pilot counties of Fujian province in China. The study was a mixed method study based on key informant interviews, semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, the participatory matrix ranking method as well as hospital utilisation statistics. The NCMS, which was implemented in China in 2003, is the most recent form of a rural health insurance scheme. It is voluntary and aims to protect rural people from poverty due to illness by reducing out of pocket payments and decreasing catastrophic expenditures. Furthermore, it intends to establish a well managed, well functioning and easily accessible health care system for rural people. The book shows results regarding the structure of the NCMS, the variety of personal circumstances of rural residents, "physical" accessibility, "economical" accessibility, changes in hospital utilisation between 2000 and 2006, and the wishes and the willingness of the rural population to improve the system for the future.
UMIT MANSIZ NET FOREIGN ASSETS AND CONSUMPTION IN CANADA UMIT MANSIZ NET FOREIGN ASSETS AND CONSUMPTION IN CANADA Новинка

UMIT MANSIZ NET FOREIGN ASSETS AND CONSUMPTION IN CANADA

This book specifies a system of the current account by introducing net foreign assets, and extends the consumption smoothing framework to a small open economy. Our starting point is that net foreign assets might play a significant role in the system and may influence domestic consumption decisions. Our objective is thus to understand the co-movements of consumption, net foreign assets, and domestic income.
Jeffrey Buller L. Change Leadership in Higher Education. A Practical Guide to Academic Transformation Jeffrey Buller L. Change Leadership in Higher Education. A Practical Guide to Academic Transformation Новинка

Jeffrey Buller L. Change Leadership in Higher Education. A Practical Guide to Academic Transformation

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Initiate innovation and get things done with a guide to the process of academic change Change Leadership in Higher Education is a call to action, urging administrators in higher education to get proactive about change. The author applies positive and creative leadership principles to the issue of leading change in higher education, providing a much-needed blueprint for changing the way change happens, and how the system reacts. Readers will examine four different models of change and look at change itself through ten different analytical lenses to highlight the areas where the current approach could be beneficially altered. The book accounts for the nuances in higher education culture and environment, and helps administrators see that change is natural and valuable, and can be addressed in creative and innovative ways. The traditional model of education has been disrupted by MOOCs, faculty unions, online instruction, helicopter parents, and much more, leaving academic leaders accustomed to managing change. Leading change, however, is unfamiliar territory. This book is a guide to being proactive about change in a way that ensures a healthy future for the institution, complete with models and tools that help lead the way. Readers will: Learn to lead change instead of simply «managing» it Examine different models of change, and redefine existing approaches Discover a blueprint for changing the process of change Analyze academic change through different lenses to gain a wider perspective Leading change involves some challenges, but this useful guide is a strong conceptual and pragmatic resource for forecasting those challenges, and going in prepared. Administrators and faculty no longer satisfied with the status quo can look to Change Leadership in Higher Education for real, actionable guidance on getting change accomplished.
Pierre Lu Xiao Elite China. Luxury Consumer Behavior in China Pierre Lu Xiao Elite China. Luxury Consumer Behavior in China Новинка

Pierre Lu Xiao Elite China. Luxury Consumer Behavior in China

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A ground-breaking exploration of the Chinese elite's consumption of luxury products and their attitudes toward luxury goods. Elite China identifies the Chinese luxury product consumers and the characteristics of their luxury consumption, explains the implications for luxury firms and marketers and most importantly, spells out strategies for international luxury brands and Chinese luxury brands to succeed in Chinese market.
Hadrian Cook F. The Protection and Conservation of Water Resources Hadrian Cook F. The Protection and Conservation of Water Resources Новинка

