viewshed modelling for effects of land use on property values



Viewshed Modelling for Effects of Land Use on Property Values Viewshed Modelling for Effects of Land Use on Property Values Новинка

Viewshed Modelling for Effects of Land Use on Property Values

Property values are in part defined by built structure and lot characteristics, locational attributes (e.g., proximity to amenities and disamenities), and other features such as views from a property. This study attempts to develop a viewshed estimation technique that takes into account the limbing up of trees, a major limitation of viewshed estimates to date. The limbing up effect was estimated using a conditional statement on three viewsheds: ground elevation only, ground elevation plus 8 feet where there are trees, and the elevation of vegetation (LIDAR). The viewsheds areas were intersected with their land use zone (residential, institutional, agricultural, etc) as well as their land use category (pavement, building, short, or tall vegetation) and perspective was controlled for. The viewshed estimates were evaluated within econometric models, yielding some interesting results, including that increased visibility of houses and pavement reduced property values, short vegetation had a positive effect, and views of trees themselves had no significant effect.
Towards An Integrated Model Towards An Integrated Model Новинка

Towards An Integrated Model

A new integrated model system has been developed to examine this question: What are the relative effects of changes in land use and climate on the quantity and variability of river flows in relation to land use and water use management for sustainable development in a country such as Indonesia? This book describes the development of the integrated system and its implementation in Bandung basin, Indonesia. The model generates time dependent land use change patterns based on four policy-related land use change scenarios as well as time dependent climate scenarios based on IPCC SRES scenarios, and translate them into hydrological parameters for calculating the monthly discharge. The implementation results show that climate change has a greater possible impact on the change in the annual yield and monthly discharge variations and less impact on local scale discharge variation than the land use change. The superimposed effects of land use change and climate change can exacerbate the impacts, suggesting that land use management for sustainable development is very relevant. Professional in land use and water resources management and climate change adaptation will find this book useful.
The Structure of Property Law The Structure of Property Law Новинка

The Structure of Property Law

In its essence, property law has to provide answers to two very difficult questions: who is entitled to use property, and how are they entitled to use it? Property law is therefore inherently difficult, but not impossibly so. It consists of an ordered and logical system, which aims to take the sting out of fierce disputes. This book provides a new perspective on property law. By setting out an underlying structure, it allows the reader to understand the fundamental principles of this difficult subject. By providing detailed coverage of individual topics, it shows how those principles apply in practice and provides a comprehensive resource for anyone studying, teaching, researching or practising in property law. The book is written in an accessible style, with frequent summaries and, in both its pages and companion web-site it makes use of helpful visual aids. It is ideal reading for law students seeking a rock-solid understanding of how property law and land law work, and contains sufficient detail for use as a course book in: " Property Law " Land Law " Personal Property Law The book also provides detailed analysis of core topics in: " Equity & Trusts " Commercial Law " Unjust Enrichment & Restitution See the companion website for this book.
Land Cover Change & Hydrological Regimes in the Shire River, Malawi Land Cover Change & Hydrological Regimes in the Shire River, Malawi Новинка

Land Cover Change & Hydrological Regimes in the Shire River, Malawi

Land cover mapping forms a reference base for resource managersin their decision making processes to guide rural/urban growth and management of natural resources.The use of remote sensing technologies was motivated by lack of automated data products in a developing country such as Malawi.Research on effects of land cover change on streamflow highlights the importance of proper land use planning and catchment management. This book proposes exploration of different catchment management options which conserve the water resource base while upgrading the socio-economic status of the population.
Effects of Facilities on the Rental Value of Properties in Nigeria Effects of Facilities on the Rental Value of Properties in Nigeria Новинка

Effects of Facilities on the Rental Value of Properties in Nigeria

This book presents the evaluation of the effects of available infrastructure on the rental value of residential properties in Akure, Nigeria. The primary data collected were subjected to multiple regression analysis and the determination of the effects of each of the available infrastructure (water, electricity, access roads, kitchen, toilet, refuse disposal facility, wall fence, installed burglary proof, drainage channel, day-watch security and night-watch security services) on rental values was achieved. The findings among others revealed that tenants in residential properties in Akure cherish security-enhancing infrastructure such as wall-fence, and installed burglary proof. Finally, the study suggested the needs for property developers to invest more on infrastructure in the residential properties as means of enhancing the rental values with a view to recoup the money invested within a shortest period.
The Effect of Growth Controls on Urban Sprawl The Effect of Growth Controls on Urban Sprawl Новинка

The Effect of Growth Controls on Urban Sprawl

The importance of this research lies in the fact that it presents the first empirical analysis of the effects of land-use controls on urban sprawl. For this reason, the findings should be of interest to urban planners in their efforts to control urban sprawl. Because we test theoretical hypotheses found in the urban economics literature, the results should also be of interest to academic economists. Finally, the data on land-use controls gathered for the empirical analysis should be of importance to researchers in urban economics
Common Property Economics: A General Theory and Land Use Applications Common Property Economics: A General Theory and Land Use Applications Новинка

Common Property Economics: A General Theory and Land Use Applications

"Common Property Economics" defines and clarifies the theoretical distinction between open access and common property and empirically tests the adequacy of resource allocation under common property in comparison with private property. The book presents theoretical models to demonstrate overexploitation under open access. Seven necessary and sufficient conditions differentiate common property from open access. Swiss alpine grazing commons are contrasted with grazing in the English open field system. Statistical work using Swiss data compares the performance of common property with private property. Whether it be fisheries, grazing land, oil and gas pools, groundwater, or wildlife, group use of natural resources has long received the blame for overexploitation and mismanagement. In this book two types of group use are identified: open access and common property. Open access refers to resource utilization without any controls on extraction rates, a situation in which resource overexploitation often occurs. On the other hand, "common property" is a term that ought to be reserved for group use in which outside access and user extraction rates are controlled.
Eddy van der Maarel Modelling Transport Eddy van der Maarel Modelling Transport Новинка

Eddy van der Maarel Modelling Transport

Already the market leader in the field, Modelling Transport has become still more indispensible following a thorough and detailed update. Enhancements include two entirely new chapters on modelling for private sector projects and on activity-based modelling; a new section on dynamic assignment and micro-simulation; and sizeable updates to sections on disaggregate modelling and stated preference design and analysis. It also tackles topical issues such as valuation of externalities and the role of GPS in travel time surveys. Providing unrivalled depth and breadth of coverage, each topic is approached as a modelling exercise with discussion of the roles of theory, data, model specification, estimation, validation and application. The authors present the state of the art and its practical application in a pedagogic manner, easily understandable to both students and practitioners. Follows on from the highly successful third edition universally acknowledged as the leading text on transport modelling techniques and applications Includes two new chapters on modelling for private sector projects and activity based modeling, and numerous updates to existing chapters Incorporates treatment of recent issues and concerns like risk analysis and the dynamic interaction between land use and transport Provides comprehensive and rigorous information and guidance, enabling readers to make practical use of every available technique Relates the topics to new external factors and technologies such as global warming, valuation of externalities and global positioning systems (GPS).
C Type Paurashava''s Land Use Pattern of Bangladesh C Type Paurashava''s Land Use Pattern of Bangladesh Новинка

