proofs theories paper



Chaves Kristina Teaching Strategies for Proof Based Geometry Chaves Kristina Teaching Strategies for Proof Based Geometry Новинка

Chaves Kristina Teaching Strategies for Proof Based Geometry

8652 руб.
This study aims is to discover the best methods for geometry students to master proof writing. Students who are taught how to write proofs in a traditional setting find proofs to be very difficult. Studies have been conducted regarding the use of dynamic geometry software in proof writing. To further study the effects of proof writing using dynamic geometry software, freshmen students enrolled in an honors geometry course at a high performing suburban high school in Louisiana were given several proofs to complete, along with self-reflection surveys. During phase one of this research, twenty-four students were allowed to use Geometer's Sketchpad while writing their proofs, while the other twenty-four students were using only paper and pencil to explore the figure involved in the proof. During phase two of testing, the control and experimental groups swapped places to uphold the equality standards of the course. Student self-reflection surveys show that some students enjoy writing proofs when using GSP, while others are indifferent. Along with the student surveys, the present study is an analysis of student work from those who had access to GSP to improve proof writing skills.
Charles Spurgeon Spurgeon's Catechism. With Scriptural Proofs Charles Spurgeon Spurgeon's Catechism. With Scriptural Proofs Новинка

Charles Spurgeon Spurgeon's Catechism. With Scriptural Proofs

514 руб.
An Unabridged Edition of Charles Spurgeon's Original 1855 Catechism of Eighty-Two Questions with their Scriptural Proofs in two parts, followed by his complete Sermon, ‘The Glorious Habitation’ at book’s end.
Christian Kronwald Credit Rating and the Impact on Capital Structure Christian Kronwald Credit Rating and the Impact on Capital Structure Новинка

Christian Kronwald Credit Rating and the Impact on Capital Structure

1852 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Banking, Stock Exchanges, Insurance, Accounting, grade: 1,3, University of Hohenheim (Lehrstuhl für Bankwirtschaft und Finanzdienstleistungen), language: English, abstract: The question about capital structure is one of the most important issues which the management of a company faces in implementing their daily business. Therefore, the question of which factors affect capital structure decisions attracts high attention in the past and recent literature on capital structure. There are many papers providing valuable insights into capital structure choices, starting with the paper of Modigliani and Miller (1958). The MM-Theorem is generally considered a purely theoretical result since it ignores important factors in the capital structure decision like bank-ruptcy costs, taxes, agency costs and information asymmetry. Based on this paper many other theories which consider factors neglected by Modigliani and Miller have been evolved. Two major theories are the Tradeoff- and the Pecking-Order-Theory. The former loosens assumptions stated in the MM-Theorem by including bankruptcy costs and taxes while the latter introduces information asymmetry into the capital structure discussion. Chapter 2.1 will give a brief overview of these theories. For complexity reasons these models cannot capture all relevant factors affecting the capital structure policy of a company. However, all these theories disregard one cru-cial fa...
Lena Linden The basic theories of language acquisition Lena Linden The basic theories of language acquisition Новинка

Lena Linden The basic theories of language acquisition

2052 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, University of Cologne (Englisches Seminar), course: HS First Language Acquisition, 12 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Most of the concepts and theories explaining how native languages are acquired go back to three different approaches put forward by Burrhus Federic Skinner, Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget, either by using their ideas as a starting point or by rejecting them and formulating a new or altered Hypothesis. This paper will try to present those three basic theories, also taking into account the contexts out of which they emerged, as to fully understand linguistic, like any other scientific, views and theories, they have always to be evaluated with respect to the scientific and cultural background they appeared in.First it will try to show how Skinners concept of 'verbal behavior' with respect to language acquisition emerged in the development of behaviouristic theories. This will be followed by Chomsky's criticism of Skinner's ideas, leading to his own theory of language and language acquisition, which will be presented. Jean Piaget offers a cognitive approach to the question. His view will be described before comparing nativist and cognitivist ideas, concerning the points whether or not innate structures exist and in how far linguistic and cognitive development are interrelated, taking the opposed views of Piaget ...
Eric Wagobera Jnr Regional Integration. Contribution or hindrance to evolution. Eric Wagobera Jnr Regional Integration. Contribution or hindrance to evolution. Новинка

Eric Wagobera Jnr Regional Integration. Contribution or hindrance to evolution.

2102 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: International Organisations, grade: 4, Mount Kenya University (Department of Social Sciences), course: Master of Arts in International Relations & Diplomacy, language: English, abstract: International relations is a branch of political science that studies the relations between nations and their foreign policies. Like all scientific studies, international relations can be best understood by the aid of theories. The theorization of international relations emerged during the interwar period with liberalists calling for a collective security system to replace the balance of power policy which was being fronted by the realists. Since the turn of the 20th century when interstate relations intensified, it has always been hard to talk about international relations without making a reference to the three grand theories; realism, Marxism, and liberalism. This paper will therefore present and evaluate these three main theories.These theories have extensively been used by different scholars to explain and predict interstate behaviours in the international system. International relations theories are also described as a set of ideas that explain the nature of the international system while predicting the outcomes from actions by major players in international relations. These theories reflect what transpires in international relations and this implies that their concepts reflect what happens on...
Sergey Sudoplatov Classification of countable models of complete theories. Рart 1 Sergey Sudoplatov Classification of countable models of complete theories. Рart 1 Новинка