Hadrian Cook F. The Protection and Conservation of Water Resources

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This book is about water – in Britain, and in the world. It is about water resources, their conservation, protection of water quality for human consumption and aquatic ecosystems. Since the publication of the first edition in 1998, major political and regulatory changes have taken place; this book provides a clear and comprehensive update of conservation and water resource management issues in the UK over the past two decades, and – in an expansion of its original UK perspective – now includes examples of global best practice. The UK’s 2003 adoption of the EU Water Framework Directive has had enormous implications for the conservation and management of our water resources. In 2016, with the UK’s decision to leave the EU, the governance scene is entering upon an unpredictable future regarding its major water resource policies. The Protection and Conservation of Water Resources, Second edition provides a clear and comprehensive update of conservation and water resource management issues. Chapter 1 deals with sustainability and water policy, outlines the issues and challenges, and asks: what is integrated water management? Chapter 2 reviews water availability and sufficiency in Britain, while Chapter 3 explores the dynamic between institutions and legislative framework. Chapter 4 introduces the catchment approach, and chapters 5 and 6 explore the issues of sustaining bulk supply and the imperatives of climate change. Chapter 7 looks at the contemporary background to water quality issues, and Chapter 8 provides case studies of catchment problems, both urban and rural. Chapter 9 describes solutions in land use change, including technical fixes and their sustainability. Chapter 10 is concerned with emerging governance arrangements, and Chapter 11 takes a global view, looking at successful examples around the world to find positive lessons from Europe, north America and Australia.
Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case Новинка

Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case

Scientific Essay from the year 2018 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Demographics, Urban Management, Planning, , language: English, abstract: The main purpose of this essay is to examine the integrations between population variables and rural development in general and food security in particular. A critical review of literature and analysis of secondary data were carried out to understand these dynamic linkages. For all nations, people are the ultimate and the only recipient of development results. Even if the population variables are decisive planning inputs, however, they were ignored and treated as exogenous factors in the process of development planning during the 1950s and 1960s. And so, the resultant problems such as poverty, unemployment, inequality, and other social ills were pervasive and deep-rooted in rural areas of the developing countries. The major reason for this tragedy was belived to be the failure of development theories, policies, and approaches adopted during the 1950s and 60s. It was during the 1970s that the issue of integrating population factors into development planning attracted the attention of some international organizations (such as UN) and vigorously advocated since then. Therefore, so as to balance the pace of the population growth and rural development process, all development actors in Ethiopia should adopt holistic and synergetic approaches in such a way that enhance agricultural productivity and boost investment in rural social a...
Singh Rahul Kumar, Doharey R.K., Singh Samir Pratap Study on impact of SGSY on knowledge, income and employment Singh Rahul Kumar, Doharey R.K., Singh Samir Pratap Study on impact of SGSY on knowledge, income and employment Новинка

Singh Rahul Kumar, Doharey R.K., Singh Samir Pratap Study on impact of SGSY on knowledge, income and employment

The Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), a centrally sponsored scheme of Ministry of the Rural Development, is the largest credit based poverty alleviation programme in the world. Poverty in India is widespread with the nation estimated to have a third of the world's poor. The Union Ministry of Rural Development launched a restructured poverty alleviation programme, SGSY with effect from 1st April, 1999, which has replaced Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and its allied schemes viz., Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM), Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Supply of Improved Tool kits to Rural Artisans (SITRA), Ganga kalyan Yojana (GKY) and Million Wells Scheme (MWS). This book will cater to the needs of students and policy makers in the field of agricultural and social science for the teaching, research and extension. Students, teachers, research scholars shall find the book useful not only to learn the theoretical aspects, but also to conduct practical courses and research work in rural development.

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A comprehensive guide to essential theories and practices of change creation and implementation Organizational Change provides an essential overview to implementing deliberate and focused change through effective communication strategies. Author Laurie Lewis integrates academic rigor with real-world case studies to provide a comprehensive examination of both theoretical and pragmatic approaches to alterations and modifications of organizational structures. Emphasizing the importance of formal and informal communication in implementation of change, this text investigates methods of information dissemination and examines various channels for communicating change. Coverage of stakeholder relationships, concepts of uncertainty and resistance, assessing change outcomes, and more provides readers with a solid foundational knowledge of change dynamics in organizations. Extensively revised and updated, this second edition provides new case studies on topics such as design of input solicitation, and current research in areas including the persuasive effects of sidedness or inoculation, and socially supportive communication. Improved pedagogical tools, streamlined organization of topics, and additional charts, graphs, and images reinforce efficient presentation of material and increase reader retention and comprehension. Examines empirical, theoretical, and conceptual approaches to strategic communication during organization change Explores key elements of change, appropriate communication strategies, and outcome evaluation methods Presents adaptive and programmatic strategic implementation models Provides studies of real-world companies and actual research on organizational change Debunks popular myths and clarifies misunderstandings of research and theory on implementation of change Demonstrates how Individuals, groups, and entire organizations can create change and influence implementation. Organizational Change provides a thorough survey of the communication and implementation strategies, methods, and conceptual foundations of change in public and private sector organizations, suitable for undergraduate and graduate study and practitioners with interest in complex change implementation.
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