C Type Paurashava''s Land Use Pattern of Bangladesh

The change of urban land use structure may bring a huge change in urbanization. There are three types of Paurashava in Bangladesh. This is a study on urban land use structure of ‘C'' category Pourashava of the southwestern part of Bangladesh presenting the land use scenario of Chalna, Paikgasa and Morrelganj Pourashava. The study also represents the land use trend, change of land use element, decade wise urbanization rate, coefficient of urbanization etc. The urbanization of these three Pourashavas compared with the conventional land use model. On the basis of comparison a generalized land use model is prepare for the ‘C'' category Pourashava which also may implacable in southwestern part of Bangladesh. This model represents the growth pattern, urbanization form and city expansion direction of the ‘C'' category pourashava of the southwestern part of Bangladesh.
Land Use/Cover Change On Soil Loss Land Use/Cover Change On Soil Loss Новинка

Land Use/Cover Change On Soil Loss

Research is basic instrument for human being to solve challenges and advance development. One of this day’s world frustrating problems is natural resource degradation. This research relies on Land use/cover dynamic and its soil loss effect analysis using remote sensing and geographic information system. The research work concentrated on the extent; rate, pattern and causes of land use land cover change and their effect on soil loss using soil loss prediction (USLE) model. Findings showed that land use/ cover dynamics was increased as the expense of forest and grazing land. The soil loss trend goes with double increasing rate in each quarter of a century. The major driving forces for the observed land use/cover changes and soil loss rate were population growth, expansion of agricultural land, fuel wood & construction materials demand.
Delhi Gurgaon Expressway-Implication on growth & development Delhi Gurgaon Expressway-Implication on growth & development Новинка

Delhi Gurgaon Expressway-Implication on growth & development

This book is very useful for any person who is interested in doing research on Expressway impacts on growth and development. It covers all aspects of change in land use pattern, land values,land development due to traffic.The contents are history of road development in India, Public private partnership in road projects, traffic analysis, and overall assessment of the projects in terms of its relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability.
Charles Patton The effects of property upon society and government investigated Charles Patton The effects of property upon society and government investigated Новинка

Charles Patton The effects of property upon society and government investigated

Полный вариант заголовка: «The effects of property upon society and government investigated : containing illustration of the influence of property on mental energy, national character, manners, government, and civilazation : to which is added an historical review of the monarchy and republic of Rome, upon the principles derived from the effects of property / by Charles Patton ; historical review by Robert Patton».
Disparities of Urban Land Values and Shift in Land Use Disparities of Urban Land Values and Shift in Land Use Новинка

Disparities of Urban Land Values and Shift in Land Use

Land is a factor of production and a consumer good, at the same time. Along with labour, capital and management, land is treated as one of the basic factors of production. Land can also be treated as a commodity as it fulfills human needs. Land and improvements on land provide direct consumer services. It provides shelter, produces return in the form of rent and is held as a means of saving. The supply of land, its non-depreciation character permits to be kept from use for reaping capital gains. The supply of land has two important phenomena. First, the over-all supply of land resources is limited to the sum total of land resource provided by the earth’s surface. Thus the physical supply of land is fixed and inelastic. Second, the economic supply of land concerns, only that portion of physical supply, which man uses It is determined by the particular use land put to use in response to price at a given time and location. The economic supply of land can be increased by intensive use or extensive use of land as in the case of reclamation.
Traditional Property Rights and the Sustainable Use of Rural Lands Traditional Property Rights and the Sustainable Use of Rural Lands Новинка

Traditional Property Rights and the Sustainable Use of Rural Lands

The issue of land use in contemporary Ghana needs to be critically reviewed if we are to address the competing interests in land vis-a-vis the sustainability concerns. This book seek to explore the traditional property regimes in Ghana and how best they could be used to foster and promote sustainable development. Using the Techiman municipality, a rapidly expanding mid-sized city as a case, it can be argued that land has been subjected to excessive stress. It thus behooves on government, and the diverse actors in the sphere of land use to identify appropriate mix of policies to enhance sustainability in Ghana's land sector
Effects of Land Use Change on Wildlife Conservation in Kenya Effects of Land Use Change on Wildlife Conservation in Kenya Новинка

Effects of Land Use Change on Wildlife Conservation in Kenya

Wild ungulates are hoofed mammals comprising of large grazers and browsers. They have high economic values and their resources provide environmental goods and services. In Kenya, wildlife numbers have drastically declined due to land use changes (LUCs) over the past three decades. This has affected wildlife habitats by converting them into farmlands and human settlements. This study used remote sensing data from landsat satellite to analyze the changing land use patterns between 1980 and 2013 and their impacts on wild ungulates in KWE. The main possible causes of LUC were found to be agricultural expansions, human population dynamics, economic factors, changing land tenure policy, politics, and sociocultural factors. The main effects of LUCs on wild ungulates in KWE include a decline in wild ungulate numbers, habitat destruction, increased human-wildlife conflicts, land degradation, and displacement of wild ungulates by livestock. To ensure the future of wildlife in Kenya is not doom there is need to strike a balance between wildlife conservation and economic development bearing in mind that wildlife conservation is not a business that can be compared with other land uses.
Trend of Land Transformation in a Mouza Scale: A Case on Sener Char Trend of Land Transformation in a Mouza Scale: A Case on Sener Char Новинка

Trend of Land Transformation in a Mouza Scale: A Case on Sener Char

Different countries of the world have taken different necessary steps to ensure the desirable use of land. The rapid growth of population, industrialization, urbanization directly influence on the use of land. In the case of using land, unplanned activities of human being create many problems in underdeveloped and developing countries. Planned activities and roper use of land can play an important role to present the use of land. To prepare the research paper, I have selected one Mouza named Sener char Mouza, under the Shibnagar, Roghunathpur, tulatute village, Chandanpur union, meghna Upazila, Comilla District, Bangladesh. From the one mouza I took 50 questionnaires for survey and depending on the consent of local villagers, found the various use of land which covered from 1990 to 2011. The total infrastructural development depends on that area is use of land. These areas are use for agricultural activities. Here paddy and other green crops are cultivated in 80% of the total land. Many cultivated lands are turned into homestead land and many forests are turned into cultivated land. As a result the prices of land get increased.
Traffic Simulation on Ogbomoso Road Using Gravity Model Traffic Simulation on Ogbomoso Road Using Gravity Model Новинка