Sergey Sudoplatov Classification of countable models of complete theories. Рart 1

370 руб.
The book is the first part of the monograph “Classification of countable models of complete theories” consisting of two parts. In the monograph, a classification of countable models of complete theories with respect to two basic characteristics (Rudin–Keisler preorders and distribution functions for numbers of limit models) is presented and applied to the most important classes of countable theories such as the class of Ehrenfeucht theories (i. e., complete first-order theories with finitely many but more than one pairwise non-isomorphic countable models), the class of small theories (i. e., complete first-order theories with countably many types), and the class of countable first-order theories with continuum many types. For realizations of basic characteristics of countable complete theories, syntactic generic constructions, generalizing the Jonsson–Fraïssé construction and the Hrushovski construction, are presented. Using these constructions a solution of the Goncharov–Millar problem (on the existence of Ehrenfeucht theories with countable models which are not almost homogeneous) is described. Modifying the Hrushovski–Herwig generic construction, a solution of the Lachlan problem on the existence of stable Ehrenfeucht theories is shown. In the first part, a characterization of Ehrenfeuchtness, properties of Ehrenfeucht theories, generic constructions, and algebras for distributions of binary semi-isolating formulas of a complete theory are considered. The book is intended for specialists interested in Mathematical Logic.
Sergey Sudoplatov Classification of countable models of complete theories. Рart 2 Sergey Sudoplatov Classification of countable models of complete theories. Рart 2 Новинка

Sergey Sudoplatov Classification of countable models of complete theories. Рart 2

385 руб.
The book is the second part of the monograph “Classification of countable models of complete theories” consisting of two parts. In the book, generic Ehrenfeucht theories and realizations of Rudin–Keisler preorders are considered as well as a solution of the Goncharov–Millar problem on the existence of Ehrenfeucht theories with countable models which are not almost homogeneous, stable Ehrenfeucht theories solving the Lachlan problem, hypergraphs of prime models, distributions of countable models of small theories, and distributions of countable models of theories with continuum many types. The book is intended for specialists interested in Mathematical Logic.
Abdur-Rahman ibn Yusuf fiqh al-Imam - Key proofs in Hanafi Fiqh Abdur-Rahman ibn Yusuf fiqh al-Imam - Key proofs in Hanafi Fiqh Новинка

Abdur-Rahman ibn Yusuf fiqh al-Imam - Key proofs in Hanafi Fiqh

754 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.fiqh al-Imam - Key proofs in Hanafi Fiqh.
Shaykh Abdur Rahman Ibn e Yusuf Fiqh al Imam - Key Proofs in Hanafi Fiqh Shaykh Abdur Rahman Ibn e Yusuf Fiqh al Imam - Key Proofs in Hanafi Fiqh Новинка

Shaykh Abdur Rahman Ibn e Yusuf Fiqh al Imam - Key Proofs in Hanafi Fiqh

754 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Fiqh al Imam - Key Proofs in Hanafi Fiqh.
Abu Nusaibah Critic of Universe Creation Proofs of Mu3tazilites and Ash3rites Abu Nusaibah Critic of Universe Creation Proofs of Mu3tazilites and Ash3rites Новинка

Abu Nusaibah Critic of Universe Creation Proofs of Mu3tazilites and Ash3rites

745 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Critic of Universe Creation Proofs of Mu3tazilites and Ash3rites.
Mark Ryan Geometry Essentials For Dummies Mark Ryan Geometry Essentials For Dummies Новинка

Mark Ryan Geometry Essentials For Dummies

658.25 руб.
Just the critical concepts you need to score high in geometry This practical, friendly guide focuses on critical concepts taught in a typical geometry course, from the properties of triangles, parallelograms, circles, and cylinders, to the skills and strategies you need to write geometry proofs. Geometry Essentials For Dummies is perfect for cramming or doing homework, or as a reference for parents helping kids study for exams. Get down to the basics – get a handle on the basics of geometry, from lines, segments, and angles, to vertices, altitudes, and diagonals Conquer proofs with confidence – follow easy-to-grasp instructions for understanding the components of a formal geometry proof Take triangles in strides – learn how to take in a triangle's sides, analyze its angles, work through an SAS proof, and apply the Pythagorean Theorem Polish up on polygons – get the lowdown on quadrilaterals and other polygons: their angles, areas, properties, perimeters, and much more Open the book and find: Plain-English explanations of geometry terms Tips for tackling geometry proofs The seven members of the quadrilateral family Straight talk on circles Essential triangle formulas The lowdown on 3-D: spheres, cylinders, prisms, and pyramids Ten things to use as reasons in geometry proofs Learn to: Core concepts about the geometry of shapes and geometry proofs Critical theorems, postulates, and definitions The principles and formulas you need to know
Kosta Dosen, Zoran Petric Proof-Theoretical Coherence Kosta Dosen, Zoran Petric Proof-Theoretical Coherence Новинка