Traffic Simulation on Ogbomoso Road Using Gravity Model

This study utilized gravity model to relate the characteristic of land use in Ogbomoso (as represented by the generate trip ends) to the characteristics of the transportation in other to simulate the distribution of trips within 2006-2016 for the area. This project concentrate properly on trips generation for modelling transport demand rather the modal split and transport assignment.Trips generation relationships for Ogbomoso road network were developed using the base year data of traffic volume. The gravity model expression which relates trip production and attraction to land use and social economic indicators were used to simulate trips production for the year 2016. The study area (Ogbomoso road networks) were broken down into four major zones based on the standard of gravity model that each zone must generate more than 15% of the total trips. Traffic counts were conducted on each of the four zones to get the present traffic situation. The result here generates the attraction and production trips values Aj & pi which was used together with social economic factor, land use pattern and transportation cost to analyse the gravity model.
Spatio-temporal land use and land cover changes in Shurugwi district Spatio-temporal land use and land cover changes in Shurugwi district Новинка

Spatio-temporal land use and land cover changes in Shurugwi district

The land use and land cover pattern of a region is an outcome of natural and socio-economic factors and their utilization by man in time and space. Land use and land cover change has become a central component in current strategies for managing natural resources and monitoring environmental changes. The advancement in the concept of vegetation mapping has greatly increased research on land use and land cover change thus providing an accurate evaluation of the spread and health of the world’s forest, grassland, and agricultural resources. The research aimed at establishing the land use and land cover status for the year 2009 in which it was undertaken; the rate of land cover change for the 18 year period under study (1991-2009), along with the inherent drivers for the land use and land cover changes. This information on land cover dynamics and possibilities for natural resources optimum use is essential for the selection; planning and implementation of land use schemes to meet the increasing demands for basic human needs and welfare.
Carbon Management and Scenario Planning at the Landscape Scale Carbon Management and Scenario Planning at the Landscape Scale Новинка

Carbon Management and Scenario Planning at the Landscape Scale

It is now widely believed that globally averaged temperatures will rise significantly over the next 100 years as a result of increasing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG) such as carbon dioxide. Responses to the threat of future climate change are both adaptations to new climate conditions, and mitigation of the magnitude of change. Mitigation can be achieved both through reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and by increasing storage of carbon in the earth system. In particular it is thought that there is potential for increased storage of carbon on land in soils and growing vegetation. There is now a need for research on the potential impacts of changing land use on terrestrial carbon storage, in particular as rapid land use and land cover change has taken place in most of regions of world over the past few decades due to accelerated industrialization, urbanization and agricultural practice. This thesis has developed a novel methodology for estimating the impacts of land use and land cover change (LULCC) on terrestrial carbon storage using Geographic Information Systems and Optimization modelling.
The Myth of Property: Toward an Egalitarian Theory of Ownership The Myth of Property: Toward an Egalitarian Theory of Ownership Новинка

The Myth of Property: Toward an Egalitarian Theory of Ownership

The Myth of Property is the first book-length study to focus directly on the variable and complex structure of ownership. It critically analyzes what it means to own something, and it takes familiar debates about distributive justice and recasts them into discussions of the structure of ownership. The traditional notion of private property assumed by both defenders and opponents of that system is criticized and exposed as a "myth." The book then puts forward a new theory of what it means to own something, one that will be important for any theory of distributive justice. This new approach more adequately reveals the disparate social and individual values that property ownership serves to promote. The study has importance for understanding the reform of capitalist and welfare state systems, as well as the institution of market economies in former socialist states, for the view developed here makes the traditional dichotomy between private ownership capitalism and public ownership socialism obsolete. This new approach to ownership also places egalitarian principles of distributive justice in a new light and challenges critics to clarify aspects of property ownership worth protecting against calls for greater equality. The book closes by showing how defenders of egalitarianism can make use of some of the ideas and values that traditionally made private property appear to be such a pervasive human institution.
Land Use/ Land Cover Dynamics and Its Impacts on Productivity Land Use/ Land Cover Dynamics and Its Impacts on Productivity Новинка

Land Use/ Land Cover Dynamics and Its Impacts on Productivity

Understanding of the driving forces of land use/ land cover change is essential for effective sustainable land resource management. Hence, this study was conducted to investigate land use/ land cover dynamics, its drivers and impacts in Nada Asendabo watershed,Gilge Gibe sub catchment of Ethiopia. It covers an area of 8,012 ha. Information Was extracted from three period land sat images (1973 MSS, 1986 TM and 2004 ETM+). Analysis of data was accomplished through integrated use of ERDAS imagine (version 9.2), Arc GIS software and SPSS version 16.00. Six land use/ land cover classes were selected for the study. Results from land use/ land cover change analysis showed an increase in agriculture land and built-up area at the expense of forest land, grass land, reverine forest and bush land. The result of socioeconomic data analysis reported that agriculture, both crop and livestock productivity is declining. Among many factors, the major production constraints was directly associated mainly with land use change. Hence, Studies of land use/ land cover dynamics can be used for land use planner, natural resource managers and policy makers to provide a management and decision process.
Impacts of Polygamous Marriage on Women's Land Rights in Ethiopia Impacts of Polygamous Marriage on Women's Land Rights in Ethiopia Новинка

Impacts of Polygamous Marriage on Women's Land Rights in Ethiopia

This book provides the impacts of polygamous marriage on women’s rural land holding and use rights. Combinations of qualitative and quantitative research approaches were employed to collect the required data and information for the study. The empirical results showed that polygamous marriages have negative impacts on women’s rural land holding and use rights. In country as like Ethiopia whose economy is based on agriculture, land holding and use rights are the major determinants of household’s livelihoods and social status. This book analyzed protection of women’s rural land rights in international instruments and national legislation in light of the practice in the study area. The analysis mainly helps all government and non governmental organizations who work for empowering women’s capacity in a sustainable manner to give due attention for the impacts of polygamous marriage.
Non Point Source Pollution of Small Streams at Different Altitudes Non Point Source Pollution of Small Streams at Different Altitudes Новинка

Non Point Source Pollution of Small Streams at Different Altitudes

It is well known that watershed hydrology is dependent on many factors; land use, climate, and soil conditions. But the relative impacts of different types of topography and land use on the surface water are yet to be ascertained and quantified. Agriculture has been identified as a major contributor of non-point source pollution of water resources. Assessment of the environmental impact of NPS pollutants at a localized and regional scale is key component to achieve sustainable agriculture. This research attempted to use a comprehensive approach to examine the impact of land-use practices on water quality and its variation in four sub-tropical watersheds during monsoon seasons. These watersheds with different topography & land use were monitored. Surface water samples were collected daily and analyzed for nitrate nitrogen(NO3), ammonium nitrate(NH4), and total phosphate(PO4). Trends relating to seasonal changes in stream water quality as a function of land use and agricultural practices and critical hydrological processes controlling the variability of the daily water quality variables (Nitrate, Ammonia and Phosphate) in small streams were analyzed by SWAT Modelling.
New Perspectives on Property & Land in the Middle East New Perspectives on Property & Land in the Middle East Новинка