Kosta Dosen, Zoran Petric Proof-Theoretical Coherence

3339 руб.
This book in categorial proof theory formulates in terms of category theory a generalization close to linear algebra of the notions of distributive lattice and Boolean algebra. These notions of distributive lattice category and Boolean category codify a plausible nontrivial notion of identity of proofs in classical propositional logic, which is in accordance with Gentzen's cut-elimination procedure for multiple-conclusion sequents modified by admitting new principles called union of proofs and zero proofs. It is proved that these notions of category are coherent in the sense that there is a faithful structure-preserving functor from freely generated distributive lattice categories and Boolean categories into the category whose arrows are relations between finite ordinals-a category related to generality of proofs and to the notion of natural transformation. These coherence results yield a simple decision procedure for equality of proofs. Coherence in the same sense is also proved for various more general notions of category that enter into the notions of distributive lattice category and Boolean category. Some of these coherence results, like those for monoidal and symmetric monoidal categories are well known, but are here presented in a new light. The key to this categorification of the proof theory of classical propositional logic is distribution of conjunction over disjunction that is not an isomorphism as in cartesian closed categories.
Derek Chadee Theories in Social Psychology Derek Chadee Theories in Social Psychology Новинка

Derek Chadee Theories in Social Psychology

9657.87 руб.
Theories in Social Psychology is an edited volume that identifies and discusses in-depth the important theoretical perspectives and theories that underlie the discipline of social psychology. The only current book focusing specifically on the theories within social psychology Brings together a range of distinguished scholars in the field of social psychology – including Bertram F. Malle, Paul R. Nail, Richard E. Petty, Thomas Mussweiler, Faye J. Crosby, Miles Hewstone, Richard J. Crisp and Mein Koslowsky Critically discusses important perspectives and theories in the discipline allowing a deeper understanding of the theoretical framework Allows students and academics to reflect on theories and opens up future areas of enquiry
Theresia Schnell The Emergence of the GATT - What do realists and neoliberal institutionalists say. Theresia Schnell The Emergence of the GATT - What do realists and neoliberal institutionalists say. Новинка

Theresia Schnell The Emergence of the GATT - What do realists and neoliberal institutionalists say.

1527 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2004 in the subject Politics - International Politics - General and Theories, grade: 2,0 (B), University of Heidelberg (Institute for Politcal Science), course: International Cooperation and Organisations, 24 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: IntroductionThe emergence of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1947 marked a substantial turning point in the American trade policy from protectionism to free trade. High tariff barriers and the absence of free trade were seen as one of the main reasons for the Great Depression in the 1920s. To prevent such international economic crisis in the future the United States of America pushed forward negotiations about international economic cooperation that led to the GATT. Until today the imitation of the GATT, the WTO, is - together with the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank - the most important international economic cooperation.Cooperation between states only comes into being if certain requirements are fulfilled. The different theories of international relations aim to explain under which circumstances such international cooperation emerges. Thereby each of these theories is based on different assumptions, i.e. about state behavior or the shape of the international system. The central research question of this paper is how good these assumptions of different theories fit the reality.The objective is therefore to test if and how theories of internatio...
Christopher Hodapp Conspiracy Theories and Secret Societies For Dummies Christopher Hodapp Conspiracy Theories and Secret Societies For Dummies Новинка

Christopher Hodapp Conspiracy Theories and Secret Societies For Dummies

1448.94 руб.
Entering the world of conspiracy theories and secret societies is like stepping into a distant, parallel universe where the laws of physics have completely changed: black means white, up is down, and if you want to understand what’s really going on, you need a good reference book. That’s where Conspiracy Theories & Secret Societies For Dummies comes in. Whether you’re a skeptic or a true believer, this fascinating guide, packed with the latest information, walks you through some of the most infamous conspiracy theories – such as Area 51 and the assassination of JFK – and introduces you to such mysterious organizations as the Freemasons, the Ninjas, the Mafia, and Rosicrucians. This behind-the-curtain guide helps you separate fact from fiction and helps you the global impact of these mysterious events and groups on our modern world. Discover how to: Test a conspiracy theory Spot a sinister secret society Assess the Internet’s role in fueling conspiracy theories Explore world domination schemes Evaluate 9/11 conspiracy theories Figure out who “they” are Grasp the model on which conspiracy theories are built Figure out whether what “everybody knows” is true Distinguish on assassination brotherhood from another Understand why there’s no such thing as a “lone assassin” Why do hot dogs come in packages of ten, while buns come in eight-packs? Everybody knows its a conspiracy, right? Find out in Conspiracy Theories & Secret Societies For Dummies.
Manrin Heckmann Instruments of procurement marketing by the example of a car manufacturer Manrin Heckmann Instruments of procurement marketing by the example of a car manufacturer Новинка

Manrin Heckmann Instruments of procurement marketing by the example of a car manufacturer