New Perspectives on Property & Land in the Middle East

New Perspectives on Property & Land in the Middle East
Eminent Domain: Eminent Domain: Новинка

Eminent Domain:

The use of eminent domain power to take private property for redevelopment is an important public policy on land use in most parts of the world. With increasing population density eminent domain will likely remain relevant for future land use management across the world. Use of eminent domain power in the U.S. is however associated with conflict related to compensation inadequacy, and disproportionate use of the law on poor and disadvantaged communities. The book analyzes these two problems by examining the outcomes of compensation bargains between property owners and government, and evaluates the impact of income differences, homeownership rates and other socio-economic and demographic factors on voters’ decisions on eminent domain reforms in the U.S. The results throw light on limits to government conflict avoidance efforts that are not closely linked to higher compensation levels, and the relationship between public perceptions on eminent domain reforms and the socio-economic factors examined.
Fuzzy Rule-based Modelling on River Study Fuzzy Rule-based Modelling on River Study Новинка

Fuzzy Rule-based Modelling on River Study

The use of fuzzy logic in the field of hydrological forecasting is a relatively new area of research and the potential to enhance river study by incorporating this soft computing methodology still remains to be exploited. Unlike mathematical model that require precise knowledge of all the contributing variables, fuzzy logic, on the other hand, offers a more flexible, less assumption dependent and self-adaptive approach to modelling river related processes, which by this nature are inherently complex, non-linear and dynamic. This book imparts latest development in fuzzy rule-based modelling effectively in the hydrological processes. It deals with the possibilistic criteria in modelling river catchment processes and water resources analysis with promising results. It is very needful for researcher of river dynamic systems and students of water resource management, flood control, land used planning with mathematical promises.
Coastal Land Use in Bangladesh Coastal Land Use in Bangladesh Новинка

Coastal Land Use in Bangladesh

Impressions of growth of any settlement are portrayed in the pattern of Land use, structure and morphology, thus it makes it necessary to study the evolution of the land use pattern, structure and the layout. Land constitutes the most important component for sustainable development in a region. This study, on Khuruskul union, Cox’s Bazar Sadar upazila, is an attempt to bring out land use pattern and socio-economic condition of inhabitant of that area which acts as driving force to change land use pattern over period of time. This study of land resources, existing land use pattern and socio-economic conditions of inhabitants represents a conceptually correct means of addressing the unifying issue of economic and environmental sustainability.
Land Use, Fragmentation, and River Dynamics in Dudhwa Landscape, India Land Use, Fragmentation, and River Dynamics in Dudhwa Landscape, India Новинка

Land Use, Fragmentation, and River Dynamics in Dudhwa Landscape, India

The book introduces you to ‘Dudhwa Landscape’ which has been greatly influenced by ‘disturbance’, whether natural or human induced. The land use changes, forest fragmentation, and altered river dynamics represent the most direct effects of human on this globally important landscape in Northern India. The study aimed to assess impact of these disturbing agents on Dudhwa Landscape and their effect on landscape spatial pattern, structure and composition of forest vegetation, channel planform changes and species of concern i.e. swamp deer.
Review on Evaluation of Land Suitability for Crop Production Review on Evaluation of Land Suitability for Crop Production Новинка

Review on Evaluation of Land Suitability for Crop Production

Land evaluation is the process of assessing the possible use of land for agriculture, engineering, forestry, recreation, industry and conservation. In the agricultural context, it is the assessment for specific kind of land utilization, example extensive grazing, rain-fed farming, irrigation and agriculture. Land evaluation methods aim at assessing land qualities or suitability for specific land use, as conditioned by biophysical parameters. The physical resources remain reasonably stable, unlike the socioeconomic that are affected by social, economic and political setting
Modelling Evapotranspiration at Different Scales Modelling Evapotranspiration at Different Scales Новинка

Modelling Evapotranspiration at Different Scales

Khorezm province (Uzbekistan) lies in Amu Darya delta and is afflicted with the problems caused by the Aral Sea desiccation. Agriculture is the major source of livelihood, but it is fully dependent on the irrigation. Therefore, sustainable water management and sensible use of the water are crucial. The main aim of this study was to provide high-resolution evapotranspiration (ET) data. This was achieved by the modelling of remotely sensed ASTER images. For that, Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land (SEBAL) with METRIC modification was applied. The modelling process proved suitability of the data and the method for this purpose. As an output of this study, dataset (7 scenes) of the actual ET for the years 2004 – 2007 was created. In addition, maps of the ET and basic analyses were done upon modelled data at the second part of publication.
Estopinal Stephen V. Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions. Composition, Construction, and Comprehension Estopinal Stephen V. Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions. Composition, Construction, and Comprehension Новинка

Estopinal Stephen V. Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions. Composition, Construction, and Comprehension

The only modern guide to interpreting and writing real property descriptions for surveyors Technical land information is no longer the exclusive domain of professional surveyors. The Internet now houses a multitude of resources that nontechnical professionals—such as attorneys and realtors—access and implement on a daily basis. However, these professionals are trained in aspects of law and commerce that do not provide the proper education and experience to interpret and evaluate their land boundary information discoveries correctly. As a result, their analysis is often erroneous and the data misapplied—ultimately leading to confusion and costly litigation. Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions attempts to bridge the ever-widening gap between the users of land boundary information and the land surveyors who produce it. An expert team of authors integrates the historic and legal background of real property interests with fundamental concepts of the surveying profession in a manner accessible for average readers. These provide the basics for both properly comprehending older descriptions and competently constructing complete and modern real property descriptions that foster better communication. Highlights in this book include: An in-depth exploration of historic descriptions and how to read them Coverage of the widely accepted ALTA/ACSM Land Boundary Survey standards and associated property descriptions A diverse collection of examples and practice scenarios An overview of the latest issues related to the use of GPS and GIS Written in easy-to-understand language, this practical resource assists nontechnical professionals in understanding exactly what a surveyor does and does not do, and serves as a valuable tool for obtaining the most satisfactory, accurate, and complete real property descriptions.
Impact of Toxic Waste Sites on Home Prices Impact of Toxic Waste Sites on Home Prices Новинка

Impact of Toxic Waste Sites on Home Prices

The literature on home value diminution attributable to environmental degradation and its possible reversal typically ignores indirect effects upon neighborhood characteristics that can exacerbate the overall change in property values, resulting in underestimates of diminution and overestimates of recovery. Furthermore, to the extent that direct price effects and neighborhood transition effects respond differently to remediation efforts, the relatively new postremediation literature misses an important part of the recovery process. This book examines both direct and indirect effects and finds in the case of Houston Superfund sites, while the direct value impacts of proximity to toxic waste sites was significantly reduced after remediation, the indirect effects associated with induced demographic changes were much slower to reverse, producing a housing market inertia that stifled full home value recovery.
Ain't You Got A Right To The Tree of Life? Ain't You Got A Right To The Tree of Life? Новинка

Ain't You Got A Right To The Tree of Life?