1639 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 1,7, University of Applied Sciences Wernigerode, course: Ausgewählte BWL-Probleme Internationaler Unternehmungen, language: English, abstract: This paper presents the function of procurement marketing and demonstrates its implications for the classical procurement department. In the first section the paper introduces the concept of procurement marketing and well-known existing theories that frame this function. In the second section the paper provides an analysis of the use of procurement marketing at Volkswagen.
Mehrssa Jahanpanah, Maximilian Hoffmann Offshoring. Strategies, Motives and Risks Mehrssa Jahanpanah, Maximilian Hoffmann Offshoring. Strategies, Motives and Risks Новинка

Mehrssa Jahanpanah, Maximilian Hoffmann Offshoring. Strategies, Motives and Risks

2102 руб.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2014 im Fachbereich BWL - Unternehmensführung, Management, Organisation, Note: 2.0, Rheinische Fachhochschule Köln, Veranstaltung: Business English, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: The aim of this term paper is to analyses to show how offshoring is spread in the markets, which theories exist, which motives companies have referring to chances of offshoring and the risks of offshoring. The paper is underlined by examples to show how offshoring in represented in practice. The conclusion is the tradeoff between risks and chances of the term. The term paper is divided into two parts:The first part includes the theory of offshoring. A definition is given; the historical development and various market entry strategies are given. First a definition is given, followed by the different types of offshoring. The second chapter deals with the historical development. The third is about the strategies to entry into new markets. Companies have different possibilities like the export or the joint venture. The last part of the first part discusses the question which theories are important for the International Business. The second part of the term paper is about the different motives and risks which are relevant for companies with the idea to go offshore. Chapter four brings the motives of offshoring into focus. Companies gain advantages if they go offshore. The fifth chapter is about the risks. Different reasons which could be negative are mentioned. The next chapter de...
George Henslow The proofs of the truths of spiritualism George Henslow The proofs of the truths of spiritualism Новинка

George Henslow The proofs of the truths of spiritualism

897 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "London : K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & co. ltd.; New York, Dodd, Mead & co.", 1919 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.The proofs of the truths of spiritualism
James Alexander Robertson Concise historical proofs respecting the Gael of Alban James Alexander Robertson Concise historical proofs respecting the Gael of Alban Новинка

James Alexander Robertson Concise historical proofs respecting the Gael of Alban

1148 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "Edinburgh: W.P. Nimmo", 1866 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Concise historical proofs respecting the Gael of Alban. Or, Highlanders of Scotland, with short notices of the Highland clans, and a dissertation on the Gaelic topography of Scotland, also explanatory notes, map, illustrations, and descriptions.
Johannes Frederking Comparative Cost Advantage and Factor Endowment Johannes Frederking Comparative Cost Advantage and Factor Endowment Новинка

Johannes Frederking Comparative Cost Advantage and Factor Endowment

1727 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 1.3, University of Applied Sciences Mainz (School of Business), course: International Business Environment, language: English, abstract: This paper gives an overview of international trade theories. It demonstrates that the fundamentals of classical and neoclassical theories are still relevant today, albeit they have been adjusted and developed. Modern theorists explain international trade with more realistic approaches, such as Krugman et al.'s New Trade Theory or Porter's theory of National Competitive Advantage. The New Trade Theory includes the existence of increasing return of scale to describe and analyze world trade more accurately. Porter's theory of National Competitive Advantage explains international trade as a consequence of productivity differences between nations due to diverse environments and cultures within economies. Dunning and Porter take a globalized world economy into account in order to describe today's trade.The classical theories of Ricardo and Heckscher-Ohlin are limited in describing today's inter-national trade. However, they are still important factors which contribute to the explanation of real-world trade relations. Ricardo's theory describes inter-industry trade which in fact exists between Northern and Southern economies. The relevance of the approach as an explanation of global trade has to be limited due to the fact th...
Michael O'Leary L. A First Course in Mathematical Logic and Set Theory Michael O'Leary L. A First Course in Mathematical Logic and Set Theory Новинка

Michael O'Leary L. A First Course in Mathematical Logic and Set Theory

8875.32 руб.
A mathematical introduction to the theory and applications of logic and set theory with an emphasis on writing proofs Highlighting the applications and notations of basic mathematical concepts within the framework of logic and set theory, A First Course in Mathematical Logic and Set Theory introduces how logic is used to prepare and structure proofs and solve more complex problems. The book begins with propositional logic, including two-column proofs and truth table applications, followed by first-order logic, which provides the structure for writing mathematical proofs. Set theory is then introduced and serves as the basis for defining relations, functions, numbers, mathematical induction, ordinals, and cardinals. The book concludes with a primer on basic model theory with applications to abstract algebra. A First Course in Mathematical Logic and Set Theory also includes: Section exercises designed to show the interactions between topics and reinforce the presented ideas and concepts Numerous examples that illustrate theorems and employ basic concepts such as Euclid’s lemma, the Fibonacci sequence, and unique factorization Coverage of important theorems including the well-ordering theorem, completeness theorem, compactness theorem, as well as the theorems of Löwenheim–Skolem, Burali-Forti, Hartogs, Cantor–Schröder–Bernstein, and König An excellent textbook for students studying the foundations of mathematics and mathematical proofs, A First Course in Mathematical Logic and Set Theory is also appropriate for readers preparing for careers in mathematics education or computer science. In addition, the book is ideal for introductory courses on mathematical logic and/or set theory and appropriate for upper-undergraduate transition courses with rigorous mathematical reasoning involving algebra, number theory, or analysis.
Slevin Oliver Vital Notes for Nurses. Nursing Models, Theories and Practice Slevin Oliver Vital Notes for Nurses. Nursing Models, Theories and Practice Новинка