Heirs’ property land possession is as old as the Biblical tradition. However, African Americans are losing heirs’ property on Johns Island, South Carolina at an alarming rate. This land loss has serious economical, ethical, and theological implications. Persistent exile of African Americans from the only homeland they have known has had devastating effects upon the history, culture, familial ties and legacies of Sea Islanders extending several generations. The plethora of legal constraints, coastal development, and negative influences of wealth and social power inundating the coastal region, begs for a theological praxis that challenges the church and the affluent to face the crisis of the human spirit and make connections between the witness of the Bible on collective land ownership as a form of stewardship. Being faithful stewards of land, testifies to the fact; uncurbed land management, exploitation, self-enhancement and self-aggrandizement cannot succeed. When land is treated, not as a commodity, but as an arena for human interaction that respects both neighbor and land, the Messiah’s kingdom can come.
Effects Of Land Use Effects Of Land Use Новинка

Effects Of Land Use

Land cover change analysis has shown that the cultivated land has increased from 28% to 31.21%, settlement area from 16.26% to 22.35% between 1973 and 2000, while forest area has decreased from 16.78% to 9.48% and bushes and shrub land from 36% to 34.96%. Sensitivity analysis result shown that both Curve Number (CN) and Alpha factor are the most sensitive parameters affecting the hydrology of the watershed. The model was calibrated from 1993-1998 and validated from 1999-2001. The performance of the model was evaluated on the basis of performance rating criteria, coefficient of determination (R2), Nash and Sutcliff efficiency (NSE), and percent difference. The R2 and NSE values for the watershed were 0.87 and 0.79 for calibration, 0.89 and 0.81 for validation respectively. The evaluation of the model indicated that the mean annual surface flow for 2000 land cover was increased by 46% than 1973 land cover. Similarly the 1986 land cover mean annual surface flow was higher by 20% than 1973 land cover. Generally, the analysis indicated that the mean wet monthly flow for 2000 land cover was increased by 9.43% than 1973 land cover.
Land, Water and Local people Land, Water and Local people Новинка

Land, Water and Local people

‘Bangalore’, in the process of becoming ‘World Class city’ has initiated several infrastructure projects such as the mega-Bangalore Mysore Infrastructure Corridor. This involves land use change from agricultural rural and peri-urban areas to predominantly urban land uses under centralised ‘State’ level agency. In this process, landscape surrounding the lake in the village appears to have transformed from a wetland-lake ecosystem, which acted as a village commons, to private property owned by private entity or fenced system disconnected from ecosystem. Thus, this has resulted in changing perceptions of the traditional local community usage of the lakes as they are increasingly looked as ‘land property’ for profit-making. There is also a differential impact on the local village community as those marginalised section of local village community who don’t have legal ‘land tenure rights’ are denied legal ‘water rights’. This marks a paradigm shift of viewing lakes as ‘common property’ to ‘private property’ or ‘social use’ to ‘economic good’.
Analysis of Land-Use Impacts Based on Source and Sink Capacities Analysis of Land-Use Impacts Based on Source and Sink Capacities Новинка

Analysis of Land-Use Impacts Based on Source and Sink Capacities

This book introduces a new methodology for the integrated assessment of land use that acknowledges the fact that land is multifunctional and provides both sources for and sinks of anthropogenic energy and mass fluxes. The biogeochemical cycle for a given chemical element remains in balance as long as substance immobilization of a product outweighs substance mobilization of that product. A generic land-use model has now been developed and is supplemented by the downstream processes (chain) of six products. A network algebra of input–output analysis has been used in this model, and consequences are shown for multiple outputs with flow-chart drawing and the normalization of matrices. Regarding carbon, these results suggest that paper, and in 2003, the product mix from Swiss forests, are a carbon source while wood chips, saw wood and glued laminated timber are a carbon sink. For nitrogen, the results give no clear picture because that land-use balance (LUB) varies between negative and positive values depending on the scenario and parameters used.
Improving the existing land use planning system in Mongolia Improving the existing land use planning system in Mongolia Новинка

Improving the existing land use planning system in Mongolia

Newly reformed field of land administration has been rapidly developing since 1994 along with the social change of growing need of land relation, for instance, land privatization; land owning, land use planning, land management and land monitoring. However Mongolia needs to have improved land use planning system and to devote much attention to the environmental and public participation issues in land use planning. The dual land use system and the coordination between master and detailed plans need to be improved in Mongolia as well. The major issue related to the land use planning in Mongolia is that plans are not followed by society and even unadjusted to the reality. As well as, there is a number of plans were produced but it seems that all these plans are just remained on the paper. Therefore the study aims to demonstrate the need and the benefit of the land use planning guideline in Mongolia. The study examines the existing land use planning system situation and seeks causes why that system is not being implemented. Moreover, the research tries to explore appropriate and possible application of developed countries’ approaches on land use planning system in Mongolia.
Watershed Modeling Watershed Modeling Новинка

Watershed Modeling

There is evidence of unprecedented land use change in the Koga watershed with far-reaching consequences for the long-term sustainability of the natural resource. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize the hydrological elements and Land use/Land cover changes of Koga watershed, Mecha Woreda-West Gojjam. The watershed has been analyzed using the SRTM 20 meter optimum spatial resolution and the Land use/Land cover changes were also examined using the Land sat (TM) satellite images of 1986 and 2011 (ETM+) collected during the dry seasons (March). The result of the study reveals that cultivated land and settlements were the predominant land use during the specified periods. Conversely, grazing land and forest land declined by 10.39 %, 3.05 % and 0.23% respectively. In contrary, cultivated land and settlement expanded by 12.67 %. For these changes, population pressure and high demands of land were the main factors and had an adverse effect on the hydrologic response of the study area. Therefore, this book has a gigantic importance for researchers on how to characterize hydrological elements and Land use/Land cover changes using remote sensing and GIS.
Carbon Dynamics and Sequestration Under Different Land Use Systems Carbon Dynamics and Sequestration Under Different Land Use Systems Новинка