Slevin Oliver Vital Notes for Nurses. Nursing Models, Theories and Practice

4117.5 руб.
Vital Notes for Nurses: Nursing Models, Theories and Practice provides a concise, accessible introduction to the development, application and evaluation of nursing theories and clearly outlines their relevance to everyday nursing practice. It encourages the reader to view theories from a broader conceptual base, enabling them to be more objective when it comes to clinical practice. Suitable for nursing students and newly qualified nurses, the authors explore the relationship between nursing theories and practice, specifically analysing their origins, development, selection and use. It discusses how nursing theories evolve, how they relate to nursing roles, how to select a nursing theory relevant to your practice, and how to evaluate theories critically. Key Features: • Clearly examines the relationship between nursing theory, clinical practice and nursing roles • Written in a clear, accessible style which assumes no prior knowledge • Useful to all nursing students on the common foundation programme as well as newly qualified nurses. • Each chapter includes features such as activities, case studies and learning objectives • In the Vital Notes for Nurses series
Vijay Garg K. Introduction to Lattice Theory with Computer Science Applications Vijay Garg K. Introduction to Lattice Theory with Computer Science Applications Новинка

Vijay Garg K. Introduction to Lattice Theory with Computer Science Applications

7331.79 руб.
A computational perspective on partial order and lattice theory, focusing on algorithms and their applications This book provides a uniform treatment of the theory and applications of lattice theory. The applications covered include tracking dependency in distributed systems, combinatorics, detecting global predicates in distributed systems, set families, and integer partitions. The book presents algorithmic proofs of theorems whenever possible. These proofs are written in the calculational style advocated by Dijkstra, with arguments explicitly spelled out step by step. The author’s intent is for readers to learn not only the proofs, but the heuristics that guide said proofs. Introduction to Lattice Theory with Computer Science Applications: Examines; posets, Dilworth’s theorem, merging algorithms, lattices, lattice completion, morphisms, modular and distributive lattices, slicing, interval orders, tractable posets, lattice enumeration algorithms, and dimension theory Provides end of chapter exercises to help readers retain newfound knowledge on each subject Includes supplementary material at www.ece.utexas.edu/~garg Introduction to Lattice Theory with Computer Science Applications is written for students of computer science, as well as practicing mathematicians.
John Hodgson EARTH, SCIENCE and OUTER SPACE THEORIES John Hodgson EARTH, SCIENCE and OUTER SPACE THEORIES Новинка

John Hodgson EARTH, SCIENCE and OUTER SPACE THEORIES

889 руб.
This book contains theories about science, the earth, and beyond. Each comparative theory relates to each other with a common thread.
Anahit Chubaryan Rabin Style Speed-Up of Proofs Anahit Chubaryan Rabin Style Speed-Up of Proofs Новинка

Anahit Chubaryan Rabin Style Speed-Up of Proofs

8914 руб.
One of the main problems of quantitative study of proofs is speed-up phenomenon, that is a situation, where two systems are compared such that some theorems have much shorter proof in one of them. For the first time such problem on the proof steps was considered for arithmetical systems by Gödel. Now many results in this field are well-known. In all of them by comparison of two systems for every recursive function φ can be pointed one formula or infinite set of formula, which has φ speed-up. We introduce the common notion of proof complexity (by analogy to Blum computational complexity), the notion of ordinary theory and formulate some conditions for any pair of theory, which are enough for possibility of the most generalized (Rabin style) speed-up, i.e. for arbitrary general recursive function φ there exists n0 such that for every n>n0 there is provable in both theories formula βφn such that its proof complexity in "stronger" theory is no more than n and in the "weaker" theory is greater than φ(n). Many pair systems with above conditions are considered as well as the constructive description of "hard" provable formulas for some pair systems is given.
Vigirdas Mackevicius Introduction to Stochastic Analysis. Integrals and Differential Equations Vigirdas Mackevicius Introduction to Stochastic Analysis. Integrals and Differential Equations Новинка

Vigirdas Mackevicius Introduction to Stochastic Analysis. Integrals and Differential Equations

8469.94 руб.
This is an introduction to stochastic integration and stochastic differential equations written in an understandable way for a wide audience, from students of mathematics to practitioners in biology, chemistry, physics, and finances. The presentation is based on the naïve stochastic integration, rather than on abstract theories of measure and stochastic processes. The proofs are rather simple for practitioners and, at the same time, rather rigorous for mathematicians. Detailed application examples in natural sciences and finance are presented. Much attention is paid to simulation diffusion processes. The topics covered include Brownian motion; motivation of stochastic models with Brownian motion; Itô and Stratonovich stochastic integrals, Itô’s formula; stochastic differential equations (SDEs); solutions of SDEs as Markov processes; application examples in physical sciences and finance; simulation of solutions of SDEs (strong and weak approximations). Exercises with hints and/or solutions are also provided.
Maritta Schwartz Apology Strategies Maritta Schwartz Apology Strategies Новинка

Maritta Schwartz Apology Strategies

1464 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 1999 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1- (A-), Ruhr-University of Bochum (English Seminar), course: Proseminar: Pragmatics, 3 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: IntroductionIn this paper we are going to deal with different theories concerning apology strategies. As there exists a variety of different theories, I chose just three of them for this paper. I will introduce their concepts, compare their differencesand try to give a final evaluation of the three concepts.Blum-Kulka/Olshtain1I will begin with the model of Shoshana Blum-Kulka and Elite Olshtain.They first of all classify apology as a speech act, name preconditions that are inevitable for an apology to take place and then list different strategy types.Apologie als a speech act: classificationThe apology belongs to the post-event-acts, i.e. it signals that a certain type of event has already taken place. Moreover, the speaker recognizes the fact that a violation of a social norm has been committed and that the speaker is at least partially involved in its cause. The involvement means a loss of face (= face threatening) for the speaker and is hearer-supportive.21 Blum-Kulka, S., Olshtain, E.; "Requests and Apologies: A Cross-Cultural Study of Speech Act Realization Patterns"in: Applied Linguistics, 5 / 1984. (p. 196-213)2 ebenda, p. 206
Bert Bobock Similarities and Common Denominators in Second Language Acquisition Approaches Bert Bobock Similarities and Common Denominators in Second Language Acquisition Approaches Новинка

Bert Bobock Similarities and Common Denominators in Second Language Acquisition Approaches

1689 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject American Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,7, Humboldt-University of Berlin (Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik), course: HS Second Language Acquisition, language: English, abstract: Until today, there is no unified theory, which fully explains second language acquisition, even if some attempts of writing comprehensibletheories have been made. This research paper outlines the history of Second Language Acquistion, providing an overview of some of the most influential learning theories, such as the Natural Approach, Behaviorism, Error Analysis, Morpheme Studies, Krashen's Monitor Model, Universal Grammar and The Competition Model. The aim of the paper is to help the reader to better understand recent developments, find out if and to which extent theories have influenced each other, and to disclose similarities that go beyond the respective disciplinary boundaries. How much more do we know today about how languages are learned than we did over fifty or one hundred years ago?
Kurt Raaflaub A. Peace in the Ancient World. Concepts and Theories Kurt Raaflaub A. Peace in the Ancient World. Concepts and Theories Новинка

Kurt Raaflaub A. Peace in the Ancient World. Concepts and Theories

4241.06 руб.
Peace in the Ancient World: Concepts and Theories conducts a comparative investigation of why certain ancient societies produced explicit concepts and theories of peace and others did not. Explores the idea that concepts of peace in antiquity occurred only in periods that experienced exceptional rates of warfare Utilizes case studies of civilizations in China, India, Egypt, and Greece Complements the 2007 volume War and Peace in the Ancient World, drawing on ideas from that work and providing a more comprehensive examination
Angela Henderson C. Family Theories. Foundations and Applications Angela Henderson C. Family Theories. Foundations and Applications Новинка

Angela Henderson C. Family Theories. Foundations and Applications

3623.79 руб.
Family Theories: Foundations and Applications presents a comprehensive and accessible approach to the most current perspectives in the field of family theory. Integrates classic and contemporary writings on family theories Features compelling case studies drawn from the authors’ experiences working with thousands of students Represents an integrative use of theory, research, and practice Utilizes the metaphor of “developing your theory app” to translate complex academic ideas into accessible, student-friendly language
Fotini Mastroianni The role of viral advertising in brand equity building Fotini Mastroianni The role of viral advertising in brand equity building Новинка

Fotini Mastroianni The role of viral advertising in brand equity building

3314 руб.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, , language: English, abstract: This paper presents the role of viral marketing in building brand equity. There are many well known theories that are generally accepted regarding brand equity. Although these theories are quite old, they are still used in academic research. According to Keller (1993:39): "Brand equity is defined in terms of the marketing effects uniquely attributable to the brand". Aaker elaborated the brand equity dimensions, however, his theories do not explain what the direct causes of brand equity are. The present study is based on the existing theories on brand equity and viral marketing and provides new insights developed for the football players. There are limited research and theories on this case. The focus of the study will be on brand equity which is developed when the consumer knows the brand. The other dimensions of brand equity such as brand loyalty and perceived quality are created when the consumers know the brand. The present thesis, in particular, does not focus on the effects of brand equity but it is mostly concerned with brand awareness. This applies in case of football players and consequently, it results in a deeper comprehension on how important brand awareness is for the development of brand equity.The present thesis focuses on a relatively new topic which is word-of-mouth through the Int...
Ivan Strenski Understanding Theories of Religion. An Introduction Ivan Strenski Understanding Theories of Religion. An Introduction Новинка