Carbon Dynamics and Sequestration Under Different Land Use Systems

In this study, we determine the spatial variation of soil organic carbon (SOC) distribution patterns in different land use systems in the BHU campus, Varanasi, which addresses the prediction of the SOC accumulation potential and its impact on changing land use scenario.Land use change is one of the major factors that affects the soil organic carbon content and global carbon balance. Land use changes from forest or grassland to arable agriculture have been and still are significant source for release of former plants and soil carbon into atmosphere.
Land Use and Property Rights in Northern Ethiopia Land Use and Property Rights in Northern Ethiopia Новинка

Land Use and Property Rights in Northern Ethiopia

In this study, three interrelated aspects have empirically emerged as determinant in the state of land degradation and its management practices: livelihood, dwelling and land tenure. The livelihood system encompasses concepts of the agricultural use value of the land and how land use itself is situated in broader social relationships. Institutionalized practices, such as sharecropping, explain how management aspects of the land enter productive relationships among villagers. The dwelling aspect, being a broader part of the relations and commitments of the villagers to their landscape, explains land users’ perception and values of the land. The land tenure systems have secured local people’s user rights to land. Nonetheless, the tenure systems are poor in promoting farm integrity, long-term security and transfers of land resources to more competitive and productive farmers. Future approaches that aim to promote good land and agricultural management practices should consider these broader issues simultaneously.
GIS-Based Land Use Simulation for Biomass Energy Production GIS-Based Land Use Simulation for Biomass Energy Production Новинка

GIS-Based Land Use Simulation for Biomass Energy Production

Nations are constantly seeking cheap, clean, climate friendly and sustainable energy sources. This desire has led to greater focus on bio-energy to meet the energy needs of such countries. As a result, bio-energy crops are grown for biomass which is a veritable source of renewable energy in the world of today. Such realizations have led to the proliferation of bio-gas power plants that are required for bio-energy production. However, this quest for bio-energy has altered land use and led to competition for available arable land, which is also required for food production. Such concerns have led to an ongoing “food or fuel” debate in the world including Germany. The competing use of silage maize, both as cattle feed and input into such bio-gas plants is examined using GIS (Geographic Information System) techniques. Consequently, a model is designed that determines the effects of silage maize on electricity generation and its impact on the land use pattern, which are applicable within this study area or any area of interest.
The Land Question: Addressing Urban Planning and Land Use The Land Question: Addressing Urban Planning and Land Use Новинка

The Land Question: Addressing Urban Planning and Land Use

Land has been seen to be an important commodity which has social, economic and political value. Land forms the basis for the establishment of urban areas and other forms of human settlements. This importance attached to land has seen various conflicting uses put to it and this has therefore resulted to what in Kenya is commonly known as the land question. Urban planning and land use form a salient form in which the land question has manifested itself and this is particularly due to the weak legal and policy framework on urban planning and land use in Kenya. This book seeks to explore the nature of urban planning and land use in Kenya and this is through a look at the governing legal framework and important lessons on urban planning and urban land use are drawn from a comparative study done in the U.S.A. This study can be used to help build a case for reform on the legal and policy framework on urban planning and urban land use in Kenya while at the same time inform best practices to be adopted in other parts of the world.
Land Tenure, Housing and Low Income Earners Land Tenure, Housing and Low Income Earners Новинка

Land Tenure, Housing and Low Income Earners

In Uganda Land Tenure is private and land ownership is in the hands of the citizens. Housing provided on a commercial basis by the government Construction Company and Real Estate Companies eludes most low and middle income earners. The majority of citizens hence acquire the much needed housing through private land purchase and self-help incremental construction. This thesis is an iterative qualitative case study exploring the contribution of the current land tenure arrangements to the empowerment of these low income earners in form of how they acquire housing, how they invest their savings, and how they provide the much needed shelter. The study also highlights how land and housing improves the property ownership and income situation of the poor in urban areas in Uganda. The study further explores the various forms of land tenure and how their security is increased; the challenges to acquiring land rights and housing; and the use of property as collateral. The conclusion urges for the increase of land rights of the poor. A strong case is made for more participatory bottom-up settlement planning and more stakeholder involvement and the incorporation of poor into the mainstream.
Land grabbing, tourism and conservation in the Philippines Land grabbing, tourism and conservation in the Philippines Новинка

Land grabbing, tourism and conservation in the Philippines

This book examines the global political-economic and discursive forces driving the current land grabbing phenomenon as well as its material effects at the local level. Whilst media and academic attention has been centred on the acquisition of land for crop production, this book takes a broader perspective, focusing on tourism and conservation as drivers of land grabbing. Research findings are based on fieldwork carried out in Hacienda Looc in the Philippines, where a sizeable area of land has been appropriated for the construction of an eco-tourism resort. It is argued that land grabbing needs to be seen as a form of “accumulation by dispossession” being driven by neoliberal policies which favour investors over the interests of the poor. A political economy approach is adopted to facilitate a critical analysis of the impacts of the land grab in Hacienda Looc, with a particular focus on property relations, labour regimes, livelihoods and poverty reduction. Contrary to the “win-win” narratives propagated by mainstream institutions, the poor invariably lose out as they experience new forms of exclusion alongside adverse incorporation into the neoliberal capitalist economy.
Biophysical and social dimensions of land use development Biophysical and social dimensions of land use development Новинка

Biophysical and social dimensions of land use development

Agricultural intensification is a major form of land use change, in many instances, on the cost of multiple crops. This has been happening as the farmers need to increase income to support their livelihood through the increase in labor, fertilizer, technology and irrigation for the improved production and economic sustainability. Changes in land use have a major impact on the global environment and biodiversity. The study examined the biophysical and socio-economic factors affecting land use change, evaluated the relationship between land use and reforestation, and developed models to predict land use change patterns.
Modelling the effects of Stockholm Congestion Charges Modelling the effects of Stockholm Congestion Charges Новинка

Modelling the effects of Stockholm Congestion Charges

Congestion charging has drawn considerable attention of transport analysts and policymakers as a mean of relieving urban traffic congestion. A European project SILVERPOLIS has been introduced in this connection to describe state of practice in modelling the effects of congestion charging and to identify features of transport models that are crucial for reliable forecasting of the impacts of congestion charging. This research is a part of that project, where Stockholm congestion charging scheme has been analysed using two different types of dynamic simulators: METROPOLIS and SILVESTER. Both are mesoscopic dynamic models involving modal split and departure time choice, calibrated for the Stockholm baseline situation without charges and applied for modelling the effects of congestion charging. The result of simulation suggests that, both the models manage well to forecast the consequences of congestion charging for Stockholm. The different modelling features and assumptions have been described for each model. Despite the fact that the two models vary a lot in their assumptions and modelling style, both of them has proved to be good at describing the effects of congestion charging.
Urban Planning In Eldoret Town, Kenya Urban Planning In Eldoret Town, Kenya Новинка