Ivan Strenski Understanding Theories of Religion. An Introduction

3623.79 руб.
Featuring comprehensive updates and additions, the second edition of Understanding Theories of Religion explores the development of major theories of religion through the works of classic and contemporary figures. • A new edition of this introductory text exploring the core methods and theorists in religion, spanning the sixteenth-century through to the latest theoretical trends • Features an entirely new section covering religion and postmodernism; race, sex, and gender; and religion and postcolonialism • Examines the development of religious theories through the work of classic and contemporary figures from the history of anthropology, sociology, psychology, philosophy, and theology • Reveals how the study of religion evolved in response to great cultural conflicts and major historical events • Student-friendly features include chapter introductions and summaries, biographical vignettes, a timeline, a glossary, and many other learning aids
Daniel Madden J. An Introduction to Proof through Real Analysis Daniel Madden J. An Introduction to Proof through Real Analysis Новинка

Daniel Madden J. An Introduction to Proof through Real Analysis

7714.01 руб.
An engaging and accessible introduction to mathematical proof incorporating ideas from real analysis A mathematical proof is an inferential argument for a mathematical statement. Since the time of the ancient Greek mathematicians, the proof has been a cornerstone of the science of mathematics. The goal of this book is to help students learn to follow and understand the function and structure of mathematical proof and to produce proofs of their own. An Introduction to Proof through Real Analysis is based on course material developed and refined over thirty years by Professor Daniel J. Madden and was designed to function as a complete text for both first proofs and first analysis courses. Written in an engaging and accessible narrative style, this book systematically covers the basic techniques of proof writing, beginning with real numbers and progressing to logic, set theory, topology, and continuity. The book proceeds from natural numbers to rational numbers in a familiar way, and justifies the need for a rigorous definition of real numbers. The mathematical climax of the story it tells is the Intermediate Value Theorem, which justifies the notion that the real numbers are sufficient for solving all geometric problems. • Concentrates solely on designing proofs by placing instruction on proof writing on top of discussions of specific mathematical subjects • Departs from traditional guides to proofs by incorporating elements of both real analysis and algebraic representation • Written in an engaging narrative style to tell the story of proof and its meaning, function, and construction • Uses a particular mathematical idea as the focus of each type of proof presented • Developed from material that has been class-tested and fine-tuned over thirty years in university introductory courses An Introduction to Proof through Real Analysis is the ideal introductory text to proofs for second and third-year undergraduate mathematics students, especially those who have completed a calculus sequence, students learning real analysis for the first time, and those learning proofs for the first time. Daniel J. Madden, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Mathematics at The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA. He has taught a junior level course introducing students to the idea of a rigorous proof based on real analysis almost every semester since 1990. Dr. Madden is the winner of the 2015 Southwest Section of the Mathematical Association of America Distinguished Teacher Award. Jason A. Aubrey, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Mathematics and Director, Mathematics Center of the University of Arizona.
R.F. Smiley Evaluation and extension of linearized theories for tire motion and wheel shimmy R.F. Smiley Evaluation and extension of linearized theories for tire motion and wheel shimmy Новинка

R.F. Smiley Evaluation and extension of linearized theories for tire motion and wheel shimmy

812 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания 1955 года, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Evaluation and extension of linearized theories for tire motion and wheel shimmy.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. SOCIALISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. SOCIALISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. SOCIALISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. REPUBLICANISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. REPUBLICANISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. REPUBLICANISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. PACIFISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. PACIFISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. PACIFISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. PATRON-CLIENT SYSTEMS Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. PATRON-CLIENT SYSTEMS Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. PATRON-CLIENT SYSTEMS

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. IMPERIALISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. IMPERIALISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. IMPERIALISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. ANARCHISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. ANARCHISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. ANARCHISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. POPULISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. POPULISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. POPULISM

1414 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. LIBERTARIANISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. LIBERTARIANISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. LIBERTARIANISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. TOTALITARIANISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. TOTALITARIANISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. TOTALITARIANISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. COMMUNISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. COMMUNISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. COMMUNISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. FEUDALISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. FEUDALISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. FEUDALISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Statistical Theories of Mental Test Scores (PB) Statistical Theories of Mental Test Scores (PB) Новинка

Statistical Theories of Mental Test Scores (PB)

8089 руб.
This is a reprint of the orginal book released in 1968. Our primary goal in this book is to sharpen the skill, sophistication, and in- tuition of the reader in the interpretation of mental test data, and in the construction and use of mental tests both as instruments of psychological theory and as tools in the practical problems of selection, evaluation, and guidance. We seek to do this by exposing the reader to some psychologically meaningful statistical theories of mental test scores.Although this book is organized in terms of test-score theories and models, the practical applications and limitations of each model studied receive substantial emphasis, and these discussions are presented in as nontechnical a manner as we have found possible. Since this book catalogues a host of test theory models and formulas, it may serve as a reference handbook. Also, for a limited group of specialists, this book aims to provide a more rigorous foundation for further theoretical research than has heretofore been available.One aim of this book is to present statements of the assumptions, together with derivations of the implications, of a selected group of statistical models that the authors believe to be useful as guides in the practices of test construction and utilization. With few exceptions we have given a complete proof for each major result presented in the book. In many cases these proofs are simpler, more complete, and more illuminating than those originally offered. When we have o...
Campbell Elizabeth Doing Ethnography Today. Theories, Methods, Exercises Campbell Elizabeth Doing Ethnography Today. Theories, Methods, Exercises Новинка

Campbell Elizabeth Doing Ethnography Today. Theories, Methods, Exercises

6969.19 руб.
Doing Ethnography Today explores the methodologies and theories behind contemporary, collaborative ethnography and provides an opportunity to cultivate experience with included exercises. • Presents ethnography as creative and artful rather than analytical or technical • Emphasises the collaborative nature of ethnography • Structured exercises cultivate practical experience • Includes a discussion on indexing and interpreting project materials • Provides guidance on interview questions and selecting appropriate field equipment
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. CONSERVATISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. CONSERVATISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. CONSERVATISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. MARXISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. MARXISM Новинка

Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. MARXISM

1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Aaron Schuyler A critical history of philosophical theories Aaron Schuyler A critical history of philosophical theories Новинка

Aaron Schuyler A critical history of philosophical theories

972 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "Boston : R.G. Badger", 1913 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.A critical history of philosophical theories.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. LIBERALISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. LIBERALISM Новинка

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1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. UTOPIANISM Cengage Learning Gale A Study Guide for Political Theories for Students. UTOPIANISM Новинка

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1427 руб.
Designed with busy students in mind, this concise study guide examines major political theories and is organized into the following easily digestible sections: overview, history, theory in depth, theory in action, analysis and critical response, topics for further study, and bibliography.
Albert Einstein The Principle of Relativity Albert Einstein The Principle of Relativity Новинка

Albert Einstein The Principle of Relativity

631 руб.
This collection of original papers on the special and general theories of relativity constitutes an indispensable part of a library on relativity.Here are the 11 papers that forged the general and special theories of relativity: seven papers by Einstein, plus two papers by Lorentz and one each by Minkowski and Weyl.
Hebberd S. S. New proofs of the souls existence Hebberd S. S. New proofs of the souls existence Новинка

Hebberd S. S. New proofs of the souls existence

735 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Michael Greenberg D. Solutions Manual to accompany Ordinary Differential Equations Michael Greenberg D. Solutions Manual to accompany Ordinary Differential Equations Новинка

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2613.45 руб.
Features a balance between theory, proofs, and examples and provides applications across diverse fields of study Ordinary Differential Equations presents a thorough discussion of first-order differential equations and progresses to equations of higher order.
A Submitter 3 A Submitter 3 Новинка

A Submitter 3

1689 руб.
The world of 3 reflects on the concept of mind, body and soul. To answer an age old philosophical question and provide proofs of reason to believe in God.The book is available for the manufacturing cost of publishing it
Jones George William Some proofs in elementary geometry Jones George William Some proofs in elementary geometry Новинка

Jones George William Some proofs in elementary geometry

1564 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
Mudge William Essential Truths, with Scripture Proofs Mudge William Essential Truths, with Scripture Proofs Новинка

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735 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.

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An engaging and accessible introduction to mathematical proof incorporating ideas from real analysis A mathematical proof is an inferential argument for a mathematical statement. Since the time of the ancient Greek mathematicians, the proof has been a cornerstone of the science of mathematics. The goal of this book is to help students learn to follow and understand the function and structure of mathematical proof and to produce proofs of their own. An Introduction to Proof through Real Analysis is based on course material developed and refined over thirty years by Professor Daniel J. Madden and was designed to function as a complete text for both first proofs and first analysis courses. Written in an engaging and accessible narrative style, this book systematically covers the basic techniques of proof writing, beginning with real numbers and progressing to logic, set theory, topology, and continuity. The book proceeds from natural numbers to rational numbers in a familiar way, and justifies the need for a rigorous definition of real numbers. The mathematical climax of the story it tells is the Intermediate Value Theorem, which justifies the notion that the real numbers are sufficient for solving all geometric problems. • Concentrates solely on designing proofs by placing instruction on proof writing on top of discussions of specific mathematical subjects • Departs from traditional guides to proofs by incorporating elements of both real analysis and algebraic representation • Written in an engaging narrative style to tell the story of proof and its meaning, function, and construction • Uses a particular mathematical idea as the focus of each type of proof presented • Developed from material that has been class-tested and fine-tuned over thirty years in university introductory courses An Introduction to Proof through Real Analysis is the ideal introductory text to proofs for second and third-year undergraduate mathematics students, especially those who have completed a calculus sequence, students learning real analysis for the first time, and those learning proofs for the first time. Daniel J. Madden, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Mathematics at The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA. He has taught a junior level course introducing students to the idea of a rigorous proof based on real analysis almost every semester since 1990. Dr. Madden is the winner of the 2015 Southwest Section of the Mathematical Association of America Distinguished Teacher Award. Jason A. Aubrey, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Mathematics and Director, Mathematics Center of the University of Arizona.
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