Urban Planning In Eldoret Town, Kenya

The problem of urban informal settlements has occupied academic discourse for a long time. This study was carried out in Eldoret Municipality, Uasin Gishu District, and Rift Valley Province, Kenya. It examined urban informal settlements in respect to environmental planning and management within Eldoret Town. The rationale of the study is the emergence of the informal settlements and their resultant effects on the environment. The objectives of the study focused on mapping of land use/land cover changes in Huruma and Munyaka settlements within Eldoret the years 1989 to 2006, identifying the environmental problems and proposing possible solutions to the environmental problems. The mapping of land use/land cover changes was achieved using aerial photographs of 1989 and 2006. In Huruma settlement, results indicate that within the study period there was an increase of 10% in the built up area, while in Munyaka there was a massive increase of 56%. The recommendations made EMC are; provision of information on land use development to stakeholders, 'citywide’ approach in the planning and management of settlements, integrated land management system and environmental awareness.
Architectural Land Use Wisdom of Traditional Ethiopian Guraghe Architectural Land Use Wisdom of Traditional Ethiopian Guraghe Новинка

Architectural Land Use Wisdom of Traditional Ethiopian Guraghe

This book elaborates the importance of traditional land use systems and the negative impacts of its change. Traditional land use land covers are important for ecological balance and economic sustainability with enhanced productive capacity. However, the changes of the traditional land use land covers have negative impacts including conflict of biophysical environment that result in claiming the lives of human beings and livestocks. The traditional land use differs from traditional farming.
Peter Wyatt Property Valuation Peter Wyatt Property Valuation Новинка

Peter Wyatt Property Valuation

This new edition of the ‘all in one' textbook for the postgraduate study of valuation on real estate courses retains its focus on the valuation and appraisal of commercial and industrial property across investment, development and occupier markets. It is structured from the client perspective and covers single-asset pricing, risk and return issues. The structure of the book has been substantially revised. Part A introduces the key microeconomic principles, focussing on land as a resource, production functions, supply and demand and price determination. The locational aspect of real estate is also introduced. Macroeconomic considerations are categorised by the main market sectors (and their function); the market for land (development), for space (occupation) and for money (investment). The economic context is set and the author then explains why property valuations are required and discusses the main determinants of value and how they might be identified. The mathematics required to financially quantify value determinants are also introduced. Part B of the book describes the methods of valuation; Part C applies these methods to the valuation of a range of property types for a wide variety of purposes; and Part D covers investment and development appraisal. The author introduces valuation activities from a broad economic perspective, setting valuation in its business finance context and combining its academic and practical roots. Changes in this second edition include: less daunting economics expanded companion website with PowerPoint slides for lecturers, self-test Questions & Answers for students: see www.wiley.com/go/wyattpropertyvaluation up-to-date case studies and sample valuations reference to the newly-published Red Book (the valuer’s bible) Property Valuation with its user-friendly format, using tried-and-tested teaching and learning devices and a clear writing style, remains the core text for students on real estate, estate management and land economy degree courses, as well as for fast-track conversion courses for non-cognate graduates.
The Property Rights Of Hindu Women The Property Rights Of Hindu Women Новинка

The Property Rights Of Hindu Women

The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 is a landmark step. After 50 years, the Government finally addressed some persisting gender inequalities in the 1956 Hindu Succession Act (1956 HSA), which itself was path-breaking. The 2005 Act covers inequalities on several fronts: agricultural land; Mitakshara joint family property; parental dwelling house; and certain widow's. The amendment has come into operation from 2005. This work specifically deals with changes brought in the woman's property rights in Mitakshara joint family property, what effects it will have on the position of women, loopholes in the amendment, its advantages and disadvantages and few suggestions to make it more effectual. Despite the Hindu Succession Act being passed in 1956, which gave women equal inheritance rights with men, the mitakshara coparcenary system was retained and the government refused to abolish the system of joint family.
Urban Land Market In Nyanza Town, Rwanda Urban Land Market In Nyanza Town, Rwanda Новинка

Urban Land Market In Nyanza Town, Rwanda

It is indisputable that land is the basis for all kinds of livelihood in all regions of the world especially in Rwanda where it constitutes the most important factors of production and survival. Many land owners do not use their land while others do not have land but they wish to use it. As result, land becomes a property to be sold and this result in what is commonly known as land market. This market is recognized and accepted but the process and mechanism through which operate only matters. Policies, regulations, procedures and laws enforcing the better use and management of land especially in urban areas are not legitimately followed by land market actors. This Book analyzes the functioning of land market in Nyanza Town, Rwanda; with three specific objectives: (1) Evaluation of the state of land acquisition and land transaction in terms of legality, cost and value, (2) Identification of factors influencing land market and the actors of this market and (3) Provide alternative solution for land market efficiency in Nyanza Town.
Economic Valuation of Wetland Resources A case of Wakitundu wetland Economic Valuation of Wetland Resources A case of Wakitundu wetland Новинка

Economic Valuation of Wetland Resources A case of Wakitundu wetland

Natural resources are of great importance to the welfare of human beings. Unfortunately, the use of these resources is overwhelmingly un sustainable. Different environmental and Natural resources economists have come up to apply environmental valuation methods on various use and non use values of particular Natural resources.The total economic value generated is what the economists use to advocate for proper use and conservation of the dying Natural resources. This book expounds on the use of the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) to value both the use and non use values of a wetland resource.
Landuse and Landcover Changes in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya Landuse and Landcover Changes in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya Новинка

Landuse and Landcover Changes in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya

This study examined land use and land cover types, the nature of changes and environmental impacts in Eldoret Municipality for the periods 1973, 1985 and 1993. The objectives of the study are: to map the land use and land cover types in Eldoret municipal; to examine the extent, nature and intensity of land use changes; to examine the environmental impacts arising from them. The methods used in data collection are; interpretation of remotely sensed aerial photographs, observation, field survey and review of literature. The findings show environmental problems related to land use and land cover changes are: encroachment on agricultural land, deforestation, encroachment on wetlands, modification of micro-climate and surface hydrology, congestion and overcrowding, settlement on unsuitable sites and water pollution. A number of strategies to minimize the problem caused by land use and land cover changes include: protection of sensitive land resources and encourage sustainable urban development.
Urban Land Use and Planning Urban Land Use and Planning Новинка

Urban Land Use and Planning

Urban centres are of fundamental importance not only for providing home to more than fifty percent population but also for their pivotal role in socio-cultural life, economic activities, administration, and governance. Here, urban land acts as a base for growth and development. The issue of land use and planning is more and more important in any part of the world. Accelerated urbanization in last decades, especially in developing countries has not only lead to increase in the number of urban centres very fast, but also the number of their population. Consequently, lots of problems (e.g., increasing crowdedness, lack of houses, underdeveloped infrastructure etc.) have appeared, which can have a great impact on the urban land use and planning too. These unfavourable consequences and sustainable development require a more effective urban land use and urban land use planning policy. In this direction, thorough analysis of urban land use and critical review of urban master plans in India has been made for better understanding of urban land use and underlying processes in developing countries and to promote the activity of urban planners.
GIS &Remote Sensing based Water Quality Assessment in-relation GIS &Remote Sensing based Water Quality Assessment in-relation Новинка

GIS &Remote Sensing based Water Quality Assessment in-relation

GIS and Remote Sensing are powerful tools on analyzing land use/ land cover change of a given place. Different studies have shown that in watershed, land use land cover change have direct impact on determining water quality, and this remains to be true in the analysis done for Hashengea watershed system. In this study, land use land cover change classification for the periods 1985, 1995 and 2011 were analyzed using Landsat 4 TM with 30x30 meter resolution using ArcGIS and ERDAS IMAGEN environment. The water samples taken from the lake for analysis have indicated that most of them have excessively concentrated above the maximum allowable concentrations recommended by different organization on the lake, with a causes related to run-off from agricultural land, grazing land and urban areas. As a result this could have negative implication on the current practice management of the lake. This book therefore, provides a new metric of success for environmentalists, regional planers, agricultural experts and the surrounding communities who utilize on the water from the lake for different communities who utilize on the water from the lake for different uses.
Statistical Modelling in Higher Learning Statistical Modelling in Higher Learning Новинка

Statistical Modelling in Higher Learning

Statistical Modelling in Higher Learning:The book explains the factors that predict the time taken to complete degree programmes.The book presents you with a solid understanding on the predictors using classification tree mining and logistic regression analysis.Classification is the process of forming groups from a large set of cases based on their characteristics.The Classification Tree procedure creates a Tree-based Classification Model which predicts values of the outcome variable based on values of independent variables.Binary Logistic Regression is a technique used when the outcome variable is a dichotomous variable (has two values). Logistic Regression uses Binomial Probability Theory in which there are only two outcome categories. The technique forms a function using the Maximum Likelihood Method, which maximizes the chances of grouping the observed data into the suitable category given the regression coefficients
Reclamation of Coal Mined Out Lands Reclamation of Coal Mined Out Lands Новинка

Reclamation of Coal Mined Out Lands

Degradation of agricultural and non-agricultural land, decline in agricultural productivity, adverse effect on biodiversity, pollution of land and water are some of the visible environmental impacts/effects of coal mining. Derelict land, caused due to mining, and its management by reclamation techniques is a subject of both practical and ecological interest. The book provide a strategy to influence the course of land reclamation of coal mined out areas and conservation that has been developed through consultation and detailed study. The use of reclamation technologies may help in bringing back the normal ecology of the affected area. This book will be of interest to not only postgraduate students of applied environmental and agriculture sciences, but also intended for researchers, academician, and others actively involved in land reclamation and development projects.
Urbanization as a Driver for Land Use Land Cover Change Urbanization as a Driver for Land Use Land Cover Change Новинка

Urbanization as a Driver for Land Use Land Cover Change

The study evaluated changes in land use/land cover that occurred from 1957 to 1994 in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. The objective of the study was to evaluate the extent of urbanization and its impact on the surrounding rural communities of the town. Results indicated that, significant urban expansion was occurred. The major expansion sites were; Abay mado, Merawi and Mota outlet. The principal factors contributed for the expansion were: population growth, housing demand and urban development policy. Land use land cover change also occurred as result of horizontal expansion and intensification of the town. These brought land cover changes mainly on; built up, forestland and water bodies in the town. The negative consequences outweigh the positives of the urban expansion. A total of 242.2 hectares of farmlands have been encroached for urban land uses from sample households in the surrounding rural communities of the town. The livestock possessions per household head have been considerably reduced in the rural communities after land expropriation. According to prediction of regression model for the next 15 years 4768.36 hectares of land will be encroached as a result of expansion of the town.
Land use change effect on soil health Land use change effect on soil health Новинка

Land use change effect on soil health

Estimates indicate that a majority of the earth’s land has been seriously degraded. One of the key degradation problems is poor soil health, which has been identified as a key constraint in agricultural productivity and reducing rural poverty in many parts of the tropics, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia’s economy is primarily based on agriculture. However, this sector is increasingly being confronted with a rapidly growing population, and this has resulted in land use/cover changes. The changes in land use disturbs ecosystem balance and lead to a significant change in the physical, chemical, and biological soil health thereby yield declines. Half of the Ethiopian highland arable lands are moderately to severely degrade. Tigray, the Northern region of Ethiopia, suffers from extreme land degradation and soil health deterioration. Agulae catchment, the study area which is found in Eastern Tigray also has similar problems. Since previous studies on factors affecting soil health depletion has not been made at a catchment level, this study was conducted to fill the existing knowledge gap on the effects of and use change on soil health and its implication on soil management.
Transport and Land Pricing Transport and Land Pricing Новинка

Transport and Land Pricing

The development of a mode of transport is not just an addition to the urban landscape. It holds significance with its direct capacity to affect land and more significantly land values as an economic aspect. Land is a prime asset in an urban setting and its pricing not only determines but is also determined by development aspects. In this category, Transit Oriented Development is a contemporary yet dominant entrant as cities of both the developed and developing world have introduced or are introducing this mode. The impacts are, however, different. The present study attempts to bring to light the literature on the aspect of mass rapid transits as affecting land values in urban areas with a focus on research methodologies existing for the same.

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This new edition of the ‘all in one' textbook for the postgraduate study of valuation on real estate courses retains its focus on the valuation and appraisal of commercial and industrial property across investment, development and occupier markets. It is structured from the client perspective and covers single-asset pricing, risk and return issues. The structure of the book has been substantially revised. Part A introduces the key microeconomic principles, focussing on land as a resource, production functions, supply and demand and price determination. The locational aspect of real estate is also introduced. Macroeconomic considerations are categorised by the main market sectors (and their function); the market for land (development), for space (occupation) and for money (investment). The economic context is set and the author then explains why property valuations are required and discusses the main determinants of value and how they might be identified. The mathematics required to financially quantify value determinants are also introduced. Part B of the book describes the methods of valuation; Part C applies these methods to the valuation of a range of property types for a wide variety of purposes; and Part D covers investment and development appraisal. The author introduces valuation activities from a broad economic perspective, setting valuation in its business finance context and combining its academic and practical roots. Changes in this second edition include: less daunting economics expanded companion website with PowerPoint slides for lecturers, self-test Questions & Answers for students: see www.wiley.com/go/wyattpropertyvaluation up-to-date case studies and sample valuations reference to the newly-published Red Book (the valuer’s bible) Property Valuation with its user-friendly format, using tried-and-tested teaching and learning devices and a clear writing style, remains the core text for students on real estate, estate management and land economy degree courses, as well as for fast-track conversion courses for non-cognate graduates.
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